Rural Residence, Poverty Are Risk Factors for COPD

Share this content:
Rural Residence, Poverty Are Risk Factors for COPD
Rural Residence, Poverty Are Risk Factors for COPD

FRIDAY, Dec. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Rural residence and poverty are risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Sarath Raju, M.D., from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, and colleagues studied a nationally representative sample of adults who completed the National Health Interview Survey (2012 to 2015) to examine the impact of urban-rural status, poverty, and other community factors on COPD prevalence.

The researchers found the COPD prevalence was almost double in poor, rural areas compared with that of the overall population (15.4 versus 8.4 percent). Both rural residence and census-level poverty were associated with COPD prevalence in adjusted models (odds ratios, 1.23 and 1.12, respectively), as were indicators of household wealth. Rural residence and neighborhood use of coal for heating were also correlated with COPD among never-smokers (odds ratios, 1.34 and 1.09, respectively).

"Future disparities research should focus on designing local cohorts to better understand the unique risk factors within rural and poor populations that contribute to the development of COPD, including environmental monitoring to capture indoor air pollution (such as solid fuel combustion)," the authors write. "These research efforts will be essential in developing strategies to reduce the burden of COPD and eliminate disparities in disadvantaged rural populations among both ever and never-smokers."

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Share this content:

is free, fast, and customized just for you!




Already a member?

Sign In Now »

Trending Activities

All Professions

Drug Lookup

Browse drugs by: BrandGenericDisease

More in Home

CDC: Progress in HIV Prevention Has Stalled in the United States

CDC: Progress in HIV Prevention Has Stalled in ...

Agency says effective HIV prevention, treatment not reaching those who could most benefit

AAAAI: Egg Oral Immunotherapy Shows Sustained Benefit in Children

AAAAI: Egg Oral Immunotherapy Shows Sustained Benefit in ...

All children with sustained unresponsiveness ingested concentrated and baked egg

Prenatal Vitamin Intake in Early Pregnancy May Cut Autism Risk

Prenatal Vitamin Intake in Early Pregnancy May Cut ...

ASD risk down for children whose mothers took prenatal vitamins during first month of pregnancy

is free, fast, and customized just for you!




Already a member?

Sign In Now »