May 2018 Briefing - Nursing

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for May 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Variables ID'd to Predict Height Loss in Postmenopausal Women

THURSDAY, May 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A set of commonly available variables may be useful in predicting the five-year risk of height loss ≥1 inch in postmenopausal women, according to a study published online May 7 in Menopause.

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No Consistent Cardiovascular Benefit Seen for Supplements

THURSDAY, May 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The data on popular supplements show no consistent cardiovascular benefit, according to a study published in the June 5 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Prenatal Care in First Trimester for Majority of 2016 U.S. Births

THURSDAY, May 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 77.1 percent of women who gave birth in 2016 initiated prenatal care in the first trimester of pregnancy, according to a report published in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's May 30 National Vital Statistics Report.

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Prompts May Up Goals-of-Care Dialogues at Outpatient Visits

THURSDAY, May 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A patient-specific preconversation communication-priming intervention targeting patients and clinicians is associated with an increase in goals-of-care discussions among patients with serious illness, according to a study published online May 26 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

T1DM Self-Management Varies With Adult Developmental Stages

THURSDAY, May 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Type 1 diabetes self-management behaviors vary across adult developmental stages, according to a study published online May 25 in Diabetes Care.

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CVD Risk Up Even in Metabolically Healthy Obese Women

THURSDAY, May 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease risk even among metabolically healthy women, according to a study published online May 30 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

Abstract
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Galcanezumab Beats Placebo for Episodic Migraine

THURSDAY, May 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with episodic migraine, galcanezumab is better than placebo for reducing migraine headache days, according to a study published online May 29 in JAMA Neurology.

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ASHP: SVP, Injectable Opioid Shortages Threaten Patient Care

THURSDAY, May 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The widespread shortages of injectable opioids and small-volume parenteral (SVP) solutions are jeopardizing patient care and placing a strain on hospital operations, according to a report published by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP).

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Annual Health Care Expenditure Higher for Hypertensive Patients

WEDNESDAY, May 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with hypertension have a higher annual adjusted incremental expenditure of $1,920, according to a study published online May 30 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Birth Control Pills Recalled Over Potential Pregnancy Risk

WEDNESDAY, May 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Almost 170,000 birth control pill packs are being recalled over a manufacturing error that could lead to unplanned pregnancy, maker Allergan says.

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Parents Have Concerns Over Food Allergy Precautions at Schools

WEDNESDAY, May 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A substantial portion of parents whose children have food allergies have concerns over the safety of their child at school, according to a study published online May 12 in BMC Pediatrics.

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Recommendations Developed for Improving Women's Health Care

WEDNESDAY, May 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Women face unique health challenges across their lifetimes, and policies should be implemented to improve their health outcomes, according to a position paper published online May 29 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Children Typically Have 14 Simple Infections by Age 3 Years

WEDNESDAY, May 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children experience a median of 14 infections during their first three years of life, though there is large variation in incidence, according to a study published online May 24 in Pediatrics.

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Teens' Self-Esteem, Peer Status Tied to Later Eating Disorders

TUESDAY, May 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Self-perception of attractiveness and peer status in early adolescence are significant predictors of eating disorders in young adults, according to a study published online April 27 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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One in Six Women Regret Freezing Their Eggs

TUESDAY, May 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Certain identifiable factors are associated with decision regret following elective oocyte cryopreservation (EOC), according to a study published online May 25 in Fertility and Sterility.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

New Hypertension Guideline Discussed for Older Adults

TUESDAY, May 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians caring for older adults with hypertension should be mindful of the specific blood pressure (BP) goals proven to reduce cardiovascular disease events, while adopting the new 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) hypertension guideline, according to an article published online May 20 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Increase in Tx Candidates With 2017 Hypertension Guidelines

FRIDAY, May 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association hypertension guideline is associated with an increase in the proportion of adults recommended for antihypertensive treatment compared with the 2014 guideline, according to a study published online May 23 in JAMA Cardiology.

