March 2016 Briefing - Nursing

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for March 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Stillbirth Less Likely for Women Receiving Trivalent Flu Vaccine

THURSDAY, March 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women receiving trivalent influenza vaccination are less likely to experience a stillbirth, especially for births occurring just after influenza season, according to a study published online March 30 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Pioglitazone Linked to Increased Risk of Bladder Cancer

THURSDAY, March 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes newly treated with antidiabetic drugs, use of pioglitazone is associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer, with duration-response and dose-response correlations, according to a study published online March 30 in The BMJ.

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Early Menopause Estradiol Tx Cuts Atherosclerosis Advance

THURSDAY, March 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Oral estradiol therapy is associated with less progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women when therapy is initiated early in menopause, according to a study published in the March 31 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Many Don't Know Key Facts About Zika Virus Transmission

WEDNESDAY, March 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many individuals are unaware of the exact nature of Zika virus transmission, according to a report published online March 29 by the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

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AMA Addresses Elements of Team-Based Care Model

TUESDAY, March 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The elements of a team-based care model are described in a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Pediatricians Should Be Familiar With Zika Virus Infection

TUESDAY, March 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians should be familiar with Zika virus infection, which can affect all age groups, including children, according to a study published online March 28 in Pediatrics.

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Tailored Intervention by PCPs Slightly Cuts Depression

TUESDAY, March 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An intervention based on personal predictors of risk for depression implemented by primary care physicians (PCPs) provides a modest reduction in the incidence of major depression compared to usual care, according to a study published online March 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Blood Pressure Targets Relevant for Children, Teens

TUESDAY, March 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Prehypertension and hypertension in children and adolescents are associated with cardiovascular target organ damage and set the trajectory for early adulthood high blood pressure (BP), according to an editorial published online March 28 in Hypertension.

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Muscle Training May Help With Mild Pelvic Organ Prolapse

TUESDAY, March 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) results in greater pelvic floor symptom improvement than watchful waiting in women with pelvic organ prolapse, according to a study published online March 21 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Morning Home Blood Pressure Predicts Stroke, CAD Events

MONDAY, March 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Morning home blood pressure (HBP) is a robust predictor of stroke and coronary artery disease (CAD) events, according to research published in the April 5 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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CDC: Tips Anti-Smoking Ad Campaign Still Having Impact

MONDAY, March 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Three years into the campaign, ads targeting smoking are still having a significant impact, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Adherence to Mediterranean Diet May Cut Hip Fracture Risk

MONDAY, March 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with reduced risk of hip fracture, according to a study published online March 28 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Standard Precautions Advised in Labor & Delivery to Prevent Zika

MONDAY, March 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Standard Precautions should be used in all health care settings, including labor and delivery, in order to minimize the potential risk of transmission of Zika virus to health care personnel or other patients, according to research published in the March 25 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Delayed Diagnosis of Acromegaly Reported in Elderly Woman

MONDAY, March 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a letter to the editor published in the March issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, delayed diagnosis of acromegaly is described in an elderly woman who initially presented with cutis verticis gyrata (CVG).

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Many Doctors Prescribe Opioids for Longer Than CDC Advises

FRIDAY, March 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- When doctors in the United States prescribe opioids for their patients, 99 percent of them hand out prescriptions that exceed the federally recommended three-day dosage limit, new research suggests.

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Transcranial Stimulation May Ease Symptoms of Anorexia

FRIDAY, March 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Repetitive transcranial stimulation (rTMS) may ease major symptoms of anorexia nervosa, according to a study published online March 23 in PLOS ONE.

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Exercise May Not Benefit Lungs of Seniors With Mobility Issues

FRIDAY, March 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Structured physical activity does not improve respiratory outcomes in elderly adults with mobility limitations, but is linked with higher risk of respiratory hospitalization, according to a study published in the March issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Medicare May Soon Cover Diabetes Prevention Program

FRIDAY, March 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Medicare could soon pay for a program aimed at diabetes prevention, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services announced this week.

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Low-Normal Sodium Deemed Major Risk for Mortality in Elderly

FRIDAY, March 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) - A slightly lower serum sodium concentration within the normal range is a major risk factor for mortality in elderly adults, according to a study published in the March issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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FDA Wants Generic Opioids to Be Abuse-Deterrent

FRIDAY, March 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Continuing their push to combat the nation's epidemic of opioid abuse, U.S. officials on Thursday urged generic drug makers to take steps to redesign drugs such as hydrocodone and oxycodone to make them harder to abuse.

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Patient Position, Timely Help Improve Inpatient Meal Intake

FRIDAY, March 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Timely mealtime assistance and patient positioning during the meal are tied to meal intake among hospital patients, according to a study published online March 21 in the Journal of Advanced Nursing.

