November 2017 Briefing - Geriatrics

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for November 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Severe Hypoglycemia a Potent Marker of Cardiovascular Risk

THURSDAY, Nov. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with diabetes, severe hypoglycemia is associated with high absolute risk of cardiovascular events and mortality, according to a study published online Nov. 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Most Older Adults Willing to Play Game to Monitor Vision

THURSDAY, Nov. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many older patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) use personal electronic devices, and most are willing to play a game to monitor vision, according to a study published online Nov. 13 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.

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Magnesium Boosts Environmental Enrichment in Alzheimer's

THURSDAY, Nov. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The combination of environmental enrichment (EE) and magnesium-L-threonate (MgT) is more effective than either treatment alone for improving cognition and spatial memory in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (AD), according to a study published online Nov. 10 in CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics.

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Leaving the House Tied to Lower Mortality Risk in Seniors

THURSDAY, Nov. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Elderly individuals who frequently leave the house have a lower risk of mortality, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Mortality Up for Some Cancers in Urban-Dwelling Native Americans

THURSDAY, Nov. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Urban American Indians and Alaskan Natives (AIAN) with cancer have a significantly higher comorbidity burden, and have higher mortality for some cancers, according to a study published online Nov. 29 in Cancer Research.

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Many Seniors Have Not Discussed Avoiding Drug Interactions

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults report feeling confident that they know how to avoid drug interactions despite only 35 percent having spoken to someone about it in the past year, according to findings from the National Poll on Healthy Aging, published online Nov. 29.

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Doctors Increasingly Becoming 'Nursing Home Specialists'

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- From 2012 to 2015 there was a relative increase in the number of nursing home specialists, including an increasing number of generalist physicians billing for nursing home care, according to a research letter published in the Nov. 28 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Wait Time Linked to Worse Outcomes in Hip Fracture Surgery

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Increased wait time is associated with an increased risk of complications and 30-day mortality among adults undergoing hip fracture surgery, according to a study published in the Nov. 28 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Over 5 Percent of Incident Cancer Due to Diabetes, High BMI

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More than 5 percent of all incident cancers in 2012 were attributable to diabetes and high body mass index (BMI), according to a study published online Nov. 28 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

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AAFP Issues Summary of 2018 Final Medicare Fee Schedule

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A four-page executive summary of the 2018 final Medicare physician fee schedule that was released by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has been published by the American Academy of Family Physicians.

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Patients Often Uncomfortable With Overlapping Surgeries

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- On average, patients are neutral toward or uncomfortable with concurrent or overlapping surgical procedures, according to a study published in the Nov. 15 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Education Program Builds GP's Knowledge of Radiation Therapy

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Australia's national education program improves general practitioner (GP) knowledge about radiation therapy (RT) and may influence patient referrals for RT, according to a study published online Oct. 28 in the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.

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Prevalence of Arthritis Underestimated in United States

TUESDAY, Nov. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of arthritis in the United States seems to have been underestimated, with 91.2 million adults affected in 2015, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Value-Based Payment Modifier Not Tied to Practice Performance

TUESDAY, Nov. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The Value-Based Payment Modifier (VM) is not associated with performance differences between practices serving higher-risk and lower-risk patients, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Clinician Denial of Patient Requests Impacts Satisfaction

TUESDAY, Nov. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Clinician denial of some types of tests requested by patients is associated with worse patient satisfaction with the clinician, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Less Frequent Biopsy May Be Option in Prostate Cancer Care

TUESDAY, Nov. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Biennial biopsies are an acceptable alternative to annual biopsies for men managing low-risk prostate cancer through active surveillance (AS), according to a research published online Nov. 27 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Ablation Cuts Risk of Recurrent Stroke in Patients With A-Fib

TUESDAY, Nov. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and prior cerebrovascular accident (CVA), ablation is associated with reduced risk of recurrent stroke, according to a study published online Nov. 13 in the Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology.

