September 2017 Briefing - Family Practice

Share this content:

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for September 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Nursing Home Use Up With Cognitive Impairment Category

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nursing home (NH) use increases with increasing cognitive impairment category, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Embezzlement Widespread in Medical Practices

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Embezzlement is widespread among medical practices, and knowing the warning signs is helpful for preventing it, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

More Information

Military-Related Trauma Tied to Eating Disorder Symptoms

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Noncombat, military-related trauma is associated with eating disorder symptom severity in male veterans, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Pioglitazone Improves Left Ventricular Diastolic Function

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Pioglitazone improves whole-body and myocardial insulin sensitivity, left ventricular (LV) diastolic function, and systolic function in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a small study published online Sept. 22 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Meditation May Help With Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Meditation may be considered as an adjunct to guideline-directed cardiovascular risk reduction, although the benefits need to be more fully established, according to a scientific statement published online Sept. 28 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Certified Plastic Surgeons Underrepresented on Instagram

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among physicians posting top plastic surgery-related content to Instagram, plastic surgeons eligible for membership in the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery are underrepresented, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in the Aesthetic Surgery Journal.

Abstract/Full Text

End-Stage Renal Disease Patients' Readmission Rate High

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly a quarter of hospital admissions among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis (HD) have a subsequent 30-day unplanned readmission, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

More Than 78 Percent of Health Care Personnel Receive Flu Shot

THURSDAY, Sept. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More than 78 percent of health care personnel (HCP) and 53.6 percent of pregnant women received influenza vaccination during the 2016-2017 influenza season, according to two studies published in the Sept. 29 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text -- Black
Abstract/Full Text -- Ding

Optimal Length of Post-Op Opioid Pain Medication Rx Identified

THURSDAY, Sept. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The optimal length of opioid pain medication prescription after common surgical procedures lies between the observed median prescription length and the early nadir, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in JAMA Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Psychosocial Intervention Ups Adherence to Antidepressants

THURSDAY, Sept. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A psychosocial intervention can improve early adherence to antidepressants among middle-aged and older adults, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Over 25 Million Unsafe Abortions Occur Each Year

THURSDAY, Sept. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An estimated 25.1 million unsafe abortions were performed worldwide each year between 2010 and 2014, with the vast majority occurring in developing countries, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

FDA: New Glucose Monitoring System Eliminates Finger Pricks

THURSDAY, Sept. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, making it the first sanctioned device to monitor blood glucose in adult patients with diabetes without the need for a finger prick.

More Information

About Half of Patients Receive Approval for PCSK9i Prescription

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Fewer than half of patients prescribed PCSK9 inhibitors (PCSK9i) receive approval, and only about 30 percent ever receive therapy, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in JAMA Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Pneumococcal Vaccine for Only Half With Work-Related Asthma

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with work-related asthma are more likely that those with non-work-related asthma to have received pneumococcal vaccination, although only 53.7 percent with work-related asthma have been vaccinated, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

CDC: STDs Peak in 2016, Exceeding 2 Million Cases

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In 2016, the number of cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis reported in the United States peaked, exceeding 2 million, according to a report published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

More Information

Notification Rates of New HIV Diagnoses Up in Older Adults

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Notification rates of new HIV diagnoses in older adults increased in 16 European countries from 2004 to 2015, according to a study published online Sept. 26 in The Lancet HIV.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Cardiometabolic Risk, HOMA-IR Up With Increasing BMI in Young

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiometabolic risk and homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) of insulin resistance (IR) increase with increasing body mass index (BMI) categories among children, and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) may attenuate the risk, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Hereditary Hemochromatosis Patients Can Safely Donate Blood

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is no evidence to support excluding patients with hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) from serving as blood donors, according to a review published online Sept. 13 in Hepatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

VA Models Provide Guidance for Care of Hepatitis C Infection

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has developed models of care that can be used to reduce the overall burden of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Working With a Scribe Improves Physician Satisfaction

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Working with a scribe significantly improves physicians' overall satisfaction, satisfaction with chart quality and accuracy, and charting efficiency, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in the Annals of Family Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Fragmented QRS Predicts Cardiac Death During Exercise

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Fragmented QRS complex may predict risk of exercise-related sudden cardiac death, according to a study published online Sept. 20 in the Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Cancer Risk Up for RA Patients With Venous Thromboembolism

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) have increased risk of cancer in the first year after VTE and during a longer follow-up period, according to a study published online Sept. 15 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

USPSTF Recommends Exercise for Preventing Falls in Seniors

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends exercise to prevent falls in at-risk community-dwelling adults aged 65 years and older. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Sept. 26 by the USPSTF.

