September 2018 Briefing - Gastroenterology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for September 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Physicians Often Don't Address Their Burnout

FRIDAY, Sept. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- More than half of physicians experience burnout, and many do not seek treatment for burnout, according to a report published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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Implementing EMRs Affects Time Spent With Patients in Clinic

FRIDAY, Sept. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Following a six-month learning period to implement an electronic medical record (EMR) system, outpatient orthopedic clinics return to pre-implementation efficiency, but there may be other lasting effects on productivity, according to a study published in the Sept. 19 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Tied to Hip Fracture in Dialysis Patients

FRIDAY, Sept. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use is associated with increased risk of hip fracture among dialysis patients, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Business Degree Increasingly Useful for Doctors

THURSDAY, Sept. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Having a Master of Business Administration degree (M.B.A.) can help doctors with important, practice-related decisions, according to a report published recently in Physician Practice.

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Single Agent Treats Two Cancers With Same Genetic Cause

THURSDAY, Sept. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A single checkpoint inhibitor can be used to successfully treat two simultaneous types of primary cancer in a patient with Lynch syndrome, according to a research letter published online Sept. 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Practices Should Set Rules for Staff Social Media Use

THURSDAY, Sept. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Medical practices can take steps to avoid problems related to use of social media by staff members, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Burnout, Career Choice Regret Prevalent in U.S. Residents

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Symptoms of burnout and career choice regret are prevalent among U.S. resident physicians, according to a study published in the Sept. 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Lorcaserin Facilitates Weight Loss in Overweight, Obese

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Lorcaserin facilitates sustained weight loss without increasing the rate of major cardiovascular events among overweight or obese patients, according to a study published in the Sept. 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Initial Abx Feasible Alternative for Uncomplicated Appendicitis

TUESDAY, Sept. 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The cumulative incidence of appendicitis recurrence within five years is 39.1 percent among patients with uncomplicated acute appendicitis initially treated with antibiotics, according to research published in the Sept. 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Physician-Group ACOs Generate Medicare Savings

TUESDAY, Sept. 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Physician-group accountable care organizations (ACOs) participating in the Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) generated significantly more savings for Medicare that grew from 2012 to 2015 compared with hospital-integrated ACOs, according to research published in the Sept. 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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In 2016, Proportion of Uninsured Americans Down to 10 Percent

TUESDAY, Sept. 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2013 to 2016 there was a reduction in uninsurance among Americans from 17 to 10 percent, according to a report published in September by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and the Urban Institute.

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Ground Beef Recalled After E. Coli Outbreak

FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- More than 132,000 pounds of ground beef have been recalled by a Colorado company following a suspected outbreak where one person was killed and 17 were sickened by Escherichia coli after eating the meat.

AP News Article
Cargill Statement

Some Clinicians, Patients Record Clinic Visits for Patient Use

FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of clinicians and patients report having recorded a clinic visit for the patient's personal use, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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Pediatric End-Stage Liver Disease Score Underestimates Mortality

FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Pediatric End-stage Liver Disease (PELD) score underestimates the actual probability of 90-day pretransplant mortality for children undergoing a primary liver transplant, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Dozens of Medical Groups Join Forces to Improve Diagnoses

FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Every nine minutes, a patient in a U.S. hospital dies because a diagnosis was wrong or delayed -- resulting in 80,000 deaths a year. That sobering estimate comes from the Society to Improve Diagnosis in Medicine (SIDM).

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Sensitivity for CRC Detection Up With Decreasing FIT Threshold

FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Programmatic sensitivity for colorectal cancer (CRC) detection increases modestly with decreasing fecal immunochemical test (FIT) positivity thresholds, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Research Links Doctor Burnout to Patient Safety Incidents

THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Physician burnout is associated with increased risk of patient safety incidents, poorer quality of care due to low professionalism, and reduced patient satisfaction, according to a review published online Sept. 4 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Hospitals Charge 479 Percent of Cost of Drugs on Average

THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- On average, hospitals mark up drugs by 479 percent of their cost, according to a report from The Moran Company, commissioned by the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA).

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Residents Should Take Advantage of Paid Time Off

THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Although there are many demands on residents, taking advantage of paid vacation time is one of the perks and should be maximized, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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California Lawsuit Claims AbbVie Paid Doctors to Prescribe Humira

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A lawsuit filed Tuesday in California claims that pharmaceutical company AbbVie used cash, gifts, and services to induce doctors to overprescribe the widely used drug Humira (adalimumab), ignoring the medicine's potentially lethal side effects.

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Global Prevalence of Insufficient Activity 27.5 Percent

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In 2016 the age-standardized prevalence of insufficient physical activity was 27.5 percent, according to a study published in the October issue of The Lancet Global Health.

