Proactive Swallowing Rehab Program Helpful in Phalangeal CA

Share this content:
Proactive Swallowing Rehab Program Helpful in Phalangeal CA
Proactive Swallowing Rehab Program Helpful in Phalangeal CA

THURSDAY, April 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A proactive speech and language pathology (SLP) program is beneficial for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), according to a study published online April 19 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Guarav S. Ajmani, M.H.S., from the University of Chicago, and colleagues examined the initiation of a proactive SLP rehabilitation program for patients with HNSCC in 2011. Patients were divided into two groups: 2004 to 2010 (before program implementation; 135 patients) and 2011 to 2015 (after program implementation; 119 patients).

The researchers found that there was an increase in pretreatment evaluations from 21.5 to 58.8 percent with the initiation of a proactive SLP program (risk ratio, 2.74) and an increase in the rate of referral overall at any time from 60 to 79.8 percent (risk ratio, 1.33). A decrease was seen in feeding tube placement rates, from 45.9 to 29.4 percent (risk ratio, 0.64). Among patients receiving a swallow evaluation, feeding tube requirements were less frequent for those receiving a pretreatment evaluation compared with referral during or after treatment (31 percent versus 61 and 64 percent, respectively). There was improvement in the rate of tolerating any oral intake at the end of treatment, from 71.1 to 82.4 percent (risk ratio, 1.16).

"A proactive SLP program can be successfully established as part of the multidisciplinary care of patients with HNSCC and improve patient quality of life," the authors write.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Share this content:

is free, fast, and customized just for you!




Already a member?

Sign In Now »

Drug Lookup

Browse drugs by: BrandGenericDisease

More in Home

Bayer Stops U.S. Sale of Essure Birth Control Implant

Bayer Stops U.S. Sale of Essure Birth Control ...

Problems with device include chronic pain and perforations of the uterus and fallopian tubes

C.S. Mott Poll Addresses Child Safety at Amusement Parks

C.S. Mott Poll Addresses Child Safety at Amusement ...

2016 saw U.S. emergency departments deal with 30,000 injuries linked to amusement parks, carnivals

Greening Vacant Land Improves Neighborhood Mental Health

Greening Vacant Land Improves Neighborhood Mental Health

Cleaning up vacant lots in resource-limited urban settings can aid residents' mental health

is free, fast, and customized just for you!




Already a member?

Sign In Now »