September 2017 Briefing - Ophthalmology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for September 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Embezzlement Widespread in Medical Practices

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Embezzlement is widespread among medical practices, and knowing the warning signs is helpful for preventing it, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Eyebank Corneal Tissue Prep May Increase Infection Risk

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Donor rim cultures are more likely to have detectable Candida growth in endothelial keratoplasty-processed eyes than for other uses, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Supplements Don't Measurably Increase Macular Pigment Density

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Dietary supplementation does not lead to measurable increases in macular pigment optical density, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Specific Vascular Flow Void in Acute Macular Neuroretinopathy

THURSDAY, Sept. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN) have areas of inner choroidal vascular flow void on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and these may persist for weeks after symptom onset, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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More Than 78 Percent of Health Care Personnel Receive Flu Shot

THURSDAY, Sept. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More than 78 percent of health care personnel (HCP) and 53.6 percent of pregnant women received influenza vaccination during the 2016-2017 influenza season, according to two studies published in the Sept. 29 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Working With a Scribe Improves Physician Satisfaction

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Working with a scribe significantly improves physicians' overall satisfaction, satisfaction with chart quality and accuracy, and charting efficiency, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Self-Reported Function IDs Post-Op Course in Elderly

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Self-reported function is more informative than frailty phenotype in predicting a negative postoperative course in older adults, according to a study published online Sept. 19 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Worker Contribution to Health Benefits Up in 2017

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In 2017, health benefits coverage remained stable, while workers faced considerable variation in costs, according to a report published online Sept. 19 in Health Affairs.

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Ocular Histopathology Features Seen With Congenital Zika

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Certain ocular histopathologic features are consistently found in fetuses with congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), according to a study published online Sept. 21 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Artificial Intelligence Can Detect Diabetic Retinopathy

THURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Deep neural network or artificial intelligence is able to detect referable diabetic retinopathy from photographs, according to research published online Sept. 4 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.

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Insurer Market Power Lowers Providers' Prices

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Insurers have the bargaining power to reduce provider prices in highly concentrated provider markets, according to a report published in the September issue of Health Affairs.

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ACP Does Not Support Legalization of Assisted Suicide

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The American College of Physicians (ACP) does not support the legalization of physician-assisted suicide, a practice that raises ethical, clinical, and other concerns, according to a position paper published online Sept. 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Metabolomic Profiles Differ With Macular Degeneration

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) have altered plasma metabolomic profiles compared with those without the condition, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in Ophthalmology.

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Physicians Tweeting About Drugs May Have Conflict of Interest

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most physicians on Twitter with a financial conflict of interest (FCOI) and frequent tweets mention specific drugs for which they have a conflict, according to a study published in the September issue of The Lancet Haematology.

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Conjunctivitis Prevalence Higher for Adult Women Than Men

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Adult women have a higher prevalence of conjunctivitis than men, and cases peak in the spring, according to a research letter published online Sept. 14 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Doctors Spend Almost Six Hours Per Day on EHR Tasks

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians spend almost six hours per day in the electronic health record (EHR), with 4.5 hours spent during clinic hours and 1.4 hours spent after clinic hours, according to a study published in the September/October issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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'Science Spin' Found Prevalent in Biomedical Literature

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Spin in biomedical literature (also referred to as "science hype") is prevalent, with trials having the highest and greatest variability in the prevalence of spin, according to a review published online Sept. 11 in PLOS Biology.

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Study IDs Determinants of the Neuro-Retinal Rim Area

THURSDAY, Sept. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Reduced neuro-retinal rim area (RA) is associated with narrow central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE) and higher intraocular pressure (IOP), according to a study published online Aug. 31 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.

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Study Details Humanitarian Surgical Care in Afghanistan

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Humanitarian surgical care (HSC) has been provided to local national civilians during the Afghanistan conflict, with 49.3 percent of patients treated for non-war-related (NWR) conditions, according to a research letter published online Sept. 13 in JAMA Surgery.

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Some Aspects of Empathy Improve During Medical Training

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Certain aspects of empathy improve during medical student training, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in Medical Education.

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Are Physicians Obligated to Help on Planes?

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Does being a physician carry a moral obligation to respond to calls for medical assistance on airplanes? That is the topic of an article published in the Sept. 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Zika, Cobalamin C Deficiency Tied to Similar Retinal Problems

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Retinal maldevelopment associated with congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) is similar to the maldevelopment seen with cobalamin C (cblC) deficiency, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in JAMA Opthalmology.

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USPSTF Recommends Amblyopia Screening for 3- to 5-Year-Olds

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening 3- to 5-year-old children for amblyopia, although inadequate evidence is available to assess the benefits and harms of screening for children younger than 3 years. These findings form the basis of a recommendation statement published online Sept. 5 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Self-Tonometry Feasible, Acceptable for Glaucoma Patients

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with glaucoma, self-tonometry is feasible and acceptable to patients, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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