April 2018 Briefing - Ophthalmology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for April 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

New Clinic Satisfaction Tool Provides Real-Time Feedback

THURSDAY, April 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new clinic satisfaction tool improves communication and provides real-time feedback, according to a study published online April 14 in Neurosurgery.

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Dark Chocolate Can Improve Contrast Sensitivity, Visual Acuity

FRIDAY, April 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with milk chocolate, consumption of dark chocolate is associated with higher contrast sensitivity and visual acuity within two hours, according to a study published online April 26 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Saturday Is National Prescription Drug Take Back Day

THURSDAY, April 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration and local agencies are holding the 15th National Prescription Drug Take Back Day across the country this Saturday, April 28.

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Medicare Requiring Hospitals to Post Prices Online

WEDNESDAY, April 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. hospitals will have to post their standard prices online and make it easier for patients to access their electronic medical records, Medicare officials said Tuesday.

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Choroidal Thickness Changes in Patients With Untreated DM

MONDAY, April 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The choroidal thickness changes in patients with untreated diabetes mellitus over time, according to a study published online April 14 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.

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Recommendations Developed on Gender Equity in Medicine

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In a position paper published online April 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, recommendations are provided aimed at addressing gender equity in physician compensation and career advancement opportunities.

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Nonoptimized Drug Therapy Costs More Than $500 Billion Annually

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The estimated annual cost of drug-related morbidity and mortality resulting from nonoptimized medication therapy is more than half a trillion dollars in the United States, according to a study published online March 26 in the Annals of Pharmacotherapy.

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One-Hour Plasma Glucose Useful Predictor of Diabetic Retinopathy

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- One- and two-hour plasma glucose concentrations (1h-PG and 2h-PG, respectively) are similarly effective at predicting diabetic retinopathy (DR), according to a study published online April 5 in Diabetes Care.

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FDA Approves AI Device to Detect Diabetic Retinopathy

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Artificial intelligence software that can detect diabetic retinopathy has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Low-Vision Rehab Improves Several Elements of Visual Function

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Low-vision (LV) rehabilitation is associated with improvement in several dimensions of visual function, according to a study published online April 12 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Recent Years Saw Increase in Burden of Prior Authorization

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The burden of prior authorization (PA) has increased over the past five years, and 92 percent of physicians report associated delays in access to care, according to the results of a survey published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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FDA Approves First Auto-Darken Contact Lenses

WEDNESDAY, April 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the first contact lenses that automatically darken in bright light, the agency said Tuesday in a news release.

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Considerable Differences in Burden of Disease at State Level

TUESDAY, April 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are considerable differences in the burden of disease at the state level, according to a study published in the April 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Suggestions Offered to Reduce Physician Frustration With EHRs

TUESDAY, April 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Changes can be implemented to help reduce physician frustration with electronic health records (EHRs), according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Juvéderm Voluma XC Feasible for Correcting Infraorbital Hollows

MONDAY, April 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Juvéderm Voluma XC is feasible and seems safe for correcting infraorbital hollows, according to a study published online April 5 in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

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Interns' Schedule Takes Toll on Sleep, Physical Activity, Mood

FRIDAY, April 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- New interns' intense and changing schedules take a toll on sleep, activity, and mood, according to a study published online March 14 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Ophthalmoscopy, Telemedicine Similar in Accuracy to ID ROP

FRIDAY, April 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Ophthalmoscopy and telemedicine are similarly accurate for detection of clinically significant retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), according to a study published online April 5 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Online Doc Reviews Don't Reflect Patient Satisfaction Surveys

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Online physician reviews do not reflect patient satisfaction surveys (PSSs), according to a study published in the April issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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ACA Marketplaces Expand Coverage for Chronically Ill

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Affordable Care Act's Marketplaces covered a disproportionate share of non-elderly adults with high health care risks in the 2014 to 2015 time period, according to a study published in the April issue of Health Affairs.

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Composite Subretinal Implants May Lessen Vision Loss From AMD

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A composite implant, termed the California Project to Cure Blindness-Retinal Pigment Epithelium 1 (CPCB-RPE1), which consists of a polarized monolayer of human embryonic stem cell-derived RPE (hESC-RPE) on an ultrathin parylene substrate, may improve visual function in some patients with non-neovascular age-related macular degeneration (NNAMD), according to a study published online April 4 in Science Translational Medicine.

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Variations Identified in Free-Text Directions in E-Prescriptions

WEDNESDAY, April 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable variation in the quality of free-text patient directions (Sig) in electronic prescriptions (e-prescriptions), according to a study published online April 2 in the Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy.

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Zika Vaccine Could Essentially Eliminate Prenatal Infection

MONDAY, April 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A Zika vaccine could substantially prevent future outbreaks through a combination of direct protection and indirect transmission reduction, according to a modeling study published online April 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Vitamin A Appears Helpful in Pediatric Retinitis Pigmentosa

MONDAY, April 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For children with retinitis pigmentosa, vitamin A supplementation is associated with slower loss of cone electroretinogram amplitude, according to a study published online March 29 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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