Evidence Review 1
Draft Recommendation Statement 1
Comment on Recommendation 1
Evidence Review 2
Draft Recommendation Statement 2
Comment on Recommendation 2

Chronic Respiratory Disease Mortality Up From 1980 to 2014

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- From 1980 to 2014 there was a considerable increase in mortality from chronic respiratory diseases in the United States, according to a study published in the Sept. 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Liraglutide Linked to Reduction in VAT, Improvement in β-Index

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For obese individuals with prediabetes or early type 2 diabetes, liraglutide is associated with a greater reduction in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and greater improvement in β-index, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC Launches Campaign to Fight Prescription Opioid Epidemic

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is launching a communication campaign featuring accounts of people recovering from opioid use disorder, and those who have lost someone to opioid overdose, in an effort to fight the prescription overdose epidemic.

More Information

Nut Consumption Linked to Nutritionally Rich Food Intake

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among overweight and obese women, nut consumption is associated with increased consumption of nutritionally rich foods and with reduced body mass index (BMI), according to a study published online Sept. 21 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

Abstract/Full Text

Systemic Corticosteroids Discouraged for Atopic Dermatitis

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Routine use of systemic corticosteroids is generally discouraged for atopic dermatitis, according to research published online Sept. 2 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Back Pain in Older Men Tied to Incident Vertebral Fractures

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Incident, clinically undiagnosed radiographic vertebral fractures (VFs) are associated with increased likelihood of back pain symptoms, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Blame Common in Patient Safety Incident Reports

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Blame is a common element in family practice patient safety incident reports, according to a study published in the September/October issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

CYPC19*17 Allele May Influence Response to PPI Treatment

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Children with CYP2C19*17 alleles without corresponding loss-of-function alleles have longer times with pH <4 in response to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) medication, according to a study published online Sept. 8 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Uninsured Visits for Community Health Center Patients Down

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- After implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the rates of uninsured visits decreased for all racial and ethnic groups, according to a study published in the September/October issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Discontinuing Low-Dose Aspirin Ups Cardiovascular Risk

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is more than a 30 percent increased risk of cardiovascular events following discontinuation of low-dose aspirin in long-term users, according to a study published in the Sept 26 issue of Circulation.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Participation in SNAP Can Cut Health Care Expenditures

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For low-income adults, participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is associated with a reduction in health care expenditures, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Low Health Beliefs for Salt Intake in Hemodialysis Patients

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Health beliefs regarding salt intake are low among patients undergoing hemodialysis, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in the Journal of Renal Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

AAP Offers Guidance for Infectious Disease in Sports

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Participation in organized sports can potentially expose athletes to infectious diseases, with major risk factors including skin-to-skin contact, environmental exposures and physical trauma, and sharing of equipment, according to a clinical report published online Sept. 25 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Bacillus Calmette-Guérin Vaccine May Reduce Atopic Dermatitis

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination within seven days of birth may reduce the risk of allergic diseases, including atopic dermatitis, according to a study published online Sept. 20 in Allergy.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Physical Activity Tied to Lower Mortality, CVD on Global Level

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- On a global level, higher recreational and non-recreational physical activity is associated with a lower risk of mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, according to a large study published Sept. 21 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Worker Contribution to Health Benefits Up in 2017

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In 2017, health benefits coverage remained stable, while workers faced considerable variation in costs, according to a report published online Sept. 19 in Health Affairs.

Abstract
Full Text

Tibetan Yoga Improves Sleep Quality During Chemo

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Participation in a Tibetan yoga program (TYP) during chemotherapy results in modest, short-term benefits in sleep quality, with long-term benefits seen over time for those who practice at least two times a week, according to a study published online Sept. 20 in Cancer.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Self-Reported Function IDs Post-Op Course in Elderly

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Self-reported function is more informative than frailty phenotype in predicting a negative postoperative course in older adults, according to a study published online Sept. 19 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Air Pollution May Damage Kidneys

FRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Air pollution may lead to kidney damage, according to a study published online Sept. 21 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract
Full Text

Effect of Osteoporotic Fractures Similar to Diabetes Burden

FRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Osteoporotic fractures and complications of diabetes similarly impact quality of life (QoL), according to a study published online Sept. 12 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

APOE Allele Type Tied to Mortality Risk

FRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele increases the risk of overall and cardiovascular mortality, while the APOE ε2 allele decreases the risk, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Diabetes Treatment Failure May Actually Be Nonadherence

FRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Apparent diabetes treatment failures may in fact be attributable to nonadherence, according to a study published online Sept. 15 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Few Older Patients Aware of Deprescribing

FRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of older patients are aware of medication harms, but far fewer understand deprescribing, according to a brief report published online Sept. 15 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract
Full Text

Pulse Ox + Auscultation Reliable for Congenital Heart Screening

FRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Pulse oximetry (POX) plus cardiac auscultation is a reliable method for neonatal congenital heart disease screening, according to a study published online Sept. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Fasting Blood Glucose Trajectory May Predict Future MI

FRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals without diabetes, certain fasting blood glucose (FBG) trajectories are associated with the risk of future myocardial infarction (MI), according to a study published online Sept. 8 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Concussion May Increase Multiple Sclerosis Risk

FRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Concussion during adolescence increases the risk of subsequent multiple sclerosis (MS) diagnosis, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in the Annals of Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Opioid Rx, Dosing Often Excessive in Dialysis Patients

FRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hemodialysis patients in the United States have high rates of prescriptions for opioids and many also receive high doses of the potentially addictive drugs, according to a study published online Sept. 21 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Montelukast Associated With Nightmares, Depression

THURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Montelukast appears to be linked to neuropsychiatric side effects, such as depression, aggression, nightmares, and headaches, according to a review published online Sept. 20 in Pharmacology Research and Perspectives.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Childhood-Onset IBD May Raise Risk of Cancer

THURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) face an increased risk of cancer that persists into adulthood, and is especially elevated for gastrointestinal cancers, according to a study published online Sept. 20 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Thyroid Surgery for Benign Goiters Ups Quality of Life

THURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Thyroid surgery restores quality of life (QOL) for patients with benign goiters, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in Head & Neck.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

High Rate of Anemia Seen After Weight-Loss Surgery

THURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For many obese Americans, weight-loss surgery may lead to anemia, according to a research letter published online Sept. 20 in JAMA Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

More Than 1 in 10 Patients May Be Overtreated for Diabetes

THURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Medicare recipients are more frequently overtreated than undertreated for diabetes, and those who are overtreated rarely have their regimens deintensified, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Magnesium Levels Tied to Dementia Risk

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Magnesium levels, either too high or too low, are associated with an increased risk of dementia, according to a study published online Sept. 20 in Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Long-Term Weight Loss, T2DM Remission for Roux-en-Y Surgery

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with severe obesity, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is associated with lasting benefits, according to a study published in the Sept. 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Specific Efforts May Aid Quality of Life for Schizophrenia Caregivers

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Reducing affiliate stigma and strengthening the quality of family-centered care may improve health-related quality of life for primary family caregivers of people with schizophrenia, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Insurer Market Power Lowers Providers' Prices

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Insurers have the bargaining power to reduce provider prices in highly concentrated provider markets, according to a report published in the September issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Attempts to Prevent Tongue Swallowing Hinder Resuscitation

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For athletes with cardiac arrest, attempts to prevent tongue swallowing are an obstacle to resuscitation, according to a study published online Sept. 19 in HeartRhythm.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Proton Pump Inhibitors Overused Worldwide

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are overused worldwide, with wide variation seen in the extent of inappropriate use, according to research published online Sept. 11 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Multicomponent Intervention Linked to Greater Drop in BP

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A multicomponent intervention is associated with greater reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) than usual care over 18 months, according to a study published in the Sept. 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Total of 0.21 Years Lost Due to Opioid-Related Poisoning Deaths

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2015, drug-poisoning deaths contributed a loss of 0.28 years in life expectancy, according to a research letter published in the Sept. 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Pediatricians Increasingly Aligned With Breastfeeding Guidelines

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians' recommendations and practices regarding breastfeeding became more closely aligned with American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy from 1995 to 2014, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Deaths, Cardiac Arrest Not Rare in Triathlon Participants

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of deaths or cardiac arrest is 1.74 per 100,000 USA Triathlon participants, according to a study published online Sept. 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

ACP Does Not Support Legalization of Assisted Suicide

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The American College of Physicians (ACP) does not support the legalization of physician-assisted suicide, a practice that raises ethical, clinical, and other concerns, according to a position paper published online Sept. 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Position Paper
Special Article (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial 1 (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial 2 (subscription or payment may be required)

