April 2018 Briefing - OBGYN & Women's Health

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for April 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Review: Need to Strengthen Natural Experiments in Obesity

MONDAY, April 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Based on findings from a systematic review of the literature, recommendations have been developed for improving the evidence for natural experiments in obesity; the review and position paper were published online May 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Abstract/Full Text - Position Paper (subscription or payment may be required)

Similar Risk Predicted for Automated, Clinical BI-RADS Density

MONDAY, April 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Automated and clinical Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) density measures similarly predict breast cancer risk, according to a study published online May 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Flu Vaccines Have High Impact, Even With Relatively Low Efficacy

MONDAY, April 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Even relatively low-efficacy influenza vaccines can have a high impact, especially with optimal distribution across age groups, according to a study published online April 30 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Five Healthy Lifestyle Habits Could Add >10 Years to Life

MONDAY, April 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adopting a healthy lifestyle, with five low-risk lifestyle factors is associated with increased life expectancy, according to a study published online April 30 in Circulation.

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Irregular Menstruation Common in Girls With Type 2 Diabetes

MONDAY, April 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Menstrual dysfunction is common in girls with recently diagnosed type 2 diabetes, and does not improve with two years of anti-hyperglycemic treatment, according to a study published online April 24 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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New Clinic Satisfaction Tool Provides Real-Time Feedback

THURSDAY, April 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new clinic satisfaction tool improves communication and provides real-time feedback, according to a study published online April 14 in Neurosurgery.

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Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives Good for Teens

FRIDAY, April 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) are suitable for use by adolescents, according to a Committee Opinion published in the May issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Potentially Inappropriate Meds Use Prevalent in Cancer Patients

FRIDAY, April 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use is relatively prevalent among patients with breast or colorectal cancer, though it is not associated with most adverse outcomes, according to a study published online April 24 in Cancer.

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Certain Anticholinergic Drugs Appear to Raise Dementia Risk

FRIDAY, April 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of anticholinergic drugs may be tied to a future diagnosis of dementia, according to a study published online April 25 in The BMJ.

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Editorial

Spermatogenesis Still Occurs in Men With Testicular Cancer

FRIDAY, April 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Spermatogenesis occurs in most men with testicular cancer, often away from tumors, according to a study published online April 17 in BJU International.

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Improvement in Race-Based Disparities in Years of Life Lost

THURSDAY, April 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 1990 to 2014 there was a decrease in race-based disparities in years of life lost (YLL) in the United States, according to a study published online April 25 in PLOS ONE.

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Low-Dose Hyaluronidase Can Remove Hyaluronic Acid Fillers

THURSDAY, April 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Very low doses of hyaluronidase can remove hyaluronic acid filler nodules, but more rapid resolution is seen with slightly higher doses, according to a study published online April 25 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Pros and Cons for E-Cigarettes As Aid to Smoking Cessation

THURSDAY, April 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence relating to the pros and cons of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) as helpful smoking cessation tools is presented and discussed in a head to head article published online April 25 in The BMJ.

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ACOG Committee Recommends Better, Ongoing Postpartum Care

THURSDAY, April 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Postpartum care should become an ongoing process rather than a single visit in order to optimize the health of women and infants, according to a Committee Opinion published in the May issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Saturday Is National Prescription Drug Take Back Day

THURSDAY, April 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration and local agencies are holding the 15th National Prescription Drug Take Back Day across the country this Saturday, April 28.

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Fetal Inflammation May Play Role in Preterm Labor

WEDNESDAY, April 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Fetal inflammation and rejection of maternal antigens is associated with uterine contractility and aberrant fetal immune responses, which may play a role in preterm labor (PTL), according to a study published in the April 25 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Risk of Adverse Birth Outcomes No Higher With TDF-FTC-LPV/r

WEDNESDAY, April 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For HIV-infected women and their infants, the risk of adverse birth outcomes is similar with tenofovir, emtricitabine, and ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (TDF-FTC-LPV/r) compared with zidovudine, lamivudine, and ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (ZDV-3TC-LPV/r) or TDF-FTC with ritonavir-boosted atazanavir (ATV/r), according to a study published in the April 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Medicare Requiring Hospitals to Post Prices Online

WEDNESDAY, April 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. hospitals will have to post their standard prices online and make it easier for patients to access their electronic medical records, Medicare officials said Tuesday.

