March 2018 Briefing - Nursing

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for March 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Receptivity to Tobacco Ads Linked to Progression to Use

FRIDAY, March 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents, receptivity to tobacco advertising is associated with progression toward use, according to a study published online March 26 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Lower Energy Consumption for South Asian Migrants With T2DM

FRIDAY, March 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among South Asian (SA) migrants in the United States, those with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) consume less total energy and have lower consumption of many nutrients than those without T2DM, according to a study published in the April issue of Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.

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ACA Has Provided Better Access to Care for Cancer Survivors

FRIDAY, March 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer survivors are more likely to have difficulty accessing and affording health care, but the proportion reporting these issues is decreasing, according to a study published online March 29 in JAMA Oncology.

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Nurse Education Improves Post-Op Survival in Dementia Patients

THURSDAY, March 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Having more nurses in the hospital with at least a bachelor of science degree in nursing (BSN) is tied to lower post-surgical mortality among patients with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD), according to a study published online March 20 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Scale of Online Marketplace for Marijuana Increasing

THURSDAY, March 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The scale of the online marketplace for marijuana increased from 2005 to 2017, according to a study published online March 22 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Dining Out Linked to Phthalates Exposure in U.S. Population

THURSDAY, March 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among the U.S. population, dining out is associated with exposure to phthalates, according to a study published online March 28 in Environment International.

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CDC: Many Adults Not Receiving Sexual Risk Assessments

THURSDAY, March 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Less than half of women and a quarter of men with recent sexual activity receive sexual risk assessment, according to a March data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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Duration of Antibiotics Often Exceeds Guidelines for Sinusitis

THURSDAY, March 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The durations of most courses of antibiotic therapy for adult outpatients with sinusitis exceed guideline recommendations, according to a research letter published online March 26 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Novel Interstitium Has Been Identified in Human Tissues

THURSDAY, March 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A previously unrecognized interstitium has been identified in human tissues, according to a study published online March 27 in Scientific Reports.

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Liquids in E-Cigarettes Are Heterogeneous, Frequently Toxic

WEDNESDAY, March 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The e-liquids used in electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are a heterogeneous group, and there is a positive correlation between the number of chemicals contained in the liquid and the likelihood of its toxicity, according to a study published online March 27 in PLOS Biology.

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Physical, Executive Function Most Affected After Ischemic Stroke

WEDNESDAY, March 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The most affected health domains after ischemic stroke are physical function, executive function, and satisfaction with social roles, according to a study published online March 28 in Neurology.

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Heart Disease, Stroke Less Prevalent Among Foreign-Born

WEDNESDAY, March 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Foreign-born adults living in the United States have a lower prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke than adults born in the United States, according to a study published online March 28 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Menopausal Hormone Therapy Linked to Reduced Abdominal Fat

WEDNESDAY, March 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Women who receive menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) have reduced age-adjusted visceral adipose tissue (VAT), according to a study published online March 27 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Use of E-Cigarettes May Hurt Efforts to Quit Smoking

WEDNESDAY, March 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among smokers who plan to quit after being discharged from the hospital, electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) users are less likely to abstain from tobacco at six months, compared to nonusers, according to a study published online March 27 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Recent Years Have Seen Obesity Prevalence Increasing for Adults

WEDNESDAY, March 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For adults, but not youth, there was an increase in the prevalence of obesity in decade between 2007-2008 and 2015-2016, according to a research letter published online March 23 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Total Estimated Cost of Diagnosed Diabetes $327 Billion in 2017

WEDNESDAY, March 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The total estimated cost of diagnosed diabetes in 2017 was $327 billion, including $237 billion in direct medical costs, according to a study published online March 22 in Diabetes Care.

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Children With ASD, Younger Siblings Are Undervaccinated

WEDNESDAY, March 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with the general population, children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their younger siblings are undervaccinated, according to a study published online March 26 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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EHR Usability Contributes to Possible Patient Harm Events

TUESDAY, March 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic health record (EHR) usability may contribute to possible patient harm events, according to a research letter published in the March 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Parent-Child Book Reading Tied to Psychosocial Benefits

TUESDAY, March 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Reading books together is associated with psychosocial benefits in both children and parents, according to a review published online March 27 in Pediatrics.