CPAP Telemonitoring Improves 90-Day Adherence

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The use of continuous positive airway pressure therapy (CPAP) telemonitoring with automated feedback messaging improves 90-day adherence in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), according to a study published online Aug. 31 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Monthly Feedback Linked to Improved Colonoscopy Quality

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Monthly feedback significantly improves colonoscopy quality measures, but quarterly feedback does not, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Anagliptin Effect on LDL in T2DM Via ApoB-100 Synthesis

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with type 2 diabetes being treated with a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP4-I), use of anagliptin (ANA) may improve low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, with the effect mediated, at least partly, via suppression of apoB-100 synthesis, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

Abstract
Full Text

Half of Repeat Antibiotics in Australia Extend Initial Rx

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Half of repeat antibiotic dispensings in Australia are used to extend the initial course, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in the Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Expected Burden of Lung Cancer High for People Living With HIV

MONDAY, Sept. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For people living with HIV (PLWH), the expected burden of lung cancer is high, if smoking habits do not change, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editor's Note

Drills Assess ER Response to Communicable Disease

MONDAY, Sept. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A series of mystery patient drills was used to assess the emergency department response to patients with communicable disease of public health concern in New York City; the results were published in the Sept. 15 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Greater Benefit for Pioglitazone in High-Risk Patients Post Stroke

MONDAY, Sept. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients after an ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, pioglitazone is associated with greater benefit for those at higher risk for stroke or myocardial infarction (MI), according to a study published online Sept. 18 in JAMA Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

AAP Issues Clinical Report on Teen Tattoos, Piercings

MONDAY, Sept. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics has issued its first recommendations on tattoos, piercings, and scarification. The clinical report was published online Sept. 18 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Narrow Networks in ACA Marketplace for Mental Health

MONDAY, Sept. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Networks in mental health are generally narrower than in primary care, with plan networks including 11.3 percent of mental health providers practicing in a given state-level market, according to a study published online in the September issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Physicians Tweeting About Drugs May Have Conflict of Interest

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most physicians on Twitter with a financial conflict of interest (FCOI) and frequent tweets mention specific drugs for which they have a conflict, according to a study published in the September issue of The Lancet Haematology.

Abstract
Full Text

Mental Health, Dental Issues Top Avoidable ER Visits

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Mental health and dental conditions account for a significant number of "avoidable" emergency department visits, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in the International Journal for Quality in Health Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Closed-Loop Control Benefits T1DM in Prolonged Winter Sport

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D), a closed-loop control (CLC) system is associated with improved glycemic control and reduced exposure to hypoglycemia during prolonged exercise, cold temperatures, and high altitude, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Lower Mortality Risk Seen With Statin Use in Older Men

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Statin use is associated with a significantly lower risk of mortality in older male physicians, and a non-significant lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Skin Cancer Prevention Strategies Needed in Work Settings

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Solar occupational ultraviolet (UV) exposure is a major determinant of incident squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

EHR Data May Beat Claims Data in Assessing Sepsis Incidence

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Sepsis is present in 6 percent of adult hospitalizations, with no change in incidence from 2009 to 2014 based on electronic health record (EHR) data in contrast to claims-based analyses, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Doctors Spend Almost Six Hours Per Day on EHR Tasks

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians spend almost six hours per day in the electronic health record (EHR), with 4.5 hours spent during clinic hours and 1.4 hours spent after clinic hours, according to a study published in the September/October issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Hospital Quality Independently Impacts Readmission Rates

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital quality contributes to readmission rates independent of factors involving patients, according to a study published in the Sept. 14 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Conjunctivitis Prevalence Higher for Adult Women Than Men

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Adult women have a higher prevalence of conjunctivitis than men, and cases peak in the spring, according to a research letter published online Sept. 14 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Sleep Quality, Duration Linked to CKD Progression

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Shorter sleep duration and poor sleep quality are associated with progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online Sept. 14 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

'Science Spin' Found Prevalent in Biomedical Literature

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Spin in biomedical literature (also referred to as "science hype") is prevalent, with trials having the highest and greatest variability in the prevalence of spin, according to a review published online Sept. 11 in PLOS Biology.

Abstract/Full Text

FDA Permits Marketing of App to Help Treat Substance Abuse

THURSDAY, Sept. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has permitted marketing of the first mobile app to help treat substance use disorders, the agency said Thursday in a news release.

