May 2016 Briefing - Family Practice

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for May 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Smoking in Pregnancy Tied to Schizophrenia Risk for Child

TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking during pregnancy may increase the risk of the child developing schizophrenia, according to a study published online May 24 in The American Journal of Psychiatry.

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WHO Changes Advisory Regarding Sexual Transmission of Zika

TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women planning to become pregnant should wait at least eight weeks before trying to conceive if they or their partner live in -- or are returning from -- areas where Zika virus infections are occurring, U.N. health officials now recommend.

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Cephalexin Failure Rate Similar for Morbidly Obese, Non-Obese

TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients receiving cephalexin monotherapy for non-purulent cellulitis, the rate of therapeutic failure does not differ for morbidly obese and non-obese, according to a study published online May 19 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Transformational Leadership Predicts Next Year Absenteeism

TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The relationship between transformational leadership and sickness absenteeism is complex, according to a study published online April 21 in Work & Stress.

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DAPT Score Improves Risk Prediction of Continued DAPT

TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A decision tool (dual antiplatelet therapy [DAPT] score) improves risk prediction for continued DAPT beyond assessment of myocardial infarction (MI) history, according to a study published in the May 31 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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AHRQ Communication Toolkit Can Help After Patient Harm Occurs

TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new communication toolkit created by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) can help health care organizations and providers communicate with patients and families when harm occurs to patients.

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Glucocorticoid Use Ups Diabetes Risk in Rheumatoid Arthritis

TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), glucocorticoid treatment is associated with increased risk of diabetes mellitus (DM), according to a study published in the May issue of Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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ASCO Develops Recommendations for Invasive Cervical Cancer Care

TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The American Society for Clinical Oncology (ASCO) has developed guidelines for the management and palliative care of women with invasive cervical cancer. The clinical practice guideline was published online May 25 in the Journal of Global Oncology.

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Intermittent Steroids Reduce Some Asthma Exacerbations

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There is strong evidence to support intermittent inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) for prevention of wheeze exacerbations in preschool children with intermittent asthma or viral-triggered wheezing, according to a review published online May 26 in Pediatrics.

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CDC: Fatal Abusive Head Trauma Among Children Down in the U.S.

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Half as many infants and preschoolers in the United States are dying from abusive head trauma as in 2009, according to research published in the May 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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FDA Approves Probuphine Implant for Opioid Dependence

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the first-ever buprenorphine implant to treat opioid dependence, the agency said Thursday in a news release.

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Higher HDL-C Linked to Cardiac Risk With LDL-C <2.0 mmol/L

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels <2.0 mmol/L, higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality, according to a study published online May 23 in Diabetes Care.

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ACOG Provides Guidance on Optimizing Postpartum Care

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- To optimize postpartum care, anticipatory guidance should be implemented during pregnancy, according to a Committee Opinion published by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG).

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Remaining Uninsured May Be Difficult to Reach Via ACA

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Uninsurance rates have decreased since the introduction of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), but reaching the remaining uninsured may prove challenging, according to a health policy brief published online May 23 in Health Affairs.

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Prednisone Use Linked to Increased Risk of Mortality in RA

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), prednisone use is associated with an increased risk of mortality, according to a study published in the May issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

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PPI Use Ups NSAID-Induced Small Bowel Injury

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) increase the risk of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced small bowel injury, according to a study published in the June issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Hip Fracture Incidence Up With Non-Dialysis-Requiring CKD

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of hip fracture and post-hip fracture mortality are increased for patients with non-dialysis-requiring chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online May 4 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Recognition of Patient Expertise Can Improve Adherence

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Recognizing the unique role of patients and their expertise within the physician-patient interaction can help to prevent non-adherence based on disagreement, according to an article published online May 18 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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How Much of a Threat Will Zika Be to the United States?

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Some leading insect and infectious-disease experts think health officials in the United States are overreacting to the threat posed by the Zika virus this summer.

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Genetic Breast Cancer Risk Can Be Mediated by Healthy Lifestyle

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women who carry common gene variants linked to breast cancer can still reduce risk of the disease by following a healthy lifestyle, according to research published online May 26 in JAMA Oncology.

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Prenatal n-3 LCPUFAs Don't Cut IgE-Linked Disease in Children

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal supplementation with omega-3 (n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) does not reduce immunoglobulin E (IgE)-associated allergic disease in children, according to a study published online May 25 in Pediatrics.