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Condition Readmission Measures Don't Reflect Overall Quality

TUESDAY, March 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Current publicly reported measures may not be good surrogates for overall hospital quality related to 30-day readmissions, according to a study published online March 27 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Concern for Employer, Insurance Discrimination for Alzheimer's Patients

TUESDAY, March 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. adults express concerns about discrimination by employers and insurance for patients with Alzheimer's disease dementia, according to a study published online March 27 in Alzheimer's & Dementia.

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Geographic, Social Variances Tied to Higher Drug-Related Mortality

TUESDAY, March 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- County-level economic and other social conditions explain the geographic disparities in overdose rates across the country, according to a study published online March 26 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Educational Attainment Down With In Utero Exposure to AEDs

TUESDAY, March 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to sodium valproate or a combination of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in utero is associated with worse attainment on national educational tests for 7-year-olds, according to a study published online March 26 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

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Children's Hoverboard, Skateboard Injuries Are Similar

TUESDAY, March 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Injury characteristics among hoverboard riders and skateboarders are similar, according to a study published online March 26 in Pediatrics.

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2011 to 2015 Saw Increase in Suicide Rate for Youth in Utah

MONDAY, March 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2011 to 2015, the unadjusted suicide rate among youth in Utah increased 136.2 percent, according to research published in the March 23 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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For Those With HIV, Symptom Burden Higher in Women

MONDAY, March 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The burden of two of the most common symptoms in patients living with HIV -- fatigue and muscle aches/joint pains -- is higher in women, according to a study published online March 5 in Menopause.

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Intensive Lifestyle Interventions Cut Long-Term Disability in T2DM

MONDAY, March 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For overweight or obese adults with type 2 diabetes, a long-term weight loss intervention is associated with a reduction in long-term disability, according to a study published online March 15 in Diabetes Care.

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Only Half of Adults With Familial Hypercholesterolemia on Statins

MONDAY, March 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Only about 50 percent of adults with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) are on statin therapy, and approximately 30 percent of those are taking high-intensity statins, according to a study published online March 26 in Circulation.

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History of Cancer Tied to Lower Endurance, Higher Fatigability

FRIDAY, March 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A history of cancer is associated with fatigability and poor endurance, particularly in older adults, according to a study published recently in Cancer.

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MVPA Mortality Risk Reduction Not Tied to Exercise in Bouts

FRIDAY, March 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is associated with reduced mortality risk, regardless of whether it is accumulated in bouts, according to a study published online March 22 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Lean Approach May Help Tackle Burnout in Health Care Providers

FRIDAY, March 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Lean approach, which emphasizes reducing waste and improving customer value by focusing on the big picture, can be used to address physician burnout, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Hearing Difficulty May Up Risk of Accidental Injury

FRIDAY, March 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Hearing difficulty is associated with accidental injury, according to a study published online March 22 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Food Insecurity Tied to Poor Glycemic Control in Diabetes

FRIDAY, March 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Limited food access owing to cost (food insecurity) is associated with increased hemoglobin A1c (HbA1C) among patients with diabetes, according to a study published online March 19 in Diabetes Care.

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Intrauterine Adhesions Rarely Occur Post Induced Abortion

FRIDAY, March 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Intrauterine adhesions (IUA) following an induced abortion are rare, but risk increases when surgical evacuation is involved, according to a study published online March 13 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

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Calorie Restriction Linked to Sustained Metabolic Adaptation

THURSDAY, March 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Calorie restriction (CR) over two years is associated with considerable weight loss, and with lower than expected energy expenditure (EE) relative to the weight loss, according to a study published online March 22 in Cell Metabolism.

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Unique Risks Associated With Texting Medical Orders

THURSDAY, March 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Despite the popularity, convenience, and speed of texting medical orders, there are unique and alarming risks associated with the practice, according to a report published in Drug Topics.

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Vaccine-Derived Immune Protection Against Mumps Wanes

THURSDAY, March 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Vaccine-derived immune protection against mumps wanes on average 27 years after vaccination, according to a study published online March 21 in Science Translational Medicine.