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More U.S. Women Opting for Out-of-Hospital Births

THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More women in the United States are choosing to deliver their babies at home or in birth centers, and it seems that appropriate selection of low-risk women is improving, according to research published online March 16 in Birth.

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Diet High in Vitamin C May Help Delay Cataract Formation

THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- High intake of dietary vitamin C may help delay the onset of cataracts, according to research published online March 23 in Ophthalmology.

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Esophageal Rupture Described After Drinking PEG Solution

THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Esophageal rupture can occur in association with colonoscopy preparation, according to a letter to the editor published in the March issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Financial Compensation May Encourage Kidney Donation

THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- If offered $50,000, nearly three out of five Americans would donate a kidney, according to survey results published online March 23 in JAMA Surgery.

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Protocolized Handover Process Sustainable for Reducing Errors

THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A protocolized handover process correlates with a sustained reduction in the number of errors for children being transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) after cardiac surgery, according to a study published online March 21 in Pediatric Anesthesia.

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Incretin-Based Drugs Don't Up Heart Failure Hospitalization Risk

THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Incretin-based drugs are not associated with increased risk of hospitalization for heart failure, according to a study published in the March 24 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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ASCO Endorses European Guideline on Bladder Cancer

THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) has endorsed the European Association of Urology (EAU) guideline on muscle-invasive (MIBC) and metastatic bladder cancer, according to a special article published online March 21 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Maternal Obesity Tied to Increase in Child Behavior Problems

THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal obesity is associated with a small increase in child behavior problems, according to a study published online March 21 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Geographic Variation in Heart Disease Mortality Over Time

THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 1973-1974 to 2009-2010 there were changes in the geographic patterns of heart disease mortality, according to a study published in the March 22 issue of Circulation.

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Guidelines Developed for Preschoolers With Cystic Fibrosis

WEDNESDAY, March 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines have been developed for the care of 2- to 5-year-old children with cystic fibrosis (CF). The clinical practice guidelines were published online March 23 in Pediatrics.

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SSRIs Do Not Appear to Increase Cardiovascular Risk

WEDNESDAY, March 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) don't appear to raise cardiovascular risk among young and middle-age patients, according to research published online March 22 in The BMJ.

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Antipsychotics May Up Early Mortality Risk in Parkinson's

WEDNESDAY, March 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Parkinson's disease patients who are given antipsychotics to treat dementia and psychosis may be more likely to die early, according to research published online March 21 in JAMA Neurology.

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Age, ICU LOS Can Stratify Patients Into Disability Groups

WEDNESDAY, March 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) who survive one week or more of mechanical ventilation can be stratified into disability groups based on age and ICU length of stay, according to a study published online March 14 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Report of Bone Marrow/Liver Pathology Caused by Syphilis

WEDNESDAY, March 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A case of acquired syphilis leading to involvement of the bone marrow and liver is described in a report published online March 22 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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FDA Orders Enhanced Warning Labels on Opioid Pain Medications

TUESDAY, March 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has announced that immediate-release opioid pain medications will get new boxed warnings about the dangers of misuse.

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AMA Encouraging Physicians to ID, Assist Victims of Trafficking

TUESDAY, March 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians can help to identify and assist trafficking victims, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Mindful Meditation Technique May Help Ease Chronic Low Back Pain

TUESDAY, March 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) may be more effective than standard medical care for managing low back pain, according to a study published in the March 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Review Questions Influence of Alcohol Consumption on Life Span

TUESDAY, March 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Moderate alcohol consumption may not provide a survival benefit compared to abstaining, according to a new review published in the March issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

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Stress Management Could Help Optimize Cardiac Rehab

TUESDAY, March 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of stress management training can make cardiac rehabilitation programs more effective, according to a study published online March 21 in Circulation.

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Number of Seniors Mixing Medications, Supplements Rising

TUESDAY, March 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More seniors than ever are taking supplements alongside their medications, a practice that puts them at risk for dangerous drug interactions, according to research published online March 21 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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MODY1 Form of Diabetes May Require Alternate Treatment

TUESDAY, March 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with maturity-onset diabetes of the young 1 (MODY1) are often misdiagnosed as having type 2 diabetes, but patients with MODY1 might benefit from therapies that target a specific pathway that appears to be essential to the function of insulin-secreting cells, according to an experimental study published online Jan. 20 in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

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Wrestling Wins for Most High School Athletic Skin Infections

TUESDAY, March 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among U.S. high school athletes, the rate of skin infections is 2.27 per 100,000 athlete exposures, with the majority occurring in wrestlers, according to a study published in the April issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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AANA: Men Should Avoid Erectile Dysfunction Meds Prior to Surgery

MONDAY, March 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) is recommending that men avoid erectile dysfunction medications before surgery.

