February 2018 Briefing - Nursing

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for February 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Oral Intake During Labor Shows No Increase in Adverse Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Ad lib oral intake during labor does not increase maternal or neonatal adverse outcomes compared with allowing women nothing by mouth during labor, according to a study published in the March issue of the American Journal of Nursing.

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Patients' Breast Radiotherapy Experiences Beat Expectations

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients report having little to no knowledge about breast radiotherapy (RT), and patients' experiences are generally better than their expectations, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in Cancer.

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Prevalence of Smoking While Pregnant 7.2 Percent in 2016

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 7.2 percent of women who gave birth in 2016 smoked cigarettes during pregnancy, with prevalence varying by age, maternal race and Hispanic origin, and educational attainment, according to a February data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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Subthreshold Phototherapy After Birth Cuts Later Phototherapy

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Subthreshold phototherapy during birth hospitalization is associated with reduced readmission for phototherapy, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Increased Adiposity Measures Affect MI Risk More in Women

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Increases in waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio are associated with a greater excess risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in women than men, according to a study published online Feb. 28 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Early Studies Often Show Exaggerated Treatment Effect

TUESDAY, Feb. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Trials to evaluate drugs or devices used to treat chronic medical conditions that are published early in the chain of evidence often show an exaggerated treatment effect compared with subsequent trials, according to research published online Feb. 21 in the Mayo Clinical Proceedings.

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COPD Hospitalizations, Deaths, Prevalence Higher in Rural Areas

TUESDAY, Feb. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) prevalence, Medicare hospitalizations, and deaths are significantly higher in rural areas, according to research published in the Feb. 23 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Treatment Effect of Fenofibrate Varies in Patients With T2DM

TUESDAY, Feb. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For individual patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the effect of fenofibrate treatment varies and is larger in patients with dyslipidemia, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in Diabetes Care.

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Chromosomal Abnormalities, Miscarriage More Likely After 40

TUESDAY, Feb. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women older than 40 years have a higher risk of chromosomal abnormalities, miscarriage, and preterm birth compared to younger women but not congenital malformations or stillbirth, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Women With Non-Obstructive CAD May Suffer From Myocardial Scars

TUESDAY, Feb. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among women with suspected ischemia and no obstructive coronary artery disease (INOCA), the prevalence of baseline late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) indicating presence of myocardial scars is 8 percent, according to a research letter published in the Feb. 20 issue of Circulation, a Go Red For Women issue focused on women's heart health.

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Lead, Other Toxic Metals Found in E-Cigarette Vapors

MONDAY, Feb. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Toxic metals, including lead, leak from some Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) heating coils and are present in the aerosols inhaled by users, according to a study published in the February issue of Environmental Health Perspectives.

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Understanding Rx Nonadherence Can Improve Adherence

MONDAY, Feb. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Understanding nonadherence in patients and encouraging a change in attitude toward patients and their medication can improve medication adherence, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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No Link Found for Metformin or Statins and Ovarian Cancer

MONDAY, Feb. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In women with type 2 diabetes, no evidence was found of an association between the use of metformin or statins and the incidence of ovarian cancer, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Vegetarian, Med Diets Similarly Effective for Body Weight

MONDAY, Feb. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A low-calorie lacto-ovo vegetarian diet (VD) and a low-calorie Mediterranean diet (MedD) are similarly effective for reducing body weight, body mass index, and fat mass for overweight omnivores, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in Circulation.

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Knee Pain, Functional Impairment Associated With Depression

MONDAY, Feb. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Knee pain and functional impairments in elderly individuals are associated with the development of depressive symptoms, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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FDA Warns of Possible Heart Risks Linked to Clarithromycin

FRIDAY, Feb. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The antibiotic clarithromycin (brand name: Biaxin) may increase the long-term risk of heart problems and death in patients with heart disease, according to U.S. health officials.

