July 2018 Briefing - Family Practice

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for July 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Learning to Change Important for Improving Practice

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Although physicians typically struggle with change, relying on habits created in their practice, learning to change is important in order to improve practices and better deal with the changes sweeping through medicine, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Flu Vaccine Cuts Mortality in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), particularly elderly patients, who receive the influenza vaccine have significantly lower morbidity and mortality, according to a study published in the June issue of the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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FDA Warns of the Dangers of 'Vaginal Rejuvenation'

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Despite their growing popularity, there's no evidence that so-called "vaginal rejuvenation" procedures are either safe or effective, according to a statement released by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Weak Recommendation to Screen for Bacteriuria in Pregnancy

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Very low-quality evidence supports screening for elevated bacteria levels in urine during the first trimester for non-symptomatic pregnant women, according to a clinical guideline published in the July 9 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Front Desk Staff Can Set Up a Practice for Successful Billing

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Allowing front desk staff adequate time and an uninterrupted environment to focus on billing can prevent problems later on, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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One in Four Older Adults With Diabetes Uses Alternative Meds

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- More than 25 percent of older U.S. adults with diabetes use some type of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), according to a research letter published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

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Few Published Programs Address Medical Trainee Mistreatment

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are very few published descriptions of programs that address the mistreatment of medical trainees, according to a review published online July 27 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Demonstrating Clinical Use Will Speed Genomic Screening

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Introduction of genomic screening (GS) into routine health care is dependent on demonstration of clinical utility, which will be quicker with use of more data, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online July 31 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Better Care Quality Needed for Universal Health Coverage

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In order to achieve universal health coverage, stakeholders must focus on the quality of health services, including provision of effective, safe, timely, equitable, integrated, and efficient health services, according to a report published by the World Health Organization.

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Medical Boards May Contribute to Mental Health Stigma for Doctors

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Existing policy has been amended to encourage licensing boards to require disclosure of physical or mental health conditions only when these would negatively impact a physicians' ability to practice medicine, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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Teen Boy Suffers Serious Burns After 'Hot Water Challenge'

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An Indianapolis teen suffered serious burns after his friends poured boiling hot water on him as part of fad called the "Hot Water Challenge."

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AMA Opposes Proposed Cuts, Gag Orders for Reproductive Health

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) strongly objects to the Trump administration's plan to withhold federal family planning funding from Planned Parenthood and other entities, according to a statement released by the organization.

AMA Statement
AMA Wire Article
Comment on Regulations

Ties Between Self-Regulation, Obesity in Children Differ by Sex

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The association between self-regulation and the risk of obesity differs between boys and girls, according to a study published online July 16 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Four Strategies Help Doctors Make Personal, Professional Gains

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In an article published in Physicians Practice, four strategies are presented to help physicians make personal and professional gains.

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Few Health Differences for Trans, Cisgender Veterans

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Transgender U.S. veterans have few health differences compared with cisgender veterans, although the odds of having at least one disability are higher for transgender veterans, according to a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Infective Endocarditis More Common with Valve Issues

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and mitral valve prolapse (MVP) have a higher risk of developing infective endocarditis (IE) than the general population, according to a study published in the June 19 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Health Coverage Interruptions Common in Adults With T1DM

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Interruptions in private health insurance coverage are common among U.S. adults with type 1 diabetes and are associated with an increase in glycated hemoglobin and in use of acute care services, according to a report published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Young Cancer Survivors Have High Risk of Endocrine Diseases

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescent and young adult cancer survivors have a 73 percent higher risk of endocrine diseases, according to a study published online June 29 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Tool Improves Identification of Undiagnosed Hypertension

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of billing and clinical data can help to identify undiagnosed hypertension, according to research published in the July 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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No Higher Risk of Autoimmune Disorders After HPV4 Vaccination

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Following quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV4) vaccination, girls age 12 to 17 years do not have increased risk of autoimmune disorders, according to a study published recently in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Fatal Child Drownings in Open Water Areas Are Increasing

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most fatal child drownings occur each year between May and August, the majority of which happen in lakes, rivers, oceans, and other types of open water, according to a report released by Safe Kids Worldwide.

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Cross-Continuum Communication Beneficial After Discharge

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cross-continuum communication after hospital discharge can improve patient outcomes and overall health, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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CDC: Homicides by Firearm on the Rise in the United States

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Gun murders are on the rise in the United States and are the most common type of murder, according to a QuickStats report published in the July 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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NFID Initiative Working to Up Hepatitis B Vaccination Rates

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new initiative to increase hepatitis B virus vaccination rates among at-risk adults has been developed, according to a report from the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) published in support of World Hepatitis Day.

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World Hepatitis Day

New Model IDs Factors Tied to Muslim Youth Radicalization

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A psychological and social model provides insight into factors and triggers for radicalization among European youth recruited into Islam, according to a review published in the August issue of European Psychiatry.

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Risk of Heart Failure Up in ALVSD Patients With Diabetes

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with asymptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction (ALVSD), those with diabetes have increased risk of heart failure development and hospitalization, according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

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Readmission Rate 19.2 Percent After Acute Exacerbation of COPD

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of 30-day index readmissions after acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is 19.2 percent, according to a study published in the July issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

2002 to 2014 Saw Hike in AMI Rate in Pregnancy, Puerperium

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) occurred in one of every 12,400 hospitalizations for those hospitalized during pregnancy and the puerperium, according to a study published online July 18 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children often fill outpatient opioid prescriptions, with the most common indication for dental procedures, according to a study published online July 16 in Pediatrics.

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FDA: Whey Powder Behind Recent Salmonella-Linked Recalls

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Ritz and Goldfish crackers, Swiss Rolls -- they've all been tied to possible Salmonella contamination through a common ingredient, dry whey powder, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Drop in Osteoporosis Treatment Initiation After Hip Fracture

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In recent years there have been low rates of osteoporosis treatment initiation after a hip fracture, according to research published in the July 20 issue of JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

July 28 Is World Hepatitis Day

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- July 28 is World Hepatitis Day, according to an announcement published in the July 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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World Hepatitis Day

Assessing, Improving Patient Satisfaction Cuts Malpractice Risk

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Assessing and improving patient satisfaction can help physicians avoid being sued for malpractice, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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Use of 2017 ACC/AHA Guidelines Would Increase HTN Prevalence

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adoption of the 2017 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) hypertension guidelines would increase the proportion of 45- to 75-year-olds labeled as having hypertension in the United States and China, according to a study published online July 11 in The BMJ.

