April 2018 Briefing - Nursing

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for April 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Early Readmissions More Preventable Than Later Ones

TUESDAY, May 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Early general medicine readmissions are more likely than late readmissions to be preventable with hospital-based interventions, according to a study published online May 1 in the Annals of Internal of Medicine.

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Flu Vaccines Have High Impact, Even With Relatively Low Efficacy

MONDAY, April 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Even relatively low-efficacy influenza vaccines can have a high impact, especially with optimal distribution across age groups, according to a study published online April 30 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Review: Need to Strengthen Natural Experiments in Obesity

MONDAY, April 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Based on findings from a systematic review of the literature, recommendations have been developed for improving the evidence for natural experiments in obesity; the review and position paper were published online May 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Five Healthy Lifestyle Habits Could Add >10 Years to Life

MONDAY, April 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adopting a healthy lifestyle, with five low-risk lifestyle factors is associated with increased life expectancy, according to a study published online April 30 in Circulation.

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Checklist Developed for Parents of Children With Cancer

MONDAY, April 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A standardized, time-sensitive checklist can help guide the education process for parents of children newly diagnosed with cancer, according to an article published online March 28 in the Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing.

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Irregular Menstruation Common in Girls With Type 2 Diabetes

MONDAY, April 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Menstrual dysfunction is common in girls with recently diagnosed type 2 diabetes, and does not improve with two years of anti-hyperglycemic treatment, according to a study published online April 24 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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New Clinic Satisfaction Tool Provides Real-Time Feedback

THURSDAY, April 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new clinic satisfaction tool improves communication and provides real-time feedback, according to a study published online April 14 in Neurosurgery.

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High Risk of Death After Major Diabetes-Related Amputations

FRIDAY, April 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is a high risk of postoperative mortality among patients undergoing lower-limb amputation, according to a study published online April 5 in Diabetes Care.

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Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives Good for Teens

FRIDAY, April 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) are suitable for use by adolescents, according to a Committee Opinion published in the May issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Improvement in Race-Based Disparities in Years of Life Lost

THURSDAY, April 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 1990 to 2014 there was a decrease in race-based disparities in years of life lost (YLL) in the United States, according to a study published online April 25 in PLOS ONE.

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Hemoglobin A1c Levels Not Tied to Wound Outcomes

THURSDAY, April 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There does not appear to be a clinically meaningful association between baseline or prospective hemoglobin A1c (A1C) and wound healing in patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), according to a study published online April 16 in Diabetes Care.

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ACOG Committee Recommends Better, Ongoing Postpartum Care

THURSDAY, April 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Postpartum care should become an ongoing process rather than a single visit in order to optimize the health of women and infants, according to a Committee Opinion published in the May issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Pros and Cons for E-Cigarettes As Aid to Smoking Cessation

THURSDAY, April 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence relating to the pros and cons of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) as helpful smoking cessation tools is presented and discussed in a head to head article published online April 25 in The BMJ.

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Saturday Is National Prescription Drug Take Back Day

THURSDAY, April 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration and local agencies are holding the 15th National Prescription Drug Take Back Day across the country this Saturday, April 28.

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Medicare Requiring Hospitals to Post Prices Online

WEDNESDAY, April 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. hospitals will have to post their standard prices online and make it easier for patients to access their electronic medical records, Medicare officials said Tuesday.

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Alcohol Consumption Has Moderate Association With PMS

WEDNESDAY, April 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol intake may be linked to the risk of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), according to a review published online April 23 in BMJ Open.

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About 40 Percent of Men Report Experiencing Weight Stigma

WEDNESDAY, April 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A substantial proportion of men report experiencing weight stigma, according to a study published online April 23 in Obesity.

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Disagreement Seen Over Barriers to Kids' Daily Use of Asthma Meds

WEDNESDAY, April 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children, caregivers, and physicians report different barriers to daily use of asthma medications, according to a study published recently in the Journal of Asthma.

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Increase in HTN in Children Based on 2017 AAP Guidelines

WEDNESDAY, April 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence and severity of high blood pressure (BP) in children have increased based on the 2017 American Academy of Pediatrics clinical practice guidelines, according to a study published online April 23 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Alcohol Intake May Influence Oral Microbiome Composition

TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol consumption, specifically heavy drinking, may influence the oral microbiome composition, according to a study published online April 24 in Microbiome.

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Evening Preference Linked to Higher BMI in Type 2 Diabetes

TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Evening preference and a later breakfast are associated with elevated body mass index (BMI) in adults with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online April 13 in Diabetic Medicine.