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CDC IDs Outbreak Trends Tied to Treated Recreational Water

FRIDAY, May 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Outbreaks associated with treated recreational water with confirmed infectious etiology are usually caused by Cryptosporidium, Legionella, or Pseudomonas, according to research published in the May 18 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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ICU Mortality Similar for Patients With Hematologic CA ± Chemo

FRIDAY, May 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Short-term mortality is similar among patients with hematologic cancer who receive chemotherapy while in the intensive care unit (ICU) versus those who do not, according to a study published online May 4 in Cancer.

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Early-Life Weight Associated With Cognitive Factors

FRIDAY, May 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Early-life weight status has an inverse association with some cognitive abilities in children, according to a study published online May 23 in Obesity.

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Congress Approves Bill Expanding Private Care for VA Patients

THURSDAY, May 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients served by the beleaguered Veterans Affairs health system may have wider access to private care, thanks to a bill approved Wednesday by the Senate. President Donald Trump is known to support the bill, which now awaits his signature.

AMA Statement
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AAP Recommending Injectable Flu Shot for 2018-19 Flu Season

THURSDAY, May 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Parents are advised to choose the injectable flu vaccine for the 2018 to 2019 season, according to a decision published by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), which will publish a formal policy statement on the issue in September.

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Financial Incentives May Up Rates of Smoker Abstinence

THURSDAY, May 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Financial incentives added to free cessation aids can improve the rate of sustained abstinence among smokers, according to a study published online May 23 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Social Isolation Tied to Worse Heart Failure Outcomes

THURSDAY, May 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Greater perceived social isolation is associated with an increased risk of death and health care use among patients with heart failure, according to a study published online May 23 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Global Variation in Personal Health Care Access and Quality

THURSDAY, May 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable global variation in personal health care access and quality, according to a study published online May 23 in The Lancet.

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12 County-Level Factors Affect Individual Well-Being in U.S.

WEDNESDAY, May 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Twelve county-level factors, including social and economic, clinical care, and physical environment, explain the majority of variation in resident well-being in the United States, according to a study published online May 23 in PLOS ONE.

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AAP: Congress Urged to Act to Prevent Firearm Deaths

WEDNESDAY, May 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians are joining the call for action to prevent firearm deaths and injuries, according to a letter published by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Letter

Better Social Support Network Protects Black Men Against HIV

WEDNESDAY, May 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A better social support network may help protect black men who have sex with men (BMSM) against HIV acquisition, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

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Pediatricians Should Advocate for Life Support Training

WEDNESDAY, May 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians should advocate for life support training for children, parents, caregivers, school personnel, and the public, according to a technical report and policy statement published online May 23 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text - Technical Report
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Recommendations Developed for Managing Postpartum Pain

WEDNESDAY, May 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations for managing postpartum pain have been developed and published in a Committee Opinion online May 17 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Morbidity in Pregnancy Common for Women With Heart Disease

WEDNESDAY, May 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For women with heart disease, cardiac complications occur in 16 percent of pregnancies and are mainly linked to arrhythmias and heart failure, according to a study published in the May 29 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Inverse Link for Plasma 25(OH)D Concentration, Risk of T2DM

WEDNESDAY, May 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is an inverse association for plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentration with diabetes risk, according to a study published online April 19 in PLOS ONE.

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Increase in Pediatric ADHD Meds Exposures from 2000 to 2011

TUESDAY, May 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 through 2011 there was an increase in pediatric attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication exposures reported to U.S. poison control centers, according to a study published online May 21 in Pediatrics.

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Post-Surgical Readmissions Higher Among Homeless Veterans

TUESDAY, May 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Readmissions are higher in homeless veterans discharged to the community after surgery, compared to housed veterans, according to a study published in the June issue of Medical Care.

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Preventing Child Maltreatment Not Yet Feasible in Primary Care

TUESDAY, May 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the evidence is inadequate for primary care interventions to prevent maltreatment. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online May 22 by the USPSTF.

