October 2015 Briefing - Urology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for October 2015. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Synchronized Prescription Renewal Process Saves Time

FRIDAY, Oct. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A synchronized prescription renewal process can save physicians time and money, which can be dedicated to patient care, according to a report from the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Increasing Numbers of Med School Applicants, Enrollees

FRIDAY, Oct. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a 25 percent increase in the number of medical school enrollees since 2002, with the number reaching an all-time high of 20,630 this year, according to a report published online Oct. 22 by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC).

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Ovarian Cancer Rx Promising for Prostate Tumors

THURSDAY, Oct. 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Lynparza (olaparib) targets mutations found in about 30 percent of men with prostate cancer, but may also benefit men whose tumors have acquired defects in DNA repair, according to research published in the Oct. 29 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Nearly 15 Percent of Plans Lack In-Network Specialists

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of federal marketplace plans lack at least one in-network specialist, according to a research letter published in the Oct. 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Lifestyle Factors Not Linked to Chronic Prostatitis/Pelvic Pain

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, cigarette smoking, and hypertension are not associated with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, according to a study published in the November issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Physician Emphasizes Importance of Saying Thank You

TUESDAY, Oct. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The importance of thanking patients for coming to see you, the physician, is described in an essay published online in Medical Economics.

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Inferior Care, Higher Costs for Black Men With Prostate Cancer

MONDAY, Oct. 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Older black men with prostate cancer seem more likely to receive poorer quality of care that costs more compared to white men, according to a report published online Oct. 22 in JAMA Oncology.

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AMA: Eight Reasons for Nonadherence to Medications

FRIDAY, Oct. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Eight reasons associated with patient's intentional nonadherence to medications have been identified in a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Cancers Differ in Indigenous, Non-Indigenous Populations

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the United States, indigenous populations exhibit clear differences in the scale and profile of cancer compared to non-indigenous populations, according to a study published online Oct. 14 in The Lancet Oncology.

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Caudal Regional Anesthesia Not Linked to Fistula Formation

TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Caudal regional anesthesia seems not to be associated with urethrocutaneous fistula formation in pediatric patients undergoing primary hypospadias repair, according to a study published in the November issue of Pediatric Anesthesia.

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Safety-Net Hospitals Have Higher Costs, Worse Outcomes

THURSDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Intrinsic qualities of safety-net hospitals, rather than patient characteristics, lead to inferior surgical outcomes and increased costs across nine elective surgical procedures, according to a study published online Oct. 14 in JAMA Surgery.

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Ebola Virus Can Persist in Semen of Survivors

THURSDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Ebola virus can persist in semen, according to two reports published online Oct. 14 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Cannabis Not Recommended to Prevent Post-op Nausea

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Cannabis should not be used to prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) because of unacceptable side effects and low effectiveness, according to a study published online Sept. 30 in Anesthesia & Analgesia.

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Hospital Factors Can Overcome 'Weekend Effect'

MONDAY, Oct. 12, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More nurses and electronic medical records can help hospitals overcome the "weekend effect" (WE) associated with urgent general surgery procedures performed on weekends, according to a study published in the October issue of the Annals of Surgery.

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Sex May Boost Female Immune System to Aid Fertility

MONDAY, Oct. 12, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Sex at any time in a woman's menstrual cycle may trigger immune system changes that boost the likelihood of getting pregnant, a new study suggests. The findings were published recently in the journals Fertility and Sterility and Physiology and Behavior.

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Americans Spend More on Health Care, but Fare Worse

MONDAY, Oct. 12, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- When compared to 12 other industrialized nations, Americans spend more on health care services, but they fare worst in terms of life expectancy, according to recent findings from The Commonwealth Fund.

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Occupational Risk of Bladder Cancer on the Rise

FRIDAY, Oct. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Despite efforts by lawmakers and manufacturers to protect workers and provide safe working environments, the risk of bladder cancer is still rising in certain industries, according to a review published online Oct. 8 in JAMA Oncology.

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Young Cancer Survivors May Need Lifelong Screenings

THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Teen and young adult cancer survivors are at increased risk for other cancers later in life, according to a study published online Oct. 6 in Cancer.

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Substantial Proportion of Revisits Post Ambulatory Sx Occur in ER

THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Acute care revisits occur with considerable frequency among low-risk patients undergoing ambulatory operations, with a substantial proportion of revisits occurring in emergency departments, according to a research letter published in the Oct. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Most Cancer Patients Believe Surgery Will Be Curative

THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients undergoing surgery for lung or colorectal cancer believe that the surgery is likely to be curative, according to a study published in the Oct. 15 issue of Cancer.

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Guidelines Developed for Managing Conflicts of Interest

TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The Guidelines International Network has developed principles for disclosure and management of conflicts of interest (COIs) during the clinical practice guideline development process, according to a report published in the Oct. 6 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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β-Blockers May Up Risk of Surgical Complications for Some

MONDAY, Oct. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Patients taking β-blockers may face heightened risks of cardiovascular complications during non-cardiac surgeries, according to a large study published online Oct. 5 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Modified SOAP Ups Student Awareness of Health Care Costs

MONDAY, Oct. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Modification of the traditional Subjective-Objective-Assessment-Plan (SOAP) presentation to consider value (SOAP-V) can help medical students learn to practice high-value, cost-conscious care, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Providers Must Understand Legal Limits of Telemedicine

FRIDAY, Oct. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In order to minimize risk when practicing telemedicine, providers should ensure they hold the proper medical licenses, have medical liability insurance coverage, and communicate with patients regarding the potential risks of telemedicine, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Strategies Provided for Improving EHR Efficiency

THURSDAY, Oct. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Several strategies can be implemented in order to better use electronic health records (EHRs) for patient care and efficiency, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Inverse Link Confirmed for Exercise, Erectile Dysfunction

THURSDAY, Oct. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Physical activity is inversely associated with erectile dysfunction (ED), according to a confirmatory study published in the September issue of The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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