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Sharps Injuries for 76 Percent of Dermatology Residents

MONDAY, March 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Seventy-six percent of dermatology residents experience a sharps injury, according to a letter to the editor published in the April issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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FDA: Most Powdered Medical Gloves Should Be Banned in U.S.

MONDAY, March 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration wants to ban most powdered medical gloves, saying they pose serious health risks to patients and health care providers alike.

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Worse Prognosis for Heart Failure Patients With Low Osmolality

MONDAY, March 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction, low osmolality at discharge is associated with worse all-cause mortality and readmission, according to research published in the April 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Physicians Respond to New CDC Opioid Guidelines

MONDAY, March 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians have responded to the new U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's clinical guidelines for prescribing opioids, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Physical Activity May Lower Mortality Risk in COPD Patients

MONDAY, March 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physical activity could improve survival of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after hospital discharge, according to research published online March 17 in ERJ Open Research.

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CDC: 116 Travel-Associated Zika Cases in U.S. So Far This Year

FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- During the first two months of this year, 116 U.S. residents have tested positive for infection with the Zika virus, and all but one were linked to travel to regions endemic for the virus. The findings were reported in the March 18 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Bevacizumab Use in Preemies Associated With Disabilities

FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Bevacizumab (Avastin) used to treat retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) may be linked to serious disabilities such as cerebral palsy and hearing loss, according to a study published online March 17 in Pediatrics.

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Cognitive Impairment Affects Speech of Parkinson's Patients

FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Declines in cognition could have a greater impact on the ability of Parkinson's disease patients to converse than physical impairment, according to research published online March 16 in the Journal of Parkinson's Disease.

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Acetaminophen May Not Be the Best Choice for Arthritis Pain

FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Acetaminophen isn't an effective choice for osteoarthritis pain in the hip or knee, or for improving joint function, according to a report published online March 17 in The Lancet.

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Case Report: Ceftriaxone-Linked Renal Toxicity in Adult Male

FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A case of ceftriaxone-associated renal toxicity in an adult has been documented in a case report published online Feb. 23 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Dialysis of Little Benefit to Elderly End-Stage Renal Disease Patients

FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Dialysis does not significantly improve survival for elderly patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), according to research published online March 17 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Drop in S. aureus Carriage Rate With Antibiotic Tx of Acne

FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment of acne with antibiotics is associated with a significant decrease in the rate of Staphylococcus aureus carriage, according to a study published in the April issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Duration of Estrogen Deficiency Linked to Fibrosis Risk in NAFLD

FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), longer duration of estrogen deficiency is associated with increased odds of having more severe fibrosis, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in Hepatology.

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Rate of Transmission of Clostridium difficile Quantified

FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalized patients with Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) transmit C. difficile at a much higher rate than that of asymptomatic carriers and community sources, according to a report published in the April issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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Case Report: Immobility-Induced Hypercalcemia in Infant

FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A rare case of immobility-induced hypercalcemia in an infant has been documented in a case report published online March 18 in Pediatrics.

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Leave-On Facial Products Linked to Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia

THURSDAY, March 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Leave-on facial skin care products seem to be associated with frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA), according to a study published online March 14 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Predictions Made for Zika Arrival in U.S. Cities This Summer

THURSDAY, March 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Some major U.S. cities, including New York City and Los Angeles, could face outbreaks of the Zika virus this summer, according to a report published online March 16 in PLOS Currents: Outbreaks.

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Significant Changes in Liver Blood Flow With Prone Positioning

THURSDAY, March 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Prone positioning is associated with significant changes in hepatocellular function and cardiac output in healthy volunteers, according to research published online March 7 in Anaesthesia.

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Vitamin D May Help Avert Early Onset of Insulin Resistance

THURSDAY, March 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Early intervention with vitamin D in deficient individuals may help ward off early onset of insulin resistance, according to a study published online Feb. 18 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Many Cases of MERS-CoV Are Health Care-Associated

THURSDAY, March 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS CoV) infections are frequently associated with health care settings, according to a report published in the April issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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Diabetes Management Program Doesn't Cut Disparities in Care

THURSDAY, March 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A telephone-based disease management program delivered by a disease management vendor is ineffective in reducing racial/ethnic disparities in diabetes care, according to a study published online March 10 in Diabetes Care.

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SCD Accounts for >30 Percent of CV Deaths After NSTE ACS

THURSDAY, March 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Sudden cardiac death (SCD) accounts for more than 30 percent of cardiovascular deaths after non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE ACS), according to research published online March 16 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Meditation-Induced Analgesia Not Mediated by Endogenous Opioids

THURSDAY, March 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mindfulness meditation-induced analgesia does not rely on opioidergic mechanisms, according to a study published in the March 16 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience.