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CDC: Birth Rate for 10- to-14-Year-Olds at Record Low in 2016

WEDNESDAY, April 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2016 there was a decrease in the birth rate for U.S. females aged 10 to 14 years, according to an April data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Alcohol Consumption Has Moderate Association With PMS

WEDNESDAY, April 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol intake may be linked to the risk of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), according to a review published online April 23 in BMJ Open.

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USPSTF Urges Abuse Screening for Reproductive-Aged Women

TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has found that screening for intimate partner violence (IPV) is beneficial for reproductive-aged women, while there is inadequate evidence to weigh the balance of benefits and harms of screening for abuse in elderly and vulnerable adults. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online April 24 by the USPSTF.

Draft Recommendation Statement
Draft Evidence Review
Comment on Recommendation

Exercise Intervention Doesn't Improve Walking Ability in PAD

TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD), a home-based exercise intervention does not improve walking ability over nine months compared with usual care, according to a study published in the April 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Five-Day Nitrofurantoin Beats Single-Dose Fosfomycin for UTI

TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Five-day nitrofurantoin is associated with increased likelihood of clinical and microbiological resolution compared with single-dose fosfomycin among women with lower urinary tract infection (UTI), according to a study published online April 22 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Evening Preference Linked to Higher BMI in Type 2 Diabetes

TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Evening preference and a later breakfast are associated with elevated body mass index (BMI) in adults with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online April 13 in Diabetic Medicine.

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In Utero Caffeine Exposure Affects Early Childhood Weight

TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy may alter the overall weight growth trajectory of the offspring from 6 weeks to 8 years, according to a study published online April 23 in BMJ Open.

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Patients Prefer Doctors Who Engage in Face-to-Face Visits

MONDAY, April 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients prefer physicians who engage in face-to-face (F2F) clinic visits, rather than those using an examination room computer (ERC), according to a research letter published online April 19 in JAMA Oncology.

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Cancer Screening More Likely After a Previous False Positive

MONDAY, April 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who previously had a false-positive breast or prostate cancer screening test result are more likely to have future screenings, according to a study published online April 23 in Cancer.

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Lasting Outcome Similar for ULS, SSLF for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

TUESDAY, April 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For women with pelvic organ prolapse, there is no significant difference in five-year outcomes with uterosacral ligament suspension (ULS) and sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSLF) surgeries, and no difference in the success of perioperative behavioral therapy and pelvic floor muscle training (BPMT) or usual care, according to a study published in the April 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Small Link for Cannabis Use, Reduced Cognitive Functioning

THURSDAY, April 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents and young adults, frequent or heavy cannabis use has a small association with reduced cognitive functioning, according to research published online April 18 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Stronger Link With Mortality for Ambulatory Versus Clinic BP

WEDNESDAY, April 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with clinic blood-pressure measurement, ambulatory blood-pressure measurement is more strongly associated with mortality, according to a study published in the April 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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CDC: Asian U.S. Mothers More Likely to be Older, Married

WEDNESDAY, April 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Non-Hispanic Asian mothers have distinct characteristics, some of which vary by Asian subgroup and place of birth, according to a National Vital Statistics Report published online April 18 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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New Drug Combo Ups Survival in HER2/neu Uterine Serous Cancer

WEDNESDAY, April 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)/neu-positive uterine serous carcinoma, adding intravenous trastuzumab to treatment with carboplatin-paclitaxel is associated with increased progression-free survival, according to a study published online March 27 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Social Support of Autonomy Tied to Better Glycemic Control in DM

WEDNESDAY, April 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Family and friends' autonomy support may lead to better glycemic control by reducing distress among patients with diabetes, according to a study published online March 29 in Diabetes Care.

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Calcium Channel Blockers May Up Pancreatic Cancer Risk in Women

TUESDAY, April 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of short-acting calcium channel blockers (CCBs) is associated with increased risk of pancreatic cancer in postmenopausal women, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research, held from April 14 to 18 in Chicago.