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Abdominal Obesity Linked to All-Cause Mortality in HFpEF

MONDAY, Nov. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), abdominal obesity is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality, according to a study published in the Dec. 5 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale IDs Adverse Outcomes

MONDAY, Nov. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults, the Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale (ACB) shows good dose-response relationships between anticholinergic burden and adverse outcomes, according to a study published in the November/December issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Essay Adds to Discourse on Impact of Suggestive Jokes

MONDAY, Nov. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Seemingly benign, recurring patterns of joking around a single theme (joke cycles) can contribute to humorizing and legitimizing sexual misconduct, according to an essay published online Nov. 12 in Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies.

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New Workflows Have Potential to Address Provider Burnout

MONDAY, Nov. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- New solutions are needed to address burnout among health care team members, yet, in a catch-22 situation for health industry leaders, change fatigue contributes to burnout, according to a Vocera Communications report entitled In Pursuit of Resilience, Well-Being, and Joy in Healthcare.

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Coffee Consumption Appears to Provide More Benefit Than Harm

MONDAY, Nov. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Coffee consumption seems safe and is associated with reduced risk for various health outcomes, according to a review published online Nov. 22 in The BMJ.

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History of Prior Cancer Common in Newly Diagnosed Patients

MONDAY, Nov. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A substantial number of patients diagnosed with incident cancer in the United States have a prior history of cancer, according to a brief report published online Nov. 22 in JAMA Oncology.

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Gaps Seen Between Hearing Loss, Receipt of Medical Evaluation, Tx

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients with self-reported hearing loss do not receive medical evaluation and recommended treatments, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

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NTproBNP Levels Are Significantly Lower in Blacks

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Plasma N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) levels are significantly lower for black than white individuals, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Data May Weigh on Pros/Cons of Expanded Care Optometry

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More than three-quarters of residents living in states where optometrists have been granted expanded scope of practice live within an estimated travel time (ETT) of 30 minutes to the nearest ophthalmologist office, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Female Physicians' Spouses More Likely to Work

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Spouses of female physicians are on average more educated and work more hours outside the home than spouses of male physicians, according to a research letter published online Nov. 21 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Baby Boomers Have Increased Risk of Rx Opioid Overdose Death

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals born between 1947 and 1964 have a significantly increased risk of prescription opioid overdose death and heroin overdose death, and those born from 1979 to 1992 also have an increased risk of heroin overdose death, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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High Costs Associated With Physician Burnout, Attrition

TUESDAY, Nov. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians who are experiencing burnout are more than twice as likely to leave their organization within two years, and this is associated with significant economic costs, according to a report from the American Medical Association.

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NOACs Show Lower Risk of Adverse Renal Outcomes in A-Fib

TUESDAY, Nov. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are associated with lower risks of adverse renal outcomes than warfarin, according to a study published in the Nov. 28 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Few U.S. Adults Meet Fruit, Veg Intake Recommendations

TUESDAY, Nov. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Across all 50 states and the District of Columbia (D.C.), few adults consume the recommended amount of fruits and vegetables, according to research published in the Nov. 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Stool-Based Protein Combos Can Improve CRC Screening

TUESDAY, Nov. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Combinations of four proteins from stool samples can detect colorectal cancer (CRC) and advanced adenomas with higher sensitivity than hemoglobin alone, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Increased Repolarization Dispersion Seen in SCD Survivors

TUESDAY, Nov. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of sudden cardiac death (SCD) with structurally normal hearts have increased dispersion of repolarization after exertion, and this is detectable on non-invasive electrocardiographic imaging (ECGi), according to a study published online Nov. 1 in the Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology.

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Higher β-Blocker Dose Linked to Lower Mortality Risk

TUESDAY, Nov. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An increased β-blocker dose is associated with a greater prognostic advantage in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and diabetes than in those with CHF but no diabetes, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in Diabetes Care.

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High Salt Intake Impacts Gut Microbiome

MONDAY, Nov. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- High salt intake affects the gut microbiome; however, certain intestinal bacteria may help prevent high-salt diets contributing to hypertension, according to research published online Nov. 15 in Nature.