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CDC: Low Birthweight Rate Increased From 2014 to 2016

THURSDAY, March 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2014 to 2016 there was an increase in the singleton low birthweight rate, which was mainly due to increases in the rate of moderately low birthweight, according to a March data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Home-Based Primary Care Ups Access in Rural Areas

THURSDAY, March 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Expanding home-based primary care (HBPC) to American Indian reservations and other rural communities increases access to long-term care and enrollment for health care benefits within the Veterans Affairs (VA) system, according to a study published online March 12 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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HIV Incidence Down in All Except Men Who Have Sex With Men

WEDNESDAY, March 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2008 to 2015, there was a decrease in modeled HIV incidence in all transmission risk groups except men who have sex with men (MSM), according to research published online March 20 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Cardiovascular Health Declining in the United States

WEDNESDAY, March 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Trends in racial/ethnic and nativity disparities in cardiovascular health decreased from 1988 to 2014, with the decrease attributed to worsening cardiovascular health among whites, according to a study published online March 20 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Report Presents U.S. Trends in Abortion Methods, Care

WEDNESDAY, March 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of abortions performed by the medication method is increasing, and most abortions are performed in a non-hospital setting, according to a report published by the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

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Most Schools Have Variety of Food Allergy Policies

WEDNESDAY, March 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The vast majority of school nurses report staff training on anaphylaxis and epinephrine availability, though barriers to implementation of food allergy policies exist, according to a study published in the March issue of the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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Personal Health Info Found in Recycling at Five Hospitals

TUESDAY, March 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable amount of personal health information (PHI) and personally identifiable information (PII) was found in the recycling at five Canadian teaching hospitals, according to a research letter published in the March 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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USPSTF Recommends Skin Cancer Counseling for Fair-Skinned Youth

TUESDAY, March 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S Preventive Services Task Force recommends counseling to prevent skin cancer for fair-skinned children and young adults, while selective counseling is recommended for adults aged over 24 years. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the March 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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In 2015, Each U.S. Binge Drinker Consumed About 470 Drinks

TUESDAY, March 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. binge drinkers consumed about 470 binge drinks per binge drinker in 2015, according to a study published in the April issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Vaginal Moisturizer, Estradiol Tablet No Better Than Placebo

TUESDAY, March 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Neither low-dose vaginal estradiol tablets nor a vaginal moisturizer reduces postmenopausal vulvovaginal symptoms more than placebo vaginal tablets and gel, according to a study published online March 19 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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In-Flight Transmission of Respiratory Diseases Low

TUESDAY, March 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The probability of direct transmission of respiratory diseases is low for passengers on transcontinental U.S. flights not seated in close proximity to an infectious passenger, according to a study published online March 19 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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High Intake of Red Meats Tied to Liver Disease, Insulin Resistance

TUESDAY, March 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- High consumption of red and/or processed meat is associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and insulin resistance (IR), according to a study published online March 20 in the Journal of Hepatology.

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Teen Cancer Survivors Have Strong Social Networks

TUESDAY, March 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer often have stronger social networks than their non-cancer peers, according to a study published online March 8 in Cancer.

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Nurse-Supported Post-Stroke Voiding Program Appears Helpful

MONDAY, March 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Participants in a systematic voiding program for post-stroke incontinence found it to be helpful, according to a study published online March 8 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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ACO Enrollment Ups Appropriateness of CA Screening

MONDAY, March 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Enrollment in the Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) Accountable Care Organization (ACO) is associated with a reduction in breast cancer screening and an increase in colorectal cancer screening, according to a study published online March 19 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Reproductive Goals Vary After Spontaneous Abortion

MONDAY, March 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Women have varying reproductive goals after spontaneous abortion but are generally receptive to contraceptive counseling, according to a study published online March 8 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Risk of Suicide Up for Teens, Young Adults After Self-Harm

MONDAY, March 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents and young adults have increased risk of suicide after nonfatal self-harm, according to a study published online March 19 in Pediatrics.