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USPSTF: Exercise Interventions Prevent Falls in Seniors

TUESDAY, April 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that exercise interventions may be beneficial for preventing falls in older adults; however, the evidence is insufficient to weigh the benefits and harms of vitamin D, calcium, and combined supplementation. These findings form the basis of two recommendation statements published April 17 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report - Falls
Final Recommendation Statement - Falls
Editorial - Falls
Evidence Report - Vitamin D
Final Recommendation Statement - Vitamin D
Editorial - Vitamin D

Parents Favor Supporting Pregnant Teens, Their Babies

TUESDAY, April 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most U.S. adults feel that supporting pregnant teens is a good investment in the baby's health, according to a report published by C.S. Mott Children's Hospital.

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Opioid Packaging Often Lacks Info on Safe Storage, Disposal

TUESDAY, April 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Messages relating to safe storage and disposal of prescription opioids are inconsistent and are often not included on package insert information, according to a research letter published online April 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Women Less Likely to Fill Post-MI Statin Prescription

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Women are less likely than men to fill a prescription for high-intensity statins after hospitalization for myocardial infarction (MI), according to a study published in the April 24 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Recommendations Developed on Gender Equity in Medicine

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In a position paper published online April 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, recommendations are provided aimed at addressing gender equity in physician compensation and career advancement opportunities.

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Increased Pollution Exposure Ups Health Care Visits for Acute URI

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Short-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with increased health care utilization for acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI), according to a study published online April 13 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, systolic dysfunction, and incident heart failure hospitalization in blacks, according to a study published online April 16 in Circulation.

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Nonoptimized Drug Therapy Costs More Than $500 Billion Annually

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The estimated annual cost of drug-related morbidity and mortality resulting from nonoptimized medication therapy is more than half a trillion dollars in the United States, according to a study published online March 26 in the Annals of Pharmacotherapy.

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FDA Cracks Down on Caffeine-Loaded Dietary Supplements

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Friday that it has issued tough new restrictions on the sale of dietary supplements that contain dangerously high amounts of caffeine.

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FDA Approves AI Device to Detect Diabetic Retinopathy

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Artificial intelligence software that can detect diabetic retinopathy has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Politically-Focused Thoughts, Behaviors Tied to Psychopathology

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Politically-focused intrusive thoughts and associated ritualistic behaviors (PITRBs) are associated with measures of psychopathology and disability, according to a study published online March 31 in the Journal of Anxiety Disorders.

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Review: Lowest Mortality Risk Seen With ≤100 g Alcohol/Week

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For current alcohol drinkers, the threshold for the lowest risk of all-cause mortality is about 100 g/week, according to a review published in the April 14 issue of The Lancet.

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Full Text
Editorial

Continuous Glucose Monitoring Cost-Effective in T1DM

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) with suboptimal control despite using multiple insulin injections, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) seems cost-effective, with improved glucose control, according to a study published online April 12 in Diabetes Care.

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Soda Tax Cuts Daily Soda, Energy Drink Consumption

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A soda tax does influence daily consumption of regular soda, energy drinks, and bottled water, according to a study published online April 12 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Recent Years Saw Increase in Burden of Prior Authorization

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The burden of prior authorization (PA) has increased over the past five years, and 92 percent of physicians report associated delays in access to care, according to the results of a survey published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Quality of Life Predicts Mortality in Older Breast Cancer Patients

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For older women with early-stage breast cancer, measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) predict 10-year mortality independently of traditional breast cancer prognostic variables, according to a study published online March 13 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Pre-Pregnancy Fitness Lowers Gestational Diabetes Risk

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Higher pre-pregnancy fitness lowers the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to a study published online March 8 in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

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CVD Burden Decreased From 1990 to 2016 Across U.S.

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 1990 to 2016 there were decreases in cardiovascular disease (CVD) disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in all states across the United States, according to a study published online April 11 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Vascular Dysfunction Linked to Greater Symptoms of Menopause

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Menopause-related general somatic symptom frequency and severity are inversely associated with arterial stiffness and endothelial function among women across the stages of menopause, according to a study published online April 11 in Menopause.