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Spending on Prescription Meds Up About 5 Percent in 2015

THURSDAY, March 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Spending on prescription medications for insured Americans increased about 5 percent in 2015, with the increase half of that seen in 2014, the Associated Press reported.

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Antibiotic Resistance in Pediatric UTIs Up Globally

WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many children who develop urinary tract infections (UTIs) tied to the Escherichia coli bacteria are now failing to respond to antibiotic treatment, according to research published online March 15 in The BMJ.

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Free Training Being Offered for Substance Use Disorder Tx

WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Free training is being offered to physicians in medication-assisted treatment (MAT), which combines use of medication with counseling and other support for patients with substance use disorders, according to a report published by the American Medical Association.

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Many A-Fib Patients Missing Out on Recommended Anticoagulation

WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Fewer than half of atrial fibrillation patients at highest risk for stroke are prescribed recommended anticoagulation, according to research published online March 16 in JAMA Cardiology.

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CDC: Obesity Contributing to Hike in Asthma Rates Among Women

WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- As weight rises, so too does the risk for asthma, according to a March data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Patient-Controlled Analgesia Non-Inferior After C-Section

WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Early patient-controlled oral analgesia is non-inferior to standard parenteral analgesia for pain management after elective cesarean section, according to a study published online March 2 in Anaesthesia.

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FDA Safety Announcement Affected Bisphosphonate Use

WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A U.S. Food and Drug Administration safety announcement relating to atrial fibrillation risk associated with bisphosphonates correlated with a reduction in bisphosphonate use, according to a study published online March 11 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Disruptive Patients Distract Docs, May Receive Compromised Care

WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Disruptive patients may get worse care from physicians, according to a study published online March 7 in BMJ Quality & Safety. The findings aren't definitive because the researchers tested how physicians responded in fictional vignettes, instead of real-life encounters. Still, the results suggest that such patients distract physicians from doing their jobs.

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Basal Metabolic Rate Drops After CPAP Initiation in Sleep Apnea

WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), initiation of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is associated with a reduction in basal metabolic rate (BMR), according to a study published online March 1 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Antenatal Corticosteroids Cut Mortality for Early Preemies

WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For neonates born before 24 weeks of gestation, receipt of antenatal corticosteroids and active intensive treatment is associated with reduced odds of mortality to discharge, according to a review published in the April issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Suppression of Substance Abuse Claims Impacts Diagnoses

TUESDAY, March 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) policy suppressing substance abuse-related claims in the Medicare and Medicaid Research Identifiable Files correlated with an immediate reduction in inpatient diagnoses for conditions commonly co-occurring with substance abuse, according to a research letter published in the March 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC Issues New Prescription Guidelines for Opioids

TUESDAY, March 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new advisory, from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, stresses that doctors -- especially primary care physicians -- should try to avoid prescription of opioids whenever possible. Two research letters published online March 15 in the Journal of the American Medical Association highlight the scope of the opioid issue.

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Incident A-Fib Linked to Shorter Disability-Free Survival

TUESDAY, March 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults, incident atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with shorter disability-free survival, according to a study published online March 1 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Influenza Vaccine Safe for Patients in Hospital for Surgery

TUESDAY, March 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Surgery patients don't have an increased risk for complications if they receive an influenza vaccine while in the hospital, according to a study published online March 15 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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PA32540 Safe for Patients at Risk of Aspirin-Linked Upper GI Events

TUESDAY, March 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For subjects at risk of aspirin-associated upper gastrointestinal (UGI) events, long-term PA32540 (enteric-coated aspirin 325 mg and immediate-release omeprazole 40 mg) appears to be safe, according to a study published in the April issue of Cardiovascular Therapeutics.

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Familial Hypercholesterolemia More Common Than Thought

TUESDAY, March 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Familial hypercholesterolemia affects about one in every 250 American men and women and significantly increases their risk for an early heart attack, according to a study published in the March 15 issue of Circulation.

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Abruptly Quitting Appears to Work Best for Smoking Cessation

TUESDAY, March 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Quitting cigarettes "cold turkey" beats a more gradual approach, according to research published online March 15 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Off-Label Use of Metformin Common in U.S. Adolescents

TUESDAY, March 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In U.S. adolescents, off-label use of metformin is common, according to a study published online March 9 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Girls Using IUDs Rather Than OCPs Less Likely to Use Condoms

TUESDAY, March 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- High school girls who use long-acting contraception -- such as intrauterine devices or implants -- are less likely to focus on condom use than girls who are taking oral contraceptives, according to a study published online March 14 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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More Variability in Overnight Insulin Requirements in T1DM

TUESDAY, March 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with type 1 diabetes, overnight insulin requirements are significantly more variable than daytime and total daily insulin requirements during closed-loop insulin delivery, according to a study published online March 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Cerebral Venous Thrombosis Risk Up in Obese Women on OCPs

MONDAY, March 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Obese women taking oral contraceptives may be nearly 30 times more likely to develop cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT), compared with women of normal weight who don't take birth control pills, according to a study published online March 14 in JAMA Neurology.