More Information

Greater Awareness Needed for Potential of T2DM Remission

THURSDAY, Sept. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For many patients with type 2 diabetes, remission can be achieved with sustained weight loss of ~15 kg, yet this often flies under the radar for patients and clinicians alike, according to an analysis published online Sept. 13 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Fibrous Dysplasia Associated With Increased Breast Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Sept. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with fibrous dysplasia (FD) are at increased risk for breast cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

New Test Developed to Assess Geriatrics Fellowship Programs

THURSDAY, Sept. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A geriatrics knowledge test demonstrates sound reliability for use in evaluating geriatrics fellowship programs, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Suicide Attempts in U.S. Up From 2004-2005 to 2012-2013

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- From 2004-2005 to 2012-2013 there was an overall increase in suicide attempts among U.S. adults, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Panic Disorder, GAD Not Linked to Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are not associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, but medications can slightly shorten the duration of gestation, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Some Aspects of Empathy Improve During Medical Training

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Certain aspects of empathy improve during medical student training, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in Medical Education.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Short Duration of Hospice Seen for Seniors at End of Life

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The presence and number of restricting symptoms and the number of disabilities are associated with increased likelihood of hospice admission for older adults during their last year of life, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

USPSTF Backs Cervical Cancer Screening With Cytology or hrHPV

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends cervical cancer screening with cervical cytology alone every three years or screening with high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) testing alone every five years in women ages 30 to 65 years. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Sept. 12 by the USPSTF.

Evidence Review
Draft Recommendation Statement
Comment on Recommendation Statement

miRNA Identified That Plays Role in Milk Allergy

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- MiR-193a-5p is a post-transcriptional regulator of interleukin-4 (IL-4) expression and could have a role in children's cow's milk allergy (CMA), according to a study published online Aug. 30 in Allergy.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Vitamin D Deficiency Tied to Neuropathic Pain

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with increased neuropathic pain (NP) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a study published online Aug. 31 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Antireflux Surgery Has High Rate of Recurrent Disease

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Laparoscopic antireflux surgery is associated with a relatively high rate of recurrent gastroesophageal reflux disease, according to a study published in the Sept. 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Are Physicians Obligated to Help on Planes?

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Does being a physician carry a moral obligation to respond to calls for medical assistance on airplanes? That is the topic of an article published in the Sept. 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Hormone Therapy in Menopause Not Tied to Increased Mortality

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Menopausal hormone therapy is not tied to any increase in long-term all-cause or cause-specific mortality, according to a study published in the Sept. 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Being Heard Key for Women After Gender-Based Violence

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For women who have experienced gender-based violence, feelings of being listened to and respected are important for defining a positive health care encounter, according to research published online Aug. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Warfarin, Rivaroxaban Similarly Safe, Effective

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For cases of mild atrial fibrillation (AF)-related acute ischemic stroke, rivaroxaban and warfarin are similarly safe and effective at preventing recurrent stroke, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in JAMA Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Chronic Dosing of Apricot Kernel Extract May Lead to Hypoxia

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic dosing of apricot kernel extract can result in hypoxia and cyanide toxicity, according to a report published online Sept. 11 in BMJ Case Reports.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Cardiac Disease Events Up in Metabolically Healthy Obese

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolically healthy obese individuals have increased risk of coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and heart failure compared with normal-weight individuals, according to a study published in the Sept. 19 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Antibiotic Rx Adherence Varies Widely in Sickle Cell Care

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to antibiotic guidelines for acute chest syndrome (ACS) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) varies widely, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Sedentary Time Volume, Accrual Linked to All-Cause Mortality

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Sedentary time volume and its accrual in prolonged, uninterrupted bouts are associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

2017 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes Released

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations for the management and pharmacologic treatment of patients with diabetes have been updated; the new clinical guidelines were published online Sept. 12 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Most Opioid Use Concentrated in Top 10 Percent of Users

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The top 10 percent of privately insured U.S. adults without cancer using opioids account for most opioid use, according to a research letter published online Sept. 12 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Human Campylobacter Linked to Pet Store Puppies

MONDAY, Sept. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Bacterial infections that have sickened 39 people in seven states have been linked to puppies sold through Petland, a national pet store chain, U.S. health officials say.