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Atrial Fibrillation Linked to Cancer Risk in Women

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women with atrial fibrillation may be at an increased risk of developing cancer, particularly of the colon, according to research published online May 25 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Too Few Obese Young Adults Know They Have Kidney Disease

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many obese young adults in the United States don't know they're at increased risk for kidney disease, according to research published online May 25 in PLOS ONE.

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Even First Graders Experience Obesity-Related Bullying, Teasing

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- As early as first grade, severely obese children are getting teased and bullied more than normal-weight children, according to a study published online May 25 in Child Development.

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Mental Disorders Were Most Costly in U.S. in 2013

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mental disorders were the most costly conditions in the United States in 2013, with a cost of $201 billion, according to a study published in the May issue of Health Affairs.

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Marijuana Use in Pregnancy Ups Odds of Premature Delivery

WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Marijuana use during pregnancy may increase the risk of premature delivery, according to a study published in the July issue of Reproductive Toxicology.

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Study Upholds Link Between Air Pollution and Higher CVD Risk

WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Air pollution can worsen cardiovascular disease risk factors, especially in patients with diabetes, according to a study published online May 24 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Low Levels of Hormone Associated With Teen Obesity

WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Obese adolescents may have lower levels of the hormone spexin than normal-weight adolescents, according to research published online May 24 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Guidelines Issued for Recommending Metabolic Surgery

WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Weight-loss surgery quickly improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes, and should be recommended or considered as a treatment for certain obese patients with diabetes, according to a report in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

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City Planning for Walkability May Help Curb Diabetes Rates

WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pedestrian-friendly ("walkable") neighborhoods have reduced rates of diabetes, according to research published in the May 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Many Antidepressant Scripts Written for Off-Label Purpose

WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Depression accounts for only a little more than half the antidepressant prescriptions issued by Quebec physicians during the past decade, and two out of every three non-depression prescriptions are for an off-label purpose, according to a research letter published in the May 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Plastics Chemical BBP Exposure May 'Program' Obesity

WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP) regulates the mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) toward adipogenesis by inducing epigenetic stress, according to research published online May 6 in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology.

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Wells Rule Beats 'Gestalt' in Ruling Out Pulmonary Embolism

WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Both a physician's own probability estimate ("gestalt") and the Wells rule can be combined with D-dimer testing to safely rule out pulmonary embolism (PE) in primary care; however, the Wells rule is more efficient, according to a study published in the May/June issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Health Coaches Can Help Increase Patient Engagement

TUESDAY, May 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Introducing health coaches who can take on responsibilities to advance lifestyle changes, prevention, and patient health can help to increase patient satisfaction and engagement, according to the American Medical Association.

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Behavioral Interventions Seem Safe, Beneficial for Infant Sleep

TUESDAY, May 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Two commonly used sleep training strategies appear to have no harmful effect on infants' emotional development, according to research published online May 24 in Pediatrics.

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Review: Hatha Yoga Beneficial for Reducing Anxiety

TUESDAY, May 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hatha yoga is effective for reducing anxiety, and efficacy increases with increasing number of practice hours, according to a meta-analysis published online May 20 in the Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine.

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Blood Pressure Variability Tied to Faster Cognitive Decline

TUESDAY, May 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Variability in blood pressure (BP) readings may predict more rapid cognitive decline in older patients, according to research published online May 23 in Hypertension.

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Many Advanced Cancer Patients Lack Info About Their Disease

TUESDAY, May 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients with advanced cancer lack basic information about their prognosis or treatment, according to a study published online May 23 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Lifestyle Factors Can Significantly Affect Cancer Mortality

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Most cancer deaths among white Americans could be prevented through four healthy lifestyle changes, according to a study published online May 19 in JAMA Oncology.

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AAP Recommends at Least One Full-Time Nurse in Every School

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Every school should have at least one full-time registered nurse, according to a new American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement published online May 23 in Pediatrics.

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Women Battling Cancer Need More Fertility Preservation Info

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many young female cancer survivors say they don't receive enough information about preserving their fertility, according to a study published online May 23 in Cancer.

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Fitbit Heart Monitors 'Highly Inaccurate,' Study Says

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Fitbit heart rate trackers are "highly inaccurate," according to a new study commissioned by the law firm Lieff Cabraser, which is handling a class action suit targeting three Fitbit models that use the PurePulse heart monitor: Fitbit Blaze, Fitbit Charge HR, and Fitbit Surge.