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Canada Updates Guidelines for Hepatitis C Virus Infection

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A guideline published in the June 4 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association, provides updated evidence-based recommendations for the treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial
World Hepatitis Day

CDC: Salmonella-Tainted Melon Outbreak Appears to Be Over

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A Salmonella outbreak linked to melons and fruit salad mixes appears to be over, say officials at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

FDA Outbreak Update
CDC Final Update

Late-Life Blood Pressure Tied to Higher Number of Brain Infarcts

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Higher average late-life blood pressure (BP) is associated with an increased number of brain infarcts, according to a study published online July 11 in Neurology.

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Guidance Provided for Reporting Foodborne Illness

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers guidance for health care professionals on reporting foodborne illnesses.

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Insurers May Be Underpaying Doctors

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Insurance companies sometimes underpay doctors the contracted amount for a service or procedure, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Steroid Abuse Put 60-Year-Old Bodybuilder in the Hospital

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In a report published online July 23 in BMJ Case Reports, doctors present the case of an amateur weight-lifter who developed non-ischemic cardiomyopathy after using anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS).

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ACOG, Others Come Out Against Proposed Rule on Title-X

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Health care organizations have come out against the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' proposed rule that amends regulations governing the Title X of the Public Health Service Act, which provides low-income patients with access to family planning and preventive health services and information.

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Comment on Regulations

WHO Targets for Chronic Hepatitis B Will Be Cost-Effective

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Meeting World Health Organization (WHO) targets for chronic hepatitis B by 2030 will be cost-effective, according to a report published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
World Hepatitis Day

Regulations Restrict Providers' Ability to Offer Info on Abortions

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Proposed regulations restrict providers' ability to deliver unbiased patient care for individuals wanting to know about or undergo abortion, according to a perspective piece published online July 18 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Comment on Regulations

First IVF Baby Louise Brown Turns 40

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- It's been 40 years since the birth of the first baby conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF), and there have been more than eight million born since.

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One-Third of Hep C Rx Receive Absolute Denial From Insurers

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Insurers are increasingly denying prescriptions of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drugs for hepatitis C virus treatment, according to a study published online June 7 in Open Forum Infectious Diseases.

Abstract/Full Text
World Hepatitis Day

Prevalence of Depression 4.4 Percent Among Dads of Infants

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of depression is 4.4 percent among fathers of children age 15 months or younger attending a well-child care clinic visit, according to a research letter published online July 23 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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HerbList App Launched to Provide Information on Herbal Products

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The National Institutes of Health's National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) has announced the launch of an app for easy access to research-based information on the safety and effectiveness of herbal products.

NIH Press Release
Herbs at a Glance

Escitalopram Cuts MACE Risk in Depressed Patients With ACS

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with depression following recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS), escitalopram results in lower risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) versus placebo, according to a study published in the July 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Guidelines for ART Updated for Those With or at Risk for HIV

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations for antiretroviral therapy (ART) have been updated for individuals at risk of or living with HIV; the 2018 recommendations of the International Antiviral Society-USA Panel are published in the July 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Many U.S. Adults View Marijuana Use Positively

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most U.S. adults believe that marijuana has at least one benefit, according to a study published online July 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Tools, Methods of RCTs Can Be Adapted to Real-World Settings

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of appropriate statistical methodology can allow for the synthesis of data collected as part of traditional clinical trials with real-world data, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online July 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Coal and Oil Power Plant Pollution May Lower Fertility Rates

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Fertility rates among nearby populations appear to increase after coal and oil power plant retirements, according to a study published recently in Environmental Health.

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Diabetes Diagnosis May Impact Health Behaviors of Family

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Partners of people with newly diagnosed diabetes have small but significant differences in health-related behavioral changes compared with partners of people without diabetes, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Lowering Default Number of Pills Can Reduce Prescribed Opioids

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Reducing the default number of opioid pills prescribed in an electronic medical record (EMR) system can effectively decrease the amount of opioids prescribed after procedures, according to a study published online July 18 in JAMA Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Reduced Cognitive Function for Students During Heat Waves

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive function deficits resulting from indoor thermal conditions during heat waves affect university students, according to a study published online July 10 in PLOS Medicine.

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Parents' Childhood Affects Their Children's Behavioral Health

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Parents' adverse childhood events (ACEs), such as abuse, neglect, or household dysfunction, can impact their children's lives, according to a study published online July 9 in Pediatrics.

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Physicians and Practices Should Prepare for Emergencies

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Practices and physicians should prepare for emergency situations, such as natural disasters, network communications failures, and active shooter situations, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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11 Infant Deaths Halt Trial of Sildenafil in Pregnant Women

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There have been 11 lung-related infant deaths after pregnant women in the Netherlands were given sildenafil (Viagra) to boost the growth of their babies while in the womb.

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Child Health Concerns Related to Use of Food Additives

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Regulatory changes are needed to address child health concerns related to the use of food additives, according to a policy statement published online July 23 in Pediatrics.

Policy Statement
Technical Report

VA MISSION Act May Up Costs, Lower Vet Health Care Quality

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Veterans Affairs Maintaining Internal Systems and Strengthening Integrated Outside Networks (VA MISSION) Act may increase costs and reduce quality of health care for veterans, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online July 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Salmonella Spurs Recall of Swiss Rolls, Bread

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Possible Salmonella contamination has led to the recall of rolls and bread made by Flowers Foods, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Nitrogen Dioxide Doesn't Impact Benefit of Exercise on MI

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Nitrogen dioxide does not affect the benefits of physical activity on the incidence or recurrence of myocardial infarction (MI), according to a study published online July 18 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Sulfonylureas As 2nd-Line T2DM Therapy Tied to Higher Event Risk

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Sulfonylureas as second-line drugs for type 2 diabetes are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular and hypoglycemic events compared with remaining on metformin monotherapy or adding to metformin therapy, according to a study published online July 18 in The BMJ.