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Two-Dose Varicella Vaccine Offers Improved Protection

MONDAY, March 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Giving one dose of the varicella vaccine at age 1 and a second dose at ages 4 to 6 is nearly 100 percent effective in preventing varicella, according to a study published online March 14 in Pediatrics.

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Few Care Management Processes Used for Depression

MONDAY, March 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. primary care practices use less than one care management process for depression, on average, according to a study published in the March issue of Health Affairs.

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Early-Term Delivery May Not Up Adverse Neonatal Outcomes

MONDAY, March 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Elective early-term deliveries may not be associated with increased risk of adverse neonatal outcomes, according to a study published in the April issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Antihyperglycemic Medication Prescribing Trends Are Changing

MONDAY, March 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Trends indicate a reduction in glyburide and thiazolidinedione prescriptions and increases in gliclazide and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor prescriptions among older adults with diabetes and chronic kidney disease, according to a study published online March 4 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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FDA Gives Tentative Approval to Tests of Gene-Modified Mosquitos

MONDAY, March 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health officials on Friday gave tentative approval to a field test in the Florida Keys of mosquitoes genetically modified to help curb the spread of the Zika virus.

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Preventive Mastectomies Triple for U.S. Women Over Past Decade

MONDAY, March 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of U.S. breast cancer patients choosing to have a healthy breast removed has tripled in the past decade, even though this aggressive measure offers no significant survival benefits for women with cancer in one breast, according to a study published online March 8 in the Annals of Surgery.

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HIIT May Be Most Effective Exercise Method for Obese Youth

MONDAY, March 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For obese youth, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) appears to be more effective for improving blood pressure and aerobic capacity than other forms of exercise, according to a meta-analysis published online March 7 in Obesity Reviews.

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Doctor Communication Supports Parents' Beliefs About Antibiotics

MONDAY, March 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Clinician communication and prescribing behavior reinforce parents' understanding of antibiotic treatment, according to a study published in the March/April issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Diabetes Patients More Susceptible to Staph Bacteremia

FRIDAY, March 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with diabetes may be significantly more likely to develop community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (CA-SAB) than those without diabetes, according to a study published online March 10 in the European Journal of Endocrinology.

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Apnea Impacts Neurocognitive Function in Children

FRIDAY, March 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) has a deleterious impact in children, affecting neurocognitive functioning, according to a study published online March 1 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Evidence Links Agent Orange to Bladder Cancer, Hypothyroidism

FRIDAY, March 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There is stronger evidence of a link between the herbicide Agent Orange and bladder cancer and hypothyroidism among U.S. military personnel exposed to the chemical during the Vietnam War, a new Institute of Medicine report shows.

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Elderly With Advanced CRC Often Get Costly, Unnecessary Tx

FRIDAY, March 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Expensive medications are being given far more often to elderly patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, but they offer almost no benefit, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Medical Care.

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Rebound Growth for One in Four With Infantile Hemangioma

FRIDAY, March 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- About 25 percent of patients with infantile hemangioma (IH) have rebound growth, according to a study published online March 7 in Pediatrics.

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Analgesics Plus Exercise Therapy Feasible for Knee OA

FRIDAY, March 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A combined intervention of optimized analgesic prescription and exercise therapy is feasible and associated with significant reductions in pain and activity limitation in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and severe knee pain, according to a study published in the March issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

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Triple-Handed Approach Eases Palpation of Ticklish Patients

FRIDAY, March 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A novel triple-handed approach allows for examination of lymph-node basins without eliciting a ticklish response, according to a letter to the editor published in the March 10 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Five Strategies Employed to Help Promote Behavior Change

FRIDAY, March 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Five key strategies are employed by clinicians to help promote patient behavior change, according to a study published in the March/April issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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CDC: Zika Poses Serious Threat to Puerto Rico

THURSDAY, March 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health officials issued an assessment Thursday of the continued spread of the Zika virus, which is already suspected of causing thousands of birth defects in Brazil and has made inroads into Puerto Rico.