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Clinicians Should Ask, Counsel About Firearms

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians ask and counsel their patients about firearms less often than recommended, according to an article published online May 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Study Suggests a Low-Salt Diet Could Harm Certain Patients

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Restricting dietary salt to below 3,000 mg a day appears to increase the risk for cardiovascular disease similar to that of hypertension patients who eat too much salt, according to research published online May 20 in The Lancet.

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Two New Drugs Added to Heart Failure Clinical Practice Guideline

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An updated clinical guideline adds two new types of drugs to the list of treatment options for heart failure. The updated guideline was published online May 20 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Circulation, and the Journal of Cardiac Failure.

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Moderate Link for Automated, Clinical Breast Density Measures

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There is moderate correlation for automated and clinical assessments of breast density, according to a study published in the June issue of Radiology.

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Nonexperts Can Be Trained to Interpret RHD Echocardiograms

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A short computer-based course can train nonexperts in interpretation of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) screening echocardiograms, according to a study published in the June 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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FDA Redesigns Nutrition Facts Label

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Nutrition Facts panel on packaged foods in the United States is about to undergo long-awaited changes, with a redesign emphasizing realistic portion sizes and added sugars.

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Opioid Prescriptions Drop for First Time in Two Decades

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a sign that the opioid epidemic might be waning, new data show that the number of opioid prescriptions has dropped for the first time in 20 years.

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Some Sun Protection Behaviors Up With History of NMSC

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with previous nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) are more likely to engage in certain sun protection behaviors than those without previous NMSC, according to a study published online May 16 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Racism Can Disrupt Physician-Patient Power Dynamics

FRIDAY, May 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A case of racism by a patient that disrupted the power dynamics between a physician and patient is described in a reflection piece published in the May/June issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Dietary Fat Intake in Adolescence May Affect Breast Density

FRIDAY, May 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Teens who eat high amounts of saturated fats or low amounts of healthier mono- and polyunsaturated fats tend to have denser breasts 15 years later, according to a study published online May 19 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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CDC: New Method of Identifying Pregnant Women With Zika Virus

FRIDAY, May 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of pregnant women in the United States infected with the Zika virus has just tripled because cases are now being counted in a more comprehensive way, federal health officials said Friday.

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Overweight Colorectal CA Patients Display Better Survival Odds

FRIDAY, May 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight colorectal cancer (CRC) patients may have better survival than their normal-weight peers, according to research published online May 19 in JAMA Oncology.

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Visual Impairment Expected to Rise Significantly by 2050

FRIDAY, May 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- As baby boomers age, the number of Americans with visual impairment and blindness is expected to double over the next three decades, according to a study published online May 19 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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CDC: Many Aquatic Facilities Closed Due to Safety Violations

FRIDAY, May 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Serious health and safety violations force the closure of thousands of public pools, hot tubs, and water playgrounds every year, according to research published in the May 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Sulfonylureas May Inhibit KATP Channel Neuroprotection

FRIDAY, May 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with sulfonylureas (ATP-sensitive potassium [KATP] channel blockers) may inhibit the neuroprotective effects of KATP channel activation and increase the risk of stroke, according to an experimental study published online May 13 in Diabetes.

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Lifestyle Intervention Before Infertility Treatment No Benefit

FRIDAY, May 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A lifestyle intervention preceding infertility treatment does not result in higher rates of vaginal birth among obese infertile women, according to a study published in the May 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Major Stroke May Be Prevented by Taking Aspirin After TIA

FRIDAY, May 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Taking aspirin immediately after a transient ischemic attack (TIA) significantly reduces the risk of a major stroke, according to research published online May 18 in The Lancet.

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Last Year Saw 10 Percent Rise in Motorcycle Deaths in U.S

FRIDAY, May 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Motorcyclist deaths in the United States topped 5,000 last year -- a 10 percent increase from 2014, according to a new report from the Governors Highway Safety Association.

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Strategies Can Help Streamline Revenue-Related Processes

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Strategies can be employed to maximize the amount of time available for patient care by streamlining revenue-related processes, according to the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Pregabalin in Pregnancy Linked to Increased Risk of Birth Defects

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The widely prescribed drug pregabalin (Lyrica) may slightly increase the risk for birth defects, according to a study published online May 18 in Neurology.

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Nocturnal Hypoglycemia Often Occurs in Children With T1DM

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nocturnal hypoglycemia frequently occurs in children with type 1 diabetes, and is mainly asymptomatic, according to a research letter published online May 13 in Diabetes Care.

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Worse Outcomes for GDM With Impaired Insulin Sensitivity

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), impaired insulin sensitivity, but not insulin secretion defects, is associated with a greater risk of adverse outcomes compared with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), according to a study published online May 13 in Diabetes Care.