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Attributes of High-Value Primary Care Identified

MONDAY, Nov. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Six statistically significant attributes of high-value primary care have been identified, and they include decision support for evidence-based medicine, risk-stratified care management, and coordination of care, according to a study published in the November/December issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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SMS Reminders Moderately Effective for Flu Vaccination

MONDAY, Nov. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Short message service (SMS) reminders are a moderately effective way to increase the rate of influenza vaccination among high-risk patients, according to a study published in the November/December issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Spinal Cord Stimulation May Reduce Neuropathic Pain

MONDAY, Nov. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) effectively reduces chronic pain symptoms in individuals with painful diabetic polyneuropathy (PDPN), according to a study published online Nov. 6 in Diabetes Care.

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Intensive BP Control Lacks Benefit in Chronic Kidney Disease

FRIDAY, Nov. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive blood pressure (BP) control may provide no benefit and may even be harmful for patients with moderate-to-advanced chronic kidney disease, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Simple Checklist Can Identify Useful Clinical Practice Guidelines

FRIDAY, Nov. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A simple, easy-to-use checklist, the Guideline Trustworthiness, Relevance, and Utility Scoring Tool (G-TRUST), can identify useful clinical practice guidelines, according to a study published in the September/October issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Many Health Care Providers Work While Sick

FRIDAY, Nov. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More than 40 percent of health care personnel (HCP) with influenza-like illness (ILI) work while ill, according to a study published in the November issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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Docs' Preparedness Influences Exercise Recommendations

FRIDAY, Nov. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care providers who feel prepared are more likely to recommend physical activity to patients with disabilities, according to a study published online Nov. 16 in Preventing Chronic Disease.

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AMD Risk Has Dropped By Birth Cohort Throughout 20th Century

FRIDAY, Nov. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There was a decrease in the five-year risk for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) by birth cohorts throughout the 20th century, according to a study published online Nov. 16 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Risk of Falls Up With Mild, Moderate Diabetic Retinopathy

FRIDAY, Nov. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among Asians, individuals with mild and moderate diabetic retinopathy (DR) are more likely to have fallen, and greater perceived barriers to diabetes self-management (DSM) are associated with the severity of DR, according to two studies published online Nov. 16 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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First-Line Metformin Use for DM Up; Sulfonylurea Use Down

FRIDAY, Nov. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with type 2 diabetes initiating antidiabetes drugs (ADDs), first-line use of metformin has increased since 2005, while sulfonylureas have remained the most popular second-line agent, according to a study published online Nov. 6 in Diabetes Care.

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Simpler Tool Promising for Atherosclerosis Prediction

THURSDAY, Nov. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The ideal cardiovascular health score (ICHS) and the Fuster-BEWAT (blood pressure, exercise, weight, alimentation, and tobacco) score (FBS) are similar in their ability to predict subclinical atherosclerosis, according to a study published online Nov. 13 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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FDA Approves Drug With Digital Ingestion Tracking System

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The first drug in the United States with a digital ingestion tracking system has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Health Care Experts in Favor of Patient Contribution to Notes

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Health care experts are supportive of OurNotes, an intervention in which patients and families co-produce medical notes with clinicians, according to a research letter published online Nov. 13 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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PCP Care in Hospital Linked to Resource Use, Outcome

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients cared for in the hospital by their own primary care physician (PCP) have longer length of stay and are more likely to be discharged home than those cared for by hospitalists or other generalists, according to a study published online Nov. 13 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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XR Naltrexone, Sublingual BUP-NX Deemed Equally Effective

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Although initiation of extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) may be more difficult, XR-NTX and sublingual buprenorphine-naloxone (BUP-NX) are equally safe and effective once initiated for opioid relapse prevention, according to a study published online Nov. 14 in The Lancet.

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AHA: Noninvasive Testing Ups LOS in Patients With Chest Pain

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Noninvasive cardiac testing leads to longer length of stay (LOS) for patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain, according to a study published online Nov. 14 in JAMA Internal Medicine to coincide with the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions, being held Nov. 11 to 15 in Anaheim, California.

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Findings Support Endovascular Repair of Aortic Aneurysm

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with suspected ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, endovascular repair is associated with a survival advantage at three years compared with open repair, according to a study published online Nov. 14 in the BMJ.