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Ironman Competitors Susceptible to Hyponatremia

THURSDAY, March 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Long-distance triathletes who drink too much water during competition may end up with hyponatremia, according to a letter to the editor published in the March 10 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Disclosure of Sexual Identity Linked to Receipt of HIV Testing

THURSDAY, March 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For rural men who have sex with men, disclosure of sexual identity is associated with increased uptake of HIV testing and hepatitis vaccinations, according to a study published in the March/April issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Survival Benefit for Kidneys From Incompatible Living Donors

THURSDAY, March 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In what researchers are calling a possible "paradigm shift," a new study shows kidney disease patients may live longer if they receive a transplant from an incompatible living donor rather than wait for a good match. The research was published in the March 10 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Zika Now Tied to Meningoencephalitis

THURSDAY, March 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The list of neurological disorders potentially associated with the Zika virus continues to grow, according to a letter to the editor and a perspective piece published online March 9 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Warfarin's Intracranial Bleed Risk Higher Than Previously Reported

THURSDAY, March 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Warfarin treatment for patients with atrial fibrillation may raise the risk of traumatic intracranial bleeding by more than previously reported, according to a study published online March 9 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Study Raises Privacy Concerns for Health Care Apps

THURSDAY, March 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Privacy policies for health programs -- or "apps" -- designed for smartphones that share highly sensitive medical information between patients and doctors are lacking, and often are completely missing, according to a study published in the March 8 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Hydrolyzed Infant Formulas Don't Shield Against Asthma, Allergies

THURSDAY, March 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence is lacking that hydrolyzed infant formulas protect children from autoimmune disorders, according to a review published online March 8 in The BMJ.

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Predictive Model Developed for In-Hospital Mortality in TAVR

THURSDAY, March 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A predictive model has been developed and validated for in-hospital mortality among patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR); the findings were published online March 9 in JAMA Cardiology.

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AAP: Add Poverty to Well-Visit Checklist

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Poverty can significantly harm a child's health and should be an issue identified at well-child visits, according to a new American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement. The statement and an accompanying report were published online March 9 in Pediatrics.

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Too Few Patients With Prediabetes Are Being Treated

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A large number of Americans with prediabetes aren't being treated for the condition, which suggests that doctors are missing opportunities to prevent diabetes, according to research published in the March-April issue of the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine.

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CDC: U.S. Cancer Mortality Rate Continues to Fall

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Overall rates of cancer and cancer mortality in the United States continue to decline, according to the Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, a yearly report issued by the American Cancer Society, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Cancer Institute, and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. The report was published online March 9 in Cancer.

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Retail Clinics Do Not Decrease Health Care Spending

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Retail clinic visits often represent new health care utilization and increased health care spending for low-acuity conditions, according to a study published in the March issue of Health Affairs.

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Experimental Study Supports Health Effects of 'Bromances'

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Moderate stress encourages male bonding, and prosocial behavior improves stress resiliency, according to an experimental study in rats published online Feb. 2 in Neuropsychopharmacology.

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Vitamin D Not Beneficial for Osteoarthritis of the Knee

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin D supplements don't appear to relieve pain or slow the progression of knee osteoarthritis in patients with low levels of the vitamin, according to a study published in the March 8 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Video Game-Based Cognitive Rehab Program Beneficial in MS

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A video game-based cognitive rehabilitation program is associated with changes in thalamocortical functional connectivity (FC) among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study published online March 8 in Radiology.

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Parents Often Report Medical Errors in Peds Inpatient Care

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Parents frequently report medical errors in pediatric inpatient care, according to a study published online Feb. 29 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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CPAP Improves Glycemic Control in Patients With T2DM, OSA

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and suboptimally controlled type 2 diabetes, use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for six months is associated with improved glycemic control and insulin resistance, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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USPSTF Urges Screening for Adults at High Risk of Latent TB

TUESDAY, March 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in adults at increased risk. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement, published online March 8 by the USPSTF.

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Slow Gait After Acute MI Linked to Mortality, Readmission

TUESDAY, March 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- At one month after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), many older adults have slow gait, which is associated with increased risk of death or readmission at one year, according to a study published online March 1 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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District Policy With Support Ups Drink Quality in Schools

TUESDAY, March 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A policy introducing nutrition standards for competitive beverages can improve the nutritional quality of beverages sold in schools, according to a study published online March 3 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Attachment to God Linked to Improved Worker Contentment

TUESDAY, March 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Secure attachment to God is associated with affective organizational commitment and job satisfaction, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in the Review of Religious Research.

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Opportunities for Healthy Diet, Exercise Influence Behaviors

TUESDAY, March 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Practical opportunities for healthy diet and activity are associated with intentions, achieved behaviors, and body mass index (BMI), according to a study published in the March/April issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Low Testosterone Predicts Mortality in Advanced Liver Disease

TUESDAY, March 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For men with advanced liver disease, sarcopenia and low testosterone predict mortality, with better prediction for low testosterone, according to a study published in the March issue of the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Review IDs Care Gaps for Teens With Chronic Conditions

TUESDAY, March 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patient-related determinants of care gaps have been identified in adolescents with chronic conditions; the findings were published online March 3 in Pediatrics.