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Unrealistic Expectations for Many Men With Localized Prostate CA

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Men with localized prostate cancer (LPC) often have unrealistic survival expectations, according to a study published in the May/June issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Self-Measured Waist Circumference Often Falls Short

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Self-measured waist circumference has a clinically important false-negative rate compared with professionally-measured waist circumference, according to a study published in the May/June issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Burnout, Lack of Job Satisfaction Driving Doctors to Cut Hours

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Full-time physicians reporting worsening burnout or decreased job satisfaction are more likely to reduce their work hours, according to a study published in the April issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Physicians, Patient Families Often Disagree on Prognosis

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In more than half of recently studied cases, doctors and family members acting on behalf of critically ill patients disagreed about whether the patient would die or not, according to a study published in the May 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Few Signs, Symptoms During Acute HIV-1 Infection

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Few symptoms and signs are observed during acute HIV-1 infection, and these are most common before peak viremia, according to a study published online May 18 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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IOM Committee Finds Genetically Engineered Crops Safe

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Crops created through genetic engineering are as safe to eat as crops developed through traditional plant-breeding methods, according to the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

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Sexual Harassment Experienced by One-Third of Female Doctors

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Thirty percent of female physicians face sexual harassment on the job, while close to three-quarters perceive gender bias at work and two-thirds say they have actually experienced it, according to survey findings published in the May 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis Can Occur Post Bariatric Surgery in T2DM

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) can occur after bariatric surgery in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a report published online May 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Age-Adjusted D-Dimer Testing Improves Ability to Rule Out PE

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with fixed D-dimer testing, age-adjusted D-dimer testing is associated with an increase in the proportion of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) in whom imaging can be withheld, according to a review published online May 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Rehab Beneficial in Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients with spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) participate in cardiac rehabilitation (CR), and most patients report benefit, according to a study published in the May 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Tai Chi Deemed Beneficial for Knee Osteoarthritis

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For knee osteoarthritis, similar benefits are seen for Tai Chi and standard physical therapy, according to a study published online May 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Ambulatory BP Monitoring Can Help ID Masked Hypertension

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring could help identify undetected hypertension in at-risk populations, according to a study published online May 16 in Hypertension.

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Narrow Band of Green Light May Ease Migraine Symptoms

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A treatment involving a narrow spectrum of low-intensity green light may help ease migraine pain, according to a study published online May 17 in Brain.

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About Half of Myocardial Infarctions Are Asymptomatic

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- As many as half of all myocardial infarctions (MIs) may be silent, according to a study published online May 16 in Circulation.

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Wine Beats Other Types of Alcohol in Reduction of T2DM Risk

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Wine is associated with a greater decrease in the risk of type 2 diabetes than beer or spirits, according to a review published online May 11 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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For New Antipsychotic Users, Dose, Duration Impact Mortality

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Dose and duration of therapy are associated with mortality for new antipsychotic users, according to a study published online May 10 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Recent Improvement in Heart Failure Process of Care Measures

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to heart failure process of care measures has improved significantly over the last 10 years for patients with acute decompensated heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD), according to a study published online May 11 in JACC: Heart Failure.

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Religious Service Attendance May Affect Mortality Among Women

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women who regularly attend religious services may live longer than women who never attend services, according to research published online May 16 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Physical Activity Associated With Lower Risk of Many Cancers

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Exercise may significantly reduce risk for many types of cancer, according to a large review published online May 16 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Whole-Body Hyperthermia May Help Ease Depression Symptoms

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Whole-body hyperthermia (WBH) may ease depression symptoms for up to six weeks, according to a study published online May 12 in JAMA Psychiatry to coincide with the annual meeting of the Society of Biological Psychiatry, held from May 12 to 14 in Atlanta.

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Hospitalists Need Strategies for Providing Adequate Pain Relief

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalists report limited success and satisfaction for management of acute exacerbations of chronic pain with opioids, according to a study published online May 9 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Specific Language Important in Heart Failure Communication

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Specific language is important for patient experience and shared decision-making in heart failure, according to research published in the June 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Complementary Medicine Use Up With Chronic Conditions

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with multiple chronic conditions frequently use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), according to a study published online May 5 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Recommendations Developed for Management of Drowning

FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations have been developed for prevention and acute management of drowning. The Wilderness Medical Society published the new practice guidelines online April 6 in Wilderness & Environmental Medicine.