Draft Evidence Review
Draft Recommendation Statement
Comment on Recommendation Statement

Age-Related Racial Disparity Examined in Childhood Suicide

TUESDAY, May 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For childhood suicide, there is a significant age-related racial disparity, according to a research letter published online May 21 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Moral Distress for Docs Providing Emergency-Only Hemodialysis

TUESDAY, May 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians who provide emergency-only hemodialysis (EOHD) to undocumented immigrants experience moral distress and professional burnout, according to a study published online May 22 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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CDC: No Change in Level of Uninsured in U.S. in 2017

TUESDAY, May 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 9.1 percent of individuals in the United States were uninsured in 2017, which was not significantly different from the level in 2016, according to a report published online May 22 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Centers for Health Statistics.

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TNFi Exposure In Utero Does Not Up Serious Infection Risk

TUESDAY, May 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Offspring born to mothers with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who are exposed to tumor necrosis factor α inhibitors (TNFi) in the gestational period do not have a significantly increased risk of serious infections, according to a study published online May 17 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Exercise Modifies Predisposition to Obesity After Menopause

TUESDAY, May 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Physical activity modifies the association between the body mass index (BMI) genetic risk score (GRS) and BMI, according to a study published online May 16 in Menopause.

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Addressing Parents' HPV Vaccine Hesitancy Ups Vaccination Rates

TUESDAY, May 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Providers engaging parents hesitant about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and addressing their concerns can lead to same-day vaccinations, according to a study published online May 15 in Pediatrics.

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Nurses' Overtime Can Negatively Impact Collaborative Practice

MONDAY, May 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Working overtime may negatively influence nurses' collaboration with other health care providers in the acute care setting, according to a study published online May 4 in the Journal of Nursing Administration.

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Surgical Site Infection Rate Can Be Reduced in Hysterectomy

MONDAY, May 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a perioperative surgical site infection prevention bundle may reduce the rate of surgical site infection among patients undergoing hysterectomy, according to a study published online May 7 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Social, Communication Delays With False-Negative on M-CHAT

MONDAY, May 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children who pass the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) screening at 18 months but later receive diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit delays in social, communication, and motor skills, according to a study published online May 21 in Pediatrics.

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Starting Exercise Even in Older Age Cuts Heart Failure Risk

MONDAY, May 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Increasing patients' physical activity is an effective strategy to lower future risk of heart failure, according to a study published in the May issue of Circulation.

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Pharmacists Should Counsel Patients Fasting for Ramadan

FRIDAY, May 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pharmacists should counsel Muslim patients who fast during Ramadan with respect to their medications and adjusting their medication regimen, according to an article published in Drug Topics.

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Language Used in Medical Record Can Affect Patient Care

FRIDAY, May 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Stigmatizing language used in medical records to describe patients can influence medical students and residents in terms of their attitudes towards the patient and their clinical decision-making, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Various Clinical Disturbances Precede MS Diagnosis

FRIDAY, May 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Various clinical symptoms precede the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) by several years, according to a study published online May 8 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Higher Adiposity Increases Odds of Smoking

FRIDAY, May 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is linked to an increased risk of smoking and an increase in the number of cigarettes smoked daily, according to a study published online May 16 in The BMJ.

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Most Teens, Young Women Satisfied With IUD Insertion

FRIDAY, May 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most adolescent and young adult women report high satisfaction with intrauterine device (IUD) insertion, according to a study published online May 7 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Chemicals in Hair Products for Black Women Raise Concerns

FRIDAY, May 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Multiple chemicals associated with endocrine disruption and asthma are contained in hair products used by black women and children, according to a study published online April 25 in Environmental Research.

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U.S. Nursing Home Costs Due to Diabetes Vary Greatly by State

THURSDAY, May 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes-attributable nursing home costs are substantial, but vary greatly across the nation, according to a study published online May 14 in Diabetes Care.

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Good Evidence That HPV Vaccines Protect Against Cervical Precancer

THURSDAY, May 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines protect against cervical precancer in adolescent girls and young women, according to a review published online May 9 in the Cochrane Library.