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Benzodiazepine Use Declining in Older Adults

FRIDAY, Feb. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There have been small but significant reductions in the incidence and prevalence of benzodiazepine use in older adults in Canada, the United States, and Australia, according to a brief report published online Feb. 12 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Artificial Intelligence May Help Prevent Physician Burnout

FRIDAY, Feb. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Artificial intelligence (AI), in which computers can be trained to recognize patterns in large quantities of data, may be able to reduce physicians' burdens, saving them time and energy, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Hand Hygiene Program Tied to Lower Nursing Home Mortality

FRIDAY, Feb. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A multifaceted hand hygiene (HH) program may have a short-term impact on mortality in nursing homes (NHs), according to a study published in the February issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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Younger Onset of T2DM Linked to Increased Mortality Risk

FRIDAY, Feb. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Younger onset of type 2 diabetes is associated with increased mortality risk, mainly due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in Diabetologia.

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Menopausal Hormone Therapy Tied to Less Pronounced Kyphosis

FRIDAY, Feb. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Menopausal hormone therapy (HT) use is associated with less pronounced kyphosis compared with never-use, according to a study published online Feb. 16 in Menopause.

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FDA Cracks Down on Kratom Products

THURSDAY, Feb. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A number of kratom-containing dietary supplements are being recalled and destroyed by the manufacturer, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Wednesday.

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GI Surgical Site Infections Higher in Low-Income Countries

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The burden of surgical site infection (SSI) after gastrointestinal surgery is greater for countries with low income as classified by the U.N. Human Development Index (HDI), according to a study published online Feb. 13 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Chronicity of Depression Ups Failure Along Continuum of HIV Care

THURSDAY, Feb. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Chronicity of depression is associated with increased likelihood of failure along the continuum of HIV care, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Alcohol Use Disorders Tied to Increased Risk of Dementia Onset

THURSDAY, Feb. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol use disorders are associated with increased risk for dementia onset, especially early-onset dementia, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in The Lancet Public Health.

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Haloperidol for Delirium in Critically Ill No Help for Survival

THURSDAY, Feb. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For critically ill adults at high risk of delirium, prophylactic haloperidol does not improve survival at 28 days compared with placebo, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Worse Prognosis for Prediabetes Defined by HbA1c

THURSDAY, Feb. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Prediabetes defined by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is associated with worse prognosis than definition by fasting plasma glucose (FPG) or two-hour plasma glucose (2hPG), according to a study published online Feb. 16 in Diabetes Care.

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CDC: No Change in Percentage of Uninsured in U.S. From '16 to '17

THURSDAY, Feb. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of uninsured U.S. persons of all ages did not change significantly from 2016 to the first nine months of 2017, according to a report published online Feb. 22 by the National Center for Health Statistics.

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Regardless of CV Risks, Cancer History Impacts Mortality

THURSDAY, Feb. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer history has an important impact on mortality independent of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs), according to a study published online Feb. 12 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Quality of Perceived Hospice Care Varies by Setting

THURSDAY, Feb. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Family members of those who have received hospice care in a nursing home report lower perceived quality of care, compared to hospice care received in other settings, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Prenatal Valproate Exposure May Impact School Performance

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- School performance is significantly lower for children with prenatal exposure to valproate, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in JAMA Neurology.

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Chronic Opioid Users May Wish to Taper Opioid Use

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients with non-cancer-related chronic pain prescribed long-term opioids may wish to taper their opioid use, according to a research letter published online Feb. 19 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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All Physical Activity Tied to Reduced Mortality in Older Men

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- All activities (of light intensity upward) are beneficial for older men, with no additional benefit for accumulation of activity in bouts ≥10 minutes beyond total volume of activity, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

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Treatment Model Linked to Drop in Post-Incarceration Overdoses

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Introduction of a new model of screening and protocoled treatment with medications for opioid addiction treatment (MAT), including methadone, buprenorphine, or naltrexone, is associated with a reduction in postincarceration deaths from overdose, according to a research letter published online Feb. 14 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Accelerated Lung Function Decline for Women Who Clean

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Accelerated lung function decline is seen in women responsible for cleaning at home or working in occupational cleaning, according to a study published online Feb. 16 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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12-Month Weight Loss Doesn't Differ With Low-Fat, Carb Diets

TUESDAY, Feb. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Weight change over 12 months does not differ for a healthy low-fat (HLF) diet or a healthy low-carbohydrate (HLC) diet, according to a study published in the Feb. 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Maternal Vaccination Not Tied to Infant Hospitalization, Death

TUESDAY, Feb. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal receipt of influenza and tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines is not associated with infant hospitalization or death in the first six months of life, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in Pediatrics.