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FDA Warning Ups Hysterectomy Complications for Uterine Fibroids

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For women undergoing hysterectomy for uterine fibroids, there was an increase in major and minor 30-day complication rates following the issuing of a U.S. Food and Drug Administration black box warning against the use of power morcellation for excision of uterine fibroids, according to a study published online April 11 in JAMA Surgery.

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Endocrine Therapy-Induced Alopecia Seen in Breast Cancer

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with breast cancer, endocrine therapy-induced alopecia (EIA) has a pattern that is similar to androgenetic alopecia, according to a study published online April 11 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Cigarette Price Hike Would Provide More Gains for the Poor

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An increase in the market prices of cigarettes would provide more health and financial gains to the poorest 20 percent of the population, according to a study published online April 11 in The BMJ.

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Higher Mortality Risk Seen for 'Night Owls'

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with a later chronotype have increased mortality risk, according to a study published online April 12 in Chronobiology International.

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Later Natural Menopause Can Benefit Future Verbal Memory

WEDNESDAY, April 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Women who have a later natural menopause maintain a small benefit in verbal memory compared with women with earlier menopause, according to a study published online April 11 in Neurology.

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FDA Puts New Restrictions on Contraceptive Implant Essure

WEDNESDAY, April 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- To help curb complications tied to the permanent contraceptive implant Essure, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has placed new restrictions on the sale of the device.

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About Half of Pregnant Women With HIV Have C-Sections

WEDNESDAY, April 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- About half of pregnant women with HIV infection underwent cesarean delivery between 1998 and 2013, according to a study published online April 6 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Tied to Risk of Mental Health Issues

TUESDAY, April 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with higher risk of psychiatric conditions, according to a study published online April 10 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Considerable Differences in Burden of Disease at State Level

TUESDAY, April 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are considerable differences in the burden of disease at the state level, according to a study published in the April 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Suggestions Offered to Reduce Physician Frustration With EHRs

TUESDAY, April 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Changes can be implemented to help reduce physician frustration with electronic health records (EHRs), according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Metabolic Syndrome Common in Patients With Lupus

TUESDAY, April 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- As with the general population, metabolic syndrome (MetS) is common among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), according to a study published online April 3 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Number of IUD Insertions Up After ACA Contraceptive Mandate

TUESDAY, April 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Women in insurance plans with the greatest drop in out-of-pocket cost after the Affordable Care Act's contraceptive mandate had the greatest gains in intrauterine device (IUD) placement, according to a study published online April 9 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Exercise Best Defense for Those at Genetic Risk for CVD

TUESDAY, April 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Fitness and physical activity are tied to lower risk of incident cardiovascular disease in the general population and among individuals with elevated genetic risk for cardiovascular diseases, according to a study published online April 9 in Circulation.

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Cannabis Compound Transfers to Breast Milk

MONDAY, April 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Low concentrations of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol are transferred from inhaled cannabis to breast milk of women who regularly consume cannabis, according to a study published online April 9 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Prenatal Exposure to SSRI Tied to Fetal Brain Development

MONDAY, April 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal exposure to a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) is associated with fetal brain development, according to a study published online April 9 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Adult Patients With Diabetes Go to Dentist Less Often

MONDAY, April 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- People with diabetes and prediabetes visit the dentist less often than people without diabetes, according to a study published online March 31 in the Journal of the American Dental Association.

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Interns' Schedule Takes Toll on Sleep, Physical Activity, Mood

FRIDAY, April 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- New interns' intense and changing schedules take a toll on sleep, activity, and mood, according to a study published online March 14 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Small Employers Often Don't Provide Tobacco Cessation Help

FRIDAY, April 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of small employers using tobacco surcharges do not provide tobacco cessation wellness programs, according to a report published in the March issue of Health Affairs.

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Factors ID'd for Breastfeeding Behavior in Women With BMI ≥30

FRIDAY, April 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Five psychological factors are associated with breastfeeding behaviors among women with a body mass index ≥30 kg/m², according to a review published online March 24 in Obesity Reviews.