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Budesonide-Formoterol Used As Needed Beneficial in Mild Asthma

THURSDAY, May 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Inhaled combined budesonide-formoterol used as needed is beneficial for mild asthma, according to two studies published in the May 17 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text - O'Byrne (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract/Full Text - Bateman (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Seafood Recommended 1 to 2 Times/Week for Cardiac Benefit

THURSDAY, May 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- One to two servings of seafood per week is recommended for cardiovascular benefits, according to an American Heart Association science advisory published online May 17 in Circulation.

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CDC: Number of U.S. Births Dropped to 30-Year Low in 2017

THURSDAY, May 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The number of U.S. births decreased in 2017, reaching a 30-year low, according to a report published online May 17 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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Healthful Diet Linked to Reduced Risk of Hearing Loss in Women

THURSDAY, May 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For women, adherence to healthful dietary patterns is associated with reduced risk of hearing loss, according to a study published online May 11 in the Journal of Nutrition.

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New Rabies Test Could Radically Change Testing, Treatment

WEDNESDAY, May 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new rapid rabies test for animals could revolutionize screening and spare humans unnecessary painful treatment, according to a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study published online May 16 in PLOS ONE.

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Nonprofit Manufacturer Could Keep Generic Drug Costs Down

WEDNESDAY, May 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A nonprofit manufacturer could help keep generic drug prices down and maintain their supply, according to a perspective piece published in the May 17 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Hepatitis C-Exposed Infants Not Adequately Screened

WEDNESDAY, May 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many infants who are exposed to hepatitis C virus (HCV) during pregnancy are not screened for HCV infection, according to a study published online May 2 in Pediatrics.

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Asthma Mortality Inversely Tied to Deprivation in English Young

TUESDAY, May 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For children and younger adults with asthma, prevalence and admissions increase with deprivation, while mortality is inversely associated with deprivation, according to a study published online May 14 in Thorax.

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High Occupational Exercise Level Tied to Early Mortality in Men

TUESDAY, May 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- High levels of occupational physical activity in men are associated with an increased risk of early mortality, according to a review published online May 14 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

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Shower Cream, Body Lotion Combo Improves Atopic Dry Skin

TUESDAY, May 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A shower cream and a body lotion with physiological lipids are effective in improving skin hydration in patients with dry skin, according to a study published online May 10 in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

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Increase in Proportion of Births at Gestational Age 39 to 40 Weeks

MONDAY, May 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2007 to 2015 there was an increase in the proportion of births at gestational age 39 to 40 weeks, and perinatal mortality at this gestational age decreased, according to a study published online May 14 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Reported Cannabis Use Up in Parents With Children in Home

MONDAY, May 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2002 to 2015 there was an increase in reported cannabis use among parents with children in the home, according to a study published online May 14 in Pediatrics.

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Rates of Major Depression Up Among U.S. Insured, Esp. Youth

MONDAY, May 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Diagnoses of major depression have increased since 2013, particularly among adolescents and millennials, according to a report published May 10 by Blue Cross Blue Shield (BCBS).

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Practice Intervention Targeting IV Opioids May Cut Exposure

MONDAY, May 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An intervention targeting the use of intravenous opioids may reduce opioid exposure, according to a study published online May 14 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Initiative Cuts Overuse of Tests, Treatments for Bronchiolitis

FRIDAY, May 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A multidisciplinary improvement initiative can reduce overuse of interventions for bronchiolitis, according to a study published online May 11 in Pediatrics.

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Resistance Exercise May Reduce Depressive Symptoms in Adults

FRIDAY, May 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Resistance exercise training (RET) is associated with reduced depressive symptoms among adults, according to a meta-analysis published online May 9 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Hemorrhage Control Training Is Beneficial for Laypersons

FRIDAY, May 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Hemorrhage control training for laypersons is the most efficacious method for controlling hemorrhaging, according to a study published online May 9 in JAMA Surgery.

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Many Oncologists Discuss, Recommend Medical Marijuana

THURSDAY, May 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many oncologists recommend medical marijuana (MM) clinically despite not feeling sufficiently knowledgeable about its utility, according to a study published online May 10 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Ob-Gyns Should Play Role in Reducing CVD Risk for Women

THURSDAY, May 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) can help promote risk identification and reduction of cardiovascular disease among women at well-women visits, according to an American Heart Association/American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology presidential advisory published online May 10 in Circulation.