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USPSTF Urges Multicomponent Behavioral Interventions for Obesity

TUESDAY, Feb. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians provide adults with a body mass index of 30 kg/m² or higher to intensive, multicomponent behavioral interventions. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendations statement, published online Feb. 20 by the USPSTF.

Draft Recommendation Statement
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Mortality Risks of Exclusive Cigar, Cigarette, Pipe Use ID'd

TUESDAY, Feb. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Exclusive current cigarette and cigar use is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Anticoagulants in Seniors With A-Fib, CKD Ups Stroke, ICH Risk

TUESDAY, Feb. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For older patients with concomitant chronic kidney disease and a new diagnosis of atrial fibrillation, anticoagulants are associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke and hemorrhage, but with reduced risk of all-cause mortality, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in The BMJ.

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Ertugliflozin Tied to Improved Glycemic Control in T2DM

TUESDAY, Feb. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes, ertugliflozin treatment is associated with improved glycemic control over 52 weeks, according to a study published online Feb. 8 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Sibling Bullying Tied to Increased Odds of Psychotic Disorder

TUESDAY, Feb. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children involved in sibling bullying are at increased risk of developing a psychotic disorder, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in Psychological Medicine.

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Significant Challenges for Developmental-Behavioral Peds

FRIDAY, Feb. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) workforce struggles to meet current service demands, according to a study published online Feb. 16 in Pediatrics.

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Influenza A(H3N2) Viruses Predominate 2017-2018 Season

FRIDAY, Feb. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most influenza viruses identified in the 2017 to 2018 season are influenza A, with A(H3N2) viruses predominating, according to research published in the Feb. 16 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Rotating Night Shift Work Tied to Increased Odds of T2DM

FRIDAY, Feb. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Rotating shift work which includes night shifts is associated with increased odds of type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in Diabetes Care.

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Anti-Heroin Vaccine Shows Promise Against Lethal Doses

FRIDAY, Feb. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) agonist in the presence of alum is stable over a month and elicits strong anti-heroin antibody titers and blockade of heroin-induced antinociception, according to a study published online Feb. 8 in Molecular Pharmaceutics.

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Patients Want Physicians to Have Greater Connectivity

THURSDAY, Feb. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients want greater connectivity, online tools and text messaging, as well as more time with their physicians, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Many in Oregon View Alcohol As More Harmful Than Marijuana

THURSDAY, Feb. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Just more than half of surveyed adults consider alcohol to be more harmful than marijuana, according to a study published in the April issue of Preventive Medicine.

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Patient Involvement May Promote Hand Washing in the Hospital

THURSDAY, Feb. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is limited understanding of patients' and health care professionals' perceptions about appropriate patient involvement in promoting hand hygiene compliance in the hospital setting, according to a review published online Feb. 8 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Short Stature in Childhood Tied to Higher Stroke Risk in Adulthood

THURSDAY, Feb. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Short stature at 7 to 13 years is significantly associated with increased risks in adulthood of ischemic stroke (IS) in both sexes and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in men, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in Stroke.

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Opioids Plus Acetaminophen, Ketorolac Cost-Effective Post-Sx

THURSDAY, Feb. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Intravenous acetaminophen with or without ketorolac is associated with reduced opioid consumption and cost of care after scoliosis surgery in adolescents, compared with opioids alone, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in Pediatric Anesthesia.

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Rise in Use of Antihypertensives in Delivery With Preeclampsia

THURSDAY, Feb. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of antihypertensive treatments during delivery hospitalizations in women with preeclampsia has increased since 2006, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Ultra-Processed Food Linked to Increased Overall Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Feb. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of ultra-processed food is associated with increased risk of overall and breast cancer, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in The BMJ.

