June 2016 Briefing - Psychiatry

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for June 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Testosterone Gel Improves Sexual Function in Older Men

THURSDAY, June 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Older men treated with testosterone gel experience a moderate but significant improvement in their sex drive, sexual activity, and erectile function compared to men given a placebo gel, according to a study published online June 29 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

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Religious Service Attendance May Lower Suicide Risk in Women

WEDNESDAY, June 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women who regularly attend religious services may have a lower risk of suicide than those who don't, according to research published online June 29 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Depression Cuts Adherence to COPD Maintenance Meds

WEDNESDAY, June 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In older adults, depression is associated with decreased adherence to maintenance medication regimens for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study published online June 22 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Electronic Record Demands Are Overwhelming Many Physicians

WEDNESDAY, June 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians using electronic practice tools report higher rates of burnout and increased frustration with the amount of computerized paperwork, according to research published online June 27 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Pharmacy Programs to ID Opioid Abuse Effective, but Underused

WEDNESDAY, June 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pharmacy programs to reduce opioid abuse are effective but underused, according to a new study published in the July issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

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Escitalopram Not Beneficial for Heart Failure Patients

WEDNESDAY, June 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The antidepressant escitalopram may not help heart failure patients suffering from depression, according to research published in the June 28 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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AAP: Doctors Should Screen Teens for Suicide Risk Factors

TUESDAY, June 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Suicide is the second leading cause of death among U.S. teens, and health care providers should screen teen patients for suicide risks, according to a report published online June 27 in Pediatrics.

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End-of-Life Care Received Varies Based on Type of Disease

TUESDAY, June 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Family-reported quality of end-of-life care is significantly better for patients with cancer or dementia than for patients with other chronic conditions, according to research published online June 26 in JAMA Internal Medicine to coincide with presentation at AcademyHealth's Annual Research Meeting, held from June 26 to 28 in Boston.

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Coprescribing Naloxone to Opioid Users Helps Reduce ER Visits

TUESDAY, June 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients on long-term opioid therapy who receive prescriptions for naloxone are less likely to return for emergency care related to opioid use, according to a study published online June 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Patients Face High Hospital Bills Despite Having Insurance

MONDAY, June 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Costs of hospitalization for privately insured adults rose more than 37 percent over five years, with patients paying more than $1,000 on average by 2013, according to research published online June 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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2017 Will Bring Premium Rate Increases Under ACA

FRIDAY, June 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Health insurance premiums under the Affordable Care Act will rise in 2017, analysts and insurance brokers say.

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Misuse of Opioids Doubled in the United States Over a Decade

FRIDAY, June 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Misuse of opioids by American adults more than doubled from the early 2000s to 2013, according to the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). The study was published online June 22 in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

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CDC: Alternative Medicine a Booming Business in U.S.

WEDNESDAY, June 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Americans spent more than $30 billion out of pocket in 2012 on chiropractors and other complementary health practitioners, as well as supplements and other forms of alternative medicine, according to research published online June 22 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Health Statistics Reports.

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Tips Provided for Leveraging Social Media

TUESDAY, June 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- During a presentation at the 2016 American Medical Association Annual Meeting, Kevin Pho, M.D., founder and editor of the popular physician blog KevinMD, shared insights into making a difference in health care through use of social media.

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Placebo Effect Seen in Brain-Training Program Effectiveness

TUESDAY, June 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive-training programs may be offering only placebo effects, according to a study published online June 20 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Sleep Apnea Could Worsen Cognitive Deficits in MS Patients

TUESDAY, June 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may be associated with cognitive dysfunction in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study published in the May issue of SLEEP.

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Reset Room Can Help Address Physician Burnout

MONDAY, June 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The creation of a reset room is one of several solutions that can help physicians and medical providers address burnout, according to a report published by the American Medical Association.

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One Free Meal From Industry Ups Brand-Name Rx Among Doctors

MONDAY, June 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians who receive even one free meal, valued at less than $20 on average, are more likely to prescribe a promoted brand-name drug than a cheaper generic alternative, compared with doctors who did not accept a meal, according to a study published online June 20 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Strategy Needed to Address Impending Physician Shortage

FRIDAY, June 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Steps should be taken to combat the impending physician shortage of between 61,700 and 94,700 doctors that the United States is expected to face over the next decade, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Exercise After Learning May Improve Knowledge Retention

FRIDAY, June 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physical activity after learning might help improve retention of new information, but the exercise has to be done within a specific time window, and it can't be immediately after learning, according to a study published online June 16 in Current Biology.