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Age of First Football Tackles Tied to Neuro Symptom Onset

THURSDAY, May 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Younger age of exposure to tackle football predicts earlier neurobehavioral symptom onset among players with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), according to a study published online April 30 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Lymphoma, Leukemia Survivors Have Increased Health Care Use

WEDNESDAY, May 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) have increased use of health care services versus a normative population, according to a study published online April 26 in Cancer.

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Chronic Aspirin Exposure Linked to Melanoma Risk in Males

WEDNESDAY, May 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic acetylsalicylic acid (ASA; aspirin) exposure is associated with increased risk of malignant melanoma (MM) in men, but not women, according to a letter to the editor published online March 27 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Psychological Therapies May Help Older Adults With Chronic Pain

WEDNESDAY, May 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults with chronic pain, psychological interventions have small benefits, including reducing pain and catastrophizing beliefs, according to a review published online May 7 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Peds Fasting Duration Not Tied to Adverse Sedation Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, May 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For children undergoing procedural sedation for a painful procedure, fasting duration is not associated with adverse events, according to a study published online May 7 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Lesbian, Bi Women More Likely to Develop T2DM at Younger Age

WEDNESDAY, May 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Lesbian and bisexual (LB) women are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes at a younger age than heterosexual women, with the difference mediated by body mass index (BMI), according to a study published online May 2 in Diabetes Care.

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Surgery for Hip Fx Cuts Mortality in NH Residents With Dementia

WEDNESDAY, May 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For nursing home (NH) residents with dementia and hip fracture, surgical hip fracture repair is associated with lower mortality, according to a study published online May 7 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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USPSTF: Decision to Undergo PSA Screening Should Be Individual

TUESDAY, May 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the decision to undergo periodic prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening for prostate cancer should be an individual one for men aged 55 to 69 years. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement, published in the May 8 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report
Final Recommendation Statement
Editorial

Exceptional Glycemic Control With Very Low-Carbohydrate Diet

TUESDAY, May 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For children and adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), consuming a very low-carbohydrate diet (VLCD) is associated with exceptional glycemic control, according to a study published online May 7 in Pediatrics.

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Regulatory Requirements Drive Dissatisfaction With EHRs

TUESDAY, May 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Regulatory requirements are likely to be an important aspect of physician dissatisfaction with electronic health records (EHRs) that is driving burnout, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online May 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Approaches to Firearms for Persons With Dementia Discussed

TUESDAY, May 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Approaches to addressing the potential complications of owning firearms for persons with dementia (PWD) are presented in an article published online May 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Risk of Pediatric Mental Illness Up After Injury Hospitalization

TUESDAY, May 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Medicaid-insured children are at increased risk for mental health diagnoses and psychotropic prescriptions after hospitalization for an injury compared with pre-hospitalization, according to a study published online May 7 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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High Number of Years of Life Lost Due to Police Violence in U.S.

TUESDAY, May 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The number of years of life lost (YLLs) due to police violence in the United States is substantial and disproportionately impacts young people of color, according to a study published online May 7 in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

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After-School Activities Beneficial for Children With ADHD

TUESDAY, May 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), participation in after-school activities (ASA) is associated with reduced odds of moderate-to-severe ADHD and having seven or more missed school days, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Pediatric Academic Societies, held from May 5 to 8 in Toronto.

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Adverse Outcomes Up for Vaginal Birth After Previous C-Section

MONDAY, May 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of severe maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality are elevated with attempted vaginal delivery after single prior cesarean delivery, according to a study published in the May 7 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Parenting Fears Harm Well-Being of Women With Metastatic Cancer

MONDAY, May 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among women with metastatic cancer and dependent children, parenting concerns negatively impact health-related quality of life (HRQOL), according to a study published online May 7 in Cancer.