More Information

'Modest at Best' Discriminatory Ability for CBC Test in Infants

MONDAY, Sept. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Complete blood cell count parameters at commonly used or optimal thresholds do not offer high accuracy in identifying invasive bacterial infections (IBIs) in febrile infants (≤60 days of age), according to a study published online Sept. 11 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Age Legislation Cuts Off-Road-Vehicle-Related Injury Rate

MONDAY, Sept. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The population-based rate of off-road-vehicle (ORV)-related injuries was reduced following a 2010 Massachusetts law restricting their use by children aged younger than 14 years and regulating their use by children up to age 18 years, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Risk of Prematurity, SGA Up for Women on Antiepileptic Drugs

MONDAY, Sept. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Women on antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) during pregnancy for epilepsy or other indications are at increased risk of giving birth to premature and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in the Annals of Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Lidocaine Nerve Block Reduces Pain During IUD Insertion

MONDAY, Sept. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A 10-mL 1 percent lidocaine paracervical nerve block reduces pain during intrauterine device (IUD) insertion, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Online Therapy for Insomnia Linked to Improved Mental Health

MONDAY, Sept. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For university students with insomnia, digital cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is associated with reductions in insomnia, paranoia, and hallucinations, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

Preventive Psychological, Educational Programs Beneficial

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Psychological and/or educational interventions have a small but significant benefit for anxiety prevention, according to a review and meta-analysis published online Sept. 6 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text

Number of Women Seeing Obstetrician-Gynecologists Drops

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of women who visit an obstetrician-gynecologist has declined since 2000, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

AMA Joins Brief Seeking VA Coverage of Sex Reassignment Sx

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Several health care-related organizations have filed an amicus brief in support of veterans seeking a rule change that would amend or repeal the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) policy of not covering sex-reassignment surgery (SRS) for veterans with gender dysphoria, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

More Information

Children Report Limited Eczema Improvement With Silk

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Some children report limited improvement in atopic eczema (AE) as a result of wearing silk garments, but not to the extent the children had hoped for, according to research published online Aug. 30 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Socioeconomic Conditions Affect Metabolic Syndrome Risk

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiometabolic risk in young blacks is influenced by broad economic conditions, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Zika, Cobalamin C Deficiency Tied to Similar Retinal Problems

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Retinal maldevelopment associated with congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) is similar to the maldevelopment seen with cobalamin C (cblC) deficiency, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in JAMA Opthalmology.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Zoonotic Chlamydia caviae Tied to Community-Acquired Pneumonia

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Three cases of community-acquired pneumonia involving Chlamydia caviae after exposure to ill guinea pigs have been described, according to a research letter published online Sept. 6 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Dietary Approach Effective for Laryngopharyngeal Reflux

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A dietary approach and a traditional treatment approach of proton pump inhibition (PPI) and standard reflux precautions are similarly effective for patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), according to a study published online Sept. 7 in JAMA Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Airway Mucin Concentrations May Help Predict Chronic Bronchitis

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Airway mucin concentrations may be a marker for chronic bronchitis, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Genetic Variants Tied to Preterm Birth, Gestational Length

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Several genetic variants are associated with gestational duration and preterm birth, according to study published online Sept. 6 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Vaccine-Type HPV Rates Down for Unvaccinated Young Women

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- From 2009-2010 to 2013-2014 there was a decrease in the prevalence of vaccine-type human papillomavirus (HPV) among unvaccinated young women aged 18 to 26 years, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Statins Tied to Reduced Mortality Risk in COPD

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Statin use is associated with a reduced risk of all-cause and pulmonary-related mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study published online Sept. 7 in Chest.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Traditional Flu Tests Not as Accurate as Newer Tests

THURSDAY, Sept. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Digital immunoassays (DIAs) and rapid nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) have higher sensitivities for detecting influenza than rapid influenza diagnostic tests (RIDTs), according to a review published online Sept. 4 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Budget Cuts Threaten Research on Antimicrobial Resistance

THURSDAY, Sept. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Proposed budget cuts could seriously hamper efforts to address antimicrobial resistance (AMR), according to an article published online Sept. 4 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Intensive BP Control Associated With Increased CKD Risk

THURSDAY, Sept. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive systolic blood pressure (SBP) lowering is associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) events but a reduced risk of cardiovascular events and mortality, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Third Dose of MMR Vaccine Could Help Curb Mumps Outbreaks

THURSDAY, Sept. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A third dose of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine lowers the risk of mumps during an outbreak, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Poor Olfaction Linked to Increased Risk of Parkinson's

THURSDAY, Sept. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Poor olfaction is associated with increased risk of incident Parkinson's disease (PD), according to a study published online Sept. 6 in Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Clinical Oral Food Challenges Result in Few Reactions

THURSDAY, Sept. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Open, nonresearch low-risk oral food challenges (OFCs) result in few allergic reactions, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

Abstract/Full Text

Intervention Beneficial for Acute Gastroenteritis Patients

THURSDAY, Sept. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a clinical pathway to improve care of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) patients is associated with a sustained reduction in intravenous (IV) fluid use and length of stay (LOS) in the pediatric emergency department (ED), according to a study published online Sept. 7 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Reduced Asthma Exacerbations Seen With Tezepelumab

