July 2018 Briefing - Ophthalmology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for July 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Learning to Change Important for Improving Practice

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Although physicians typically struggle with change, relying on habits created in their practice, learning to change is important in order to improve practices and better deal with the changes sweeping through medicine, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Front Desk Staff Can Set Up a Practice for Successful Billing

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Allowing front desk staff adequate time and an uninterrupted environment to focus on billing can prevent problems later on, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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Few Published Programs Address Medical Trainee Mistreatment

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are very few published descriptions of programs that address the mistreatment of medical trainees, according to a review published online July 27 in JAMA Network Open.

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Medical Boards May Contribute to Mental Health Stigma for Doctors

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Existing policy has been amended to encourage licensing boards to require disclosure of physical or mental health conditions only when these would negatively impact a physicians' ability to practice medicine, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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Four Strategies Help Doctors Make Personal, Professional Gains

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In an article published in Physicians Practice, four strategies are presented to help physicians make personal and professional gains.

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Assessing, Improving Patient Satisfaction Cuts Malpractice Risk

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Assessing and improving patient satisfaction can help physicians avoid being sued for malpractice, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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Insurers May Be Underpaying Doctors

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Insurance companies sometimes underpay doctors the contracted amount for a service or procedure, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Tools, Methods of RCTs Can Be Adapted to Real-World Settings

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of appropriate statistical methodology can allow for the synthesis of data collected as part of traditional clinical trials with real-world data, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online July 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Physicians and Practices Should Prepare for Emergencies

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Practices and physicians should prepare for emergency situations, such as natural disasters, network communications failures, and active shooter situations, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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VA MISSION Act May Up Costs, Lower Vet Health Care Quality

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Veterans Affairs Maintaining Internal Systems and Strengthening Integrated Outside Networks (VA MISSION) Act may increase costs and reduce quality of health care for veterans, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online July 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Walmart Generic Drug Discounts Often Offer More Patient Savings

MONDAY, July 23 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Walmart's Generic Drug Discount Program (GDDP), which sells many commonly used generic medications for $4 per 30-day supply, offers savings over Medicare for some generic cardiovascular medications, according to a research letter published online July 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Medical Organizations Must Address Sexual Harassment

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Medical institutions and organizations need to ensure there are proactive interventions to transform the workplace in order to address sexual harassment and discrimination, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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Embezzlement Not Uncommon in Medical Practices

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Embezzlement occurs frequently in medical practices and steps should be taken to prevent it, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Increased Coverage in States With Medicaid Expansion

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Coverage rates and access to care are significantly higher in states with Medicaid expansion, compared with non-expansion states, according to a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Visual Function Deficits Up in Developmental Dyslexia

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- School-aged children with developmental dyslexia (DD) more frequently have visual function deficits than typically developing (TD) children, according to a study published online July 19 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Same-Day Appointment System Implemented in Health Network

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A same-day appointment system can feasibly be introduced, according to the experiences of one health network presented in an article published in Managed Healthcare Executive.

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Patients Care About the Clothes Doctors Wear

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients do in fact care what doctors wear, according to a study recently published in BMJ Open.

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Seven Strategies Can Help Practices Manage Staff Time Off

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Several strategies can be implemented to help address management of staff time off, allowing mutual respect for the employee and employer requests, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Overall Cancer Mortality Rates Decreasing for Men and Women

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer incidence rates have decreased among men but remained stable among women, while cancer death rates are decreasing for both men and women, according to a report published in the July 1 issue of Cancer.

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Risk of Sensory Deficits Drops With Rising Gestational Age

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to full-term children, there is an increased incidence of hearing loss and visual impairment among moderately- and late-preterm infants, according to a study published online July 17 in Pediatrics.

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CDC: 'Tips' Campaign Has Helped a Number of Smokers Quit

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The ongoing Tips from Former Smokers (Tips) campaign, which features stories of former smokers living with smoking-related diseases and disabilities, has had a considerable impact, according to a report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Impact of the Campaign
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Trials Supporting FDA Approval of Breakthrough Drugs Examined

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pivotal trials supporting U.S. Food and Drug Administration approvals granted Breakthrough Therapy designation often lack randomization, double-blinding, and control groups, according to a research letter published in the July 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Alternative Payment Models Should Include Precision Medicine

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association has committed to working to integrate precision medicine into alternative payment models (APMs), according to an article published in the association's AMA Wire.

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Shared Decision-Making Approach to Zika Best for Travelers

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An approach to shared decision-making that stratifies risk might be most appropriate for preventing Zika infection, according to an Ideas and Opinion piece published online July 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Cataract Surgery May Cut Risk of Serious Car Accidents

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cataract surgery is associated with a modest decrease in the risk of the patient being in a serious traffic crash as the driver, according to a study published online June 28 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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FDA Establishes New Task Force on Drug Shortages

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In a recent statement, U.S. Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D., announced the formation of a new drug shortages task force to thoroughly explore the reasons why drug shortages remain a persistent challenge.

