May 2017 Briefing - Nursing

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for May 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

~4 Percent of U.S. Population Has Food Allergy, Intolerance

WEDNESDAY, May 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately 4 percent of Americans have a food allergy, with women and Asians the most affected, according to a report published online May 31 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Self-Pay for Obesity Treatment Doesn't Improve Weight Loss

WEDNESDAY, May 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals in a weight management program, paying out-of-pocket is not associated with a significant difference in weight loss compared to that seen for employees with insurance coverage, according to a report published online May 24 in Obesity.

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Modified Vancomycin May Help Fight Bacterial Resistance

WEDNESDAY, May 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Vancomycin can be modified to make it much more potent against resistant bacterial infections, according to a study published online May 30 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Gender Minority Adults More Likely to Report Poor Health

WEDNESDAY, May 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Gender minority adults have a higher rate of health issues than their cisgender peers, according to a research letter published online May 30 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Diabetic Foot Ulcers, Infections Significantly Up Burden of Care

WEDNESDAY, May 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) and diabetic foot infections (DFIs) are associated with increased risks of admission and outpatient visits, according to a study published online May 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Mindfulness-Based Childbirth Prep Course Found Beneficial

WEDNESDAY, May 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Participation in a mindfulness-based childbirth preparation course, the Mind in Labor (MIL), is associated with improvement in women's childbirth-related appraisals and psychological functioning, according to a study published online May 12 in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth.

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CDC: Prevalence of Arthritis 31.8% in Most Rural Areas of U.S.

WEDNESDAY, May 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of arthritis is 31.8 percent in the most rural areas and 20.5 percent in the most urban areas of the United States, according to research published in the May 26 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Evacetrapib Appears Futile in High-Risk Vascular Disease

WEDNESDAY, May 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with high-risk vascular disease, evacetrapib does not affect the primary efficacy end point of first occurrence of any component of a composite of death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, stroke, coronary revascularization, or hospitalization for unstable angina, according to a study published in the May 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Considerable Humanistic Impact for Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria

WEDNESDAY, May 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) interferes with sleep and daily activity, impairing work productivity, and patients frequently report angioedema, according to a study published online May 19 in Allergy.

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Evidence Lacking for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Screening

TUESDAY, May 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has concluded that there is currently insufficient evidence to assess the benefits and harms of screening for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in children and adolescents ages 10 to 18 who don't have any signs or symptoms. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online May 30 by the USPSTF.

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Few Emergency Clinicians Know Costs of ER Tests, Treatment

TUESDAY, May 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most emergency medicine health care professionals lack accurate knowledge of the costs of tests and treatments that are ordered in the emergency department, according to a study published online May 30 in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

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CDC: Teenage Birth Rate at All-Time Low in the United States

TUESDAY, May 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Teen births continue to decline in the United States, with a 9 percent drop from 2013 to 2014, according to a report published online May 30 in Pediatrics.

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Cessation of Meth Abuse Linked to Reversal of Heart Damage

TUESDAY, May 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- With proper medical treatment, it may be possible to reverse heart damage in methamphetamine users who stop using the drug, according to a study published in the June 1 issue of JACC: Heart Failure.

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Breaking Up Sedentary Time With Upper Body Activity Beneficial

TUESDAY, May 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For obese adults, performing short bouts of arm ergometry during prolonged sitting is associated with reduced mean blood glucose and insulin incremental area under the curve (iAUC), according to a study published online May 23 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Sleeping Sickness Medication May Help Lessen ASD Symptoms

TUESDAY, May 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Suramin, a drug first used in the early 1900s to treat sleeping sickness, has shown promise in an early trial as a potential treatment for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to research published online May 26 in the Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology.

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Increased Gut Diversity Seen After Roux-en-Y

TUESDAY, May 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery triggers major changes in the microbial population of the digestive tract, according to a report published online May 26 in the ISME Journal.

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Reduced Cellular Aging Seen With Regular, Strenuous Exercise

TUESDAY, May 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- People who consistently engage in high levels of physical activity have longer telomeres than those who have sedentary lifestyles, as well as those who are moderately active, according to a study scheduled for publication in the July issue of Preventive Medicine.

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Quality of Life May Drop for Some During Oral Immunotherapy

TUESDAY, May 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with food allergy, quality of life (QOL) following oral immunotherapy (OIT) improves for some but deteriorates in others, according to a study published online May 22 in Allergy.

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Daily Texting Effectively Monitors Rx Adherence, Side Effects

TUESDAY, May 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with breast cancer receiving endocrine therapy, daily bidirectional text messaging can monitor adherence and adverse events (AEs), according to a study published online May 23 in JCO: Clinical Cancer Informatics.

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ACOG: Assess All Active Women for Female Athlete Triad

TUESDAY, May 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- All active females should be assessed for components of the female athlete triad, with further evaluation if one or more components are identified, according to a Committee Opinion published in the June issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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High-Risk Pools May Represent Step Back for U.S. Health Care

TUESDAY, May 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Proposed legislation as part of the American Health Care Act, which includes the option of high-risk pools, is not likely to reduce costs, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online May 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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New Health Care Act Could Result in 23 Million Losing Insurance

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The Republican-led bill to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA) that passed the House this month would result in 23 million Americans losing their health insurance coverage, according to a report issued by the Congressional Budget Office (CBO).