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Quality Improvement Initiative Cuts Early Elective Deliveries

FRIDAY, April 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A statewide quality improvement initiative can reduce early elective deliveries, according to a study published in the April issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Online Doc Reviews Don't Reflect Patient Satisfaction Surveys

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Online physician reviews do not reflect patient satisfaction surveys (PSSs), according to a study published in the April issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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ACA Marketplaces Expand Coverage for Chronically Ill

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Affordable Care Act's Marketplaces covered a disproportionate share of non-elderly adults with high health care risks in the 2014 to 2015 time period, according to a study published in the April issue of Health Affairs.

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Lactation Lowers Risk of T2DM After Gestational Diabetes

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), lactation is associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), although there is no benefit for long-term lactation, according to a review and meta-analysis published online March 25 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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Cannabis Use Tied to Increased Likelihood of Cigarette Smoking

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cannabis use is associated with increased initiation of, persistence of, and relapse to cigarette smoking, according to a study published recently in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

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Smoking Status Associated With Poor Diet Quality

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Smokers have lower quality diets than former smokers and nonsmokers, according to a study published online April 4 in BMC Public Health.

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mRNA Assay Less Sensitive Than DNA Assay for Latent HPV

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The human papillomavirus (HPV) mRNA assays are less sensitive than HPV DNA assays for detection of latent HPV infection, according to a study published online March 8 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Mood Disorders Up for Children of Consanguineous Parents

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children of first-cousin consanguineous parents are more likely to be in receipt of antidepressant or anxiolytic medications and antipsychotic medications, according to a study published online April 4 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Eating Veggies Found to Protect Against Atherosclerosis in Women

WEDNESDAY, April 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Eating more vegetables may prevent subclinical atherosclerosis in elderly women, according to a study published online April 4 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Breast Cancer Diagnosis, Therapy Differ in Women With Implants

WEDNESDAY, April 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Method of diagnosis, stage, and treatment are not affected by type of breast implant or anatomic location, according to research published in the April issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

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Variations Identified in Free-Text Directions in E-Prescriptions

WEDNESDAY, April 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable variation in the quality of free-text patient directions (Sig) in electronic prescriptions (e-prescriptions), according to a study published online April 2 in the Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy.

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Depressive Symptoms Tied to Diabetes Self-Management

WEDNESDAY, April 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Changes in depressive symptoms can predict improvement in self-efficacy and adherence to diabetes management, according to a study published online March 27 in Diabetes Care.

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Preconception Blood Pressure Tied to Risk of Pregnancy Loss

TUESDAY, April 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In healthy women, preconception blood pressure is associated with miscarriage, according to a study published online April 2 in Hypertension.

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CDC: Overdose Deaths Up Across Drug Categories in 2015 to 2016

TUESDAY, April 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2015 to 2016, there were increases in deaths across all drug categories examined, with 63,632 drug overdose deaths in 2016, according to research published in the March 30 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Overweight, Obesity Contributing to Cancers in Young Adults

TUESDAY, April 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight and obesity may be contributing to specific malignancies at younger ages, according to research published online March 23 in Obesity.

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Early Alcohol Use in Pregnancy Tied to Gastroschisis

TUESDAY, April 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol consumption early in pregnancy may be a risk factor for the development of gastroschisis in neonates, according to a study published recently in the Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine.

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Energy-Based Devices Work Well for Feminine Rejuvenation

TUESDAY, April 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Energy-based devices are both safe and effective methods of nonsurgical treatment for feminine rejuvenation, according to a review published online March 10 in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

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Obstetrician-Gynecologists Can Help Protect Working Mothers

MONDAY, April 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Obstetrician-gynecologists and other obstetric providers can help to protect women working through their pregnancy, according to a Committee Opinion published in the April issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Zika Vaccine Could Essentially Eliminate Prenatal Infection

MONDAY, April 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A Zika vaccine could substantially prevent future outbreaks through a combination of direct protection and indirect transmission reduction, according to a modeling study published online April 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Infant Heart Defects May Be Early Marker of Future CVD in Mothers

MONDAY, April 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Women whose infants have congenital heart defects have an increased risk of cardiovascular hospitalization later in life, according to a study published online April 2 in Circulation.

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Stopping Exercise Found to Increase Depressive Symptoms

MONDAY, April 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Ceasing regular exercise increases depressive symptoms (DS) in healthy adults, particularly women, according to a review published recently in the Journal of Affective Disorders.

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