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In Utero Caffeine Exposure Affects Early Childhood Weight

TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy may alter the overall weight growth trajectory of the offspring from 6 weeks to 8 years, according to a study published online April 23 in BMJ Open.

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Controlling High Blood Pressure Could Prevent Dementia

MONDAY, April 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Controlling high blood pressure in older African-Americans may prevent future dementia, according to a study published recently in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Cancer Screening More Likely After a Previous False Positive

MONDAY, April 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who previously had a false-positive breast or prostate cancer screening test result are more likely to have future screenings, according to a study published online April 23 in Cancer.

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Questions Surround Concept of Internet Gaming Disorder

FRIDAY, April 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The concept of internet gaming disorder (IGD) and the pathways leading to it are unclear, according to a review published online April 6 in Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology.

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Systolic BP Increases at Rapid Rate Above 120 to 125 mm Hg

FRIDAY, April 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- After systolic blood pressure (BP) reaches 120 to 125 mm Hg, it increases at a relatively rapid rate toward overt hypertension, according to a study published online March 21 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Small Link for Cannabis Use, Reduced Cognitive Functioning

THURSDAY, April 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents and young adults, frequent or heavy cannabis use has a small association with reduced cognitive functioning, according to research published online April 18 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Triple Therapy Tied to Reduced Rate of COPD Exacerbations

WEDNESDAY, April 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), triple therapy is associated with a reduced rate of exacerbations, according to a study published online April 18 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Stronger Link With Mortality for Ambulatory Versus Clinic BP

WEDNESDAY, April 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with clinic blood-pressure measurement, ambulatory blood-pressure measurement is more strongly associated with mortality, according to a study published in the April 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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CDC: Asian U.S. Mothers More Likely to be Older, Married

WEDNESDAY, April 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Non-Hispanic Asian mothers have distinct characteristics, some of which vary by Asian subgroup and place of birth, according to a National Vital Statistics Report published online April 18 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Self-Regulation Interventions Beneficial for Children

WEDNESDAY, April 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A range of interventions can successfully improve self-regulation in children and adolescents, according to research published online April 16 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Smartphone App May Up Medication Adherence in HTN

WEDNESDAY, April 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Randomization to use of a smartphone app is associated with a small improvement in medication adherence but no change in systolic blood pressure among individuals with poorly controlled hypertension, according to a study published online April 16 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Social Support of Autonomy Tied to Better Glycemic Control in DM

WEDNESDAY, April 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Family and friends' autonomy support may lead to better glycemic control by reducing distress among patients with diabetes, according to a study published online March 29 in Diabetes Care.

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Disordered Eating Among Teens Tied to Future Depression

WEDNESDAY, April 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Disordered eating behavior among adolescents is associated with a significantly increased risk of future depressive symptoms and being bullied by peers, according to a study published online April 11 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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2000 to 2015 Saw Increase in Institutional Post-Acute Care

TUESDAY, April 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2015 there was an increase in the use of institutional post-acute care, according to a study published in the April 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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USPSTF: Exercise Interventions Prevent Falls in Seniors

TUESDAY, April 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that exercise interventions may be beneficial for preventing falls in older adults; however, the evidence is insufficient to weigh the benefits and harms of vitamin D, calcium, and combined supplementation. These findings form the basis of two recommendation statements published April 17 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report - Falls
Final Recommendation Statement - Falls
Editorial - Falls
Evidence Report - Vitamin D
Final Recommendation Statement - Vitamin D
Editorial - Vitamin D

Repeated BP Measures Linked to Drop in Initially Elevated BP

TUESDAY, April 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with hypertension (HTN), repeated measurement of an initially elevated blood pressure (BP) is associated with a reduction in systolic BP, according to a research letter published online April 16 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Neuroscience Education, Motor Control Training Ease Spinal Pain

TUESDAY, April 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with chronic spinal pain, pain neuroscience education combined with cognition-targeted motor control training seems more effective than current best-evidence physical therapy, according to a study published online April 16 in JAMA Neurology.

