Self-Management Program Beneficial for Patients With COPD

Share this content:
Self-Management Program Beneficial for Patients With COPD
Self-Management Program Beneficial for Patients With COPD

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A three-month intervention, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) self-management support, results in fewer COPD-related acute care events at six months after discharge, according to a study published online Nov. 12 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Hanan Aboumatar, M.D., M.P.H., from the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in Baltimore, and colleagues conducted a single-site randomized clinical trial involving 240 patients hospitalized because of COPD. Participants were randomly assigned to intervention or usual care and were followed for six months after discharge. The intervention was a three-month program to assist patients and family caregivers with long-term self-management of COPD and was delivered by COPD nurses.

The researchers found that per participant, the mean number of COPD-related acute care events was 0.72 and 1.4 in the intervention and usual care groups, respectively, at six months (difference, 0.68; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.22 to 1.15; P = 0.004). The mean change in participants' St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire total score at six months was −1.53 and +5.44 in the intervention and usual care groups, respectively (adjusted difference, −6.69; 95 percent confidence interval, −12.97 to −0.4; P = 0.04).

"COPD is incurable and chronic, and our new program -- which combines hospital to home transition support with chronic disease management support -- is one way of reorganizing care in a way that reduces future hospitalization risk and expenses, while preserving patients' quality of life," Aboumatar said in a statement.

Two authors disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical and health care industries.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Share this content:

is free, fast, and customized just for you!




Already a member?

Sign In Now »

Trending Activities

All Professions

Drug Lookup

Browse drugs by: BrandGenericDisease

More in Home

CDC: Progress in HIV Prevention Has Stalled in the United States

CDC: Progress in HIV Prevention Has Stalled in ...

Agency says effective HIV prevention, treatment not reaching those who could most benefit

AAAAI: Egg Oral Immunotherapy Shows Sustained Benefit in Children

AAAAI: Egg Oral Immunotherapy Shows Sustained Benefit in ...

All children with sustained unresponsiveness ingested concentrated and baked egg

Prenatal Vitamin Intake in Early Pregnancy May Cut Autism Risk

Prenatal Vitamin Intake in Early Pregnancy May Cut ...

ASD risk down for children whose mothers took prenatal vitamins during first month of pregnancy

is free, fast, and customized just for you!




Already a member?

Sign In Now »