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Editorial

Reproductive, Hormonal Factors Tied to Knee OA in Women

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Female reproductive and hormonal factors are associated with incidence of knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to a study published in the July issue of Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Alcohol, Tobacco Consumption Tied to Cancer Mortality

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol consumption per capita is positively associated with overall cancer mortality among older men and women over a 20-year period, according to a study published online July 13 in JAMA Network Open.

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Monthly Vitamin D Supplement May Not Cut Cancer Risk

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Monthly high-dose vitamin D supplementation may not prevent the risk of cancer among adults aged 50 to 84 years, according to a study published online July 19 in JAMA Oncology.

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Salmonella Spurs Recall of Ritz Crackers

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A number of Ritz Crackers products are being recalled due to possible Salmonella risk, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Walmart Generic Drug Discounts Often Offer More Patient Savings

MONDAY, July 23 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Walmart's Generic Drug Discount Program (GDDP), which sells many commonly used generic medications for $4 per 30-day supply, offers savings over Medicare for some generic cardiovascular medications, according to a research letter published online July 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Medical Organizations Must Address Sexual Harassment

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Medical institutions and organizations need to ensure there are proactive interventions to transform the workplace in order to address sexual harassment and discrimination, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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Child-Targeted Gluten-Free Products No Healthier

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Child-targeted gluten-free products do not appear to be healthier, with similar levels of sugar and poor nutritional quality as product equivalents, according to a study published online July 23 in Pediatrics.

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FDA Warns Against Risks of Contaminated Synthetic Cannabis

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Users of synthetic marijuana products and health care providers should be aware of the risk of bleeding associated with contamination of synthetic cannabinoid products with brodifacoum, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Intermittent Energy Restriction Effectively Cuts HbA1c in T2DM

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, intermittent energy restriction is comparable to continuous energy restriction for reduction of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), according to a study published online July 20 in JAMA Network Open.

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Few HIV Tests Given to Black Men Who Have Sex With Men in South

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Few HIV tests in the southern United States are provided for black men who have sex with men (MSM) even though they account for a substantial percentage of new diagnoses, according to research published in the July 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Poor Outcomes for Prefrail/Frail at Risk of Malnutrition

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Prefrail/frail seniors at risk of malnutrition have poor health outcomes and increased mortality, according to a study published online July 13 in JAMA Network Open.

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Embezzlement Not Uncommon in Medical Practices

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Embezzlement occurs frequently in medical practices and steps should be taken to prevent it, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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CDC: More People With High Cholesterol Taking Medications

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a substantial increase in the percentage of patients with high cholesterol over age 60 years taking lipid-lowering medications from 2005 to 2016, but such increases have not been seen among younger patients with high cholesterol, according to a QuickStats report published in the July 13 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Unfavorable Prepregnancy Lipid Levels Linked to Low Parity

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of having no or only one child is elevated for women with an unfavorable prepregnancy lipid profile, according to a study published in the June issue of BMJ Open.

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Greening Vacant Land Improves Neighborhood Mental Health

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Fixing up blighted physical environments, particularly in resource-limited urban settings, may improve the mental health of residents living nearby, according to a study published in the July issue of JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

C.S. Mott Poll Addresses Child Safety at Amusement Parks

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- One in five parents say they have not made plans with their children about what to do if they became separated at an amusement park or carnival, according to the C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health at the University of Michigan.

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Bayer Stops U.S. Sale of Essure Birth Control Implant

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Amid lawsuits and plummeting sales for its Essure birth control device, Bayer announced Friday that it would cease U.S. sales of the product by the end of 2018.

FDA Press Announcement
Bayer Press Release

Increased Coverage in States With Medicaid Expansion

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Coverage rates and access to care are significantly higher in states with Medicaid expansion, compared with non-expansion states, according to a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Availability of Generic Antivirals for Hepatitis B Increasing

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Availability of generic antivirals for treating chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) is increasing, according to research published in the July 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Lyme-Bearing Ticks More Widespread in U.S. Than Thought

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Ticks capable of transmitting Lyme disease and other tick-borne illnesses have been identified in dozens of places across the United States where the pests had never previously been recorded, according to a study published online July 12 in PLOS ONE.

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Visual Function Deficits Up in Developmental Dyslexia

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- School-aged children with developmental dyslexia (DD) more frequently have visual function deficits than typically developing (TD) children, according to a study published online July 19 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Abstinence Rates for Substance Use Increasing Among Teens

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There have been substantial increases in complete abstinence from substance use reported by high school students over the past 40 years, according to a study published online July 19 in Pediatrics.

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Empagliflozin Doesn't Up Risk of Bone Fractures

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Empagliflozin does not increase the risk of bone fracture in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online June 15 in Diabetes Care.

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FDA Proposes New Rule on Food Labeling in Vending Machines

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new rule proposed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration suggests that the type size on packaged foods sold in vending machines be at least 1.5 times the size of the net weight declaration on the front of the package.

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Same-Day Appointment System Implemented in Health Network

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A same-day appointment system can feasibly be introduced, according to the experiences of one health network presented in an article published in Managed Healthcare Executive.

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Salmonella Outbreak in 26 States Linked to Raw Turkey Products

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A Salmonella outbreak that has sickened 90 people in 26 states has been linked to a variety of raw turkey products, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

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FDA Recalls Drugs Containing Active Ingredient Valsartan

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Several drug products containing the active ingredient valsartan, used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure, are being recalled due to an impurity, N-nitrosodimethylamine, that has been found in the recalled products, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Liver Disease-Related Deaths Up Sharply From 1999 to 2016

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Liver disease-related deaths, particularly due to cirrhosis, have been increasing in the United States since 2009, according to a study published online July 18 in The BMJ.