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Poor Outcomes With Systolic BP Below 120 mm Hg in HFpEF

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For hospitalized patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), poor outcomes are seen in association with a systolic blood pressure (SBP) level below 120 mm Hg, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Mean Depth of Ultrasonographic Penetration Greater in Autism

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have a significantly greater mean depth of ultrasonographic penetration, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Greater Weight Loss With RYGB in Obese With T2DM at Three Years

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For obese adults with type 2 diabetes, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is associated with greater weight loss, lower hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and reduced cardiovascular risk compared with intensive medical diabetes and weight management (IMWM), according to a study published online Feb. 6 in Diabetes Care.

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Low Dose-Rate Far-UVC Light Can Inactivate Influenza Virus

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Very low-dose 222-nm UVC ultraviolet light can inactivate more than 95 percent of aerosolized H1N1 influenza virus, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Scientific Reports.

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Kidney Stone Incidence Increased Between 1984 and 2012

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 1984 to 2012, there was an increase in the incidence of symptomatic and asymptomatic kidney stones, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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During 2013 to 2016, 8.1 Percent of U.S. Adults Had Depression

TUESDAY, Feb. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- During 2013 to 2016, 8.1 percent of American adults aged 20 years and older had depression in a given two-week period, according to a February data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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ACA Dependent Coverage Tied to Increased Prenatal Care

TUESDAY, Feb. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Affordable Care Act dependent coverage provision is associated with increased early and adequate prenatal care and decreased preterm births, according to a study published in the Feb. 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Perfluoroalkyl Substances Linked to Greater Weight Regain

TUESDAY, Feb. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Higher concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are associated with greater weight regain in a diet-induced weight-loss setting, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in PLOS Medicine.

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Four Best Practices Outlined to Prevent Health Care Cyberattacks

TUESDAY, Feb. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Four best practices outlined that can help prevent health care cyberattacks, which increased from 2016 to 2017, according to a report published in Managed Healthcare Executive.

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Risk Tool Predicts Pressure Injuries in Hospitalized Children

TUESDAY, Feb. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Braden QD Scale reliably predicts both immobility-related and device-related pressure injuries in hospitalized pediatric patients, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of Pediatrics.

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USPSTF Recommends Against Ovarian Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, Feb. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against screening for ovarian cancer in asymptomatic women. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the Feb. 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Education About Imaging Most Often Given by Ordering Provider

TUESDAY, Feb. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing imaging examinations, 78 percent reported receiving some form of pre-examination information, while 52 percent sought information themselves, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in Radiology.

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Eating Slower Tied to Lower Obesity Risk in Type 2 Diabetes

TUESDAY, Feb. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Eating speed can affect changes in obesity, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in BMJ Open.

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Opioid Use Linked to Risk of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease

MONDAY, Feb. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Opioid use is associated with elevated risk of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), especially for long-acting, high-potency, and high-dose opioids, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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EHRs Not Sufficient to Ensure Success in Value-Based Care

MONDAY, Feb. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic health records (EHRs) are not sufficient to ensure success in value-based care, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Mortality Up in Diabetes With Low eGFR, No Albuminuria

MONDAY, Feb. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among U.S. adults with diabetes, albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) values are decreasing, but mortality rates are increasing among those with ACR <30 mg/g and low estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs), according to a study published online Feb. 7 in Diabetes Care.

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Quality Improvement Efforts May Improve Cath Lab Efficiencies

MONDAY, Feb. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A quality improvement intervention can reduce inefficiencies in the cardiac catheterization laboratory (cath lab), according to a study published online Jan. 31 in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

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Diabetes Signs May Be Present 20 Years Before Diagnosis

FRIDAY, Feb. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with subtle elevations of glucose and lipids more than 20 years before diagnosis, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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CDC: Parent-Reported Head Injuries in 7.0 Percent of Children

FRIDAY, Feb. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In 2016, 8.3 percent of boys and 5.6 percent of girls aged 3 to 17 years had ever had a significant head injury in their lifetime, according to a February data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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Inhaled Nitric Oxide Doesn't Cut Mortality for Neonates

FRIDAY, Feb. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For neonates born at 22 to 29 weeks' gestation with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), off-label use of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is not associated with reduced mortality, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Pediatrics.