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Perioperative Aspirin May Benefit Patients With Prior PCI

TUESDAY, Nov. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with prior percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), perioperative aspirin seems to be beneficial, according to a study published online Nov. 13 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Eating More Nuts Associated With Lower Heart Disease Risk

TUESDAY, Nov. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nut consumption is tied to a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease (CHD), according to a study published online Nov. 13 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Outcomes for Atrial Fibrillation Similar With Dabigatran, Warfarin

TUESDAY, Nov. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In clinical practice, patients starting dabigatran therapy do not have significantly different rates of ischemic stroke or extracranial hemorrhage than those starting warfarin therapy, though they have lower rates of intracranial bleeding, according to a study published online Nov. 13 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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More Laboratory Tests Performed at Major Teaching Hospitals

TUESDAY, Nov. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For inpatients with a primary diagnosis of bacterial pneumonia or cellulitis, significantly more laboratory tests are performed per day at major teaching hospitals versus nonteaching hospitals, according to a study published online Nov. 13 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Oral Chemotherapy Parity Laws Offer Some Financial Protection

MONDAY, Nov. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The adoption of state oral chemotherapy parity laws has improved financial protection for many patients, according to a study published online Nov. 9 in JAMA Oncology.

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Cardiac Index Linked to Cerebral Blood Flow Regardless of CVD

MONDAY, Nov. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among older adults, lower cardiac index is associated with lower resting cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the temporal lobes regardless of cardiovascular disease (CVD) but is not associated with cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR), according to a study published online Nov. 8 in Neurology.

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Short PCP Consultation Length Seen Worldwide

THURSDAY, Nov. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable global variation in the average primary care physician consultation length, from 48 seconds to 22.5 minutes, according to a review published online Nov. 8 in BMJ Open.

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Online CBT Program Beneficial for Depression, Anxiety

THURSDAY, Nov. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with depression and anxiety, online computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (CCBT) provided via a collaborative care program is beneficial, but combining an internet support group (ISG) with CCBT offers no additional benefit, according to a study published online Nov. 8 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Benefits for New Immunoassays for Measuring Aβ42 in CSF

THURSDAY, Nov. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Concentrations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) β42-amyloid 42 (Aβ42) derived from new immunoassays may show improved agreement with visual flutemetamol F18 ([18F]flutemetamol)-labeled positron emission tomography (PET) assessment, according to a study published online Nov. 6 in JAMA Neurology.

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Doctors Have Extra Two Weeks to Preview Performance Data

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians have two extra weeks to preview their 2016 performance information as a result of a mistake related to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' Physician Compare online resource, according to a report published by the American Academy of Family Physicians.

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ASCO Issues Statement Regarding Alcohol and Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol use is associated with certain types of cancer, and the risk of cancer can be reduced by strategies to prevent excessive use of alcohol, according to a statement published online Nov. 7 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Sodium Oxybate Promising for Parkinson's, Daytime Sleepiness

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), sodium oxybate seems effective and well-tolerated, according to a study published online Nov. 6 in JAMA Neurology.

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In ER, Combination of Ibuprofen, Acetaminophen Relieves Pain

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients presenting to the emergency department with acute extremity pain, the combination of ibuprofen and acetaminophen does not differ in terms of pain reduction from three different opioid and acetaminophen combination analgesics, according to a study published online Nov. 7 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Drop in Incidence of End-Stage Renal Disease Due to Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) with diabetes listed as the primary cause (ESRD-D) decreased across the United States from 2000 to 2014, according to a study published online Nov. 2 in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Evidence Scant for Treatment of Cough With the Common Cold

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There has been little change in the treatment recommendations for cough due to the common cold since publication of guidelines in 2006, according to a review published online Nov. 7 in Chest.

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Increases in U.S. Health Spending Tied to Health Service Price

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Factors including increases in health care service price and intensity are associated with increases in U.S. health care spending from 1996 to 2013, according to a study published online Nov. 7 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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USPSTF Posts Osteoporosis Screening Recommendations

TUESDAY, Nov. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) draft recommendation statement and draft evidence review on Screening for Osteoporosis to Prevent Osteoporotic Fractures have been posted for public comment through Dec. 4, 2017.