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Atopic Dermatitis Places Heavy Burden on Patients

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Atopic dermatitis (AD) dramatically impacts the quality of life of patients, according to a study published online July 16 in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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Characteristics of Severe Hypoglycemia Identified in T2DM

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, characteristics of those with severe hypoglycemia include having a prior diagnosis of non-severe hypoglycemia and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) <6 percent, according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

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Both High and Low Uric Acid Levels Tied to Higher Mortality

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Both high and low uric acid levels are associated with an increased risk of dying, according to a study published in the July issue of Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Ten Questions Screen Helps ID Disability in HIV+ Children

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Ten Questions (TQ) screen is an effective way to screen HIV-positive children for neurodevelopmental problems in resource-poor areas, according to a study published online July 3 in PLOS ONE.

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Link for Asbestos-Free Talcum Powder, Cancer Not Clear

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Talcum powder, made from talc, which contains asbestos is considered carcinogenic to humans, while the carcinogenicity of talc without asbestos is unclear, according to the American Cancer Society.

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Physicians Should Be Aware of Animal, Child Abuse Link

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A health professional presented with animal abuse by a child over 10 years of age should have increased concerns about abuse in the family, according to a review published online July 17 in the Archives of Disease of Childhood.

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Patients Care About the Clothes Doctors Wear

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients do in fact care what doctors wear, according to a study recently published in BMJ Open.

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Seven Strategies Can Help Practices Manage Staff Time Off

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Several strategies can be implemented to help address management of staff time off, allowing mutual respect for the employee and employer requests, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Overall Cancer Mortality Rates Decreasing for Men and Women

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer incidence rates have decreased among men but remained stable among women, while cancer death rates are decreasing for both men and women, according to a report published in the July 1 issue of Cancer.

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Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Hy-Vee Spring Pasta Salad

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A Salmonella outbreak that's sickened 21 people in five states has been linked to Hy-Vee Spring Pasta Salad. Five people have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

FDA Recall Notice
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Australian Researchers Develop First Blood Test for Melanoma

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The first blood test to detect melanoma skin cancer in its early stages has been created, according to a study published in the July 17 issue of Oncotarget.

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Mental Health No Different for Offspring of Lesbian Parents

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Mental health does not differ significantly between offspring with sexual minority parents from the community-based National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study (NLLFS) and a matched normative population-based sample, according to a research letter published in the July 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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CDC: 'Tips' Campaign Has Helped a Number of Smokers Quit

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The ongoing Tips from Former Smokers (Tips) campaign, which features stories of former smokers living with smoking-related diseases and disabilities, has had a considerable impact, according to a report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Risk of Cochlear Disorders Up With History of Migraine

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of cochlear disorders, especially tinnitus, is increased among patients with a history of migraine, according to a study published online July 12 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Risk of Sensory Deficits Drops With Rising Gestational Age

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to full-term children, there is an increased incidence of hearing loss and visual impairment among moderately- and late-preterm infants, according to a study published online July 17 in Pediatrics.

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Risk of CRC, Non-CRC Death Up With Positive Fecal Hb Test

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with a positive fecal hemoglobin (f-Hb) test result have an increased risk of dying from colorectal cancer (CRC) and non-CRC causes, according to a study published online July 16 in Gut.

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Testosterone Prescribing Down Since 2013

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of U.S. men receiving testosterone prescriptions decreased from 2013 through 2016, according to a research letter published in the July 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Basal Insulin Analogues Similar for Glucose Lowering

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Basal insulin analogues for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) do not substantially differ in their glucose-lowering effect, according to a review published online July 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Prenatal Depression More Common in Young Moms Today

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- High depressive symptom scores were found to be more common among young pregnant women today than in their mothers' generation, according to a study published online July 13 in JAMA Network Open.

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Alternative Payment Models Should Include Precision Medicine

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association has committed to working to integrate precision medicine into alternative payment models (APMs), according to an article published in the association's AMA Wire.

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Problem Solving Helps Prevent Depression in Low-Income Moms

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Problem-solving education (PSE) is effective at preventing depressive symptoms among low-income mothers, according to a study published online June 29 in JAMA Network Open.

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High Frequency of Digital Media Use Linked to ADHD Symptoms

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is a modest, but statistically significant, association between higher frequency of digital media use and subsequent symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among adolescents, according to a study published in the July 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Trials Supporting FDA Approval of Breakthrough Drugs Examined

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pivotal trials supporting U.S. Food and Drug Administration approvals granted Breakthrough Therapy designation often lack randomization, double-blinding, and control groups, according to a research letter published in the July 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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FDA: Some Rx Drugs May Become Available Without Seeing a Doctor

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new draft guideline from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration suggests Americans could get widely used prescription medicines for cholesterol, high blood pressure, asthma, and migraine headaches without having to see a doctor.

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Multiple Factors to Consider When Selecting NSAID for Arthritis

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Factors to be considered when choosing the correct nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) for arthritis include effectiveness, concurrent health conditions, and frequency of use, according to a blog post published by the Arthritis Foundation.

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FDA Establishes New Task Force on Drug Shortages

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In a recent statement, U.S. Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D., announced the formation of a new drug shortages task force to thoroughly explore the reasons why drug shortages remain a persistent challenge.

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Evidence of Clinical Inertia in Management of T2DM

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who have a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level expected to trigger treatment intensification often have treatment inappropriately delayed, according to a research letter published in the July issue of Diabetes Care.

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Most Adults Perceive Nicotine Exposure As Harmful for Children

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most adults perceive nicotine exposure as harmful for children; however, there are differences in perceptions based on sex, racial and/or ethnic background, and tobacco use, according to a study published online July 16 in Pediatrics.