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Opioid Packaging Often Lacks Info on Safe Storage, Disposal

TUESDAY, April 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Messages relating to safe storage and disposal of prescription opioids are inconsistent and are often not included on package insert information, according to a research letter published online April 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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UTI Calculator Predicts Risk of Infant Urinary Tract Infection

TUESDAY, April 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The newly developed UTICalc calculator can be used to guide testing and treatment in children with suspected urinary tract infection (UTI), according to a study published online April 16 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Social Worker-Led Intervention Beneficial in Heart Failure

TUESDAY, April 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A social worker-led palliative care intervention seems beneficial for patients with advanced heart failure at high risk for mortality, according to a study published online April 11 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Most Doctors' Offices Don't Offer Flexibility for Uninsured

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most physician offices do not offer up-front payment flexibility or low-income discounts to uninsured people, according to a study published in the April issue of Health Affairs.

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Nonoptimized Drug Therapy Costs More Than $500 Billion Annually

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The estimated annual cost of drug-related morbidity and mortality resulting from nonoptimized medication therapy is more than half a trillion dollars in the United States, according to a study published online March 26 in the Annals of Pharmacotherapy.

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Increased Pollution Exposure Ups Health Care Visits for Acute URI

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Short-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with increased health care utilization for acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI), according to a study published online April 13 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, systolic dysfunction, and incident heart failure hospitalization in blacks, according to a study published online April 16 in Circulation.

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Youth With Gender Nonconformity Vulnerable to Adversity

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Youth with gender nonconformity are vulnerable to experiencing adversity, and transgender and/or gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth have higher prevalence of mental health conditions, according to two studies published online April 16 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text - Baams
Abstract/Full Text - Becerra-Culqui
Editorial

Contextual Factors Linked to Overeating, Loss of Control

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Eating-related factors appear to be most strongly associated with the severity of loss of control (LOC) among young people with overweight or obesity, according to a study published online March 10 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Number of Drinks Predicts Teens' Other Risky Behaviors

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The number of drinks consumed in high school students' binge drinking episodes predicts other health risk behaviors, according to a study published online April 10 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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Negative Affect That Lingers Tied to Health 10 Years Later

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Negative affect that lingers is associated with worse physical health outcomes almost 10 years later, according to a study published online March 19 in Psychological Science.

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FDA Approves AI Device to Detect Diabetic Retinopathy

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Artificial intelligence software that can detect diabetic retinopathy has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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FDA Cracks Down on Caffeine-Loaded Dietary Supplements

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Friday that it has issued tough new restrictions on the sale of dietary supplements that contain dangerously high amounts of caffeine.

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Politically-Focused Thoughts, Behaviors Tied to Psychopathology

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Politically-focused intrusive thoughts and associated ritualistic behaviors (PITRBs) are associated with measures of psychopathology and disability, according to a study published online March 31 in the Journal of Anxiety Disorders.

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Review: Lowest Mortality Risk Seen With ≤100 g Alcohol/Week

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For current alcohol drinkers, the threshold for the lowest risk of all-cause mortality is about 100 g/week, according to a review published in the April 14 issue of The Lancet.

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Continuous Glucose Monitoring Cost-Effective in T1DM

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) with suboptimal control despite using multiple insulin injections, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) seems cost-effective, with improved glucose control, according to a study published online April 12 in Diabetes Care.

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Soda Tax Cuts Daily Soda, Energy Drink Consumption

FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A soda tax does influence daily consumption of regular soda, energy drinks, and bottled water, according to a study published online April 12 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Recent Years Saw Increase in Burden of Prior Authorization

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The burden of prior authorization (PA) has increased over the past five years, and 92 percent of physicians report associated delays in access to care, according to the results of a survey published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Many Providers Unaware of Racial Disparities in Kidney Transplants

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Health care provider awareness of racial disparities in kidney transplant waitlisting is low, especially among nurse managers and white providers, according to a study published online April 12 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Pharmacists Can Help With DM Management Via Telemedicine

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pharmacist use of telemedicine is a promising vehicle for improving patient management of diabetes, according to an article published in Drug Topics.

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Higher Mortality Risk Seen for 'Night Owls'

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with a later chronotype have increased mortality risk, according to a study published online April 12 in Chronobiology International.

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Cigarette Price Hike Would Provide More Gains for the Poor

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An increase in the market prices of cigarettes would provide more health and financial gains to the poorest 20 percent of the population, according to a study published online April 11 in The BMJ.

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CVD Burden Decreased From 1990 to 2016 Across U.S.