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Oseltamivir Not Linked to Suicide Risk in Pediatric Patients

FRIDAY, March 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Oseltamivir does not appear to be associated with suicide risk in pediatric patients, according to a study published in the March/April issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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2013 to 2016 Saw No Change in Antibiotic Prescribing Practices

FRIDAY, March 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2013 to 2016, annual national outpatient antibiotic prescribing practices remained unchanged, according to a study published online Feb. 27 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Peer-to-Peer Program Tied to Improved Depression Awareness

FRIDAY, March 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A peer-to-peer depression awareness program is associated with improved knowledge and attitudes about depression among high school students, according to a study published online March 1 in Psychiatric Services.

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BMI As Predictor of CVD Risk May Be More Susceptible to Bias

FRIDAY, March 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The J-shaped correlation seen for body mass index (BMI) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is susceptible to confounding due to pre-existing comorbidities, according to a study published online March 15 in the European Heart Journal.

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Higher Burden of Trichomonas vaginalis Infection in U.S. Blacks

FRIDAY, March 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The burden of Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) infection is disproportionately high among blacks in the United States, according to a study published online March 15 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Closed-Loop Insulin Delivery Promising in T1DM Pregnancy

FRIDAY, March 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For pregnant women with type 1 diabetes, a closed-loop system is associated with comparable glucose control and significantly less hypoglycemia than sensor-augmented pump (SAP) therapy, according to a study published online March 13 in Diabetes Care.

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Family Influences Older Adults' Care Preferences

THURSDAY, March 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Family is an important influence on care preferences among older adults with advanced illness, according to a review published online March 7 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Barriers to Colorectal Cancer Screening Among Poor Identified

THURSDAY, March 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Improving colorectal cancer screening rates among lower-income populations requires addressing structural, personal, and health care system barriers, according to research published in the April issue of Diseases of the Colon & Rectum.

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Grilled Meat, Chicken Ups Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in U.S. Adults

THURSDAY, March 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Open-flame and/or high-temperature cooking methods (such as grilling/barbecuing, broiling, or roasting) to prepare chicken and red meat are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), according to a study published online March 12 in Diabetes Care.

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VTE Risk Up in Most Emergency General Surgery Patients

THURSDAY, March 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Almost all emergency general surgery (EGS) patients treated operatively and nonoperatively have increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and should receive prophylactic treatment, according to a review published online March 14 in JAMA Surgery.

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Review: Virtual Reality Distracts From Pain of Medical Procedures

THURSDAY, March 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Virtual reality (VR) appears to be an effective distraction intervention to relieve pain and distress during various medical procedures, according to a review published online Feb. 26 in The Clinical Journal of Pain.

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More Harms Than Benefits for E-Cigarettes at Population Level

THURSDAY, March 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are associated with more harm than benefit on a population level, according to a study published online March 14 in PLOS ONE.

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Many Teens Using Tobacco Don't Self-Identify As Users

THURSDAY, March 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many adolescent users of one or more specific tobacco product type do not self-identify as tobacco users, according to a study published online March 12 in Pediatrics.

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Zika-Tied Birth Defects in 7 Percent of Infected Pregnant Women

WEDNESDAY, March 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Seven percent of pregnant women with symptomatic Zika virus (ZIKV) infection have birth defects possibly associated with ZIKV infection, according to a study published in the March 15 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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High Midlife Cardio Fitness May Ward Off Dementia in Women

WEDNESDAY, March 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- High cardiovascular fitness at midlife is associated with a reduced risk of subsequent dementia in women, according to a study published online March 14 in Neurology.

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Novel Pediatric Appendicitis Risk Calculator Accurately IDs Risk

WEDNESDAY, March 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The pediatric appendicitis risk calculator (pARC) accurately quantifies the risk for appendicitis in a validation cohort of patients with acute abdominal pain, according to a study published online March 13 in Pediatrics.

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Heat-Not-Burn Tobacco System Releases Toxic Chemical

WEDNESDAY, March 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of the I quit original smoking (iQOS) heat-not-burn system chars the tobacco plug, and the device releases a toxic chemical, according to a study published online March 13 in Tobacco Control.