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Shared Decision-Making Approach to Zika Best for Travelers

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An approach to shared decision-making that stratifies risk might be most appropriate for preventing Zika infection, according to an Ideas and Opinion piece published online July 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Immediate Monitoring With ECG Patch Ups A-Fib Diagnosis Rate

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Immediate monitoring with a self-applied wearable electrocardiogram (ECG) patch results in a higher rate of atrial fibrillation (AF) diagnosis among individuals at high risk, according to a study published in the July 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Adoption of EHR Linked to Reduction in Mortality Rates

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) is associated with a reduction in mortality rates in U.S. hospitals, according to a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Harms Reporting Limited in Trials of Prebiotics, Probiotics, Synbiotics

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of probiotics, prebiotics, or synbiotics do not report harms-related data and/or safety results, according to a review published online July 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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FDA Approves First Drug to Treat Smallpox

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- TPOXX (tecovirimat) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat smallpox.

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FDA: Illnesses Tied to Fresh Crab Meat Imported From Venezuela

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There have been 12 reported cases of people in the United States becoming sick after eating fresh crab meat from Venezuela, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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E. Coli Found in Water at Tennessee Ziplining Facility

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Health officials say they found Escherichia coli in water at a ziplining facility in Tennessee that has been linked to an outbreak affecting at least 500 people.

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Two-Thirds of Parents Report Their Child Has Had Headache

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Two-thirds of parents report that their child has had a headache not related to a fall or head injury, according to the results of the C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health at the University of Michigan.

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Inappropriate Prescribing of Abx High in Urgent Care Centers

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable variability in the proportion of visits at which antibiotics are prescribed among traditional medical and retail clinic settings, according to a research letter published online July 16 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Fake FDA Warning Letters Being Sent to Consumers

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Criminals are sending fake U.S. Food and Drug Administration warning letters to people who tried to buy medicines online or over the phone. The agency notes that it does not typically send warning letters to individuals, and this appears to be an extortion scam.

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eCare Plan Set to Improve Doctor/Pharmacist Relationship

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Pharmacist eCare Plan is designed to improve communication between pharmacists and physicians by allowing documentation to be available via electronic health records (EHRs), according to an article published online in Drug Topics.

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Quadrivalent HPV Vaccine Not Tied to Spontaneous Abortion

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (4vHPV) is not associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion when inadvertently given before or during pregnancy, according to a study published in the July issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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PM2.5 Contributes to Burden of Diabetes Mellitus Globally

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Particulate matter (PM) with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrograms per cubic meter of air (PM2.5) makes a substantial contribution to the burden of diabetes, according to a study published in the July issue of The Lancet Planetary Health.

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Physician Burnout Tied to Higher Risk of Medical Errors

MONDAY, July 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Physician burnout, fatigue, and work-unit safety grades are independently associated with medical errors, according to a study published online July 9 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Fish Pedicure Causes Woman to Lose Toenails

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A woman lost several toenails after a fish pedicure, according to a case report published online July 3 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Jury Awards $4.62B in Johnson & Johnson Talcum Powder Lawsuit

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A jury says Johnson & Johnson must pay $4.62 billion to 22 women who allege they developed ovarian cancer after using the company's Baby Powder and Shower to Shower brand talcum powder as part of their daily feminine hygiene routine.

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Data Support FDA Restrictions on Child Cough and Cold Medicines

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- New research supports expanded restrictions on opioid-containing cough and cold medications (CCMs) for children, according to a short communication published recently in Clinical Toxicology.

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100 Now Sickened by Salmonella-Tainted Honey Smacks Cereal

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- One hundred people across 33 states have now fallen ill with Salmonella after eating Kellogg's Honey Smacks cereal, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

FDA Recall Notice
CDC Press Release

Virtual Assistants Not HIPAA Compliant

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Virtual assistant programs like Google Assistant, Siri, and Alexa are not yet in compliance with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), warns an article published in Medical Economics.

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Sociodemographic Disparities in Eyeglass Use Among Elderly

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are sociodemographic disparities in eyeglass use by age, race/ethnicity, education level, and income, according to a study published online July 12 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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11.2% of U.S. Adults Aged ≥45 Report Subjective Mental Decline

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- More than 11 percent of adults aged ≥45 years in the United States report subjective cognitive decline (SCD), according to research published in the July 13 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Gender Bias in Medicine Has Far-Reaching Consequences

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Overlooking women in medicine can have far-reaching consequences, according to a perspective piece published in the June 14 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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AAP: Lawnmowers Pose Serious Injury Risk to Children

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Lawnmowers pose a serious risk of injury to children, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), which offers tips to keep children and adolescents safe this summer.

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Two Regimens Fail to Stop Declines in β-Cell Function

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Neither glargine followed by metformin nor metformin alone halts the progressive deterioration of β-cell function in youth with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or recently-diagnosed type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online June 25 in Diabetes Care.

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Higher Vitamin D Levels May Lower Breast Cancer Risk

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Higher levels of vitamin D may be protective against breast cancer, according to a study published online June 15 in PLOS ONE.

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Blacks Have Elevated HTN Risk Through Age 55 Years

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Blacks have considerably increased risk for hypertension than whites through age 55 years, regardless of blood pressure levels through young adulthood, according to a study published online July 11 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Cutting Insurance Eligibility Ups Peds Hospitalization Cost Burden

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Reducing public insurance (Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program) income eligibility limits would result in large numbers of newly ineligible pediatric hospitalizations, according to a study published online July 9 in Pediatrics.

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Many Non-Emergency Medicine Trained Physicians in ER Care

FRIDAY, July 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The emergency medicine workforce comprises many non-emergency medicine trained physicians, according to a study recently published in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

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AMA Aims to Boost Affordability of ACA Marketplace Plans

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates has adopted policy to increase the number of people who obtain coverage through the Affordable Care Act (ACA) by making marketplace plans more affordable.

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More Youth Classified With HTN Using New 2017 AAP Guidelines

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Application of the new 2017 American Academy of Pediatrics guideline on classification of hypertension status results in a weighted net estimated increase of U.S. youths being reclassified as having hypertension compared with former guidelines, according to research published in the July 13 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Mosaic HIV-1 Vaccine Induces Responses in Humans, Monkeys

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A mosaic adenovirus serotype 26 (Ad26)-based HIV-1 vaccine induces immune responses in humans and rhesus monkeys, according to a study published online July 6 in The Lancet.