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High-Risk Typologies for Heavy Drinking ID'd in Underage Women

FRIDAY, Feb. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For underage women, high-risk trajectories have been identified for heavy episodic drinking (HED), and feminine norms are associated with latent trajectory classes, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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Acne Linked to Increased Risk of Major Depressive Disorder

FRIDAY, Feb. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Acne is associated with increased probability of developing major depressive disorder (MDD), with risk highest within one year of diagnosis, according to a research letter published online Feb. 7 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Rooming-In May Up Outcomes in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

FRIDAY, Feb. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For newborns with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), rooming-in with the mother or other family members is associated with improved outcomes, according to a review published online Feb. 5 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Breastfeeding Found to Be Protective Against Hypertension

THURSDAY, Feb. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Postmenopausal women who breastfed more children, or breastfed for a longer duration, have a lower risk of hypertension, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in the American Journal of Hypertension.

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Poll: Personal Beliefs Shouldn't Allow Doctors to Refuse to Treat

THURSDAY, Feb. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most people do not believe that professionals including health care providers should be allowed to refuse to provide services based on their conscience or beliefs, according to a recent HealthDay/The Harris Poll.

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School Program in U.K. Shows No Significant Impact on Child BMI

THURSDAY, Feb. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A focused school-based healthy lifestyle program intervention does not have a significant impact on body mass index (BMI) z score after 15 or 30 months, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in The BMJ.

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ER Visit Rate 92 Per 1,000 for Diabetes Patients 45 and Older

THURSDAY, Feb. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In 2015, the rate of diabetes-related visits to the emergency department was 92 per 1,000 persons for those aged 45 and older, according to a February data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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Students Say More Basic Nursing Care Learned in Clinical Settings

THURSDAY, Feb. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Nursing students in the Netherlands report learning more about basic nursing care during clinical placement, rather than in a classroom, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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NICU Family Integrated Care Ups Infant, Parent Outcomes

THURSDAY, Feb. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For infants born at 33 weeks' gestation or earlier, Family Integrated Care (FICare) in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) is associated with improved infant and parent outcomes, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.

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Drowsiness May Be Factor in About 10 Percent of Crashes

THURSDAY, Feb. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Drowsiness may be a factor in about 10 percent of crashes, more than previously indicated in federal estimates, according to a report published by the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.

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FDA Says Herbal Drug Kratom Contains Opioids

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The popular botanical drug kratom essentially is an opioid, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration declared Tuesday.

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Prenatal Natalizumab Exposure Linked to Miscarriage Risk in MS

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For pregnant women with multiple sclerosis (MS), natalizumab exposure is associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion (SA), and longer periods of natalizumab washout predict relapse during pregnancy, according to two studies published online Feb. 7 in Neurology.

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Percentage of Children Having Asthma Attacks Decreasing

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2001 to 2016 there was a decrease in the proportion of children having asthma attacks in the United States, according to research published in the Feb. 6 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Marked Variation Seen in Care Quality for TIA, Minor Stroke

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Care quality for patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke varies substantially across elements of care and facilities, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in JAMA Neurology.

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Ridesharing Services Don't Reduce Missed Appointments

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For Medicaid patients, the uptake of rideshare-based transportation is low and is not associated with a reduction in missed primary care appointments, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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HPV Prevalence 4.9 Percent in Tonsil Tissue of Healthy Adults

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) and of high-risk HPV type 16 or 18 is 4.9 and 3.9 percent, respectively, in the tonsil tissue of healthy adults, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Ketamine + Propofol Speeds Recovery for Peds MRI Sedation

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of ketamine at induction followed by reduced propofol infusion rate for maintenance is associated with shorter recovery times for children undergoing magnetic resonance imaging with deep sedation, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in Pediatric Anesthesia.

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2018 Immunization Schedule Issued for U.S. Children

TUESDAY, Feb. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The recommended childhood and adolescent immunization schedule for the United States has been issued for 2018 and published online Feb. 6 in Pediatrics.

