February 2018 Briefing - Dermatology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for February 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Early Studies Often Show Exaggerated Treatment Effect

TUESDAY, Feb. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Trials to evaluate drugs or devices used to treat chronic medical conditions that are published early in the chain of evidence often show an exaggerated treatment effect compared with subsequent trials, according to research published online Feb. 21 in the Mayo Clinical Proceedings.

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Recommendations for Optimizing Hidden Curriculum in Medicine

MONDAY, Feb. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In a position paper published online Feb. 27 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, the American College of Physicians (ACP) presents recommendations for optimizing clinical learning environments by fostering a positive hidden curriculum in medicine.

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Understanding Rx Nonadherence Can Improve Adherence

MONDAY, Feb. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Understanding nonadherence in patients and encouraging a change in attitude toward patients and their medication can improve medication adherence, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Factors Tied to Molecular Testing by Dermatopathologists ID'd

MONDAY, Feb. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among dermatopathologists, relevant instruction during residency training, primary board certification in pathology, and academic medical center affiliation are among the factors associated with more frequent utilization of molecular testing, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in the Journal of Cutaneous Pathology.

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New Formulated Moisturizer Effective for Facial Dermatitis

FRIDAY, Feb. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Facial moisturizers with specific ingredients may be effective for treating mild-to-moderate dermatitis, according to a study published online Feb. 6 in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

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FDA Warns of Possible Heart Risks Linked to Clarithromycin

FRIDAY, Feb. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The antibiotic clarithromycin (brand name: Biaxin) may increase the long-term risk of heart problems and death in patients with heart disease, according to U.S. health officials.

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Artificial Intelligence May Help Prevent Physician Burnout

FRIDAY, Feb. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Artificial intelligence (AI), in which computers can be trained to recognize patterns in large quantities of data, may be able to reduce physicians' burdens, saving them time and energy, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Dermoscopic Criteria Identified for Diagnosing Melanoma in Situ

FRIDAY, Feb. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The most frequent dermoscopic criteria for melanoma in situ (MIS) are regression, atypical network, and irregular dots and/or globules, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in JAMA Dermatology.

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CDC: No Change in Percentage of Uninsured in U.S. From '16 to '17

THURSDAY, Feb. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of uninsured U.S. persons of all ages did not change significantly from 2016 to the first nine months of 2017, according to a report published online Feb. 22 by the National Center for Health Statistics.

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Obesity Linked to Improved Survival in Metastatic Melanoma

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For men with metastatic melanoma treated with targeted or immune therapy, obesity is associated with improved survival, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in The Lancet Oncology.

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Burnout Found Prevalent Among Doctors in Single Health System

TUESDAY, Feb. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Burnout is prevalent among physicians, affecting over one-third of physicians in a single health system, and is associated with health care delivery, according to a research letter published online Feb. 19 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Patients Want Physicians to Have Greater Connectivity

THURSDAY, Feb. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients want greater connectivity, online tools and text messaging, as well as more time with their physicians, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Ultra-Processed Food Linked to Increased Overall Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Feb. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of ultra-processed food is associated with increased risk of overall and breast cancer, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in The BMJ.

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Four Best Practices Outlined to Prevent Health Care Cyberattacks

TUESDAY, Feb. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Four best practices outlined that can help prevent health care cyberattacks, which increased from 2016 to 2017, according to a report published in Managed Healthcare Executive.

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Risk Tool Predicts Pressure Injuries in Hospitalized Children

TUESDAY, Feb. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Braden QD Scale reliably predicts both immobility-related and device-related pressure injuries in hospitalized pediatric patients, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of Pediatrics.

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Omalizumab Effective for Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria

TUESDAY, Feb. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Omalizumab, alone or in combination with a short-term course of corticosteroids, is highly effective for the treatment of refractory chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU), according to a study published online Feb. 5 in the International Journal of Dermatology.

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EHRs Not Sufficient to Ensure Success in Value-Based Care

MONDAY, Feb. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic health records (EHRs) are not sufficient to ensure success in value-based care, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Limited Opioid Prescribing Among Dermatologists

MONDAY, Feb. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Opioid prescribing among dermatologists is limited, with most of the top prescribing dermatologists working in surgical practice, according to research published online Feb. 7 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Top Consumer Concerns Reported About Physicians

FRIDAY, Feb. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Health care consumers have four major concerns regarding their physicians, according to a report published by Managed Healthcare Executive.

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Acne Linked to Increased Risk of Major Depressive Disorder

FRIDAY, Feb. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Acne is associated with increased probability of developing major depressive disorder (MDD), with risk highest within one year of diagnosis, according to a research letter published online Feb. 7 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Poll: Personal Beliefs Shouldn't Allow Doctors to Refuse to Treat

THURSDAY, Feb. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most people do not believe that professionals including health care providers should be allowed to refuse to provide services based on their conscience or beliefs, according to a recent HealthDay/The Harris Poll.

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Stem Cell Transplant May Be Effective for Systemic Sclerosis

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Stem cell transplant may be an effective treatment for systemic sclerosis (SSc), according to a small study published online Feb. 2 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Repigmentation of Vitiligo Seen With Tofacitinib, Phototherapy

TUESDAY, Feb. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The combination of the janus kinase (JAK) 1/3 inhibitor tofacitinib and narrowband ultraviolet-B (UV-B) phototherapy may result in repigmentation in vitiligo with facial involvement, according to a research letter published online Jan. 31 in JAMA Dermatology.

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2005 to 2014 Saw Increase in Melanoma Incidence

TUESDAY, Feb. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In recent years there has been an increase in melanoma incidence, with more than 70 percent of melanomas diagnosed among those aged 55 years and older, according to a research letter published online Jan. 31 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Humanities Exposure Positively Impacts Medical Students

MONDAY, Feb. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to the humanities correlates with less burnout and higher levels of positive personal qualities among medical students, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Factors Identified That Impact Physicians IT Adoption

FRIDAY, Feb. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians have considerable concerns about the efficacy and evidence base of health information technology (IT), according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Patients, Doctors Often Disagree About Surgical Scar Evaluation

THURSDAY, Feb. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients and physicians disagree about evaluation of surgical scars, according to a review published online Feb. 1 in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

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Medicaid Expansion Cuts Out-of-Pocket Spending

THURSDAY, Feb. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- States that expanded Medicaid cut the probability of non-elderly near-poor adults being uninsured and lowered average out-of-pocket spending, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in Health Affairs.

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Patient-Initiated Consultations Beneficial in Psoriasis

THURSDAY, Feb. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with psoriasis, a patient-initiated care consultation (PICC) intervention may offer clinical benefits compared with routine care, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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