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Potential Impact of Single-Payer Health Care Discussed

THURSDAY, June 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders is promoting his version of single-payer health care, although the actual impact of such a system is unclear, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Prices for Care Rise Significantly As Multi-Hospital Systems Emerge

THURSDAY, June 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital prices in California increased substantially from 2004 to 2013, with a larger increase in hospitals that are members of multi-hospital systems, according to a study published online June 9 in Inquiry.

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Four-Step Strategy Suggested for Boosting Practice Quality of Care

WEDNESDAY, June 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Four steps can help doctors improve patient care and office efficiency, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Persistent Depression Linked to Increased CAC Scores in Women

MONDAY, June 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Persistent depressive symptoms are associated with increased coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores among middle-aged women without cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published in the June 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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CDC: Cigarette Smoking Rates Down Among U.S. Adolescents

FRIDAY, June 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking among high school students is at an all-time low: Slightly more than one in 10 high schoolers used cigarettes in 2015, down from more than one in four in 1991, according to a report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Review Finds Antidepressants Ineffective in Children, Teens

THURSDAY, June 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Treating children and teens suffering from depression with antidepressants may be both ineffective and potentially dangerous, according to a review published online June 8 in The Lancet.

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California's Right-to-Die Law Now in Effect

THURSDAY, June 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- California on Thursday becomes the fifth and largest state in the country to allow terminally ill patients to end their own lives.

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Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs Cut Opioid Use

WEDNESDAY, June 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of prescription drug monitoring programs can reduce the prescribing of Schedule II opioids, according to a study published in the June issue of Health Affairs.

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Army Has the Highest Suicide Risk in U.S. Military

TUESDAY, June 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Suicide rates have been increasing among all active U.S. Navy, Air Force, and Army personnel, but those in the Army appear to be most at risk, according to a study published online June 7 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Late-Term Gestation Linked to Improved Cognitive Outcomes

TUESDAY, June 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Late-term infants have better cognitive outcomes but may have impaired physical outcomes compared with full-term infants, according to a study published online June 6 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Many Still on Opioids Six Months After Total Joint Arthroplasty

FRIDAY, June 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A significant number of patients continue to take prescription opioids many months after joint replacement surgery, according to a study published in the June issue of Pain.

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Meds to Treat Opioid Addiction Significantly Underused

FRIDAY, June 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Too few patients are being prescribed any of the three available medications used to treat opioid use disorder in the 30 days after hospital discharge, according to a study published online June 1 in Psychiatric Services.

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Race, Class Impacts Accessibility of Psychotherapists

FRIDAY, June 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mental help seekers' race and class affect their ability to access mental health care, according to research published online June 1 in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

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Depressive Symptoms Linked to Reduced Fecundability

FRIDAY, June 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Depressive symptoms are associated with reduced fecundability, according to a study published online April 28 in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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Luteal Phase of Menstrual Cycle May Be Key Time to Quit Smoking

THURSDAY, June 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Certain weeks of a woman's menstrual cycle may be better than others for quitting smoking, according to a study published online May 10 in Biology of Sex Differences.

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Breast Cancer Survivors Benefit From Mindfulness Meditation

THURSDAY, June 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mindfulness meditation seems to help breast cancer patients better manage symptoms of fatigue, anxiety, and fear of recurrence, according to a study published online May 31 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Short-Term Risk of Arrhythmia Up With New ADHD Rx

THURSDAY, June 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Methylphenidate can increase the risk of arrhythmias during the first two months of use, according to a study published online May 31 in The BMJ.

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Cannabis Use Over the Long Term Can Lead to Gum Disease

THURSDAY, June 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking cannabis for decades may result in gum disease and potential tooth loss, according to a study published online June 1 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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CVD Risk Appears to Be Increased in Women With Migraine

WEDNESDAY, June 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women who suffer from migraine headaches may have a slightly increased risk of heart disease or stroke, according to a study published online May 31 in The BMJ.

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Blood-Brain Barrier Leaks Seen in Patients With Early Alzheimer's

WEDNESDAY, June 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease may have more leakages in the blood-brain barrier (BBB), according to a study published online May 31 in Radiology.

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