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 1990 to 2016 there were decreases in cardiovascular disease (CVD) disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in all states across the United States, according to a study published online April 11 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Pre-Pregnancy Fitness Lowers Gestational Diabetes Risk

THURSDAY, April 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Higher pre-pregnancy fitness lowers the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to a study published online March 8 in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

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Declines Seen in Cardiovascular Risk Factors From 1990 to 2010

WEDNESDAY, April 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among adults aged 40 years and older, cardiovascular risk decreased in men from 1990 to 2010 and increased followed by a decrease in women over the same time period, according to a study published online March 22 in Aging Clinical and Experimental Research.

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FDA Puts New Restrictions on Contraceptive Implant Essure

WEDNESDAY, April 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- To help curb complications tied to the permanent contraceptive implant Essure, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has placed new restrictions on the sale of the device.

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Guidance Offered for Improving Mental Health in Workplace

WEDNESDAY, April 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Four recommendations for action have been developed for improving mental health in the workplace; the guidance forms the basis for an article published online in the April issue of the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

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No Reduced CVD Risk for SBP <120 mm Hg in Type 2 Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, April 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), there is no reduction in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk with achieved systolic blood pressure (SBP) of <120 mm Hg versus <130 or <140 mm Hg, according to a study published online March 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Caffeine Therapy for Apnea of Prematurity Safe Over Long Term

WEDNESDAY, April 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Neonatal caffeine therapy for apnea of prematurity has no detrimental long-term effects and even improves some neurologic measures, according to a study published online April 11 in Pediatrics.

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About Half of Pregnant Women With HIV Have C-Sections

WEDNESDAY, April 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- About half of pregnant women with HIV infection underwent cesarean delivery between 1998 and 2013, according to a study published online April 6 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Suggestions Offered to Reduce Physician Frustration With EHRs

TUESDAY, April 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Changes can be implemented to help reduce physician frustration with electronic health records (EHRs), according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Considerable Differences in Burden of Disease at State Level

TUESDAY, April 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are considerable differences in the burden of disease at the state level, according to a study published in the April 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Metabolic Syndrome Common in Patients With Lupus

TUESDAY, April 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- As with the general population, metabolic syndrome (MetS) is common among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), according to a study published online April 3 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Education, Depression, Pain Associated With Opioid Misuse

TUESDAY, April 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In adults age 50 or older, higher education, illicit drug use, depression, and pain interference with normal work are significantly associated with opioid misuse, according to a study published recently in Nursing Outlook.

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Exercise Best Defense for Those at Genetic Risk for CVD

TUESDAY, April 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Fitness and physical activity are tied to lower risk of incident cardiovascular disease in the general population and among individuals with elevated genetic risk for cardiovascular diseases, according to a study published online April 9 in Circulation.

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Cannabis Compound Transfers to Breast Milk

MONDAY, April 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Low concentrations of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol are transferred from inhaled cannabis to breast milk of women who regularly consume cannabis, according to a study published online April 9 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Prenatal Exposure to SSRI Tied to Fetal Brain Development

MONDAY, April 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal exposure to a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) is associated with fetal brain development, according to a study published online April 9 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Polypharmacy Linked to Poorer Cognitive, Physical Capability

MONDAY, April 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Polypharmacy is associated with poorer cognitive and physical capability even after adjustment for disease burden, according to a study published online March 24 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Adult Patients With Diabetes Go to Dentist Less Often

MONDAY, April 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- People with diabetes and prediabetes visit the dentist less often than people without diabetes, according to a study published online March 31 in the Journal of the American Dental Association.

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Small Employers Often Don't Provide Tobacco Cessation Help

FRIDAY, April 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of small employers using tobacco surcharges do not provide tobacco cessation wellness programs, according to a report published in the March issue of Health Affairs.

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Factors ID'd for Breastfeeding Behavior in Women With BMI ≥30

FRIDAY, April 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Five psychological factors are associated with breastfeeding behaviors among women with a body mass index ≥30 kg/m², according to a review published online March 24 in Obesity Reviews.

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Obesity Can Negatively Effect Liver in Children As Young As 8

FRIDAY, April 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Increased adiposity in childhood may negatively impact liver function in children as young as 8 years old, according to a study published online April 4 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Quality Improvement Initiative Cuts Early Elective Deliveries

FRIDAY, April 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A statewide quality improvement initiative can reduce early elective deliveries, according to a study published in the April issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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ACA Marketplaces Expand Coverage for Chronically Ill

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Affordable Care Act's Marketplaces covered a disproportionate share of non-elderly adults with high health care risks in the 2014 to 2015 time period, according to a study published in the April issue of Health Affairs.