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Drug Copayments Often Exceed Prescription Drug Costs

WEDNESDAY, March 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Drug copayments frequently exceed prescription drug costs, with overpayments affecting 23 percent of all prescriptions, according to a research letter published in the March 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Bundled Intervention May Improve HPV Vaccination Rates

WEDNESDAY, March 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A bundled intervention comprising quality improvement (QI) training plus provider prompts, communication skills training, and performance feedback may improve human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates in pediatric clinics, according to a study published online March 14 in Pediatrics.

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Depression Seen in One in 20 Childbearing-Aged Women

WEDNESDAY, March 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A substantial proportion of non-pregnant women of childbearing age have untreated depression, according to a study published online March 8 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Vaginal Birth Tied to Later Lack of Pelvic Organ Support

WEDNESDAY, March 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Vaginal birth is associated with worse pelvic organ support five years after a woman's first delivery, and genital hiatus size is an independent predictor of worse support, according to a study published in the March issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Digital Intervention Can Increase Colorectal Cancer Screenings

TUESDAY, March 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Mobile Patient Technology for Health-Colorectal Cancer (mPATH-CRC), a digital health intervention which allows patients to self-order tests, can increase rates of screening, according to a study published online March 13 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Substance Use Mortality Varies Widely Across U.S. Counties

TUESDAY, March 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Across U.S. counties there is considerable variation in mortality due to alcohol use disorders, drug use disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence, according to a study published in the March 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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U.S. Spends Twice As Much for Similar Health Care Utilization

TUESDAY, March 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Spending on health care is much higher in the United States than other high-income countries, but utilization rates are similar, according to a study published in the March 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Opioid Receipt Up for Teens With Mental Health Conditions

TUESDAY, March 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents with pre-existing mental health conditions and treatments are more likely to receive any opioid and to transition to long-term opioid therapy, according to a study published online March 12 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Most Patients Fine With Providers Asking About Sexual Orientation

TUESDAY, March 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The vast majority of patients (97 percent) are comfortable with health providers asking sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) questions, according to a study published online March 9 in Health Services Research.

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Great Recession Linked to Increase in BP, Blood Glucose

TUESDAY, March 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The 2008 to 2010 Great Recession (GR) had a negative impact on the health of U.S. adults, with significant elevations in blood pressure and fasting glucose, according to a study published online March 12 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Three-Pronged Approach Can Improve Physician Engagement

MONDAY, March 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The three-pronged approach implemented by one practice successfully improved physician engagement, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Doctors Present Recs For and Against Acupuncture for Pain

MONDAY, March 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The reasons for and against recommending acupuncture for treating pain are discussed in a head-to-head article published online March 7 in The BMJ.

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No Safety Concerns Noted in Study of Intranasal Insulin Use

MONDAY, March 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Intranasal insulin application appears to be safe, according to a review published online March 6 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Over 5,100 Noncongenital Zika Cases Reported in U.S. in 2016

MONDAY, March 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A total of 5,168 noncongenital Zika virus disease cases were reported from U.S. states and the District of Columbia in 2016, with 95 percent of cases identified in travelers returning from Zika virus-affected areas, according to research published in the March 9 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Falls in Elderly Patients Cost $50 Billion Annually

FRIDAY, March 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Older adult falls result in substantial medical costs, according to a study published online March 7 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Increase in Acetaminophen Use, Overuse in Cold/Flu Season

FRIDAY, March 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- During cold/flu season (CFS) there is an increase in acetaminophen use and overdosing, according to a study published online March 7 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Warm Showers, Perineal Exercises Can Ease Birth Pain

FRIDAY, March 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Warm showers and perineal exercises may be effective for reducing the pain associated with childbirth, according to a study published online March 7 in the International Journal of Nursing Practice.

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Patients With CKD Face High Symptom Burden at End of Life

FRIDAY, March 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with advanced kidney disease face a substantial symptom burden in the last 12 months of life, according to a small study published online Feb. 28 in the Journal of Renal Care.

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Backrest Elevation Has No Effect on Sacral Tissue Integrity

FRIDAY, March 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Level of backrest elevation is not associated with changes in tissue integrity among critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation, according to research published online March 1 in the American Journal of Critical Care.