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USPSTF Recommends Screening for Syphilis in Pregnancy

TUESDAY, Feb. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that there is considerable net benefit to screening for syphilis infection in pregnant women. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement, published Feb. 6 by the USPSTF.

Draft Evidence Review
Draft Recommendation Statement
Comment on Recommendation

Anti-Vaccination Attitudes Linked to Belief in Conspiracies

TUESDAY, Feb. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Those with anti-vaccination beliefs are more likely to believe in conspiracy theories and hold strong individualistic/hierarchical worldviews, according to a study published online Feb. 1 in Health Psychology.

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Guideline-Directed Medical Tx Adherence Low Post CABG

TUESDAY, Feb. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Compliance with guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) is low, and remains higher in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) than in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), according to a review published in the Feb. 13 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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2018 Immunization Schedule Issued for U.S. Adults

MONDAY, Feb. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The recommended immunization schedule for U.S. adults aged 19 years and older has been issued for 2018 and published online Feb. 6 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Hot Tea + Alcohol or Smoking May Up Esophageal Cancer Risk

MONDAY, Feb. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of tea at high temperatures in combination with alcohol and tobacco exposure is associated with increased risk of esophageal cancer, according to a study published online Feb. 6 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Opioid Prescribing Trends in the VA Similar to Other Settings

MONDAY, Feb. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Opioid prescribing trends in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) from 2010 to 2016 followed similar trajectories as non-VHA settings, peaking around 2012 then declining, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Health Care Use Down in Diabetes Patients With High Deductibles

MONDAY, Feb. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, patients who switch to high-deductible health plans (HDHPs) have a decrease in health care utilization, though high-severity emergency department visit expenditures and hospitalization days increase in members from low-income neighborhoods, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in Diabetes Care.

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Patient, Provider Characteristics Tied to Unnecessary Antibiotic Rx

MONDAY, Feb. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patient, practice, and provider characteristics are associated with inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing in the outpatient setting, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Hypertension Common One Year After Severe Preeclampsia

MONDAY, Feb. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- More than 40 percent of women with severe preeclampsia have hypertension one year after delivery, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in Hypertension.

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Factors Identified That Impact Physicians IT Adoption

FRIDAY, Feb. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians have considerable concerns about the efficacy and evidence base of health information technology (IT), according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Chronic Disease Major Risk Factor for Cancer, Cancer Mortality

FRIDAY, Feb. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic disease is associated with a substantial proportion of the risk of incident cancer and cancer mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 31 in The BMJ.

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Review Outlines Nutritional Differences in Plant-Based Milks

FRIDAY, Feb. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The nutritional differences and health benefits among various plant-based alternative milks are discussed in a review published in the January issue of the Journal of Food Science and Technology.

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Using Hands Is Best Method for Splitting Aspirin Tablets

THURSDAY, Feb. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Using your hands may be best for splitting an aspirin tablet, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in the Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research.

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Medicaid Expansion Cuts Out-of-Pocket Spending

THURSDAY, Feb. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- States that expanded Medicaid cut the probability of non-elderly near-poor adults being uninsured and lowered average out-of-pocket spending, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in Health Affairs.

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AHA: Breast Cancer Patients at Increased Risk for CV Disease

THURSDAY, Feb. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Due to shared risk factors and impact on heart health from cancer treatment, comprehensive care is necessary for breast cancer patients to optimize both cancer treatment and cardiovascular health, according to a scientific statement from the American Heart Association published online Feb. 1 in Circulation.

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NSAID Users Commonly Exceed Daily Limit

THURSDAY, Feb. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The number of users who exceed the daily limit of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is "nontrivial," according to a study published online Jan. 26 in Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety.

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Persistent Pain Common 1 Month After Elective Pediatric Surgery

THURSDAY, Feb. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many pediatric patients have persistent pain after common ambulatory surgeries, according to a study published online Jan. 20 in Pediatric Anesthesia.

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Omega-3 Fatty Acids Not Found to Up Risk of Heart Disease

THURSDAY, Feb. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids is not associated with fatal or nonfatal coronary heart disease or major vascular events, according to a review published online Jan. 31 in JAMA Cardiology.

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