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Second HPV-Related Primary Cancers Common in Survivors

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of human papillomavirus-associated second primary cancers (HPV-SPCs) among survivors of HPV-associated cancers is significant, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in JAMA Network Open.

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20% of Children, Adolescents Use Prescription Medications

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Almost 20 percent of children and adolescents used prescription medications in 2013 to 2014, and 8.2 percent of concurrent users of prescription medications in 2009 to 2014 were at risk for a potentially major drug-drug interactions (DDIs), according to a study published in the September issue of Pediatrics.

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Patient Health Information Often Shared Electronically

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The most common electronically sent and received types of patient health information (PHI) include laboratory results and medication lists, according to a report published Aug. 15 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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Scribes Improve Physician Workflow, Patient Interaction

TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of medical scribes is associated with decreased physician documentation burden, improved work efficiency, and improved patient interactions, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Compliance With Requirement to Report Results on EUCTR Is Poor

TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Half of trials on the European Union Clinical Trials Register (EUCTR) are non-compliant with the European Commission's requirement that all trials post results to the registry within 12 month of completion, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in The BMJ.

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Drug Prices Increase More Than Expected After Shortages

TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Prices for drugs under shortage increase more than twice as quickly as expected in the absence of a shortage, according to a research letter published online Sept. 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Model Estimates Mortality in Patients Waiting for Hearts

MONDAY, Sept. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with advanced heart failure who are listed for transplantation, mortality risk is related to adverse events and end-organ dysfunction that vary over time, according to a study published in the Aug. 7 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Association Health Plans Can Help Small Businesses Offer Coverage

MONDAY, Sept. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Association health plans (AHPs) will provide small businesses with more choices, access, and coverage options, although critics warn that they may undermine the Affordable Care Act (ACA) marketplace, according to an article published in Managed Healthcare Executive.

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Situation Framing, Language Can Influence Decision-Making

FRIDAY, Sept. 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- How a situation is framed and the language used to describe risks can influence patients' decision-making, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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Gains in Insurance Coverage Seen for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual Adults

THURSDAY, Sept. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults report continued problems affording care despite coverage gains offered by the Affordable Care Act, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Six-Step Analysis Can Help Improve Practice Logistics

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A six-step analysis can help redesign and improve the outpatient health care process, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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Residents Working Long Hours Can Increase Alertness

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Medical residents can take steps to maintain their energy and alertness during long shifts, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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AHA: Update on Diagnosis, Tx for Chagas Cardiomyopathy

TUESDAY, Sept. 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Health care providers need to be equipped to recognize, diagnose, and treat Chagas disease, which is growing in prevalence in the United States, according to an American Heart Association (AHA) scientific statement published online Aug. 20 in Circulation.

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Data Age in Clinical Trials Is About Three Years at Publication

TUESDAY, Sept. 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The median data age in clinical trials in journals with a high impact factor is about three years at publication, according to a study published in the Aug. 10 issue of JAMA Network Open.

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Medicaid Work Requirements Don't Impact Many Enrollees

TUESDAY, Sept. 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Medicaid work requirements will only impact a small proportion of persons and may only generate minimal savings, according to two research letters published online Sept. 10 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Many Opportunities for Doctors Using Twitter

MONDAY, Sept. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors can use Twitter to build networks and learn more about research in real time, according to a blog post published by Penn Medicine News.

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Physician Burnout Rates Vary by Medical Specialty

MONDAY, Sept. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of physicians report being burned out, but rates vary substantially by medical specialty, according to an article published in AMA Wire.

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Docs, Consumers Agree on Benefits of Virtual Care

MONDAY, Sept. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians and consumers agree on the benefits of virtual care, but physician adoption of virtual care technologies is low, according to a report on the Deloitte 2018 Survey of U.S. Physicians.

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Personalized Weighting Could Enhance Hospital Rating Tools

FRIDAY, Sept. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The weighting systems that underlie hospital performance rating tools should incorporate the needs, values, and preferences of patients, according to a perspective article published in the Aug. 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Better Training Needed to Boost LGBTQ Patient Health Care

THURSDAY, Sept. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- High-quality health care needs to be provided to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) patients, and improved training is necessary to deliver that care, according to a report published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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Hospital Groups Launch Own Generic Drug Company

THURSDAY, Sept. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Three U.S. health care foundations and seven hospital groups have formed a generic drug company to combat high prices and chronic shortages of medicines.

AP News Article

Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program Has Uncertain Future

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Uncertainty surrounds the future of the Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program, according to an Ideas and Opinions article published online Aug. 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Enrollment in High-Deductible Health Plans Up From '07 to '17

TUESDAY, Sept. 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Enrollment in high-deductible health plans (HDHPs) has increased among adults with employment-based insurance coverage, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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