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2001 to 2015 Saw Decline in Self-Employment in Health Care

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2001 to 2015 there was a decrease in the percentage of health care professionals who are self-employed and a decrease in the earning gap between self-employed and employed health care professionals, according to a study published online July 12 in JAMA Network Open.

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Patient Experience Officers Can Play Key Role in Medical Offices

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A patient experience officer is an increasingly important new role in physician practices, according to an article recently published in Physicians Practice.

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Parental Incarceration Linked to Unhealthy Behaviors in Teens

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Parental incarceration (PI) is associated with lower health care use and unhealthy behaviors among adolescents and young adults, according to a study published online July 9 in Pediatrics.

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Drop in Childhood Pneumococcal, Hib Deaths From 2000 to 2015

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) deaths in children decreased between 2000 and 2015, following introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) and Hib vaccine, according to a study published in the July issue of The Lancet Global Health.

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Women Often Unaware of Their Hospital's Religious Affiliation

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Women of reproductive age are often unaware of their hospital's religious affiliation, according to a study recently published in Contraception.

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Asthma, Uncontrolled Asthma Associated With Risk of A-Fib

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is a correlation for asthma and lack of asthma control with the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), according to a study published online July 11 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Peer-Led Education Helps Physicians Save Time With EHRs

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A peer-based education program can improve the efficiency of electronic health record (EHR) use, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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Mothers' Healthy Lifestyle Tied to Drop in Offspring Obesity

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to a healthy lifestyle among mothers during their offspring's childhood is associated with reduced risk of childhood obesity, according to a study published online July 4 in The BMJ.

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Taking Multivitamins/Minerals Doesn't Improve CVD Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, July 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Multivitamin/mineral (MVM) supplementation seems not to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes, according to a review published online July 10 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Metformin Tied to Acidosis Risk at eGFR <30mL/min/1.73 m²

WEDNESDAY, July 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Metformin use is associated with an increased risk of acidosis at estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <30mL/min/1.73 m², according to a study published in the July issue of JAMA Internal Medicine.

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USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for ABI for PAD Screen in Asymptomatic

WEDNESDAY, July 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that there is currently insufficient evidence to assess the benefits and harms of screening for peripheral artery disease (PAD) with the ankle branchial index (ABI) in asymptomatic adults. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the July 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Final Recommendation
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FDA Requires Safety Label Changes for Fluoroquinolones

WEDNESDAY, July 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has strengthened current warnings in the prescribing information about fluoroquinolone antibiotics causing significant decreases in blood glucose as well as mental health side effects.

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USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Nontraditional CVD Risk Factors

WEDNESDAY, July 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force concludes that there is currently insufficient evidence to assess the benefits and harms of adding nontraditional risk factors to traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment in asymptomatic adults. These findings form the basis for a final recommendation statement published online July 10 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Final Recommendation
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Unhealthy Food Behaviors May Signal Eating Disorder in Teen

WEDNESDAY, July 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Almost 3 percent of teenagers aged 13 to 18 years have food, weight, and body image issues severe enough to constitute an eating disorder, according to a behavioral health resource posted by The Family Institute at Northwestern University.

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Apixaban Is Safest Direct Oral Anticoagulant Versus Warfarin

WEDNESDAY, July 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Apixaban seems to be the safest direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) compared with warfarin, according to a study published July 4 in The BMJ.

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Restricting Benefits for Single Moms May Harm Mental Health

WEDNESDAY, July 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An adverse impact on mental health is seen with reducing the age at which Lone Parent Obligations (LPO) -- which require lone parents in the United Kingdom to seek work as a condition for receiving welfare benefits -- apply, according to a study published in the July issue of The Lancet Public Health.

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EHR Tools Improve Medication Reconciliation in Hypertension

WEDNESDAY, July 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of electronic health record (EHR) tools in isolation improves medication reconciliation but does not improve systolic blood pressure among patients with hypertension, according to a study published online July 9 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Early Introduction of Solids Linked to Better Infant Sleep

WEDNESDAY, July 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Early introduction of solids is associated with significantly longer sleep and less-frequent waking for infants, according to a study published online July 9 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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CDC: Nearly One-Third of Injury Deaths Occur at Home

WEDNESDAY, July 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Just under one-third of deaths from all causes of injury occur in the person's home, according to a QuickStats report published in the July 6 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Misleading Popular Videos Impact Attitudes About Tobacco

TUESDAY, July 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Misleading portrayals of tobacco's health consequences in popular YouTube videos can increase positivity toward featured products including hookahs and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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International Group Develops Best Practices for Drug Packaging

TUESDAY, July 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Nine new drug labeling and packaging guidelines have been developed with an aim of reducing medication errors, according to a report published in Drug Topics.

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TECH Parenting Can Limit Negative Impact of Media on Kids

TUESDAY, July 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The talk, educate, co-view, and house rules (TECH) parenting framework can promote positive and specific media parenting behaviors that could help mitigate the potential negative impacts of media consumption for youth, according to an article published in the July issue of Pediatrics.

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AMA Calls for Inclusive Family, Medical Leave Policies

TUESDAY, July 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) calls for inclusive family and medical leave policies to support lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) workers who care for relatives, spouses, and partners.

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U.S. Surgeon General Urges More Americans to Carry Naloxone

TUESDAY, July 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Surgeon General released an advisory urging increased availability of the opioid overdose-reversing drug naloxone earlier this year, according to a report published by the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.

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Programs Can Lower Diabetes Distress in Adults With T1DM

TUESDAY, July 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Both education/behavioral and emotion-focused approaches can effectively reduce diabetes distress (DD) among patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and elevated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), according to a study published online July 5 in Diabetes Care.

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Any Opioid Use Tied to Involvement in Criminal Justice System

TUESDAY, July 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Any opioid use is associated with involvement in the criminal justice system in the past year, according to a study published online July 6 in JAMA Network Open.

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Error Rate 7.4 Percent in Speech Recognition-Assisted Notes

TUESDAY, July 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The error rate in speech recognition (SR)-assisted documentation is 7.4 percent, according to a study published online July 6 in JAMA Network Open.