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FDA Issues Stronger Warning on Side Effects of Fluoroquinolones

FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Stronger warnings about the possible side effects of fluoroquinolones were issued Thursday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Gestational DM Tied to Greater Total Adipose Tissue in Infants

FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Infants born to mothers who had gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may be more likely to carry excess fat in early life, according to research published online May 12 in Diabetes Care.

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Fewer Self-Injury Events With Lithium for Bipolar Disorder

FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with bipolar disorder taking lithium have lower rates of self-harm and unintentional injury compared to those taking other mood stabilizers, according to research published online May 11 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Even Mild Football Head Injury Can Cause Visual Disturbance

FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Repeated blows to the head can cause near point of convergence (NPC), even if the individual impacts aren't strong enough to cause a full-fledged concussion, according to research published online May 12 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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CAM Use May Affect Breast Cancer Patients' Chemo Decisions

FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women with early-stage breast cancer who utilize complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) may delay recommended chemotherapy, according to research published online May 12 in JAMA Oncology.

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Fall Risk Up With Initiation, Intensification of HTN Meds

FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults, initiation and intensification of antihypertensive medication is associated with a short-term increased risk of serious fall injuries, according to a study published online May 10 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Temporary Skin Tattoos Can Evoke Delayed Hypersensitivity

FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Black henna, used in temporary skin tattoos, can evoke type IV delayed hypersensitivity reactions, according to an article published online April 27 in BMJ Case Reports.

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Smartphone-Based Self-Management Feasible for CKD

FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A smartphone-based self-management system is feasible for patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online May 12 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Artificial Pancreas Protocol Deemed Feasible for Younger Kids

THURSDAY, May 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A child-specific version of the modular model predictive control (MMPC) algorithm is feasible and safe for 5- to 9-year-old children with type 1 diabetes, according to the first outpatient single-hormone artificial pancreas (AP) trial in a population of this age, published online May 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Persistent Asthma in Childhood Tied to COPD Risk As Young Adult

THURSDAY, May 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Children with persistent asthma and reduced growth of lung function may be at increased risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in early adulthood, according to a study published in the May 12 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Adolescent Fruit Consumption May Impact Breast Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, May 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Teenage girls who consume large amounts of fruit may lower their future risk for breast cancer; however, women who drink more alcohol over time might increase their breast cancer risk, according to two studies published online May 11 in The BMJ.

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U.S. Stroke Hospitalizations Down Overall, but Rising for Some

THURSDAY, May 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- While Americans suffered fewer acute ischemic strokes overall from 2000 to 2010, stroke rates climbed substantially among younger adults and blacks, according to study findings published online May 11 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Zika May Present With Mucocutaneous Features

THURSDAY, May 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In one recent case of Zika virus infection, a diffuse papular descending eruption, petechiae on the palate, and hyperemic sclerae were key symptoms of infection with the mosquito-borne virus, according to a case report published online May 11 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Varies Across Seasons

THURSDAY, May 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) varies across the seasons, with higher prevalence in the summer and lower prevalence in the winter, according to a study published online May 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Pre-Op Gait Speed Indicates Mortality Risk Post Heart Surgery

THURSDAY, May 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who aren't able to walk a short distance at a comfortable pace before cardiac surgery are at greater postoperative risk for death, according to research published online on May 11 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Use of Disease-Monitoring Tests Often Extreme in Breast Cancer

THURSDAY, May 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More than one in three women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) are extreme users of disease-monitoring tests, with higher total health care costs seen in association with extreme use, according to a study published online May 9 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Midlife Occupational Physical Activity, Disability Linked

THURSDAY, May 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- High midlife occupational physical activity (PA) is associated with greater decline in functional capacity later in life, according to a study published online May 5 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Pop-Up Messages Up Physician Awareness of Osteoporosis

THURSDAY, May 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The introduction of pop-up messages relating to a history of dual-energy X-Ray absorptiometry (DXA) in an order communication system can increase the rates of DXA prescription, as well as the rates of osteoporosis medication and exercise, according to a study published online May 6 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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Depressive Symptoms for Many Caregivers of Critically Ill

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many caregivers of critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation in an intensive care unit (ICU) report high levels of depressive symptoms, according to a study published in the May 12 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Excess Weight May Not Equal Early Mortality After All

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The body mass index (BMI) linked to the lowest rate of all-cause early mortality is rising, according to a study published in the May 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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DEA Weighing Change in Medical Marijuana Rules

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is weighing whether to loosen its classification of marijuana, which would remove many restrictions on its use in medical research. If that occurs, doctors could start getting answers to the questions they regularly receive from patients regarding marijuana's clinical benefits.

