June 2017 Briefing - Psychiatry

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for June 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Psychological Risks Higher in Atopic Dermatitis Patients

FRIDAY, June 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation is more common among individuals with atopic dermatitis (AD), according to a study published online June 20 in Allergy.

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Poll Finds Seniors Struggling With Drug Costs Don't Seek Help

FRIDAY, June 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many older Americans who have difficulty paying for their medications don't seek help in finding more economical options, according to the University of Michigan National Poll on Healthy Aging.

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Depression Contributes to Health Decline Seen in Cancer Caregivers

FRIDAY, June 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Depression is known to be linked to worsening physical health, and this may be especially true for cancer caregivers, according to a study published online June 29 in Cancer.

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Doctors Urged to Take Care With Electronic Communications

THURSDAY, June 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Care should be taken when conveying electronic messages to patients, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Health of the Nation Presented in 40th Annual CDC Report

THURSDAY, June 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The health of the United States is summarized in the 40th annual report published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Brain Stimulation No Better Than Escitalopram for Depression

THURSDAY, June 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Escitalopram may outperform transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) in the treatment of depression, according to a study published in the June 29 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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FDA Seeks to Increase Number of Generic Drugs on Market

WEDNESDAY, June 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- New measures to increase the number of generic prescription drugs available to Americans have been taken by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Rx Changes, Counseling, Regular Visits Can Cut Opioid Deaths

WEDNESDAY, June 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Three simple steps could decrease opioid-related mortality by about a third, according to a report published online June 26 in Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

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PPIs Not Found to Raise Risk of Alzheimer's Disease

WEDNESDAY, June 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) don't appear to increase the risk of dementia, as has been previously suspected, according to a study published online June 7 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Presence of Smartphone Cuts Available Cognitive Capacity

WEDNESDAY, June 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Just the presence of one's smartphone is associated with reduced available cognitive capacity, according to a study published recently in the Journal of the Association for Consumer Research.

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Lasting Negative Consequences for Anorexia Nervosa

WEDNESDAY, June 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Anorexia nervosa (AN) has long-term negative consequences, and many patients do not experience remission, according to a study published online June 23 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Persistent Mental Distress Ups Mortality in Heart Patients

TUESDAY, June 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The cumulative burden of psychological stress increases mortality risk in patients with stable coronary heart disease, according to a study published online June 26 in Heart.

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Acne-Related Depression, Anxiety Not Tied to Oxidative Stress

MONDAY, June 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- High levels of anxiety and depression in patients with facial acne are not related to oxidative stress, according to a study published online June 20 in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

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Guidance Issued for Ob-Gyns on Mental Health Disorders in Teens

MONDAY, June 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Obstetrician-gynecologists can reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with mental health disorders in adolescents by early identification, prompt referral, and care coordination, according to a Committee Opinion published in the July issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Ob-Gyns Can Help ID Sex Workers, Improve Access to Care

FRIDAY, June 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Obstetrician-gynecologists can help improve recognition of sex workers and increase their access to preventive care, according to a Committee Opinion published in the July issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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High Levels of Brain Inflammation Seen in OCD

FRIDAY, June 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have high levels of brain inflammation, according to a study published online June 21 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Opioid Rx Too Often Given to Back Pain Patients With Depression

THURSDAY, June 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with low back pain who are depressed are more likely to be prescribed opioids, and to be prescribed higher doses, according to a study published online June 20 in PAIN Reports.

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1991-2014 Saw Minimal Change in Health Spending Per State

THURSDAY, June 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- From 1991 to 2014 there was minimal change in health spending by state, according to a study published online June 14 in Health Affairs.

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Sharp Rise Among Women for Opioid-Related Hospitalizations

WEDNESDAY, June 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Opioid-related hospitalizations among women in the United States increased far faster than among men between 2005 and 2014, according to the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

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Medications Underutilized for Treating Youth Opioid Abuse

MONDAY, June 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of opioid addiction among Americans age 25 and under rose nearly six-fold from 2001 to 2014, but few are receiving medical treatment that might prevent overdose or relapse, according to a report published online June 19 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Firearms Kill or Wound 7,000 U.S. Children Annually

MONDAY, June 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Gun-related violence is the third leading cause of death for children aged 1 to 17, and firearm-related deaths lag only behind car crashes in terms of injury-related mortality, according to a report published online June 19 in Pediatrics.

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Yoga May Be Able to 'Reverse' Stress-Inducing DNA Reactions

MONDAY, June 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The physical and mental health benefits of pursuits like yoga and meditation begin in the genes, according to research published online June 16 in the Frontiers in Immunology.

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Depression Inversely Linked to Body Composition in Teens

MONDAY, June 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is an inverse correlation for major depressive disorder (MDD) severity with measures of body composition among older adolescents, while a positive association is seen for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), according to a study published online June 16 in Pediatrics.

