May 2016 Briefing - Dermatology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for May 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Cephalexin Failure Rate Similar for Morbidly Obese, Non-Obese

TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients receiving cephalexin monotherapy for non-purulent cellulitis, the rate of therapeutic failure does not differ for morbidly obese and non-obese, according to a study published online May 19 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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AHRQ Communication Toolkit Can Help After Patient Harm Occurs

TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new communication toolkit created by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) can help health care organizations and providers communicate with patients and families when harm occurs to patients.

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Remaining Uninsured May Be Difficult to Reach Via ACA

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Uninsurance rates have decreased since the introduction of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), but reaching the remaining uninsured may prove challenging, according to a health policy brief published online May 23 in Health Affairs.

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Recognition of Patient Expertise Can Improve Adherence

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Recognizing the unique role of patients and their expertise within the physician-patient interaction can help to prevent non-adherence based on disagreement, according to an article published online May 18 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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Lip Cancer Risk Up for Some Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

TUESDAY, May 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For solid organ transplant recipients, azathioprine dose and duration of immunosuppression are associated with increased risk of lip cancer, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Some Sun Protection Behaviors Up With History of NMSC

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with previous nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) are more likely to engage in certain sun protection behaviors than those without previous NMSC, according to a study published online May 16 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Strategies Can Help Streamline Revenue-Related Processes

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Strategies can be employed to maximize the amount of time available for patient care by streamlining revenue-related processes, according to the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Burnout, Lack of Job Satisfaction Driving Doctors to Cut Hours

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Full-time physicians reporting worsening burnout or decreased job satisfaction are more likely to reduce their work hours, according to a study published in the April issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Direct-to-Consumer Dermatology Telemedicine Value Unclear

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of direct-to-consumer (DTC) telemedicine is associated with questionable quality of skin disease diagnosis and treatment, according to a study published online May 16 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Editor's Note

Sexual Harassment Experienced by One-Third of Female Doctors

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Thirty percent of female physicians face sexual harassment on the job, while close to three-quarters perceive gender bias at work and two-thirds say they have actually experienced it, according to survey findings published in the May 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Alexandrite Laser Safe, Effective for Port Wine Stains

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Alexandrite (Alex) laser at 3 ms pulse duration is safe and effective for port wine stains (PWS), according to a study published online April 28 in Lasers in Surgery and Medicine.

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Lower Levels of Vitamin D Receptors in Alopecia

FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with alopecia areata (AA) and androgenetic alopecia (AGA) have significantly lower serum and tissue levels of vitamin D receptors (VDRs), according to a study published online May 6 in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

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Temporary Skin Tattoos Can Evoke Delayed Hypersensitivity

FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Black henna, used in temporary skin tattoos, can evoke type IV delayed hypersensitivity reactions, according to an article published online April 27 in BMJ Case Reports.

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Zika May Present With Mucocutaneous Features

THURSDAY, May 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In one recent case of Zika virus infection, a diffuse papular descending eruption, petechiae on the palate, and hyperemic sclerae were key symptoms of infection with the mosquito-borne virus, according to a case report published online May 11 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Nilotinib Associated With Case of Scurvy

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nilotinib is associated with scurvy, possibly because of its effects on cutaneous metabolism, according to a letter to the editor published online April 28 in the Journal of Cutaneous Pathology.

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Macitentan Doesn't Reduce Number of New Digital Ulcers

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The endothelin-1 blocker macitentan does not reduce the number of new digital ulcers over 16 weeks among patients with systemic sclerosis and active ischemic digital ulcers, according to a study published in the May 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Genetic Variants ID Treatment Response in Psoriasis

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Genetic variants have been identified in psoriasis patients that correlate with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α treatment response, according to research published online April 30 in the Journal of Dermatology.

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Cutting Brand-Name Drug Use Could Save U.S. $73 Billion

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Americans could save tens of billions of dollars with more efficient drug use, replacing brand-name drugs with their generic equivalents whenever possible, according to a study published online May 9 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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CDC Establishes New 'Clean Hands Count' Campaign

MONDAY, May 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has introduced a new campaign, "Clean Hands Count," to encourage health care professionals, patients, and patients' families to keep their hands clean in order to prevent health care-associated infections.

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Teledermatology Improves Access to Dermatology Care

FRIDAY, May 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Teledermatology seems to improve access to dermatology care for Medicaid enrollees, according to a study published online May 4 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Physician Leadership Training May Help Counteract Burnout

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physician leaders with good leadership qualities are more likely to have employees who are satisfied and do not show signs of burnout, according to a study published in the April issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings and a report published by the American Medical Association.

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308-nm Excimer Light Is Tx Option for Alopecia Universalis

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A 308-nm excimer light is a therapeutic option for some patients with treatment-resistant alopecia universalis (AU), according to a study published online April 30 in the Journal of Dermatology.

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Price Transparency Tool Doesn't Cut Health Care Spending

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Employee use of a price transparency tool does not cut health care spending, according to a study published in the May 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Report: Why Health Care Costs Are Lower in Europe Than U.S.

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- European residents have access to the same health care services as U.S. residents but pay much less, and this is related to several specific factors, according to a report published by INDIGOMED on April 25.

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2017 May Offer Fewer Choices for Affordable Care Act Enrollees

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- With the nation's largest health insurer exiting all but a few Affordable Care Act exchanges next year, some Americans may be left with fewer choices and some might see higher monthly premiums.

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Laser Treatment Helpful for Androgenetic Alopecia

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) improves hair regrowth and thickness in patients with androgenetic alopecia (AGA), according to a review published online April 25 in Lasers in Surgery and Medicine.

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Patients Often Dissatisfied With Acne Care

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients frequently report ineffective consultations in acne care, according to a study published online April 26 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Aneurysmal Bone Cyst Can Present As Subungual Mass

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a case report published online April 23 in the Journal of Cutaneous Pathology, a subungual aneurysmal bone cyst is described in a 39-year-old male patient.

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