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Nilotinib Associated With Case of Scurvy

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nilotinib is associated with scurvy, possibly because of its effects on cutaneous metabolism, according to a letter to the editor published online April 28 in the Journal of Cutaneous Pathology.

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Late Reactions in Food Challenges Common

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Late reactions in children undergoing food challenges are common and poorly predicted but generally not severe, according to a study published online May 10 in Allergy.

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Misoprostol Should Be Considered in Postpartum Hyperthermia

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The synthetic prostaglandin E1 analogue misoprostol has known severe side effects and should be considered in cases of postpartum hyperthermia, rigors, and tachycardia, according to a case report published in the June issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Ketamine May Ease Suicidal Thoughts in Major Depression

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Low doses of ketamine may quickly reduce suicidal thoughts in patients with treatment-resistant depression, according to a study published online May 10 in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

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High Maternal Glucose May Adversely 'Imprint' Baby

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A mother's excess weight gain or elevated blood glucose levels in pregnancy may put her child at increased risk for being overweight or obese, according to a study published online May 6 in Maternal and Child Health Journal.

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Telemedicine Visits Up, but Not for Rural Medicare Beneficiaries

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Although Medicare telemedicine visits are increasing, in 2013 only 0.7 percent of rural Medicare beneficiaries received a telemedicine visit, according to a research letter published in the May 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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PPI Exposure Accelerates Aging in Lab Endothelial Cells

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Esomeprazole accelerates aging of endothelial cells in lab tests, raising red flags about its long-term effect on cardiovascular health, according to research published online May 10 in Circulation Research.

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Yoga, Meditation Show Memory, Mood Benefit in Seniors

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A regular meditation practice might benefit older adults beginning to experience memory deficits, according to a study published online May 10 in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

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CDC Updates Zika Testing Guidance for Urine Samples

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The interim diagnostic testing guidance for Zika virus in public health laboratories has been updated, according to a report published in the May 10 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Marijuana-Linked Fatal MVAs Up in WA State After Legalization

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of fatal motor vehicle crashes involving marijuana more than doubled after Washington state legalized the sale of the drug, according to a study from the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.

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Drug Allergy Passport Advised for Patients With Hypersensitivity

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A drug allergy passport, providing information on culprit drugs, clinical manifestations, and alternate drugs to prescribe, should be provided to patients with drug hypersensitivity, according to a position paper published online May 4 in Allergy.

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Blood Pressure Patterns Could Help Predict Stroke Risk

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The overall pattern of blood pressure over time better predicts a patient's risk of stroke or early death, according to a study published online May 9 in Hypertension.

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Cutting Brand-Name Drug Use Could Save U.S. $73 Billion

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Americans could save tens of billions of dollars with more efficient drug use, replacing brand-name drugs with their generic equivalents whenever possible, according to a study published online May 9 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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E-Cigarette Poisonings Rising Quickly Among Young Children

MONDAY, May 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Calls to poison control centers about young children's exposure to e-cigarettes have increased significantly in recent years, and those children who are exposed seem to suffer worse health effects than those exposed to traditional cigarettes, according to research published online May 9 in Pediatrics.

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Swaddling May Increase Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

MONDAY, May 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Swaddling infants before sleep may increase risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) substantially, according to a review published online May 9 in Pediatrics.

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Exercise Reduces Fatigue, Depression, Paresthesia in MS

MONDAY, May 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For females with multiple sclerosis (MS), the addition of exercise programs to standard immune modulatory therapy can improve fatigue, depression, and paresthesia, according to a study published in the May issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

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CDC Establishes New 'Clean Hands Count' Campaign

MONDAY, May 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has introduced a new campaign, "Clean Hands Count," to encourage health care professionals, patients, and patients' families to keep their hands clean in order to prevent health care-associated infections.

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Regular Aspirin Use May Protect Against Bile Duct Cancer

MONDAY, May 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Regular aspirin use may lower the risk of bile duct cancer, according to a study published online April 26 in Hepatology.

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Preadmission SSRI Use Ups Stroke Mortality in Diabetes

MONDAY, May 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with diabetes, preadmission selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) use is associated with increased risk of stroke mortality, according to a study published online May 3 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Venlafaxine-Induced Rise in Intraocular Pressure Described

MONDAY, May 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a case report published online April 30 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, venlafaxine-induced increase in intraocular pressure (IOP) is described in a patient with open angle glaucoma.

