October 2015 Briefing - Psychiatry

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for October 2015. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Synchronized Prescription Renewal Process Saves Time

FRIDAY, Oct. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A synchronized prescription renewal process can save physicians time and money, which can be dedicated to patient care, according to a report from the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Increasing Numbers of Med School Applicants, Enrollees

FRIDAY, Oct. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a 25 percent increase in the number of medical school enrollees since 2002, with the number reaching an all-time high of 20,630 this year, according to a report published online Oct. 22 by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC).

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Anorexia Nervosa Linked to Some Markers of Oxidative Stress

FRIDAY, Oct. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Some markers of oxidative stress are increased in anorexia nervosa (AN), according to a review published in the November issue of the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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AAFP Encourages Family Doctors to Consider Prescribing Naloxone

FRIDAY, Oct. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A resource has been produced to encourage family physicians to consider prescribing naloxone to patients, their family members, or close friends when there is a risk of opioid overdose, according to a report published by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP).

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Face-Lifts Do Not Lead to Improvement in Self-Esteem

FRIDAY, Oct. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Face-lifts seem to do little to boost self-esteem, according to a small study published online Oct. 29 in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

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More Prescription Opioid Addicts Are Turning to Heroin

THURSDAY, Oct. 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Concurrent use of heroin and prescription opioids is increasing, according to a research letter published in the Oct. 29 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Nearly 15 Percent of Plans Lack In-Network Specialists

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of federal marketplace plans lack at least one in-network specialist, according to a research letter published in the Oct. 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Physician Emphasizes Importance of Saying Thank You

TUESDAY, Oct. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The importance of thanking patients for coming to see you, the physician, is described in an essay published online in Medical Economics.

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ADHD Meds Up Cardiac Event Risk in Long-QT Syndrome

TUESDAY, Oct. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with long-QT syndrome (LQTS) treated with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications have an increased risk for cardiac events, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology.

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Autism May Be Overdiagnosed in the United States

MONDAY, Oct. 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- As many as 9 percent of American children diagnosed with autism may not have the disorder, according to a federal government study published online Oct. 20 in Autism.

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AMA: Eight Reasons for Nonadherence to Medications

FRIDAY, Oct. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Eight reasons associated with patient's intentional nonadherence to medications have been identified in a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Yoga Intervention Ups Sleep Quality for Staff Nurses

FRIDAY, Oct. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For staff nurses, a regular yoga intervention can improve sleep quality and reduce work stress, according to a study published online Oct. 19 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Resistance Training May Cut White Matter Lesion Progression

FRIDAY, Oct. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For older community-dwelling women, engaging in progressive resistance training (RT) seems to reduce white matter lesion (WML) progression, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Larger Brain Volume Associated With Mediterranean Diet

THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- People over 65 who eat more fish, vegetables, fruit, grains, and olive oil may have a larger brain volume than those who do not follow a Mediterranean-like diet, according to research published online Oct. 21 in Neurology.

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'Dispositional' Mindfulness May Help Ward Off Obesity

THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Self-awareness may help reduce the risk of obesity, according to research published online Oct. 19 in the International Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

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Marijuana Use Doubles Among Americans in Past Decade

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- As laws and attitudes about marijuana have relaxed in the past decade, the number of Americans who say they smoke marijuana has more than doubled, and nearly three of 10 users had a marijuana use disorder in 2012 to 2013, according to a report published online Oct. 21 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Depressive Symptoms Common Among Youths With Diabetes

FRIDAY, Oct. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- There are more youths with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) reporting depressive symptoms than there are depression diagnoses in this population, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in Diabetes Care.

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Greater Breast CA-Specific Distress for Girls With Family Hx

MONDAY, Oct. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Girls from families with a history of breast cancer experience greater breast cancer-specific distress, according to a study published online Oct. 19 in Pediatrics.

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CDC: Teen Smoking Down, Marijuana Use Up

FRIDAY, Oct. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Although new statistics show that smoking among American teenagers has dropped 64 percent in recent years, the same report also shows that marijuana use has doubled. The report was published Oct. 16 in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).

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Stroke Risk Higher for People With High-Strain Jobs

THURSDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to high-strain jobs is associated with an increased risk of stroke, especially in women, according to a meta-analysis published online Oct. 14 in Neurology.