THURSDAY, Sept. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with uncontrolled asthma despite treatment with long-acting beta-agonists and medium-to-high doses of inhaled glucocorticoids, tezepelumab is associated with a significant reduction in asthma exacerbations, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Many Teens With Type 1 Diabetes Report Disordered Eating

THURSDAY, Sept. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- High rates of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating behaviors (DEB) are reported by adolescents with type 1 diabetes, particularly females, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Alendronate Effective, Safe in 'Oldest Old' With Prior Fracture

THURSDAY, Sept. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Alendronate treatment reduces the risk of hip fracture in elderly patients with a prior fracture, with sustained safety, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Early Respiratory Infections Tied to Celiac in High-Risk Children

THURSDAY, Sept. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A higher frequency of respiratory infections during the first two years of life is associated with an increased risk of celiac disease (CD) in genetically predisposed infants, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Strong Evidence for Healthy Lifestyle Reducing CRC Risk

THURSDAY, Sept. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is strong evidence that physical activity and a healthy diet reduce the risk of colorectal cancer, according to a report published online Sept. 7 by the American Institute for Cancer Research and the World Cancer Research Fund.

Abstract/Full Text

Sudden Cardiac Arrest After Food Linked to Brugada Syndrome

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Having a sudden cardiac arrest after eating a large bite of food may be an indication of Brugada syndrome, according to a case study published online Sept. 6 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Knowledge on Primary Prevention ICD Use Found Lacking

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Referring physicians have limited knowledge regarding indications for primary prevention implantable defibrillator (ICD) use, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in the Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Pre-Cosmetic Sx Advice May Aid Long-Term Smoking Cessation

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Asking patients to stop smoking before undergoing cosmetic surgery can promote long-term smoking cessation, according to a study published in the September issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text

Acute Diverticulitis Recurrence More Likely With Barium Enema

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute diverticulitis, recurrence is more likely among those undergoing barium enema, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in the Journal of Digestive Diseases.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Increase in Medical Exemptions From Immunization in California

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There was an increase in the number of children with medical exemptions (MEs) from immunization in California from 2015 to 2016 after elimination of personal belief exemptions (PBEs), according to a research letter published online Sept. 5 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Universal Sequencing of Cancer Genes Ups Mutation Detection

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Universal sequencing of a broad panel of cancer-related genes is associated with increased detection of potentially clinically significant heritable mutations, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Mailed Invitations Increase CRC Screening Completion

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Mailed outreach invitations offering a fecal immunochemical test (FIT) or colonoscopy increase the proportion of participants completing colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, and providing specific reminders to general practitioners (GPs) improves participation in FIT screening, according to two studies published online Sept. 5 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) -- Singal
Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) -- Rat
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Docs Should Be Aware of Family Beliefs Regarding Nondisclosure

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians should be aware of societal codes of conduct that affect family beliefs and behaviors regarding information disclosure to pediatric patients, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

PrEP Adherence Decreases Over Time in Adolescent MSM

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescent men who have sex with men (MSM) participating in a 48-week HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) intervention, adherence decreases with quarterly visits, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

Re-Analysis Shows Screening Reduces Prostate CA Mortality

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Re-analysis of evidence suggests that screening does reduce prostate cancer mortality, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

USPSTF Recommends Amblyopia Screening for 3- to 5-Year-Olds

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening 3- to 5-year-old children for amblyopia, although inadequate evidence is available to assess the benefits and harms of screening for children younger than 3 years. These findings form the basis of a recommendation statement published online Sept. 5 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Racial Variation in Antibiotic Prescribing for Viral ARTI

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Non-Hispanic black and Hispanic children are less likely than non-Hispanic white children to receive antibiotics for viral acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI) in the pediatric emergency department (PED), according to a study published online Sept. 5 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

General Anesthesia in Infants May Affect White Matter Volume

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Infants who receive general anesthesia for surgery before they're 1 year old may have less white matter in their brains, according to research published online Aug. 24 in Anesthesiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Cognitive Test Predicts Elderly Insulin Injection Success

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A cognitive test involving animal name recall can predict which elderly patients succeed in mastering an insulin self-injection technique within one week, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

Abstract
Full Text

Perception of Nursing Home Safety Varies by Employee Type

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Perceptions of safety culture vary widely among nursing home staff members, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Goshuyuto, Rabeprazole Shown to Treat Refractory H. pylori