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First Case of Paintball-Linked Liver Injury Described

FRIDAY, May 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A first case of paintball-related blunt liver injury has been described in an article published online April 27 in BMJ Case Reports.

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Long-Term Treatment Benefit Seen in Relapse-Onset MS

FRIDAY, May 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with relapse-onset multiple sclerosis (MS), disease-modifying therapy protects against long-term disability accrual, according to a study published online May 4 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Portable, Rapid, Low-Cost Zika Test Shows Promise in Monkeys

FRIDAY, May 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A fast, inexpensive test that detects the Zika virus in monkeys might be useful for doctors working far from hospitals, according to a study published online May 6 in Cell.

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HIV Rates on Decline, but Still Short of U.S. Five-Year Goal

FRIDAY, May 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Although HIV infection and transmission rates in the United States declined over the past five years, they fell short of White House targets, according to findings published online April 29 in AIDS and Behavior.

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United States Still Has Shortages of Acute, Non-Acute Drugs

FRIDAY, May 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Drug shortages remain a problem in the United States despite government legislation meant to increase availability, according to a study published in the May issue of Health Affairs.

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Teledermatology Improves Access to Dermatology Care

FRIDAY, May 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Teledermatology seems to improve access to dermatology care for Medicaid enrollees, according to a study published online May 4 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Substantial Aggregate Costs of Care for Cervical Cancer

FRIDAY, May 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The costs of care for cervical cancer vary by phase of care, and aggregate costs are substantial, according to a study published in the May issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Eyeglass Device May Benefit Those With Low Vision

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A device mounted onto eyeglasses enables people considered legally blind to "read" and perform other day-to-day activities, according to a study published online May 5 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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New Rule Extends FDA Authority Over Tobacco, Nicotine Products

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday that it is banning the sale of electronic cigarettes to minors, as part of its long-awaited plan to extend the agency's regulatory powers across all tobacco products.

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Lung Cancer Resection Linked to Longer Survival for Older Patients

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Older lung cancer patients are surviving longer when they have lung cancer surgery, according to a study published online May 5 in the Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

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CDC: Hepatitis C Leads Infectious Disease Mortality in U.S.

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of hepatitis C-linked deaths in the United States reached a record high in 2014, and the disease is now the leading cause of infectious disease mortality in the United States, according to a report published in the May 15 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Readability of Online Info About Pancreatic Cancer Varies

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The readability and accuracy of online information regarding pancreatic cancer varies, according to a study published online May 4 in JAMA Surgery.

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AHA: Stroke Patients Should Start Rehab Before Leaving Hospital

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- New guidelines for rehabilitation after a stroke have been published online May 4 in Stroke.

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Guideline-Based Phone Program Ups Provision, Timeliness of CPR

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instruction may be just a cellphone call away, according to a study published online May 4 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Probiotic Supplements Beneficial in Rheumatoid Arthritis

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Probiotic supplementation seems beneficial for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a study published online May 2 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Fluconazole Use May Raise Risk of Certain Birth Defects

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal use of low-dose fluconazole is associated with cleft lip with cleft palate and d-transposition of the great arteries, according to a study published in the May issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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No Link for Tea, Coffee Intake With Barrett's Esophagus

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- After adjustment for confounding variables there is no correlation between the risk of Barrett's esophagus (BE) and tea or coffee consumption, according to a study published in the May issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Physician Leadership Training May Help Counteract Burnout

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physician leaders with good leadership qualities are more likely to have employees who are satisfied and do not show signs of burnout, according to a study published in the April issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings and a report published by the American Medical Association.

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Increase in Low-Risk AMI Survivors From 2001 to 2011

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The proportion of low-risk survivors of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) increased from 2001 to 2011, and characteristics include younger age, male gender, and being married, according to a study published in the May 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Herpes Simplex Virus Linked to Frailty, Mortality

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For older women, herpes simplex virus antibody levels are associated with incident frailty and mortality, according to a study published online April 30 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Laparoscopic Antireflux Sx May Provide Added Benefits in GERD

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) and esomeprazole are both beneficial for patients with chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), but surgery may have an edge, according to research published in the May issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Adiposity Genetic Risk Score Tied to Cardiometabolic Health

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Data from a large cohort have replicated the association between the genetic risk score of 11 favorable adiposity variants with lower risk of cardiometabolic disease, according to research published online April 26 in Diabetes.

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Price Transparency Tool Doesn't Cut Health Care Spending

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Employee use of a price transparency tool does not cut health care spending, according to a study published in the May 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC: Behavioral Therapy Recommended First for ADHD

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Behavior modification therapy is preferable to medication for treating children 2 to 5 years old who have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), U.S. health officials say.