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Public Health Vaccine Opposition Growing in the United States

TUESDAY, July 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Public health vaccine opposition has been growing in recent years in the United States, and has resulted in measles outbreaks, according to a policy forum article published online June 12 in PLOS Medicine.

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High Rates of Salmonella Contamination ID'd in Kratom

MONDAY, July 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- High rates of Salmonella contamination have been identified in kratom products collected and tested since February 2018, according to a statement published by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Parents Urged to 'Look Before You Lock' Cars

MONDAY, July 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- With 21 confirmed child vehicular heatstroke deaths already recorded this year in the United States, KidsAndCars.org is urging parents to be extra vigilant during changes in routine brought about by summer holidays.

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CDC: Wildfire Smoke Poses Health Risks

MONDAY, July 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Wildfire activity continues to increase throughout the western states, as well as in Alaska, Florida, Oklahoma, and Texas, but there are steps those living in wild fire areas can take to minimize smoke exposure.

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Budesonide With Saline Solution Helpful for Rhinosinusitis

MONDAY, July 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of budesonide to a saline nasal lavage for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis provides clinically meaningful benefits, according to a study published online June 7 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Obesity Paradox Seen in T2DM Modified by Smoking Status

MONDAY, July 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking status heavily modifies the obesity paradox observed in people with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 3 in Diabetes Care.

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UV Protection Methods Low in Individuals With Skin of Color

MONDAY, July 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many individuals with skin of color do not know that they need comprehensive photoprotection to prevent skin cancer and photoaging, according to an article published in Dermatology Times.

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High-Risk APOL1 Not Tied to CVD, Stroke in Older Black Women

MONDAY, July 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal African-American women, high-risk APOL1 genotype seems not to be associated with coronary heart disease, stroke, or mortality, according to a study published online July 3 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Higher Visceral Fat Ratio Seen With Recurring Urolithiasis

MONDAY, July 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Recurrent stone-forming patients have high visceral fat ratios compared to first-time stone-forming patients, according to a study published in the June issue of the International Journal of Urology.

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Prenatal Folic Acid Fortification May Affect Cortical Development

MONDAY, July 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Gestational exposure to folic acid fortification is associated with cortical development, according to a study published online July 3 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Risk-Stratified Breast Cancer Screening Ups Cost-Effectiveness

FRIDAY, July 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Risk-stratified breast screening improves the cost-effectiveness of screening, according to a study published online July 5 in JAMA Oncology.

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Tick-Caused Meat Allergy on the Rise in the United States

FRIDAY, July 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Red meat allergy caused by a bite from the lone star tick appears to be on the rise in the United States, a researcher says.

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IT Solutions for Easier EHRs Save Physicians Time, Burnout

FRIDAY, July 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Yale Medicine is effectively targeting electronic health record (EHR) use and functionality as a way to improve physician job satisfaction and reduce burnout, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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Skin Cancer Risk Higher in Military Personnel

FRIDAY, July 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is an increased risk for skin cancer among U.S. active duty service members and veterans, according to a review published in the June issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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PCPs Often Not Meeting Needs of Seniors With Chronic Conditions

FRIDAY, July 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most primary care physicians (PCPs) report being unable to adequately address the needs of patients with multiple chronic conditions, according to a report published by Quest Diagnostics.

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Disordered Eating Behaviors Up for Overweight Young Adults

FRIDAY, July 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults at a weight status classified as overweight or obese have increased prevalence of disordered eating behaviors (DEBs), according to a study published online June 11 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Health Gains, Cost Savings Projected for Sodium Goals

FRIDAY, July 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Substantial health gains and cost savings could be achieved with implementation and achievement of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration sodium reformulation targets, according to a study recently published in PLOS Medicine.

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Travel Costs Are Considerable Part of T2DM Follow-Up Costs

FRIDAY, July 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), travel costs relating to hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) screening constitute a substantial cost item, and self-monitoring can reduce costs, according to a study published in the July issue of the International Journal of Medical Informatics.

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NIH Warns of Increased Risk of Heat-Related Illness for Seniors

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults are at significantly increased risk of heat-related illnesses, which can include heat stroke, heat edema, heat syncope, heat cramps, and heat exhaustion, according to the National Institutes of Health.

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WHO Calls for Renewed Effort to Combat Chronic Disease

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The World Health Organization (WHO) Independent High-Level Commission has proposed six recommendations to address the growing epidemic of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), according to a report published online June 1 in The Lancet.

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Hospitals Face $218B in Federal Payment Cuts From 2010 to 2028

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cumulative reductions in federal payments to hospitals from 2010 to 2028 are estimated to reach $218.2 billion, according to a study commissioned by the Federation of American Hospitals and the American Hospital Association (AHA).

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Patient Complaints Mainly About Rudeness, Rushing, Reproach

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Understanding patients' complaints about practice can be instructive for physicians, according to an article published June 6 in Physicians Practice.

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Increase in Prevalence of Peds HTN With New Definitions

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Incorporation of new pediatric hypertension definitions recently published in a clinical practice guideline (CPG) has increased the prevalence of pediatric hypertension in a population of high-risk youth, according to a study published online July 5 in Pediatrics.

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Anticonvulsants Seem to Be Ineffective for Low Back Pain

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Anticonvulsant drugs are ineffective for chronic low back pain and can cause harm, despite a recent increase in prescribing, according to a review published online July 3 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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1996 to 2013 Saw Large Increase in Diabetes Spending

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In 2013, $101 billion was spent in the United States on diabetes, almost a three-fold increase since 1996, according to a study published in the July issue of Diabetes Care.

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Patients Comfortable With Doctors Having Tattoos, Piercings

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients do not appear to mind if doctors have tattoos or piercings, according to a study published online July 2 in the Emergency Medicine Journal.

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Marriage May Protect Against Cardiovascular Disease

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Marital status may influence cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and prognosis after CVD, according to a review published online June 19 in Heart.

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22.9 Percent of U.S. Adults Meet Aerobic, Strength Activity Goals

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In 2010 to 2015, 22.9 percent of U.S. adults aged 18 to 64 met the guidelines for both aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities during leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), according to a study published in the June 28 issue of the National Health Statistics Reports.