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Lactation Lowers Risk of T2DM After Gestational Diabetes

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), lactation is associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), although there is no benefit for long-term lactation, according to a review and meta-analysis published online March 25 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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Cannabis Use Tied to Increased Likelihood of Cigarette Smoking

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cannabis use is associated with increased initiation of, persistence of, and relapse to cigarette smoking, according to a study published recently in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

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Smoking Status Associated With Poor Diet Quality

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Smokers have lower quality diets than former smokers and nonsmokers, according to a study published online April 4 in BMC Public Health.

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Docs Engage Little to Coordinate Medicare Home Health Care

WEDNESDAY, April 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians do not meaningfully engage with skilled home health care (SHHC) agencies in the certification of Medicare beneficiaries' plans of care, according to a study published online April 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Variations Identified in Free-Text Directions in E-Prescriptions

WEDNESDAY, April 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable variation in the quality of free-text patient directions (Sig) in electronic prescriptions (e-prescriptions), according to a study published online April 2 in the Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy.

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Depressive Symptoms Tied to Diabetes Self-Management

WEDNESDAY, April 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Changes in depressive symptoms can predict improvement in self-efficacy and adherence to diabetes management, according to a study published online March 27 in Diabetes Care.

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QI Project Reduces Unnecessary Peds Inpatient Electrolyte Testing

WEDNESDAY, April 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A quality improvement initiative rapidly reduced unnecessary electrolyte testing among hospitalized pediatric patients, according to a study published online April 4 in Pediatrics.

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Nursing Students Not Always ID'ing Fundamental Care Needs

TUESDAY, April 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- When presented with different care scenarios, nursing students are not correctly identifying all the fundamental care needs of patients, according to a study published online March 11 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Sudden Loss of Wealth Increases Risk of All-Cause Mortality

TUESDAY, April 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Loss of wealth over a two-year period is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality for U.S. adults aged 51 years and older, according to a study published in the April 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Preconception Blood Pressure Tied to Risk of Pregnancy Loss

TUESDAY, April 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In healthy women, preconception blood pressure is associated with miscarriage, according to a study published online April 2 in Hypertension.

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CDC: Overdose Deaths Up Across Drug Categories in 2015 to 2016

TUESDAY, April 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2015 to 2016, there were increases in deaths across all drug categories examined, with 63,632 drug overdose deaths in 2016, according to research published in the March 30 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Overweight, Obesity Contributing to Cancers in Young Adults

TUESDAY, April 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight and obesity may be contributing to specific malignancies at younger ages, according to research published online March 23 in Obesity.

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Most Patients Select Suboptimal Medications for Allergic Rhinitis

TUESDAY, April 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of pharmacy customers with rhinitis select suboptimal medications, according to a study published online March 29 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice.

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Obstetrician-Gynecologists Can Help Protect Working Mothers

MONDAY, April 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Obstetrician-gynecologists and other obstetric providers can help to protect women working through their pregnancy, according to a Committee Opinion published in the April issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Agile Implementation Speeds Initiation of Health Care Solutions

MONDAY, April 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In a case demonstration study published online March 7 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, authors describe using Agile Implementation (AI), a method to quickly, efficiently, effectively, and sustainably translate evidence-based health care solutions into practice, in an Aging Brain Care model, an evidence-based collaborative care model which targets older adults with dementia, depression, or delirium.

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Antibiotics, Acid-Suppressive Meds Tied to Allergic Disease

MONDAY, April 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The use of acid-suppressive medications and antibiotics during the first six months of infancy is tied to subsequent development of allergic disease, according to a study published online April 2 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Zika Vaccine Could Essentially Eliminate Prenatal Infection

MONDAY, April 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A Zika vaccine could substantially prevent future outbreaks through a combination of direct protection and indirect transmission reduction, according to a modeling study published online April 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Stopping Exercise Found to Increase Depressive Symptoms

MONDAY, April 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Ceasing regular exercise increases depressive symptoms (DS) in healthy adults, particularly women, according to a review published recently in the Journal of Affective Disorders.

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Grief Symptoms Similar in Donor vs Non-Donor Decision Families

MONDAY, April 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Perceptions of the organ donation experience vary between relatives who decide to donate their relative's organs and those who do not, but the decision does not appear to be associated with subsequent grief symptoms, according to a study published online March 19 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Pre-Op Chronic Opioid Use Ups Poor Outcomes Post Spinal Fusion

MONDAY, April 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Preoperative chronic opioid use is associated with poor outcomes and continued dependence after posterior lumbar fusion, according to a study published online March 20 in Spine.

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