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Adoption of EHR Linked to Reduction in Mortality Rates

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) is associated with a reduction in mortality rates in U.S. hospitals, according to a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Declines in Vision Tied to Age-Related Cognitive Decline

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults' worsening vision may drive declines in cognitive function, according to a study published online July 10 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Physician Burnout Tied to Higher Risk of Medical Errors

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Physician burnout, fatigue, and work-unit safety grades are independently associated with medical errors, according to a study published online July 9 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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eCare Plan Set to Improve Doctor/Pharmacist Relationship

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Pharmacist eCare Plan is designed to improve communication between pharmacists and physicians by allowing documentation to be available via electronic health records (EHRs), according to an article published online in Drug Topics.

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Virtual Assistants Not HIPAA Compliant

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Virtual assistant programs like Google Assistant, Siri, and Alexa are not yet in compliance with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), warns an article published in Medical Economics.

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Gender Bias in Medicine Has Far-Reaching Consequences

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Overlooking women in medicine can have far-reaching consequences, according to a perspective piece published in the June 14 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Sociodemographic Disparities in Eyeglass Use Among Elderly

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are sociodemographic disparities in eyeglass use by age, race/ethnicity, education level, and income, according to a study published online July 12 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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2001 to 2015 Saw Decline in Self-Employment in Health Care

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2001 to 2015 there was a decrease in the percentage of health care professionals who are self-employed and a decrease in the earning gap between self-employed and employed health care professionals, according to a study published online July 12 in JAMA Network Open.

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AMA Aims to Boost Affordability of ACA Marketplace Plans

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates has adopted policy to increase the number of people who obtain coverage through the Affordable Care Act (ACA) by making marketplace plans more affordable.

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Patient Experience Officers Can Play Key Role in Medical Offices

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A patient experience officer is an increasingly important new role in physician practices, according to an article recently published in Physicians Practice.

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High Incidence of Myopia Among Chinese Schoolchildren

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of myopia among Chinese students may be as high as 20 to 30 percent each year from first grade onward, according to a study published online July 5 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Peer-Led Education Helps Physicians Save Time With EHRs

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A peer-based education program can improve the efficiency of electronic health record (EHR) use, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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International Group Develops Best Practices for Drug Packaging

TUESDAY, July 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Nine new drug labeling and packaging guidelines have been developed with an aim of reducing medication errors, according to a report published in Drug Topics.

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AMA Calls for Inclusive Family, Medical Leave Policies

TUESDAY, July 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) calls for inclusive family and medical leave policies to support lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) workers who care for relatives, spouses, and partners.

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Error Rate 7.4 Percent in Speech Recognition-Assisted Notes

TUESDAY, July 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The error rate in speech recognition (SR)-assisted documentation is 7.4 percent, according to a study published online July 6 in JAMA Network Open.

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CDC: Wildfire Smoke Poses Health Risks

MONDAY, July 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Wildfire activity continues to increase throughout the western states, as well as in Alaska, Florida, Oklahoma, and Texas, but there are steps those living in wild fire areas can take to minimize smoke exposure.

CDC Recommendations
National Interagency Fire Center

IT Solutions for Easier EHRs Save Physicians Time, Burnout

FRIDAY, July 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Yale Medicine is effectively targeting electronic health record (EHR) use and functionality as a way to improve physician job satisfaction and reduce burnout, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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Hospitals Face $218B in Federal Payment Cuts From 2010 to 2028

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cumulative reductions in federal payments to hospitals from 2010 to 2028 are estimated to reach $218.2 billion, according to a study commissioned by the Federation of American Hospitals and the American Hospital Association (AHA).

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Patient Complaints Mainly About Rudeness, Rushing, Reproach

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Understanding patients' complaints about practice can be instructive for physicians, according to an article published June 6 in Physicians Practice.

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Patients Comfortable With Doctors Having Tattoos, Piercings

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients do not appear to mind if doctors have tattoos or piercings, according to a study published online July 2 in the Emergency Medicine Journal.

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1996 to 2013 Saw Large Increase in Diabetes Spending

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In 2013, $101 billion was spent in the United States on diabetes, almost a three-fold increase since 1996, according to a study published in the July issue of Diabetes Care.

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American Academy of Pediatrics Warns Against Using Fireworks

TUESDAY, July 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued a warning about fireworks safety.

AAP: Fireworks Safety Tips

Ophthalmologists Warn About Eye Injury Risk With Fireworks

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- With the Fourth of July approaching, ophthalmologists are issuing a warning on the dangers of fireworks and the risk they pose for eye injuries.

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Intensive Management Program Benefits High-Risk Patients

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For high-risk patients, use of an intensive management program is associated with greater receipt of outpatient care with no increase in total costs, according to a study published in the June 19 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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