November 2016 Briefing - Nephrology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for November 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Renal Outcomes Up With BP <120/70 in T1DM

TUESDAY, Nov. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 1 diabetes, blood pressure (BP) of <120/70 mm Hg is associated with a substantially reduced risk of adverse renal outcomes, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in Diabetes Care.

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Acute Kidney Injury Is Risk Factor for Delirium, Coma

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For critically ill adults, acute kidney injury is a risk factor for delirium and coma, according to a study published online Nov. 17 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Rising Rx, ER Prices Pushing U.S. Health Care Spending Up

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Privately insured Americans spent nearly 5 percent more on health care last year than in 2014; this increase was significantly more than that seen in previous years and reflects higher costs for prescription drugs, emergency department visits, and hospitalizations, according to a report published Nov. 22 by the Health Care Cost Institute.

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Sodium Bicarbonate Prophylaxis Linked to Lower Mortality

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing coronary angiography, sodium bicarbonate prophylaxis for contrast-associated nephropathy (CAN) is associated with reduced long-term mortality, according to research published in the Nov. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Ledipasvir-Sofosbuvir Safe for Kidney Recipients With HCV

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For kidney transplant recipients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 or 4 infection, treatment with ledipasvir-sofosbuvir for 12 or 24 weeks is safe and efficacious, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Constipation May Be Associated With Poor Kidney Health

FRIDAY, Nov. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Some kidney disease might be prevented or treated by managing constipation, according to a study published online Nov. 10 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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HR Capabilities Positively Linked to Quality of Patient Care

FRIDAY, Nov. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Human resource (HR) capabilities are positively associated with quality of patient care, with the relationship mediated by proactive work, according to a study published recently in Human Resource Management.

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Cumulative Incidence of ESRD Low in Patients With Type 1 DM

TUESDAY, Nov. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with type 1 diabetes diagnosed at age 15 to 27 years have low cumulative incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and increased mortality during long-term follow-up, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in Diabetes Care.

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Five Strategies Can Reduce Risk of Medical Lawsuits

MONDAY, Nov. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Five strategies can be employed by physicians in order to help reduce the risk of lawsuits, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Nonadherence in Nearly One-Third of Patients With HTN

MONDAY, Nov. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More than 30 percent of patients with hypertension are not adherent to antihypertensive drug therapy, according to a study published online Nov. 3 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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Smoking Ups Cancer Risk by Causing Distinct Cell Mutations

FRIDAY, Nov. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Tobacco smoking causes mutations that lead to cancer by multiple distinct mechanisms, according to a study published in the Nov. 4 issue of Science.

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Half of Americans Have at Least One Chronic Health Condition

THURSDAY, Nov. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More than half of Americans have at least one chronic disease, mental illness, or problem with drugs or alcohol, according to a study published online recently in Psychology, Health & Medicine.

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Bilateral Renal Denervation Normalizes Insulin Sensitivity

THURSDAY, Nov. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In obese canines, bilateral renal denervation (RDN) normalizes hepatic insulin sensitivity (SI) by reducing hepatic gluconeogenic genes, according to a study published recently in Diabetes.

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