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CDC: Alzheimer's Mortality Up 55 Percent From 1999 to 2014

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- As more baby boomers age, deaths from Alzheimer's disease have risen 54.5 percent, and in many cases the heavy burden of caregiving has fallen on loved ones, according to research published in the May 26 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Cognitive Decline Linked to Visual Field Variability

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients diagnosed as having glaucoma or glaucoma suspects, cognitive decline is associated with increased visual field variability, according to a study published online May 18 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Reduction in Post-Op Delirium With mHELP Program

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For older patients undergoing abdominal surgery, participating in a modified Hospital Elder Life Program (mHELP) is associated with a reduced risk of postoperative delirium and with shorter length of stay, according to a study published online May 24 in JAMA Surgery.

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Targeting ANGPTL3 Can Significantly Lower Cholesterol

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Two separate research groups say they've successfully reduced cholesterol in humans by using different methods to block the angiopoietin-like 3 (ANGPTL3) gene. The findings were published online May 24 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Factors Raise Risk of Pregnancy-Related Stroke in Preeclampsia

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Several factors raise the risk of pregnancy-related stroke in women with preeclampsia, according to a study published online May 25 in Stroke.

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No Proof Special Diets, Supplements Work for Autism

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is no solid evidence that any diet changes or supplements to ease symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) work, according to research published online May 26 in Pediatrics.

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Some Benefit for Curcuminoids in Knee Osteoarthritis

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Curcuminoids seem beneficial for knee osteoarthritis (OA), although they are less effective for pain relief than ibuprofen, according to a review and meta-analysis published online May 4 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Riboflavin Shows Positive Effect for Migraine in Adults

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Riboflavin is well tolerated and has a positive therapeutic effect in prophylactic treatment of migraine headache in adults, according to a review published online May 8 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Technology Can Help Patients Facing Routine Decisions

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Information technology can be harnessed to assist patients facing routine decisions, according to a study published in the May/June issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Hospitals Vary Widely in Moving Stroke Patients to Comfort Care

THURSDAY, May 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. hospitals differ greatly in how often they move new stroke patients from treatment to comfort or hospice care, according to a study published online May 24 in Neurology: Clinical Practice.

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Peri-Op IV Acetaminophen May Reduce Post-Op Pain in Sinus Sx

THURSDAY, May 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Perioperative intravenous acetaminophen (IVAPAP) may be beneficial for reducing immediate postoperative pain after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), although the results are inconclusive, according to a study published online May 25 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Location of Body Fat Can Indicate Obesity-Related Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, May 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Both body mass index (BMI) and location of excess body fat on the body are good indicators of obesity-related cancer risk, according to a meta-analysis published online April 25 in the British Journal of Cancer.

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Two-Dose HPV Vaccine Effective Against Genital Warts

THURSDAY, May 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- New research supports the recent U.S. recommendation for two, rather than three, doses of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to protect against genital warts in preteens and teens. The report was published in the June issue of Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

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Knee Pain Relief Seen With Fiber, Chondroitin in Osteoarthritis

THURSDAY, May 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Fiber and/or the dietary supplement chondroitin may help reduce knee pain from arthritis, according to two studies published online May 23 in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

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Mapping IDs Geographic Access Barriers for Diabetic Retinopathy

THURSDAY, May 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Geographic information systems mapping can visualize geographic access barriers to eye care among patients with diabetes, while telescreening can increase the rate of diabetes retinopathy evaluation, according to two studies published online May 18 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Orthostatic Hypotension in T2DM Linked to Riser Type Circadian BP

THURSDAY, May 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, orthostatic hypotension (OH) is associated with riser patterns in the blood pressure (BP) circadian rhythm, as well as increased rates of mortality and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events, according to a study published online May 11 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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Calls, SMS Can Increase Adherence to FIT CRC Screening

THURSDAY, May 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Telephone calls and short message service (SMS) can improve the likelihood of fecal immunochemical test (FIT) pick-up and return, according to a research letter published online May 18 in JAMA Oncology.

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Path to Empathy Deemed As Vital As Being Empathetic

THURSDAY, May 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Different paths to perspective of another's experience are associated with varying effect on helpers' health during helping behavior, according to a study published online April 16 in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.

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Induction With Concurrent Oxytocin, Foley Speeds Delivery

THURSDAY, May 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of delivery within 24 hours is increased with induction with concurrent oxytocin infusion added to preinduction cervical ripening with a Foley catheter versus Foley followed by oxytocin, according to a study published in the June issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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Reducing Caloric Intake Appears to Slow Biological Aging

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Limiting calorie intake may slow aging, according to a study published online May 22 in the Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences.

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Doctors Urged to Check Patient Drug History Before Opioid Rx

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Prescription databases can help combat drug abuse when doctors are required by law to check them before writing opioid prescriptions, according to a study to be published in a future issue of the American Economic Journal: Economic Policy.

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Regular Chocolate Consumption May Lower Risk of A-Fib

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Regular chocolate consumption may lead to a lower risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), according to research published online May 23 in Heart.

