November 2016 Briefing - Ophthalmology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for November 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Infant Diagnosed With First Case of Zika-Related Glaucoma

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The first case of an infant who developed glaucoma after being exposed to the Zika virus while in the womb has been reported by an international team of researchers. The case was reported online Nov. 30 in Ophthalmology.

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Incidence of Sebaceous Carcinoma Up From 2000 to 2012

TUESDAY, Nov. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2012 there was an increase in the incidence of sebaceous carcinoma (SC), according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Link Found Between Surgery and Development of Guillain-Barré

MONDAY, Nov. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who've recently undergone surgery -- especially those with cancer or autoimmune diseases -- experience slightly higher risks of developing Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) soon afterward, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in Neurology: Clinical Practice.

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Rising Rx, ER Prices Pushing U.S. Health Care Spending Up

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Privately insured Americans spent nearly 5 percent more on health care last year than in 2014; this increase was significantly more than that seen in previous years and reflects higher costs for prescription drugs, emergency department visits, and hospitalizations, according to a report published Nov. 22 by the Health Care Cost Institute.

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Computer Order Entry System Ups Antimicrobial Policy Compliance

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of a computerized physician order entry (CPOE) system can improve compliance with antimicrobial restriction policies, according to a study published online Nov. 16 in the Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research.

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AHR Ligands May Be Therapeutic in Thyroid Eye Disease

MONDAY, Nov. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and AHR ligands prevent formation of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β-dependent myofibroblast formation in thyroid eye disease (TED), according to research published online Nov. 11 in The American Journal of Pathology.

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Using iPads to Treat Amblyopia Produces Mixed Results

FRIDAY, Nov. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Does playing video games on an iPad work better than standard eye patching for improving vision in children with amblyopia? Two new studies published online in JAMA Ophthalmology reach seemingly contradictory answers.

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Protamine Has Dose-Dependent Antimicrobial Effect

FRIDAY, Nov. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Protamine has a dose-dependent antimicrobial effect, according to a study published in the November issue of Optometry and Vision Science.

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Zika Virus Can Cause Retinal Damage in Infants

FRIDAY, Nov. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For infants with congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), Zika virus (ZIKV) can cause retinal damage, which can be seen on optical coherence tomography (OCT), according to a study published online Nov. 10 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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HR Capabilities Positively Linked to Quality of Patient Care

FRIDAY, Nov. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Human resource (HR) capabilities are positively associated with quality of patient care, with the relationship mediated by proactive work, according to a study published recently in Human Resource Management.

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Guideline Adapted for Surgical Antimicrobial Prophylaxis

TUESDAY, Nov. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An adapted clinical practice guideline (CPG), published online Nov. 3 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, has been developed for surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP), using two validated tools.

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Five Strategies Can Reduce Risk of Medical Lawsuits

MONDAY, Nov. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Five strategies can be employed by physicians in order to help reduce the risk of lawsuits, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Ocular Syphilis Cases May Be Increasing in United States

MONDAY, Nov. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Ocular syphilis has been identified in jurisdictions in the United States, with reports of increases in five jurisdictions in 2014 and 2015, according to a review published the Nov. 4 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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~30K Sports-Related Eye Injuries Yearly in U.S. Emergency Rooms

THURSDAY, Nov. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Paintball guns pose the greatest risk of vision loss among the sports most commonly associated with eye injuries, according to a study published online Nov. 3 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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