New findings show that current smokers had an 83% higher incidence of rapid renal function decline compared with never smokers.
Male gender, diabetes, and renal function decline at 90 days implicated as risk factors; patients rarely progress to end-stage renal disease.
CKD patients with daily sodium above 4,548 mg may help protect their cardiovascular health by reducing sodium in their diets, researchers suggested.
Japanese study demonstrates a 2-fold increased risk of death from any cause.
As elderly patients age, the number of drugs they take that may cause hyperkalemia increases.