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Pharmacists Play Key Roles in Cardiac Disease Management

THURSDAY, March 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with cardiac disease, pharmacists in all practice settings have an important role in the management of the chronic disease state, according to a report published in Drug Topics.

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Current Tobacco Smoke Exposure Doesn't Obstruct Peds Airflow

THURSDAY, March 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Current tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) is not associated with airflow obstruction among school-aged children, while prenatal smoking is associated with airflow obstruction in children with asthma, according to a study published in the March issue of CHEST.

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Progression of Obesity Influences Risk of Diabetes Over Life Course

THURSDAY, March 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Changes in weight influence the risk of diabetes, with lower risk of diabetes for obese individuals who lose weight versus stable obesity, according to a study published online March 5 in Diabetes Care.

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30-Day ER Revisit Predicts Poor Outcomes in Elderly

THURSDAY, March 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A revisit to the emergency department within 30 days of a previous visit predicts poor outcomes in elderly adults, according to a study published online Feb. 28 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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No Link Found Between Marijuana Use, Kidney Function

THURSDAY, March 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are no significant associations between current or past self-reported marijuana use and measures of kidney function, according to a study published recently in the American Journal of Medicine.

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Poor Sleep in Menopause Tied to Vasomotor Symptoms, Depression

WEDNESDAY, March 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Consistent risk factors for poor sleep in menopause include depression and vasomotor symptoms, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Sleep Medicine.

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Vaccine Exposure in First 23 Months Has No Adverse Impact

WEDNESDAY, March 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The estimated cumulative vaccine antigen exposure through age 23 months does not differ significantly for children with versus those without hospital visits for infectious diseases not targeted by vaccines from age 24 to 47 months, according to a study published in the March 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Few U.S. Adults Meet Most T2DM Risk Reduction Goals

WEDNESDAY, March 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A small proportion of U.S. adults engage in lifestyle behaviors known to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the March issue of Diabetes Care.

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CDC: Opioid-Involved Overdoses Up July 2016 to Sept. 2017

WEDNESDAY, March 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Opioid-involved overdoses are continuing to increase, according to research published in the March 6 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Many PICCs Placed Have Dwell Time of No More Than Five Days

WEDNESDAY, March 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- About 25 percent of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) placed have a dwell time of five days or less, and almost 10 percent of patients with a short-term PICC experience a complication, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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FDA Approves New Medication for Drug-Resistant HIV

TUESDAY, March 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Trogarzo (ibalizumab-uiyk) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat adult patients living with HIV who have not responded to other antiretroviral medications.

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HPV Vaccine Intervention Tied to Increased Vaccination

TUESDAY, March 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents, a health care professional human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine communication intervention is associated with improved HPV vaccine series initiation and completion, according to a study published online March 5 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Parental Dieting Pressure Linked to Long-Term Harm

TUESDAY, March 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to parent encouragement to diet as an adolescent is tied to long-term harmful weight-related and emotional health outcomes and appears to be transmitted to the next generation, according to a study published online March 6 in Pediatrics.

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Minorities Face Worse Prognosis and Complications in T1DM

TUESDAY, March 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to whites, blacks and Hispanics have increased markers of poor prognosis of type 1 diabetes at diagnosis and three years afterward, according to a study published online March 1 in Diabetes Care.

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Gender Minorities Have Greater Mental Illness, Disability

MONDAY, March 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Gender minority Medicare beneficiaries have larger disability and mental health burdens than the general Medicare population, according to a study published online March 4 in Health Affairs.

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Pediatric Opioid-Related Hospital, ICU Admissions on the Rise

MONDAY, March 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Nationally, the rate of hospitalization and pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission for opioid ingestions increased from 2004 to 2015, according to a study published online March 5 in Pediatrics.