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Mortality Rates Found Lower at Major Teaching Hospitals

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults treated at major teaching facilities are less likely to die in the weeks and months following their discharge than patients admitted to community hospitals, according to research published in the May 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Normal Meal Tolerance Test Is Practical, Reliable in T2DM

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A normal meal tolerance test (NMTT) -- a simplified version of the mixed meal tolerance test -- is valuable as an insulin secretion test in patients with type 2 diabetes, with exception of those in a hyperglycemic state, according to a study published online May 11 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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Double-Edged Health Care Experience for Endometriosis

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For women with endometriosis, the health care experience is double-edged, with both a destructive and constructive side, according to a study published online May 11 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Elements of a Patient-Centered Hospital Room Identified

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- As a result of a study published online March 15 in the Health Environments Research & Design Journal, a theoretical design framework has been generated for patient hospital rooms.

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Sleep Apnea Reporting Low Among Individuals Aged ≥65

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- From 1993 to 2011, physicians reported sleep apnea (SA) in 0.3 percent of all office visits among individuals aged 65 years and older, according to a study published online May 4 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Even Small Amounts of Alcohol Can Affect Breast Cancer Risk

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and limiting alcohol could all reduce breast cancer risk, according to findings released by the American Institute for Cancer Research and the World Cancer Research Fund.

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Patients With Polyneuropathy More Often Receive Opioids

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Polyneuropathy is associated with increased likelihood of receiving long-term opioids, although long-term opioids do not improve functional status markers, according to a study published online May 22 in JAMA Neurology.

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APA: Americans Believe Tx Not Punishment Best for Opioid Crisis

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More than a quarter of Americans -- and one in three millennials -- say they know someone addicted to opioids, according to a new survey released May 22 by the American Psychiatric Association.

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Statin Therapy Found to Be of Little Benefit in Older Adults

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The benefit of pravastatin for primary prevention in older adults with moderate hyperlipidemia and hypertension is questionable, according to a study published online May 22 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Filtered Cigarettes May Up Rates of Lung Adenocarcinoma

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Filtered cigarettes might be even more unhealthy than unfiltered ones, and a new review published online May 22 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute suggests that they have been raising rates of adenocarcinomas of the lung.

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Functional Interaction Seen for Dietary Carbohydrates With AMD

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There may be a functional interaction between dietary carbohydrates, the metabolome, and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) features (AMDf), according to an experimental study published online May 15 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Case of Gnathostomiasis Caused by Roe Ingestion Reported

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a case report published online May 4 in The Journal of Dermatology, gnathostomiasis caused by ingestion of raw roe from Oncorhynchus masou ishikawae is described.

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Poverty Affects Severity of Organ Damage Due to Lupus

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Poverty and race are tied to the health of lupus patients in the United States, according to two new studies.

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Trends in Teen Binge Drinking Still Raise Concerns

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Binge drinking rates are down among adolescents in the United States; however, the trend isn't benefiting all teenagers equally, according to a study published online May 22 in Pediatrics.

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Gender Confirmation Surgeries Up 20 Percent From 2015 to 2016

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) reports a nearly 20 percent increase in transgender-related surgeries in the first two years of collecting data on these procedures.

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AAP: No Fruit Juice for Infants in First Year of Life

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Fruit juice should be limited for toddlers and older children, and infants shouldn't have any at all before their first birthday, according to new guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online May 22 in Pediatrics.

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KIT Inhibition by Imatinib Helps Severe Refractory Asthma

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Imatinib (Gleevec) may effectively treat severe refractory asthma, according to research published in the May 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Patients Often Prescribed Futile Drugs in Last Months of Life

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with life-limiting illness often receive medications of questionable benefit given their remaining life span, according to a report published online May 15 in The American Journal of Medicine.

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Initial Specimen Diversion Device Cuts Culture Contamination

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing blood cultures in an emergency department setting, use of a device that diverts and sequesters the initial 1.5 to 2.0 mL of blood (initial specimen diversion device [ISDD]) is associated with a decrease in blood culture contamination, according to a study published online May 17 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Nine of Ten Practices Surveyed Have Dismissed Patients

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of medical practices have dismissed patients, according to a research letter published online May 15 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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No Link to Cognition in Diabetes Prevention Program Study

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For participants in the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) Outcomes Study (DPPOS), exposure to metformin or lifestyle intervention is not associated with cognition, according to research published online May 12 in Diabetes Care.

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Researchers Say PDE5 Inhibitors Don't Cause Melanoma

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors does not appear to increase the risk of melanoma, according to the conclusions of a meta-analysis published online May 19 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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One in Five Cancers in the United States Is Considered Rare

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Rare cancers account for one in five cancers diagnosed in the United States, presenting special challenges to doctors and patients, according to research published online May 19 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Eating More Fruits, Vegetables May Lower Risk of PAD

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables may help reduce the risk of peripheral artery disease (PAD), according to a study published online May 18 in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology.

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CDC: Crypto Outbreaks Linked to Pools Have Doubled Since 2014

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis have doubled in recent years at swimming pools and water playgrounds in the United States, according to research published in the May 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).

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Glucose Peaks Linked to Cognitive Decline, Dementia in Diabetes

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Glucose peaks are associated with cognitive decline and dementia among individuals with diabetes, according to a study published online May 12 in Diabetes Care.

