Racial Variation in Antibiotic Prescribing for Viral ARTI

Share this content:
Racial Variation in Antibiotic Prescribing for Viral ARTI
Racial Variation in Antibiotic Prescribing for Viral ARTI

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Non-Hispanic black and Hispanic children are less likely than non-Hispanic white children to receive antibiotics for viral acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI) in the pediatric emergency department (PED), according to a study published online Sept. 5 in Pediatrics.

Monika K. Goyal, M.D., from George Washington University in Washington, D.C., and colleagues conducted a retrospective cohort study of encounters at seven PEDs in 2013. The authors examined the correlation between patient race and ethnicity and antibiotics administered or prescribed among children discharged with viral ARTI. A total of 39,445 PED encounters for viral ARTIs met the inclusion criteria.

The researchers found that 2.6 percent of the PED encounters for viral ARTIs resulted in patient receipt of antibiotics, including 4.3, 1.9, 2.6, and 2.9 percent of non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, and other non-Hispanic children, respectively. Non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, and other non-Hispanic children remained less likely to receive antibiotics for viral ARTIs in multivariable analyses (odds ratios, 0.44, 0.65, and 0.68, respectively).

"Future research should seek to understand why racial and ethnic differences in overprescribing exist, including parental expectations, provider perceptions of parental expectations, and implicit provider bias," the authors write.

Abstract/Full Text

Share this content:

is free, fast, and customized just for you!

Already a member?

Sign In Now »

Drug Lookup

Browse drugs by: BrandGenericDisease


Sign up for myCME e-newsletters


More in Home

Older Adults Less Likely to Have Provider-Ordered Flu Testing

Older Adults Less Likely to Have Provider-Ordered Flu ...

Presence of influenza-like illness, younger age independently predict provider-ordered testing

Nutrients in Child's First 1,000 Days Key for Neurodevelopment

Nutrients in Child's First 1,000 Days Key for ...

Nutrition in prenatal period and first two years of life affects prenatal nutrient delivery, child development

In-Office Angiolytic Laser Effective for Vocal Polyps

In-Office Angiolytic Laser Effective for Vocal Polyps

Fewer adverse events for patients treated with laser plus concurrent polypectomy than laser alone

is free, fast, and customized just for you!

Already a member?

Sign In Now »