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ACP Updates Guidance for HbA1c Targets for Adults With T2DM

MONDAY, March 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Guidance has been developed for hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) targets for glycemic control among nonpregnant adults with type 2 diabetes; the guidance statement was published online March 6 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Strong State Firearm Policies, Lower Firearm Suicide Rate Tied

MONDAY, March 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Strong state firearm policies are associated with lower firearm suicide rates and lower homicide rates, according to a study published online March 5 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Increase in Other Flavored Tobacco Use After Menthol Ban

MONDAY, March 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a ban on menthol cigarettes results in an increase in those attempting to quit, and an increase in use of other flavored tobacco or electronic-cigarette use, according to a study published online March 5 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Dexmedetomidine Found to Prevent Delirium in Critically Ill

MONDAY, March 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Low-dose dexmedetomidine significantly reduces delirium in critically ill adults, according to a study published online March 2 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Excretion of Volatile Organic Compounds Up in Teen E-Smokers

MONDAY, March 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents smoking electronic-cigarettes (e-cigarettes) only have significantly higher excretion of volatile organic chemical compounds than non-smokers, although the levels are lower than among those using cigarettes in addition to e-cigarettes, according to a study published online March 5 in Pediatrics.

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Global Costs of Diabetes Will Continue Rising Through 2030

MONDAY, March 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The global costs of diabetes are high and will increase substantially by 2030, according to a study published online Feb. 23 in Diabetes Care.

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Domperidone Tied to Modest Increase in Breast Milk Supply

MONDAY, March 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Domperidone is well tolerated and effective in producing a moderate short-term increase in expressed breast milk volume among mothers of preterm infants, according to a review published online Feb. 22 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Determining 'Avoidability' of Nursing Home Transfers Complex

MONDAY, March 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A substantial proportion of acute transfers from nursing facilities to hospitals are potentially avoidable, but symptoms and risk conditions are only weakly predictive of hospital diagnoses, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Program Aids Communication for Spouses Affected by Dementia

FRIDAY, March 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An at-home dyadic, relationship-focused psychoeducational intervention improves communication outcomes among spouses affected by dementia, according to a small study published in the February issue of the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

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New Screening Tool Developed to Assess Tanning Addiction

FRIDAY, March 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A newly developed scale may identify patients addicted to tanning, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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High Prevalence of Hearing Loss Seen After Infant Heart Surgery

FRIDAY, March 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of hearing loss in preschool children who had heart surgery in infancy may be above 20 percent, according to a study published in the January issue of The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Calcium ± Vit D Supplements Up Risk of Colon Adenomas, Polyps

FRIDAY, March 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Calcium supplements, taken with or without vitamin D, may increase the risk of sessile serrated adenomas or polyps (SSA/Ps), according to a study published online March 1 in Gut.

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Pregnant Women May Engage in Warm Exercise for Short Times

FRIDAY, March 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women can safely exercise in warm weather or sit in hot baths or saunas for a short period of time without risking critical elevations in core temperature, according to a review published online March 1 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

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Researchers ID Five Distinct Adult-Onset Diabetes Subgroups

FRIDAY, March 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Reclassification of diabetes into subgroups shows differing courses of disease progression and risk of diabetic complications, according to a study published online March 1 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

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Risk of Mental Health Visits Up in Childhood Cancer Survivors

FRIDAY, March 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of adolescent cancer have higher rates of adverse mental health outcomes than the general population, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in Cancer.

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Unmet Health Needs for Patients With Uveal Melanoma

FRIDAY, March 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients with uveal melanoma have unmet health information and psychological needs, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Diet-Treated Chronic Illness May Lead to Disordered Eating

THURSDAY, March 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Interventions for diet-treated chronic illnesses may increase the risk for disordered eating in children, according to a review published online Feb. 22 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Coverage Increased After ACA for Patients With Diabetes

THURSDAY, March 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For adults aged 18 to 64 years with diabetes, there was an increase in health insurance coverage after implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), according to a study published online Feb. 23 in Diabetes Care.

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Higher Nut Consumption May Cut Recurrence, Death in Colon CA

THURSDAY, March 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with stage III colon cancer, nut intake, specifically tree nut intake, is associated with reduced incidence of cancer recurrence and mortality, according to a study published online Feb. 28 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Obesity Linked to Increased CVD Morbidity and Mortality

THURSDAY, March 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with normal body mass index (BMI), obesity is associated with increased morbidity and mortality linked to cardiovascular disease, and shorter longevity, according to a study published online Feb. 28 in JAMA Cardiology.

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