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Anthropometric Measures of Body Fat ID Kidney Function Decline

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Anthropometric measures of body fat can predict kidney function (KF) decline in older adults, according to a study published online May 18 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Study Questions Utility of Universal Cervical Length Screens

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with a short cervix who deliver prematurely have a significantly longer interval from antenatal corticosteroid administration, and fewer receive antenatal corticosteroids within seven days of birth, according to a study published in the June issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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More U.S. Women Living With Metastatic Breast Cancer

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The number of U.S. women living with metastatic breast cancer has been rising since the 1990s, according to a study published online May 18 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Blacks, Hispanics Less Likely to See Neurologist As Outpatient

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Black and Hispanic patients are less likely than white patients to make an appointment to see a neurologist, according to a study published online May 17 in Neurology.

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Weight Loss, Aerobic+Resistance Exercise Best for Obese Seniors

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Engaging in aerobic and resistance exercise while losing weight enables elderly obese patients to maintain more muscle mass and bone density compared to those who do just one type of exercise or none at all, according to a study published in the May 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Global Burden of Cardiovascular Disease Assessed

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major global burden, despite declines in the mortality rate due to CVD in high-income and some middle-income countries, according to a study published online May 17 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Promising Start for National Diabetes Prevention Program

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The National Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) has achieved widespread implementation of the lifestyle change portion to help prevent type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online May 12 in Diabetes Care.

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Most Routine Coagulation Tests Reliable Up to Eight Hours

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most routine coagulation tests can be reliably evaluated after storage at room temperature for up to eight hours after blood collection, according to a study published online May 8 in the International Journal of Laboratory Hematology.

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FDA Warns of Inaccurate Results From Certain Lead Tests

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Lead tests made by Magellan Diagnostics may yield inaccurate results for some children and adults, U.S. health officials warned Wednesday.

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States Given Until 2022 to Meet Medicaid Standards of Care

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Federal standards that mean states will need to deliver care to elderly and disabled Medicaid enrollees in home and community-based settings will take effect in 2022, according to a report published by Kaiser Health News.

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FDA Warns of Amputation Risk Associated With Canagliflozin

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The type 2 diabetes medication canagliflozin (brand names Invokana, Invokamet, Invokamet XR) appears to increase the risk of leg and foot amputations, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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AIDS Epidemic Could End in U.S. by 2025

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- If certain targets are met, the rate of new HIV infections may be down to 12,000 a year by 2025, which would mark a transition toward the end of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, according to research published online May 15 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Acute MI Risk Significantly Up Following Respiratory Infection

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) increases sharply after a respiratory infection, according to a study published in the May issue of the Internal Medicine Journal.

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CDC: Slowing of Decline in Number of Uninsured Adults

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The decline in the number of Americans without health insurance stalled in 2016 after five years of progress, according to a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report released Tuesday.

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HRT Not Advised for Disease Prevention Post Menopause

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Using hormone therapy to prevent chronic health issues, such as cardiovascular disease and bone loss, in postmenopausal women may do more harm than good, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) says.

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Body Size Linked to Primary Hyperparathyroidism in Women

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Body size seems to be associated with increased risk of primary hyperparathyroidism (P-HPTH) in women, according to a study published online May 10 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Telemedical Lifestyle Intervention Ups T2DM Glycemic Control

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A Telemedical Lifestyle Intervention Program (TeLiPro) can improve glycemic control in advanced-stage type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online May 12 in Diabetes Care.

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Exercise-Induced Anaphylaxis Due to Shrimp Intake Described

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a case report published online May 4 in The Journal of Dermatology, food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) due to shrimp consumption is described in an 18-year-old.

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Pharmacist Program Can Improve IFN-β Adherence in MS

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A pharmacist medication adherence program can improve adherence to interferon-beta (IFN-β) among patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), according to a letter to the editor published online May 2 in the Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research.

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Plan Suggested for Reducing Health Care Costs

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Health care costs can be reduced, with a nine-step plan suggested as a starting place, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Iron Rx Doesn't Improve Exercise Capacity in Iron-Deficient HFrEF

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Oral iron supplementation doesn't improve the exercise capacity of iron-deficient patients with heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF), according to a study published in the May 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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No Evidence Steroids Benefit Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Regular use of corticosteroid injections for degenerative knee disease is ineffective and may even result in cartilage loss, according to a study published in the May 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Too Few U.S. Hospitals Have C-Section Rates Below HHS Target

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital cesarean-section rates vary widely across the United States, from a low of 7 percent to a high of 64.6 percent, according to a new analysis published May 16 in Consumer Reports.

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Review: Early Feeding No Harm in Acute Pancreatitis

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute pancreatitis, early feeding seems not to increase adverse events, and may reduce length of hospital stay for mild-to-moderate cases, according to a review published online May 15 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Cancer Screen Adherence Low for Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most solid organ transplant recipients (SOTR) do not adhere to standard recommendations for cancer screening, according to a study published online May 9 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

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Findings Support More Targeted Approach to Cholesterol Screens

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of elevated cardiovascular risk is low in normotensive, nonsmoking women younger than 50 years and men younger than 40 years, according to a study published online May 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Life Expectancy Slighter Shorter With Parkinson's, Dementia

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with degenerative brain diseases die about two years earlier compared with people who don't have these conditions, according to report published online May 15 in JAMA Neurology.

