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Combating Miseducation About HIV and Prevention in the Native American Community: A Case Report

Combating Miseducation About HIV and Prevention in the Native American Community: A Case Report


Patient Case Study

Time to Complete

30 minutes


June 19, 2017


December 31, 2018
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This activity is part of the IMPACT on Health Disparities in HIV Prevention curriculum. This CME/CE-certified, sequenced learning initiative, including both live and online activities, provides clinicians with expert counsel and resources to help them optimize HIV prevention efforts in at-risk populations.

To learn more about the initiative, please go here.

See Related Activities at the bottom of this page for more of the curriculum.

Maximum Credits

0.50 / AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM
0.50 / CNE Contact Hour

Accredited Provider

Jointly provided by Haymarket Medical Education and AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare

Commercial Supporter

Supported by an educational grant from Gilead Sciences, Inc.

Program Description

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the rate of HIV transmission in Native Americans is 5th overall but remains higher than that of white or Asian populations. The vast majority of new diagnoses occur among men who have sex with men and via heterosexual transmission among women. Of greater concern, only 47% with diagnosed HIV for at least 1 year are receiving continual HIV medical care. Indigenous populations such as Native Americans are characterized by long-standing connections to ancestral lands, and geographically diverse cultural and linguistic customs and behaviors. This case vignette takes a closer look at how HIV at-risk health behaviors and outcomes are influenced by these cultural and social determinants. It also underscores the need for health-care providers to heighten their awareness of these factors and to communicate more effectively with Native populations to improve rates of HIV screening and implementation of evidence-based prevention strategies.

Intended Audience

Primary care and internal medicine clinicians (MDs/DOs, physician assistants [PAs], nurses [RNs], and nurse practitioners [NPs])

Educational Objectives

After participating in this activity, clinicians should be better able to:

  • Describe the role of HIV-prevention strategies in individuals at increased risk for infection
  • Counsel/educate at-risk individuals about HIV-prevention strategies
  • Employ HIV-prevention strategies for individuals at risk for HIV infection
  • Implement practical, evidence-based strategies to ensure that HIV-prevention services are delivered to patients in a culturally competent manner
  • Conflict of Interest Disclosure Policy

    In accordance with the ACCME Standards for Commercial Support, HME requires that individuals in a position to control the content of an educational activity disclose all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest. HME resolves all conflicts of interest to ensure independence, objectivity, balance, and scientific rigor in all its educational activities.


    Tamara Saimons, FNP-C, FNP-BC, MSN
    Southwest Care Center
    Albuquerque, NM

    Ms. Saimons has no relevant financial relationships to disclose.

    Accredited Provider Disclosure

    Marcello Morgan, MD, of Haymarket Medical Education, and Dorothy Caputo, MA, BSN, RN, Lead Nurse Planner of AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare, have no relevant financial relationships to disclose.




    AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)TM

    Accreditation Statement

    Haymarket Medical Education is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

    Designation Statement

    Haymarket Medical Education designates this enduring material for a maximum of 0.50 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM  . Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.




    CNE Contact Hour(s)

    Accreditation Statement

    AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation.

    Designation Statement

    This activity is awarded 0.50 contact hours.

    Disclosure of Unlabeled Use

    This CME activity may or may not discuss investigational, unapproved, or off-label use of drugs. Participants are advised to consult prescribing information for any products discussed. The information provided in this CME/CE activity is for continuing medical education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical judgment of a physician relative to diagnostic and treatment options for a specific patient's medical condition.


    The opinions expressed in the educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of Haymarket Medical Education, AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare, and Gilead Sciences, Inc. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.

    If you have any questions relating to the CME accreditation of this activity, please contact HME at

    If you have any questions relating to the CE accreditation of this activity, please contact AKH at

    If you have any questions relating to your certificate or other issues with this activity, please contact


    To obtain credit, a score of 70% or better on the post-test is required. This activity is offered at no cost to participants. Please proceed with the activity until you have successfully completed this program, answered all test questions, completed the post-test and evaluation, and have received a digital copy of your credit certificate. Your online certificate will be saved on myCME within your Profile/Exam History, which you can access at any time.


    Hardware and Software Requirements
    • A computer with an internet connection
    • Internet Browser: Internet Explorer 7.x or higher, Firefox 4.x or higher, Safari 2.x or higher, or any other W3C standards compliant browser
    • Additional Software: Adobe Flash Player and/or an HTML 5 capable browser maybe required for video or audio playback. PowerPoint or Adobe Acrobat Reader may occasionally be required
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