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Refractory Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection can be successfully treated with goshuyuto and rabeprazole, according to a case report published online Aug. 28 in the Journal of Digestive Diseases.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Role of Stress, Sleep Highlighted in Study of Obesity

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Stress is associated with impaired sleep and increased emotional rewarding of palatable foods, which may lead to obesity, according to research published online Aug. 28 in Obesity Reviews.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CBT, SSRIs Effectively Cut Anxiety Symptoms in Childhood

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are effective for reducing symptoms of anxiety in childhood, according to a review published online Aug. 31 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Dupilumab Improves Quality of Life in Atopic Dermatitis

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with atopic dermatitis (AD), dupilumab improves health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL), and is associated with improved clinical outcomes, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Coronary Artery Calcium May Be Best Indicator of CVD Risk

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The cardiovascular event rate is low for patients with no coronary artery calcium (CAC), which improves overall prediction among patients thought to be at risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), according to a letter to the editor published in the Aug. 1 issue of JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

AAP: Watch for Rapid Weight Changes in Young Athletes

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a new clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics, published in the September issue of Pediatrics, clinicians are reminded to promote healthy weight control in young athletes.

Abstract/Full Text

Benefit of Aspirin After A-Fib Ablation Questioned

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation patients undergoing their index ablation, long-term aspirin therapy is associated with increased rates of bleeding and may not lower risk of stroke, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in the Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Child Flu Vaccination Down When Nasal Spray Unavailable

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Seasonal flu immunization rates among children appear to have dropped slightly after the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended against the nasal spray version of the vaccine, according to a study published online recently in Vaccine.

Press Release

Climate Change May Be the Cause of More Roadway Deaths

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- America's roads may become more dangerous as an unexpected consequence of climate change, according to a report published online Aug. 31 in Injury Prevention.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

β-2 Adrenergic Agonists May Help Fight Parkinson's Disease

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- β-2 adrenergic agonists might be able to combat Parkinson's disease, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of Science.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Fentanyl Driving Rise in Opioid-Linked Deaths in U.S.

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Fentanyl is a key player in America's continuing epidemic of opioid-related overdose deaths, according to two reports published in the Sept. 1 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text 1
Abstract/Full Text 2

Liraglutide Tied to Reduced Progression of Diabetic Kidney Dz

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes and high cardiovascular risk receiving usual care, the addition of liraglutide is associated with lower rates of development and progression of diabetic kidney disease, according to a study published in the Aug. 31 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Self-Tonometry Feasible, Acceptable for Glaucoma Patients

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with glaucoma, self-tonometry is feasible and acceptable to patients, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Crosstalk Identified Between Adipose Tissue, Carcinomas

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is organ-dependent crosstalk between adipose tissue and carcinomas in various organs, according to a review published in the September issue of Cancer Prevention Research.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Low Incidence of Adverse Events for A-Fib Catheter Ablation

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of adverse events (AEs) is low for patients undergoing catheter ablation (CA) for atrial fibrillation (AF), according to a study published online Aug. 30 in JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Electronic Alert Doesn't Up Appropriate Thromboprophylaxis

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A computer-based alert system with a Geneva Risk Score calculation tool in the electronic patient chart does not improve appropriate thromboprophylaxis in patients admitted to general medical wards, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Low Tumor Growth Rates During Active Surveillance of Thyroid CA

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with low-risk papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), the rates of tumor growth during active surveillance are low, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Suicide Risk Up in Younger Patients With Chronic Illness

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults with chronic diseases like asthma and diabetes are more than four times as likely to attempt suicide as their healthy peers, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Share this content:

is free, fast, and customized just for you!

Already a member?

Sign In Now »


Sign up for myCME e-newsletters


Drug Lookup

Browse drugs by: BrandGenericDisease

More in Home

Extended-Release Naltrexone Promising for Opioid Dependence

Extended-Release Naltrexone Promising for Opioid Dependence

Lower use of heroin, other illicit opioids with extended-release naltrexone in superiority analysis

New Expert Consensus Pathway for Mitral Regurgitation

New Expert Consensus Pathway for Mitral Regurgitation

Etiology, mechanism, severity, indications for treatment should be assessed after MR is identified

Many Dermatology Guideline Authors Get Industry Payments

Many Dermatology Guideline Authors Get Industry Payments

22 of 40 guideline authors receiving payments did not accurately disclose industry relationships

is free, fast, and customized just for you!

Already a member?

Sign In Now »