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Flu Vaccine in Pregnancy Protects Mother and Infant

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women who receive influenza vaccination may be protecting their infants as well as themselves against the virus, according to a new report published online May 3 in Pediatrics.

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USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Celiac Disease Screening

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to weigh the potential benefits and harms of screening for celiac disease in asymptomatic individuals. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online May 3 by the USPSTF.

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Infant Viral Infections Might Raise Risk of Type 1 Diabetes

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Respiratory and viral infections in the first six months of life may increase the odds of a child developing type 1 diabetes by nearly 20 percent, according to a study published in the May 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Still Too Many Antibiotic Prescriptions Being Written

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly one-third of the antibiotics prescribed in the United States aren't appropriate for the conditions being treated, according to research published in the May 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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High Risk of Long-Term Complications Seen With ICDs

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are associated with a high risk of long-term complications, according to research published online May 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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FDA: Brintellix Changing Name to Avoid Confusion With Brilinta

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Following a July 2015 Drug Safety Communication that warned about name confusion between Brintellix and Brilinta resulting in prescribing errors, the antidepressant Brintellix (vortioxetine) is changing its name to Trintellix, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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High School Football Players Have Most Post-Concussion Symptoms

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- High school football players are more likely to suffer more symptoms after a concussion, and to need more recovery time than their college counterparts; however, those who play in youth football leagues are the most likely to get back on the field less than 24 hours after a concussion, according to research published online May 2 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Well Water a Suspected Cause of Bladder Cancer in New England

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Arsenic in drinking water from private wells may explain the elevated bladder cancer risk among people in three New England states, according to a study published online May 2 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Report: Why Health Care Costs Are Lower in Europe Than U.S.

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- European residents have access to the same health care services as U.S. residents but pay much less, and this is related to several specific factors, according to a report published by INDIGOMED on April 25.

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Artemisia Extract Ups Insulin Sensitivity in GDM

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women with gestational diabetes mellitus, daily administration of Artemisia extract is associated with improved insulin sensitivity, according to a study published online April 27 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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All-Cause, CVD, DM Mortality Down From 2000 to 2011

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- All-cause and certain cause-specific mortality rates have decreased recently among those with type 1 and 2 diabetes, although younger patients have seen less improvement, according to a study published online April 26 in Diabetes Care.

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Lasting Safety, Efficacy for Magnetic Device in GERD

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a magnetic device is safe and effective for augmenting lower esophageal sphincter function over a five-year follow-up period, according to a study published in the May issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Advised for Chronic Insomnia

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive behavioral therapy is recommended as the initial treatment for all adults with chronic insomnia disorder, according to a clinical practice guideline published online May 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Clinical Practice Guideline
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Calorie Restriction Improves Mood, Health in Non-Obese

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Calorie restriction may improve health, mood, sexual function, and stress levels even in non-obese individuals, according to research published online May 2 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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2017 May Offer Fewer Choices for Affordable Care Act Enrollees

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- With the nation's largest health insurer exiting all but a few Affordable Care Act exchanges next year, some Americans may be left with fewer choices and some might see higher monthly premiums.

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Psychotherapy May Ease Chemo-Related Cognitive Dysfunction

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) might help cancer survivors manage the long-term cognitive dysfunction some experience after chemotherapy, according to research published online May 2 in Cancer.

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Serum Prolactin in Pregnancy Predicts Prediabetes/Diabetes

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Serum prolactin in pregnancy predicts the risk of postpartum prediabetes/diabetes, according to a study published online April 26 in Diabetes Care.

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Updated Recs Aim to Expand Primary Aldosteronism Screening

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Endocrine Society has issued new guidelines intended to increase screening for primary aldosteronism. The Clinical Practice Guideline was published online March 2 in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Distraction Methods During Blood Draws Have Similar Effectiveness

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Three different distraction methods are not significantly different in terms of pain and anxiety reduction in children having their blood drawn, according to a study published online April 26 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Exenatide Reduces Liver Fat in Type 2 Diabetes With Obesity

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes, exenatide reduces epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and liver fat content, according to a study published online April 23 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Patients Often Dissatisfied With Acne Care

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients frequently report ineffective consultations in acne care, according to a study published online April 26 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Delirium Predicts Function in Elderly After Aortic Valve Surgery

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Delirium appears to predict reduced functioning in elderly individuals after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), according to a study published online April 23 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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