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Few Eligible U.S. Travelers Getting Pre-Trip Measles Vaccine

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More than half of eligible Americans traveling abroad don't get a measles vaccine, and a key reason is lack of concern about the disease, according to a study published online May 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Younger Age at Menopause Tied to Higher Risk of Heart Failure

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Women who undergo menopause early or who never gave birth might have an increased risk of heart failure, according to a study published in the May 23 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Warmer Temperatures May Up Risk of Gestational Diabetes

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Outdoor air temperature may influence a pregnant woman's risk of developing gestational diabetes, according to a study published online May 15 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Sudden Unexpected Infant Death Rates Down in the United States

MONDAY, May 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Fewer U.S. babies are dying from sudden unexpected infant death (SUID), but certain minorities remain at greater risk, according to a study published online May 15 in Pediatrics.

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HRT May Increase Risk of Postmenopausal Hearing Loss

MONDAY, May 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hearing loss is linked to several factors associated with menopause, according to research published online May 8 in Menopause.

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Warning Against Domperidone Use for Lactating Women

MONDAY, May 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The dopamine receptor antagonist domperidone, which may increase milk production in lactating women, is associated with serious cardiac risks, and should not be used for lactation enhancement, according to a commentary published in the June issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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Quinine Exposure Linked to All-Cause Mortality

MONDAY, May 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Long-term quinine exposure is associated with increased mortality, according to a research letter published in the May 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Pharmacist-Involved Collaborative Care Benefits T2DM

MONDAY, May 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Multidisciplinary collaborative care with pharmacist follow-up is beneficial for Asian patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online April 27 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Many Seniors With Nonbacterial Acute URI Prescribed Antibiotics

MONDAY, May 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of elderly patients with a nonbacterial acute upper respiratory tract infection (AURI) are prescribed antibiotics, according to research published online May 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Hospitals Need to Be Prepared for Ransomware Attacks

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hackers are increasingly targeting hospitals, using viruses to lock their computer systems and hold sensitive medical data and other files hostage, according to an observation piece published online May 11 in The BMJ.

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10 Minutes of Meditation Can Up Focus for Patients With Anxiety

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Ten minutes daily of mindful meditation can improve focus among patients with anxiety, according to a report published in the May issue of Consciousness and Cognition.

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Tai Chi Can Help Relieve Insomnia in Breast Cancer Survivors

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For breast cancer survivors, tai chi is as effective as cognitive behavioral therapy and more effective than medication in treating insomnia and reducing the risk for sleep loss-related health issues, including depression, fatigue, and a weakened immune system, according to a study published online May 10 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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CDC: Steep Rise in New HCV Infections Over Last Five Years

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Reports of new hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in the United States nearly tripled over five years, reaching a 15-year high, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Never Breastfeeding Linked to Increased Risk of T1DM

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Never breastfeeding seems to be associated with increased risk of type 1 diabetes, according to a study published online May 9 in Diabetes Care.

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CDC: Hep C Infections Among Pregnant Women Increasing

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of hepatitis C (HCV) infection among pregnant women nearly doubled between 2009 and 2014, according to research published in the May 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CDC: Drinking Rates Have Dropped for High School Students

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Drinking among U.S. high school students has decreased in recent years, according to research published in the May 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Children Express Positive Views of Digital Tracking by Strangers

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Both children and adults view object tracking as acceptable for owners, but only children express positive evaluations of tracking another person's possessions, according to a study published online May 7 in Child Development.

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Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Program Ups Outcomes

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program is associated with improved outcomes for patients undergoing elective colorectal resection and emergency hip fracture repair, according to a study published online May 10 in JAMA Surgery.

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ACP: Recommendations Updated for Low Bone Density Treatment

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a clinical practice guideline update published online May 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, recommendations are presented for the treatment of low bone density and osteoporosis to prevent fractures.

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Life Expectancy for HIV+ Patients Up Since Introduction of ART

THURSDAY, May 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults with HIV who get treatment are living longer in North America and Europe, according to a study published online May 10 in The Lancet HIV.

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ADHD Meds Associated With Reduced Risk for Car Crashes

THURSDAY, May 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Taking medication for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is tied to lower odds of car accidents involving patients with ADHD, according to a study published online May 10 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Outcomes Up With Same Hospital Readmissions in Heart Failure

THURSDAY, May 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Heart failure patients who are readmitted to the same hospital after their initial treatment are more likely to survive compared to those treated at a different hospital, according to research published online May 10 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Guidelines Issued on Substance Use Disorder Treatment in Nurses

THURSDAY, May 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a joint position statement published online May 2 in the Journal of Addictions Nursing, the Emergency Nurses Association and International Nurses Society on Addictions present guidelines relating to substance use disorders for nurses and nursing students.

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Multidrug-Resistant TB Set to Increase Through 2040

THURSDAY, May 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis are expected to increase through 2040, according to a study published online May 9 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Biomarker ID'd for Pregnancy-Induced Glucose Intolerance

THURSDAY, May 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- One measurement of plasma glycated CD59 (pGCD59) in pregnancy can predict glucose intolerance, according to a study published online May 3 in Diabetes Care.

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New VTE Often Occurs During Chemo in Ovarian Cancer

THURSDAY, May 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with ovarian cancer, new diagnosis of venous thromboembolism frequently occurs during neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy, according to a study published in the June issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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Patients Satisfied With Telehealth Primary Care Visits

THURSDAY, May 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients express satisfaction with telehealth primary care video visits, with most reporting interest in continuing use of video visits as an alternative to in-person visits, according to a study published in the May/June issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Responsibility for Most of Dementia Care Falls to Women

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- When it comes to the daily care of Americans with dementia, most of the responsibility is still falling on family members, with women handling the lion's share, according to a viewpoint piece published online May 8 in JAMA Neurology.