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For Postpartum Hemorrhage, Carbetocin Similar to Oxytocin

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For women after vaginal birth, heat-stable carbetocin is non-inferior to oxytocin for prevention of blood loss of at least 500 ml or use of additional uterotonic agents, according to a study published online June 27 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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High Patient Burden With Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with moderate/severe atopic dermatitis (AD) have higher patient-reported burden than those with mild AD, regardless of disease control, according to a study published online July 3 in JAMA Dermatology.

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U.K. Campaign Hasn't Aided Patient Presentations for TIA, Minor CVA

THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Face, Arm, Speech, Time (FAST) public education campaign in the United Kingdom has not improved the response to transient ischemic attack (TIA) and minor stroke, according to a study published online July 2 in JAMA Neurology.

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HPV Cervical CA Screening Cuts Odds of Later CIN3+ Diagnosis

TUESDAY, July 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The use of primary human papillomavirus (HPV) testing versus cytology results in reduced likelihood of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 3 or worse (CIN3+) at 48 months, according to a study published in the July 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Vegetable Trays Tainted With Cyclospora Put Seven in Hospital

TUESDAY, July 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Federal, state, and local health officials are investigating a Cyclospora outbreak linked to Del Monte 6 oz and 12 oz vegetable trays containing broccoli, cauliflower, carrots, and dill dip that were sold at Kwik Trip/Kwik Star locations in Iowa, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, and 28 oz vegetable trays that were distributed to Illinois and Indiana. The company has recalled the products.

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AMA Urges Caution With Use of Wire-Bristle BBQ Grill Brushes

TUESDAY, July 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) states that caution should be exercised with use of wire-bristle grill brushes due to the potential health and safety risks associated with bristles that may break off and adhere to the grill or cooked food.

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Smoking Marijuana May Be Tied to Cough, Sputum Production

TUESDAY, July 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking marijuana seems to be associated with increased risk of cough, sputum production, and wheezing, according to a review published online July 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Working >45 Hours Tied to Higher Diabetes Risk in Women

TUESDAY, July 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For women, working 45 hours or more per week is associated with increased risk of diabetes, according to a study published online July 2 in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.

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CVD Risk Up With Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy

TUESDAY, July 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) in their first pregnancy have increased rates of chronic hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and hypercholesterolemia, according to a study published online July 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Future Outlook Tied to Risk of Weapon Violence in Male Teens

TUESDAY, July 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Positive future orientation is associated with reduced odds of weapon-related violence perpetration among teenage males from low-resource neighborhoods, according to a research letter published online July 2 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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AMA Adopts Policy to Cut Sugar Sweetened Drink Consumption

TUESDAY, July 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- At the annual meeting of the American Medical Association (AMA), a policy was adopted to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) as a way to reduce the amount of sugar that Americans consume.

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Effective Marketing Methods Offered for Primary Care Doctors

TUESDAY, July 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Marketing is important for physicians, and effective methods include internet marketing, speaking engagements, and print materials, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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American Academy of Pediatrics Warns Against Using Fireworks

TUESDAY, July 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued a warning about fireworks safety.

AAP: Fireworks Safety Tips

Coffee Drinking Found to Lower Risk of All-Cause Mortality

TUESDAY, July 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Increased coffee intake may be a beneficial addition to a healthy diet, according to a study published online July 2 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Pediatric Hospitalization for Gun Injuries Higher in Urban Areas

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Urban areas have higher overall pediatric hospitalization rates for firearm injuries, with the highest rates for urban 15- to 19-year-olds, according to a study published online July 2 in Pediatrics.

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Ophthalmologists Warn About Eye Injury Risk With Fireworks

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- With the Fourth of July approaching, ophthalmologists are issuing a warning on the dangers of fireworks and the risk they pose for eye injuries.

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Irrigation Water Likely Cause of Romaine Lettuce E. Coli Outbreak

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Tainted irrigation water is likely to blame for a 36-state Escherichia coli outbreak linked to romaine lettuce that sickened 200 people and caused five deaths, U.S. health officials say.

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Ethics of Genealogy Data Use for Solving Crimes Discussed

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of online genealogy data for solving crimes raises complex ethical issues, according to an article published online May 29 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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FDA Expands Approval of Closed-Looped Insulin Delivery System

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Approval of the MiniMed 670G hybrid closed looped system for diabetes management has been expanded to include individuals aged 7 to 13 years with type 1 diabetes, according to a report published by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

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Conservative Management Up for Low-Risk Prostate CA in Veterans

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among U.S. veterans with low-risk prostate cancer, use of conservative management increased from 2005 to 2015, according to a research letter published online June 5 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Intensive Management Program Benefits High-Risk Patients

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For high-risk patients, use of an intensive management program is associated with greater receipt of outpatient care with no increase in total costs, according to a study published in the June 19 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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About 10 Percent of Youth Report Smoking Hookah

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- About 10 percent of youth report smoking hookah, with smoking mainly occurring in the home environment, according to a study published online July 2 in Pediatrics.

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Use of Palliative Care, Oxygen Therapy Increasing for COPD

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the use of formal palliative care services and long-term oxygen therapy has increased but remains low, according to a study published online June 11 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Patient Engagement in Asthma Treatment Plans May Improve Quality of Life

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults with asthma and a greater desire for involvement in decision making have higher asthma-related quality of life, according to a study published in the July issue of the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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Follow-up Lacking for Women With Severe Maternal Morbidity

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Women in New Zealand who experienced severe maternal morbidity (SMM) often do not receive information, an offer of support, or a follow-up appointment before their hospital discharge, according to a study published in the June issue of the International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics.

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In Children, Food Insecurity Tied to Behavior, Cognition

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Food insecurity may be linked to behavioral problems and poorer cognitive performance in children, according to a study published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

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Socioeconomic Factors Linked to Hearing Aid Access, Use

MONDAY, July 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Socioeconomic factors may hinder individuals' ability to obtain and use hearing aids, according to a study published online May 21 in The Gerontologist.

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