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Comprehensive Prevention Program Cuts Suicide Attempts

THURSDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The comprehensive Garrett Lee Smith Memorial Suicide Prevention Program (GLS program) is associated with a reduction in suicide attempts among youths, according to a study published online Oct. 14 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Computerized Tool Aids Cognitive Deficits in Cancer Survivors

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Computerized cognitive training improves cognitive deficits associated with pediatric cancer treatment, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Prescription Opioid Use Disorders Up From 2003 to 2013

TUESDAY, Oct. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Trends in opioid use and treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD) are described in two studies published online Oct. 13 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Lithium Safe, Effective for Bipolar I Disorder in Children

TUESDAY, Oct. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Lithium safely and effectively reduces manic symptoms in pediatric patients treated for bipolar I disorder (BP-I), according to a study published online Oct. 12 in Pediatrics.

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One-Third of Children See PCPs for Mental Health Conditions

MONDAY, Oct. 12, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care providers (PCPs) are the sole physician managers for more than one-third of children receiving mental health care, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in Pediatrics.

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Americans Spend More on Health Care, but Fare Worse

MONDAY, Oct. 12, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- When compared to 12 other industrialized nations, Americans spend more on health care services, but they fare worst in terms of life expectancy, according to recent findings from The Commonwealth Fund.

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State Anti-Bullying Laws Can Reduce Bullying, Cyberbullying

FRIDAY, Oct. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- States that get tough on bullies by enacting anti-bullying laws appear to reduce bullying and cyberbullying among high school students, a new study suggests. The report was published online Oct. 5 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Bariatric Surgery Can Lead to Increased Suicide Risk

THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Some patients who have bariatric surgery may be more likely to attempt suicide following the procedure, according to a study published online Oct. 7 in JAMA Surgery.

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FDA OKs Long-Acting Atypical Antipsychotic for Schizophrenia

TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Aristada (aripiprazole lauroxil) extended-release injection has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat schizophrenia, the agency said Tuesday in a news release.

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Guidelines Developed for Managing Conflicts of Interest

TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The Guidelines International Network has developed principles for disclosure and management of conflicts of interest (COIs) during the clinical practice guideline development process, according to a report published in the Oct. 6 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Modified SOAP Ups Student Awareness of Health Care Costs

MONDAY, Oct. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Modification of the traditional Subjective-Objective-Assessment-Plan (SOAP) presentation to consider value (SOAP-V) can help medical students learn to practice high-value, cost-conscious care, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Providers Must Understand Legal Limits of Telemedicine

FRIDAY, Oct. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In order to minimize risk when practicing telemedicine, providers should ensure they hold the proper medical licenses, have medical liability insurance coverage, and communicate with patients regarding the potential risks of telemedicine, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Serotonin Levels Low in Ankylosing Spondylitis

FRIDAY, Oct. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have lower serotonin levels than healthy controls and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a study published online Sept. 30 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Review Suggests Habit Reversal Beneficial in Atopic Dermatitis

FRIDAY, Oct. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Habit reversal (HR) seems to be beneficial for reducing scratching among patients with atopic dermatitis (AD), according to a review published online Sept. 19 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Psychological Tx for Depression Not As Effective As Believed

FRIDAY, Oct. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The benefits of psychological therapy for depression are overstated, according to research published online Sept. 30 in PLOS ONE.

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CPAP Eases Symptoms of Depression in OSA Patients

FRIDAY, Oct. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are at increased risk for depression, but continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy may ease their depression symptoms, a new study suggests. The findings appear in the September issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine.

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Strategies Provided for Improving EHR Efficiency

THURSDAY, Oct. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Several strategies can be implemented in order to better use electronic health records (EHRs) for patient care and efficiency, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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More Evidence Psoriasis and Depression Are Linked

THURSDAY, Oct. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Regardless of severity, patients with psoriasis face an elevated risk for depression, new research suggests. The findings were published online Sept. 30 in JAMA Dermatology.

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'Depression Switch' Identified During Deep Brain Stimulation

THURSDAY, Oct. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A "depression switch" has been mapped during intraoperative deep brain stimulation of the subcallosal cingulate, according to research published online Sept. 26 in JAMA Neurology.

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