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Initiation of NSAID Use Associated With Risk of Acute MI

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) increase the risk of acute myocardial infarction (MI) by 20 to 50 percent, with elevated risk as early as the first week of use, according to a report published online May 9 in The BMJ.

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Adherence to DASH Diet May Help Lower Occurrence of Gout

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is effective for prevention of gout, according to a study published online May 9 in The BMJ.

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Increases in Rates of Insured Don't Harm Continuously Insured

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Increases in insurance coverage from 2008 to 2014 were not associated with worse access to care for continuously insured adults, according to a study published in the May issue of Health Affairs.

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Bundled Payment Initiative Doesn't Cut Readmission in COPD

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A Medicare Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) initiative does not reduce readmission rates or costs among patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study published in the May 1 issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Low Body Mass Index Not Risk Factor for Alzheimer's Disease

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is no link between low body mass index (BMI) and risk of Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published online May 9 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Cotton Swab-Related Ear Injuries Continue to Be Seen in the ER

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Thousands of children visit U.S. emergency departments every year for ear injuries caused by cotton swabs, according to a study published online May 1 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Risk of Zika Infection Appears to Be Low for Pregnant Women

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. women traveling to areas where the Zika virus is circulating might be less likely to be infected than expected, but risk remains, according to research published in the June issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Vitamin D Doesn't Impact Insulin Sensitivity, Secretion in T2DM

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and vitamin D deficiency, vitamin D supplementation has no impact on insulin sensitivity or secretion, according to a study published online May 3 in Diabetes Care.

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Postmarket Safety Events for 32 Percent of Novel Therapeutics

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- From 2001 to 2010, 32 percent of novel therapeutics approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration had a postmarket safety event, according to a study published in the May 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Clinical Benefits for CRT-D Over ICD Even With Comorbidity

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with left bundle branch block, the benefit of cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) over implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) alone persists with comorbidity, according to a study published in the May 16 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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HCV Infection Increasing in Reproductive-Aged Women

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The number of reproductive-aged women with past or present hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is increasing, according to a study published online May 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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EpiPens Found to Still Be Viable Long After Expiration Date

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- EpiPens can remain effective years after their expiration date, according to a research letter published online May 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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USPSTF Does Not Recommend Routine Thyroid Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians should not routinely screen adults for thyroid cancer if they have no symptoms or warning signs of the disease, according to a final recommendation statement issued by the U.S. Preventative Services Task Force and published in the May 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Poor Environmental Quality Tied to Higher Cancer Rates

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Overall environmental quality is strongly associated with increased cancer risk, according to a study published online May 8 in Cancer.

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Internet-Based Vestibular Rehab Beneficial for Dizziness

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Internet-based vestibular rehabilitation reduces dizziness for adults aged 50 years or older, according to a study published in the May/June issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Only 10 Percent of Daily Salt Intake Comes From Shaker

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most of the salt that Americans consume comes from processed foods and restaurant meals, according to a report published in the May 9 issue of Circulation.

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Traveling to Academic Hospital May Be Best for Pancreatic Cancer

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who travel to an academic medical center to undergo surgery for pancreatic cancer live a few months longer than those who choose to have their operation at a hospital closer to home, according to a study published online May 1 in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

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Low-Dose Aspirin No Aid Against Cognitive Decline

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Low-dose aspirin does not protect against cognitive decline, according to a review published April 20 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Breastfeeding Plays Key Role in Ensuring Healthy Infant Gut

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Breastfeeding can seed good bacteria in an infant's digestive system, according to research published online May 8 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Early Puberty in Girls May Be Risk Factor for Physical, Sexual Abuse

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Girls with early pubertal development may be more vulnerable to abuse from a boyfriend, according to research published online May 8 in Pediatrics.

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Geographic Disparities Seen for Longevity in the United States

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Life expectancy can differ by as much as two decades between various U.S. counties, according to research published online May 8 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Osteoporosis Tx Ups Survival in Postmenopausal Breast Cancer

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal breast cancer patients receiving aromatase inhibitors, oral osteoporosis therapy (OPT) is associated with improved survival, according to a study published online May 2 in Cancer.

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Many Seniors Use Cellphones While Driving With Children

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many senior citizens are driving while distracted, according to a new survey conducted by the University of California, San Diego (UCSD).

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Linear Association for Weight Loss, HbA1c Reduction in T2DM

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D), weight loss is associated with a reduction in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in a dose-dependent manner, according to a review published online April 18 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Prevalence of Visual Impairment in Preschoolers Expected to Rise

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Close to 175,000 American preschoolers struggle with common, but untreated, visual impairment, and that figure is expected to rise significantly in the coming years, according to a study published online May 4 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Research Supports Pulmonary Benefits for ACEIs, ARBs

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) might play an important role in the prevention and treatment of emphysema, according to a study published in the May 1 issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Open-Label Placebos Seem to Have Positive Clinical Effect

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with no treatment, open-label placebos seem to have a positive clinical effect, according to a review published online April 27 in the Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine.

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Eradication of H. pylori Beneficial for Concurrent Rosacea

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with concurrent rosacea and Helicobacter pylori infection, use of standard H. pylori eradication therapy is associated with improvement in rosacea, according to a study published online April 27 in the Journal of Dermatology.

