May 2016 Briefing - Nephrology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for May 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

AHRQ Communication Toolkit Can Help After Patient Harm Occurs

TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new communication toolkit created by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) can help health care organizations and providers communicate with patients and families when harm occurs to patients.

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Remaining Uninsured May Be Difficult to Reach Via ACA

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Uninsurance rates have decreased since the introduction of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), but reaching the remaining uninsured may prove challenging, according to a health policy brief published online May 23 in Health Affairs.

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Recognition of Patient Expertise Can Improve Adherence

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Recognizing the unique role of patients and their expertise within the physician-patient interaction can help to prevent non-adherence based on disagreement, according to an article published online May 18 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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Hip Fracture Incidence Up With Non-Dialysis-Requiring CKD

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of hip fracture and post-hip fracture mortality are increased for patients with non-dialysis-requiring chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online May 4 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Renal Function Decline Linked to Major Adverse CV Events

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) is increased with renal function decline, according to a study published online May 23 in Diabetes Care.

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Too Few Obese Young Adults Know They Have Kidney Disease

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many obese young adults in the United States don't know they're at increased risk for kidney disease, according to research published online May 25 in PLOS ONE.

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Strategies Can Help Streamline Revenue-Related Processes

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Strategies can be employed to maximize the amount of time available for patient care by streamlining revenue-related processes, according to the American Medical Association (AMA).

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FDA Approves Tecentriq to Treat Urothelial Carcinoma

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved atezolizumab (Tecentriq), a PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor, for treatment of patients with locally-advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma whose disease has worsened during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy, or within 12 months of receiving platinum-containing chemotherapy, either before or after surgery.

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Burnout, Lack of Job Satisfaction Driving Doctors to Cut Hours

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Full-time physicians reporting worsening burnout or decreased job satisfaction are more likely to reduce their work hours, according to a study published in the April issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Sexual Harassment Experienced by One-Third of Female Doctors

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Thirty percent of female physicians face sexual harassment on the job, while close to three-quarters perceive gender bias at work and two-thirds say they have actually experienced it, according to survey findings published in the May 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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IOM Committee Finds Genetically Engineered Crops Safe

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Crops created through genetic engineering are as safe to eat as crops developed through traditional plant-breeding methods, according to the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

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Ambulatory BP Monitoring Can Help ID Masked Hypertension

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring could help identify undetected hypertension in at-risk populations, according to a study published online May 16 in Hypertension.

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Recent Improvement in Heart Failure Process of Care Measures

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to heart failure process of care measures has improved significantly over the last 10 years for patients with acute decompensated heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD), according to a study published online May 11 in JACC: Heart Failure.

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Complementary Medicine Use Up With Chronic Conditions

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with multiple chronic conditions frequently use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), according to a study published online May 5 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Smartphone-Based Self-Management Feasible for CKD

FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A smartphone-based self-management system is feasible for patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online May 12 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Cutting Brand-Name Drug Use Could Save U.S. $73 Billion

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Americans could save tens of billions of dollars with more efficient drug use, replacing brand-name drugs with their generic equivalents whenever possible, according to a study published online May 9 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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CDC Establishes New 'Clean Hands Count' Campaign

MONDAY, May 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has introduced a new campaign, "Clean Hands Count," to encourage health care professionals, patients, and patients' families to keep their hands clean in order to prevent health care-associated infections.

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Climate Change May Lead to Higher Prevalence of CKD

FRIDAY, May 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Climate change may increase rates of chronic kidney disease worldwide as rising temperatures and heat stress damage kidneys, according to research published online May 5 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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No Benefit Found for Perioperative Statin Therapy

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Taking statins right before cardiac surgery, once touted as a way to prevent common postoperative complications, has no benefit and may even cause harm, according to a study published in the May 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Review Finds CABG Bests PCI in End-Stage Renal Disease

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) referred for coronary revascularization, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with a small decrease in long-term mortality compared with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to a review published in the May 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Physician Leadership Training May Help Counteract Burnout

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physician leaders with good leadership qualities are more likely to have employees who are satisfied and do not show signs of burnout, according to a study published in the April issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings and a report published by the American Medical Association.

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Price Transparency Tool Doesn't Cut Health Care Spending

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Employee use of a price transparency tool does not cut health care spending, according to a study published in the May 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Report: Why Health Care Costs Are Lower in Europe Than U.S.

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- European residents have access to the same health care services as U.S. residents but pay much less, and this is related to several specific factors, according to a report published by INDIGOMED on April 25.

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2017 May Offer Fewer Choices for Affordable Care Act Enrollees

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- With the nation's largest health insurer exiting all but a few Affordable Care Act exchanges next year, some Americans may be left with fewer choices and some might see higher monthly premiums.

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