Draft Recommendation Statement
Draft Evidence Review

Warfarin Use Linked to Reduced Incidence of Cancer

TUESDAY, Nov. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For adults older than 50 years, warfarin use is associated with reduced incidence of cancer, according to a study published online Nov. 6 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Exercise, Intervention Combos Associated With Lower Fall Risk

TUESDAY, Nov. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults, exercise alone and combinations of interventions are associated with reduced risk of injurious falls, according to a review published online Nov. 6 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Cannabidiol Concentration Varies Widely in Online Products

TUESDAY, Nov. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among cannabidiol (CBD) products sold online, there is a wide range of CBD concentrations, and many products are under- or overlabeled, according to a research letter published online Nov. 7 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Intensity of Exercise Affects Impact on Mortality Risk

TUESDAY, Nov. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Total physical activity (PA) and moderate- to vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA) are inversely associated with mortality, though light-intensity PA and sedentary behavior are not associated with mortality, according to a research letter published online Nov. 6 in Circulation.

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Legal Aspects to Consider in Voluntary Refusal to Eat, Drink

TUESDAY, Nov. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Voluntarily stopping eating and drinking (VSED) is a course that patients may choose to hasten their death, although there are clinical, ethical, and legal aspects to consider, according to a special communication published online Nov. 6 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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PCI Does Not Improve Exercise Time in Angina Patients

MONDAY, Nov. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) does not increase exercise time more than a placebo procedure in patients with medically treated angina and severe coronary stenosis, according to a study published online Nov. 2 in The Lancet.

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Fiber Tied to Lower Mortality in Those With Colorectal Cancer

MONDAY, Nov. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Higher fiber intake after a diagnosis of nonmetastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) is associated with lower CRC-specific and overall mortality, according to a study published online Nov. 2 in JAMA Oncology.

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18-Item Measure Reliable for Symptom Burden in Glaucoma

MONDAY, Nov. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A shortened glaucoma symptom measure based on the Collaborative Initial Glaucoma Treatment Study (CIGTS) Symptom and Health Problem Checklist (SHPC) is reliable for evaluating glaucoma symptoms, according to a study published online Nov. 2 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Cases of Low Vision, Blindness Estimated to Double in 30 Years

FRIDAY, Nov. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Prevalence and incidence rates of low vision and blindness demonstrate a growing need for low vision rehabilitation services in the United States, according to a study published online Nov. 2 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Pricing Interventions Increase Sales, Intake of Healthy Foods

FRIDAY, Nov. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Pricing interventions seem to improve access to healthy food and beverage options with increases in stocking and sales of these items, according to a review published online Nov. 2 in Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Driving Impairment Warnings Often Not Given With Rx Meds

THURSDAY, Nov. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Not all prescription drug users report receiving warnings about driving impairment, according to a study published online Nov. 1 in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

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Race a Factor in Intracranial Atherosclerotic Disease

THURSDAY, Nov. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Black men have increased prevalence and frequency of multiple intracranial atherosclerotic plaques, according to a study published online Nov. 1 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Midlife Systemic Inflammation Tied to Late-Life Brain Volume

THURSDAY, Nov. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Systemic inflammation in midlife is associated with future neurodegeneration and cognitive aging, according to a study published online Nov. 1 in Neurology.

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CMS Launches Initiative to Examine Impact of Regulations

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has launched an initiative to examine which provider regulations should be discarded or revamped amid concerns that the regulations are reducing the amount of time that physicians spend with patients, according to an article published in Modern Healthcare.

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Enjoyment of Spicy Food May Lower Salt Preference, Intake

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Enjoyment of spicy food seems to reduce individual salt preference, salt intake, and blood pressure, according to research published online Oct. 31 in Hypertension.

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Dry Mouth Common Medication Reaction in Older Adults

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In older adults, medication use is significantly associated with xerostomia and salivary gland dysfunction, according to a review published online Oct. 26 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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