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Provider Counseling for Weight Loss Up for Arthritis, Overweight

MONDAY, May 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In 2014, health care provider counseling for weight loss for adults with arthritis and overweight or obesity was 45.5 percent, up 10.4 percent from 2002, according to research published in the May 3 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Community Health Worker-Led Intervention Beneficial in T2DM

MONDAY, May 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A community health worker (CHW)-led diabetes self-management education (DSME) program is associated with sustained improvement in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), according to a study published online April 27 in Diabetes Care.

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Many Organizations Not Meeting Trial Reporting Requirements

FRIDAY, May 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many organizations are not meeting the trial registration and results reporting requirements clarified by "The Final Rule," which had a compliance date of April 18, 2017, according to a study published online May 1 in BMC Medicine.

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Pharmacists Can Play Role in Identifying Frailty

FRIDAY, May 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- As the number of older people in the United States continues to increase, pharmacists and health care professionals need to recognize and address the health care challenges associated with age, including frailty, according to an article published in Drug Topics.

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Emotional Intelligence Predictors in Radiation Therapists ID'd

FRIDAY, May 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Some factors that predict radiation therapists' emotional intelligence (EI) can be addressed, according to a study published online April 23 in the Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences.

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Psychiatric Diagnosis Common in Medicaid-Insured Children

FRIDAY, May 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- About 20 percent of Medicaid-insured children receive a psychiatric diagnosis by age 8 years, according to a study published online April 30 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Sleep Duration Linked to Health-Related QoL in Kidney Disease

THURSDAY, May 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep duration is associated with health-related quality of life among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online May 3 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Five Strategies to Reduce Acute Care for Cancer Patients ID'd

THURSDAY, May 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Five major strategies exist for reducing acute care for patients with cancer, according to a review published online April 17 in the Journal of Oncology Practice.

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Reproductive Markers Associated With Risk of Diabetes

THURSDAY, May 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Markers of reproductive history, including age of menarche and parity, may be tied to future diabetes risk in women with a body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m², according to a study published in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Health Care for Undocumented Immigrants Is Complex

WEDNESDAY, May 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In a perspective piece published in the May 2 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, health care for undocumented immigrants is addressed in the context of an anti-immigration federal policy environment.

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DRESS Prototype Promising for Persons With Dementia

WEDNESDAY, May 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For persons with dementia, a prototype intelligent system, the DRESS prototype, can provide automated dressing support by identifying incorrect dressing scenarios, according to a study published in the April-June issue of JMIR Medical Informatics.

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Vectorborne Diseases Up More Than Two-Fold From 2004 to 2016

WEDNESDAY, May 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Vectorborne diseases represent an increasing problem in the United States, with a more than two-fold increase in the number of annual reports from 2004 to 2016, according to research published in the May 1 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Palliative Care Consult Can Cut Hospital Costs in Seriously Ill

WEDNESDAY, May 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For hospitalized adults with serious illness, receiving a palliative care consultation (PCC) is associated with a reduction in hospital costs, according to a review published online April 30 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Glyburide Not Noninferior to Insulin for Gestational Diabetes

TUESDAY, May 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For women with gestational diabetes, glyburide is not noninferior to insulin, according to a study published in the May 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Knowledge of Causes of Cancer Low in General Population

TUESDAY, May 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among the general population, awareness of actual and mythical causes of cancer is poor, according to a study published online April 25 in the European Journal of Cancer.

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Practices Should Be Aware of Correct Way to Fire Employees

TUESDAY, May 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians should be aware of the correct protocol for, as well as the laws involved in, firing employees, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Maternal, Child Sugar Intake Could Impact Child Cognition

TUESDAY, May 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Greater sugar consumption during pregnancy and early childhood may adversely impact child cognition, according to a study published online April 16 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Anesthesia Before Age 3 Not Linked to Intelligence Deficits

TUESDAY, May 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Multiple exposures to anesthesia before the age of 3 years may have neuropsychological impacts, though intelligence does not appear to be affected, according to a study published online April 18 in Anesthesiology.

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Early Readmissions More Preventable Than Later Ones

TUESDAY, May 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Early general medicine readmissions are more likely than late readmissions to be preventable with hospital-based interventions, according to a study published online May 1 in the Annals of Internal of Medicine.

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