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Chemical Exposure Down With Switch in Cosmetics Among Teens

MONDAY, March 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Switching to chemical-free cosmetics and shampoos quickly lowers levels of hormone-disrupting chemicals in the bodies of adolescent girls, according to a study published online March 7 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

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Chorioamnionitis Not Linked to Lower Bayley II Scores at Age 2

MONDAY, March 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Chorioamnionitis does not appear to be associated with decreased Bayley II scores at age 2 years, according to a study published in the March issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Online Media Often Used to Learn New Surgical Techniques

MONDAY, March 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (AAFPRS) members use online streaming media to learn new techniques, according to a research letter published online March 3 in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

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Risk of Chronic Conditions Up for Retinoblastoma Survivors

MONDAY, March 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Retinoblastoma (Rb) survivors have increased risk of chronic conditions, according to a study published in the March 1 issue of Cancer.

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Bloodstream Infection Outbreak in Wisconsin Linked to 18 Deaths

FRIDAY, March 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The source of a bacterial bloodstream infection linked with the deaths of 18 people in Wisconsin is being sought by federal, state, and local health officials.

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CDC: Hospitals Making Progress Against Antibiotic Resistance

FRIDAY, March 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Although U.S. hospitals are making gains in the fight against some antibiotic-resistant bacteria, too many patients are still affected in health care facilities, according to a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Daily Low-Dose Aspirin May Reduce Risk of Some Cancers

FRIDAY, March 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Taking low-dose aspirin every day may lower the overall risk of cancer by 3 percent, mostly due to larger reductions seen in risk for colon and gastrointestinal tumors, according to research published online March 3 in JAMA Oncology.

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Location, Age Affect Hospital Visitor Hand Sanitizer Use

FRIDAY, March 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Location, time of day, and age, as well as being in a group, are all associated with increased use of alcohol-based hand sanitizer (AHS) for hospital visitors, according to a study published in the March 1 issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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ACOG Issues Recommendations on Prenatal Screening

FRIDAY, March 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations on screening for genetic disorders and fetal aneuploidy have been updated, according to two Practice Bulletins published online March 3 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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More Chest Pain for Women Undergoing PCI With DES

FRIDAY, March 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with new generation drug-eluting stents (DES) have a higher prevalence of clinically relevant chest pain, according to a study published online March 2 in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

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Google Pledges $1 Million to Help Fight Zika Virus

THURSDAY, March 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A $1 million donation to fight the spread of the Zika virus and an offer to help analyze data to predict the spread of the mosquito-borne disease was announced by Google.

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U.S. Bans E-Cigarettes on Commercial Flights

THURSDAY, March 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic cigarettes have been banned from commercial flights, the U.S. Department of Transportation announced Wednesday.

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Annual Visit Rate for Obesity Is 49 Visits Per 1,000 Persons

THURSDAY, March 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In 2012 there were 11 million visits to health care providers for obesity, with variation in visit rates by age and sex, according to a March data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Recurrence Risk Estimator Valid for Acute Ischemic Stroke

THURSDAY, March 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Recurrence Risk Estimator (RRE) score is valid for identifying the risk of recurrence in patients with acute ischemic stroke, according to a study published online Feb. 29 in JAMA Neurology.

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Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Superior for Abscess

THURSDAY, March 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole results in a higher clinical cure rate of uncomplicated abscesses than placebo, according to a study published in the March 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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ADA Issues Recs for Management of Diabetes in Primary Care

THURSDAY, March 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- New recommendations have been developed for diabetes, focusing on areas of importance for primary care providers. The clinical guideline was published online March 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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FDA: Guidance to Help Prevent Donor-Related Zika Infection

WEDNESDAY, March 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued new guidance for reducing the potential transmission risk of Zika virus from human cells, tissues, and cellular and tissue-based products (HCT/Ps).

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Induction of Labor Seems Safe for Women of Advanced Maternal Age

WEDNESDAY, March 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For older women, induction of labor at 39 weeks of gestation has no effect on cesarean section delivery or adverse outcomes compared with expectant management, according to a study published in the March 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Decrease in Rate of Unintended Pregnancies From 2008 to 2011

WEDNESDAY, March 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of unintended pregnancies in the United States decreased from 2008 to 2011, according to research published in the March 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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SCOTUS: States Can't Force Health Care Data Release

WEDNESDAY, March 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Supreme Court has ruled against state efforts to collect health care data from insurance plans.