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Even 'Social Smoking' Negatively Affects Cardiovascular Health

FRIDAY, May 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Social smokers have the same risk for hypertension and elevated cholesterol as regular smokers do, according to a study published online May 2 in the American Journal of Health Promotion.

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Crepitus Tied to Incident Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis

FRIDAY, May 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who report frequent grating, cracking, or popping sounds in or around the knees may be at higher risk for impending arthritis, according to a study published online May 4 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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AAFP Releases Primary Care-Based Payment Proposal

FRIDAY, May 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) has responded to a request for proposals from the Physician-Focused Payment Model Technical Advisory Committee (PTAC) by submitting a detailed plan, according to an AAFP news release.

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Weight-Loss Behavioral Program Beneficial for Adults

FRIDAY, May 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A weight-management group behavioral program is more effective than an intervention comprising brief advice and self-help materials, according to a study published online May 3 in The Lancet.

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Nocebo Effect Reported for Statin Therapy Use

FRIDAY, May 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of muscle-related adverse event (AE) reports is increased when patients and their doctors are aware that statins are being used, according to a study published online May 2 in The Lancet.

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Case Report Describes Insulin Autoimmune Syndrome

FRIDAY, May 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a case report published online May 1 in Diabetes Care, resolution of hypoglycemia and cardiovascular dysfunction after rituximab treatment of insulin autoimmune syndrome is described.

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E-Health-Based Management of Oral Anticoagulation Tx Beneficial

FRIDAY, May 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic-health-based management of oral anticoagulation (OAC) therapy is associated with fewer adverse events, according to a study published online April 29 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Symptomatic Hand Osteoarthritis Will Affect 40 Percent of People

FRIDAY, May 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Forty percent of people will be affected by symptomatic osteoarthritis in at least one hand, according to research published online May 4 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Disability Reduced When Bystander CPR Is Performed

FRIDAY, May 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Quick action from bystanders can have a long-lasting impact for patients with cardiac arrest, according to a study published in the May 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Poll: Many Americans Concerned About ACA Repeal

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Only one in five Americans support a repeal of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), a new HealthDay/Harris Poll reveals.

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Stair Walking Combats Fatigue Better Than Caffeine

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Easy stair walking may boost energy more effectively than drinking caffeine, according to research published online recently in Physiology & Behavior.

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CMS Releases Resources to Help With Payment System

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) recently added three new online resources to assist physicians already participating in the Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) and those exploring the opportunities available.

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Lower Incidence of Chronic Illness for Centenarians

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among elderly veterans, the incidence of chronic illness is lower for centenarians than octogenarians and nonagenarians, according to a study published online April 19 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Obesity, Sex Predict Remission for Antidepressant Medications

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity and sex are differential predictors of acute remission for commonly used antidepressant medications, according to a study published in the March-April issue of Personalized Medicine in Psychiatry.

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Ischemic Outcomes Don't Vary With Gender in ACS Patients

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and receiving clopidogrel, prasugrel, or ticagrelor, ischemic outcome does not differ by gender, according to a study published online April 29 in Cardiovascular Therapeutics.

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Cardiometabolic Disease Staging Score Quantifies Diabetes Risk

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For overweight and obese individuals, the Cardiometabolic Disease Staging (CMDS) score can quantify the risk of diabetes and predict the effectiveness of weight-loss therapy for preventing diabetes, according to research published online April 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Even Low Level of Physical Activity May Cut Fracture Risk

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Short daily bouts of walking/bicycling and a few weekly exercise sessions are both associated with a lower rate of hip fracture and any fracture, according to a study published online April 29 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Cost of Zika Virus Outbreak in U.S. Could Be Very High

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An outbreak of Zika virus infection in the United States could be very costly, according to a study published online April 27 in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

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Post-Election Political Talk Adding to Workplace Stress

WEDNESDAY, May 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new survey of American workers finds political conflicts in the workplace are creating stress and taking a toll on job performance. The poll was conducted by the American Psychological Association (APA).

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Gluten-Free Diet Not Healthy for Patients Without Celiac Disease

WEDNESDAY, May 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Going gluten-free when there's no medical need to do so won't boost cardiovascular health -- and might even harm it, according to a study published online May 2 in The BMJ.

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Gender Differences in Depression Tend to Appear About Age 12

WEDNESDAY, May 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Gender differences in depression diagnosis and symptoms start to appear around the age of 12, according to research published online April 27 in the Psychological Bulletin.

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Household Income Takes a Hit After Cancer Diagnosis in Spouse

WEDNESDAY, May 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Family income can take a big hit when a wife or husband cares for a spouse with cancer, according to a study published recently in the Journal of Health Economics.

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Passive Home Monitoring Yields Health Care Savings

WEDNESDAY, May 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Installation of a health and safety passive remote patient monitoring (PRPM) system in the homes of older adults seems to result in health care cost savings, according to a study published online April 13 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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CDC: Mortality Rate for Black Americans Drops 25 Percent

WEDNESDAY, May 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- While the overall mortality rate among black Americans dropped 25 percent between 1999 and 2015, the average life expectancy still lags behind whites by almost four years, according to research published in the May 2 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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New Rx for Sleeping Pills Can Up Risk of Hip Fracture

WEDNESDAY, May 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Older patients are at greater risk for hip fractures for two weeks after they start taking prescription sleeping pills, according to a review published online April 27 in PLOS ONE.

