Macrophage COX-2 Prevents Diabetic Nephropathy Progression

Share this content:
Macrophage COX-2 Prevents Diabetic Nephropathy Progression
Macrophage COX-2 Prevents Diabetic Nephropathy Progression

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Macrophage cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) deletion is associated with progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN), according to an experimental study published online Nov. 4 issue of Diabetes.

Xin Wang, from the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, Tenn., and colleagues examined the effects of macrophage COX-2 on development of DN in a mouse model of type 1 diabetes.

The researchers found that cultured macrophages with deletion of COX-2 exhibited a proinflammatory "M1" phenotype, with higher inducible nitric oxide synthase and NF-κB levels, but lower levels of interleukin-4Rα. Mice with COX-2 deletion in hematopoietic cells or macrophages developed severe DN compared with corresponding wild type diabetic mice, as indicated by increased albuminuria; fibrosis; and renal infiltration of T cells, neutrophils, and macrophages. Diabetic kidneys with macrophage COX-2 deletion had more infiltration of macrophages, but fewer renal "M2" macrophages (reparative phenotype); they also had increased ER stress and decreased numbers of podocytes. Results were similar in diabetic mice with macrophage E4 deletion.

"These studies have demonstrated an important but unexpected role for macrophage COX-2/PGE2/EP4 signaling to lessen progression of diabetic kidney disease, unlike the pathogenic effects of increased COX-2 expression in intrinsic renal cells," the authors write.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Share this content:

is free, fast, and customized just for you!

Already a member?

Sign In Now »


Sign up for myCME e-newsletters


Drug Lookup

Browse drugs by: BrandGenericDisease

More in Home

NTproBNP Levels Are Significantly Lower in Blacks

NTproBNP Levels Are Significantly Lower in Blacks

Higher NTproBNP levels linked to increased risk of death; this association did not differ by race

Data May Weigh on Pros/Cons of Expanded Care Optometry

Data May Weigh on Pros/Cons of Expanded Care ...

Majority of residents in Kentucky, Oklahoma, New Mexico live within 30 minutes of ophthalmologist

Gaps Seen Between Hearing Loss, Receipt of Medical Evaluation, Tx

Gaps Seen Between Hearing Loss, Receipt of Medical ...

About 20.6 percent of those with hearing less than excellent/good had visited doctor for hearing issues

is free, fast, and customized just for you!

Already a member?

Sign In Now »