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Iron Supplement in Infancy May Benefit Motor Development

WEDNESDAY, March 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Iron supplementation in infancy, regardless of iron supplementation in pregnancy, improves gross motor development at age 9 months, according to research published online March 2 in Pediatrics.

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Insulin Degludec/Liraglutide Noninferior to Insulin Glargine

WEDNESDAY, March 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, a fixed ratio of insulin degludec/liraglutide is noninferior to continued titration of insulin glargine, according to a study published in the March 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Increased Risk of Certain Cancers

WEDNESDAY, March 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with type 1 diabetes appear to have a higher risk for cancers of the stomach, liver, pancreas, endometrium, ovary, and kidneys, but a reduced risk for prostate and breast cancers, according to research published online Feb. 29 in Diabetologia.

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Pre-Visit Questionnaire Can Help ID Common Vestibular Diagnoses

WEDNESDAY, March 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of a vestibular intake questionnaire can predict common vestibular diagnoses, prior to clinical assessment, according to research published online Feb. 25 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Case of Hepatitis E Transmission Via Plasma Exchange

WEDNESDAY, March 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A case of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection has been reported in a kidney transplant recipient, according to a research letter published online March 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Metabolic Syndrome Tied to Risk of Mild Cognitive Impairment

WEDNESDAY, March 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and MCI progression to dementia is increased in association with metabolic syndrome (MetS), according to a study published online Feb. 29 in JAMA Neurology.

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Social-Emotional Difficulty Linked to Toddler Mobile Tech Use

WEDNESDAY, March 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There is a correlation between increased social-emotional difficulties in toddlers and the tendency of low-income parents to use mobile technology to calm their children in certain situations, according to a research letter published online Feb. 29 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Dementia Incidence Higher Than CHD in Very Elderly

TUESDAY, March 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For adults aged 80 years or older, the incidence of dementia is greater than that of coronary heart disease (CHD), according to a study published in the March 8 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Visual Acuity Screening in Seniors

TUESDAY, March 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has concluded that the evidence is currently inadequate to weigh the benefits and harms of primary care screening for impaired visual acuity in older adults. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement, published in the March 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Severe Anemia Ups Necrotizing Enterocolitis Risk in VLBW

TUESDAY, March 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Severe anemia, but not red blood cell (RBC) transfusion, is associated with increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants, according to research published in the March 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Many Do Not Share Personal Genetic Testing Results With PCP

TUESDAY, March 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many individuals who undergo direct-to-consumer (DTC) personal genomic testing (PGT) do not share the results with their primary care provider (PCP), according to research published online March 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Zika Infection Linked to Guillain-Barré Syndrome

TUESDAY, March 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Zika virus infection may be associated with incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome, according to a study published online Feb. 29 in The Lancet.

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AAN: Stroke Risk Up With Daylight Saving Transitions

TUESDAY, March 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The transition to daylight saving time (DST) is associated with a transient increase in the risk of ischemic stroke, according to a study scheduled for presentation at the upcoming annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology, to be held from April 15 to 21 in Vancouver, Canada.

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IVCF Use Up in Older Patients With Pulmonary Embolism

TUESDAY, March 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The use of inferior vena caval filters (IVCFs) for pulmonary embolism (PE) increased from 1999 through 2010, according to research published in the March 8 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Prostate Cancer Tied to Higher Colorectal Cancer Risk

TUESDAY, March 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of colorectal cancer is increased after a diagnosis of prostate cancer, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in Cancer.

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Similar Sensitivity for CBCL-AP, CRS-R in Diagnosing ADHD

TUESDAY, March 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Child Behavior Checklist-Attention Problem (CBCL-AP) scale and Conners Rating Scale-Revised (CRS-R) yield moderate sensitivity for diagnosing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents, according to research published online Feb. 29 in Pediatrics.

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Supportive-Care Hospital Visits Linked to Better Outcomes

TUESDAY, March 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital supportive-care visits from a primary care physician result in lower risks of adverse patient outcomes, according to a study published online Feb. 23 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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High Levels of Exercise May Be Cardiotoxic

TUESDAY, March 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Emerging evidence suggests that there may be some cardiotoxicity associated with exercise, according to a review published online Feb. 24 in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology.

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Pre-Op Stress Tied to Post-Op Pain, Anxiety in Scoliosis Patients

TUESDAY, March 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Attention to preoperative stress in adolescents undergoing scoliosis surgery may reduce levels of postoperative pain as well as anxiety and social and attention problems in the recovery period, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Uric Acid Levels Low in Teens With Type 1 Diabetes

TUESDAY, March 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Plasma uric acid (PUA) levels are significantly lower in adolescent patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) than in healthy control subjects, and there does not appear to be a link between PUA levels and cardiorenal abnormalities in these patients, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Diabetes Care.

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