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Opioid Addicts Find It Hard to Avoid Fentanyl

FRIDAY, June 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More than half of all drug overdose deaths may be caused by fentanyl, according to two studies published online recently in the International Journal of Drug Policy.

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Health Insurers Recruiting Former Pharma Reps to Cut Costs

FRIDAY, June 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Health insurers are recruiting former pharmaceutical company representatives to educate doctors and help save money on prescription medications, according to a report published June 8 in Kaiser Health News.

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AMA Endeavors to Increase Transparency of Rx Pricing

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) is calling for more transparency in drug pricing amid rising costs that are putting some lifesaving medications out of reach for patients and communities.

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Strategies Implemented to Cut Opioid ODs, Deaths in Maryland

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Strategies are being implemented to reduce opioid overdoses and deaths in Maryland, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Food Cravings Down With Extended Calorie Restriction

TUESDAY, June 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Extended calorie restriction is associated with a reduction in food cravings, according to a review and meta-analysis published online May 30 in Obesity Reviews.

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SAMHSA: 9.8 Million U.S. Adults Have Serious Mental Illness

MONDAY, June 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 10 million American adults have a serious mental illness, and a similar number have considered suicide during the past year, according to a new report published in the Behavioral Health Barometer-United States, 2016, which was released June 12 by the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Medical Students Lacking Proficiency in BP Measurements

MONDAY, June 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Medical students frequently do not achieve mastery of the skills necessary for accurate measurement of blood pressure (BP), according to a study published online April 28 in the Journal of Clinical Hypertension.

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Review: Depression Screening As Inpatient Important, Feasible

MONDAY, June 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Depression affects about one-third of hospital patients and could slow their recovery, according to research published recently in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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New Bill With Tort Reforms Will Protect Iowa Physicians

FRIDAY, June 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new bill with tort reforms to protect Iowa physicians will take effect July 1, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Relapse Down With Clozapine, Injectables in Schizophrenia

FRIDAY, June 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with schizophrenia, clozapine and long-acting injectable antipsychotic medications are associated with the lowest risk of psychiatric rehospitalization, according to a study published online June 7 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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U.S. Leads in Income-Based Health Care Inequalities

THURSDAY, June 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The United States has larger income-related differences in perceptions of health and health care than other middle- and high-income countries, according to a report published in the June issue of Health Affairs.

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Lithium's Risk to Fetus May Be Lower Than Previously Thought

THURSDAY, June 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Lithium is linked to an increased risk of heart malformations in infants born to women taking the drug during pregnancy, but the risk is smaller than once believed, according to research published in the June 8 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Antidepressants in Pregnancy Don't Affect Newborn Behavior

THURSDAY, June 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of antidepressants in pregnancy is not associated with increased signs of irritability, difficulty feeding, sleep disturbances, or respiratory problems in infants two to four weeks after birth, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

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Election Results Could Be Harming Americans' Health

THURSDAY, June 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new analysis suggests that ballot box results may rob some of the American public of its health, driving up stress levels, disease incidence, premature births, and even premature deaths. The medicine and society article was published in the June 8 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Adverse Brain Outcomes Seen With Even Moderate Drinking

WEDNESDAY, June 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Moderate drinkers are more than three times as likely as abstainers to show abnormal levels of atrophy in the right hippocampus, according to a study published online June 6 in The BMJ.

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Chronic Pain Tied to Increased Risk of Memory Loss

WEDNESDAY, June 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic pain is associated with increased odds of mental decline and dementia, according to research published online June 5 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Health System Sees Success With E-Visits Via Patient Portal

WEDNESDAY, June 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patient portals can successfully offer access to physicians without office visits, according to a report published online May 30 by the American Medical Association.

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Nurse-Led Psych Intervention Beneficial in Breast Cancer

WEDNESDAY, June 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A nurse-led psychological intervention program is beneficial for patients with breast cancer at high risk of depression, according to a study published online May 30 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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CDC: High-Deductible Health Plan Use Rising Among Employers

WEDNESDAY, June 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- High-deductible health plans are becoming more common among U.S. adults with employer-sponsored health insurance coverage, according to a report issued June 6 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Positive Clinical Effects Seen for Placebos Without Deception

TUESDAY, June 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Open-label placebos are associated with a positive effect compared with no treatment in a variety of clinical conditions, according to a review and meta-analysis published online May 30 in the Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine.

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Venlafaxine Use Linked to Bone Turnover Markers in Older Adults

TUESDAY, June 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Depression treatment with venlafaxine is associated with increased levels of the bone resorption marker C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX), as well as decreased levels of the bone formation marker procollagen type 1 N-propeptide (P1NP), according to a study published online May 26 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Cool Water Works As Well As Hot for Ridding Hands of Germs

FRIDAY, June 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For effective hand hygiene, water temperature matters less than time, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Food Protection.

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Brain Changes in MS May Contribute to Lack of Empathy

THURSDAY, June 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Subtle brain changes may explain why some patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) lose their ability to interpret social cues, according to a study published online May 31 in Neurology.

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