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Low Use of Medications, Lifestyle Counseling in PAD Patients

WEDNESDAY, May 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) have low use of medication therapy and lifestyle counseling, according to a study published in the May 9 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Alcohol Linked to Higher Risk of Breast Cancer in Black Women

TUESDAY, May 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Consuming seven or more alcoholic drinks a week appears to raise a black woman's risk of breast cancer, according to a study published in the May issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Optimal Cardiovascular Health in Middle Age Adds Years to Life

TUESDAY, May 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with optimal cardiovascular health in middle age live an average of four years longer than their peers who have at least two risk factors for cardiovascular disease, and almost five years longer free of chronic disease, according to a study published in the May 2 issue of Circulation.

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Weight Loss Can Decelerate Knee Joint Degeneration

TUESDAY, May 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Weight loss of 5 percent or more can significantly lower cartilage degeneration in overweight/obese patients, according to a study published online May 2 in Radiology.

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Too Few Americans Know the Warning Signs of Stroke

TUESDAY, May 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- About 35 percent of Americans experience symptoms of a transient ischemic attack (TIA), yet only 3 percent get immediate medical attention, according to findings from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.

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Low-Dose Aspirin Linked to Reduced Risk of Breast Cancer

TUESDAY, May 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Regularly taking low-dose aspirin appears to protect women from hormone receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer, according to a study published online May 1 in Breast Cancer Research.

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Social Outcomes Good for Uncomplicated Childhood Epilepsy

TUESDAY, May 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults with uncomplicated epilepsy who remain seizure-free do as well as siblings without the disorder in education, employment, driving, and independent living, according to a study published online April 4 in Epilepsia.

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Alternate-Day Fasting Not More Effective for Weight Loss

TUESDAY, May 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Alternate-day fasting does not produce superior weight loss or weight maintenance compared with daily calorie restriction, according to a study published online May 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Thunderstorms Can Trigger Asthma Attacks

TUESDAY, May 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Thunderstorms can trigger asthma outbreaks, according to a study published online April 13 in the Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology.

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Combo of Exercise, Vitamin D May Boost Effects on Heart Health

TUESDAY, May 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Physical activity and vitamin D appear to have synergistic beneficial effects on the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, according to a study published in the April 1 issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Aging Substantially Ups Risk for Needing Help With Money, Meds

TUESDAY, May 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many seniors over age 85 need help with finances and/or managing their medications, according to research published online April 5 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Pictorial Messages Better for Discouraging Indoor Tanning

TUESDAY, May 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Pictorial messages discouraging indoor tanning produce greater negative emotional reactions than text-only messages, according to a study published online recently in the Journal of Health Communication.

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Intense Interval Training Cuts Hypoglycemia Awareness in T1DM

TUESDAY, May 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 1 diabetes and normal awareness of hypoglycemia (NAH), high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is associated with reduced awareness of subsequent hypoglycemia, according to a study published online April 18 in Diabetes.

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'Choosing Wisely' Linked to Small Drop in Back Pain Imaging

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- "Choosing Wisely," launched in April 2012, has contributed to a small reduction in low-value back imaging, according to a study published online April 25 in Health Affairs.

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Common Antibiotics May Increase Risk of Miscarriage

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of macrolides, quinolones, tetracyclines, sulfonamides, and metronidazole during pregnancy may increase the risk of miscarriage, according to a study published in the May 1 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Spending on Topical Steroids Up From 2011 to 2015

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- From 2011 to 2015 there was an increase in annual spending and out-of-pocket spending on topical steroids, according to a study published online April 28 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Drug-Impaired Driving Continuing to Rise in the United States

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In fatal vehicle crashes, illicit drugs are now more likely to have played a role than the use of alcohol on its own, according to a new report from the Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA) and the Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility.

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Prevalence of Bullying Down in U.S. Schools

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Bullying in schools appears to be on the decline, according to a study published online May 1 in Pediatrics.

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CDC: United States Still Faces Too Many Repeat Teen Births

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Although rates of repeat births among teens are on the decline, tens of thousands of American teens are still getting pregnant for a second time, according to research published in the April 28 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Decreased Cortical Thickness Seen in Type 2 Diabetes

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) -- particularly those who are overweight or obese -- have decreased cortical thickness in several areas of the brain, according to research published online April 27 in Diabetologia.

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Teleconcussion Assessments Are Feasible for Football Players

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Teleconcussion assessment with a remote neurologist assessing football players using a telemedicine robot is feasible for sideline concussion assessments, with high levels of agreement with face-to-face providers, according to a study published online March 24 in Neurology.

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Simulation Ups Parent Confidence for NICU Discharge

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For parents of babies about to be discharged from the neonatal intensive care unit, a simulation experience is associated with feeling more confident, according to a study published in the March/April issue of the American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing.

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Cold Application Decreases Fibromyalgia Pain

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Local cold applications on the trapezius muscles significantly decreases the pain of patients with fibromyalgia, according to a study published online April 17 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Screen Size, Shape Affect User Perception of Smartwatches

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Large screens are more effective for promoting the hedonic (perceived attractiveness) and pragmatic (perceived control) qualities of smartwatches, while round and square screens are associated with hedonic and pragmatic quality, respectively, according to a study published online April 21 in the Journal of Computer Mediated Communication.

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