July 2017 Briefing - Internal Medicine

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for July 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Opioid-Related Fatal Car Crashes Up 7-Fold in Last Two Decades

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a seven-fold increase in the number of drivers killed in car crashes while under the influence of prescription opioids, according to a report published online July 20 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Sodium Intake >3.7 g/Day Linked to Adverse Cardiac Strain

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Estimated sodium intake (ESI) above 3.7 g/day is associated with left ventricular longitudinal strain (LS), circumferential strain, and e' velocity, according to a study published in the Aug. 8 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Cost-Effectiveness of Allergen Immunotherapy Evaluated

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) may be cost-effective for allergic rhinitis, and for venom allergy in high-risk subgroups, according to research published online July 18 in Allergy.

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Review: Positive Link for Alcohol, Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol intake seems to be positively associated with basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC), according to a review and meta-analysis published online July 28 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Single BMD, Fracture History Predict Long-Term Fracture Risk

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For older women, a single bone mineral density (BMD) measure and fracture history can predict long-term fracture risk, according to a study published online July 18 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Chemo Plus Hyperthermia Active in Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic carcinoma with malignant ascites, a combined systemic and intraperitoneal chemotherapy approach plus hyperthermia is well tolerated and active, according to a study published online July 25 in the Journal of Global Oncology.

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Benefit for Generalist + Specialist Care in Complex Conditions

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with diabetes and compensated cirrhosis, those who visit both primary care providers (PCPs) and specialists have lower odds of experiencing decompensation and/or hospitalization compared with those visiting a PCP only, according to research published online July 26 in Diabetes Care.

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FDA Proposes Lowering Nicotine Levels in Cigarettes

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration plans to begin a public dialogue about reducing nicotine levels in combustible cigarettes to non-addictive levels through achievable product standards, agency officials said Friday.

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Outbreak of Septic Arthritis Described in New Jersey

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a report published in the July 28 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, details are presented of an outbreak of septic arthritis associated with intra-articular injections at a New Jersey outpatient practice.

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More Progress Needed for Hep C Elimination in Country of Georgia

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More interventions are needed to meet the target of hepatitis C virus (HCV) elimination, defined as a 90 percent reduction in prevalence by 2020, in the country of Georgia, according to research published in the July 28 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Interval Training Cuts CVD Risk in Testicular Cancer Survivors

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For testicular cancer survivors (TCS), a high-intensity aerobic interval training (HIIT) intervention improves cardiorespiratory fitness and reduces cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, according to a study published online July 14 in Cancer.

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Thyroid Cancer Tied to Regular Thyroxine Use in Hypothyroidism

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with primary hypothyroidism who are regular thyroxine users have increased risk of thyroid cancer, according to a study published online July 19 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Switching to Generic Eye Meds Could Save Medicare Millions

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Prescribing generic drugs for seniors' eye problems could save the U.S. government hundreds of millions of dollars a year, according to a study published recently in Ophthalmology.

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Moderate Drinking May Be Protective Against Diabetes

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Pattern of alcohol consumption may play a role in risk of type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 27 in Diabetologia.

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Increased Dementia Risk With Hearing Loss in Older Adults

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of dementia is increased for older adults with hearing loss, according to a study published online July 22 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Walnuts Up Insula Activation to Highly Desirable Food Cues

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Short-term walnut consumption is associated with reduced feelings of hunger and appetite and increased activation of the right insula, according to a study published online July 17 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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ACOG: Opioid Agonist Rx First Choice in Affected Pregnancies

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- While opioid agonist pharmacotherapy continues to be the recommended therapy for pregnant women with an opioid use disorder, medically supervised withdrawal can be considered under the care of a physician experienced in perinatal addiction treatment and with informed consent, according to a committee opinion published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Intel Gained on Melanoma Risk for Renal Transplant Patients

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Renal transplant recipients have increased risk of developing melanoma, with specific risk factors that should be monitored, according to a study published online July 26 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Gene Expression May Predict Response to Methotrexate in RA

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), increased baseline gene expression of p21, caspase 3, and runt-related transcription factor (RUNX)2 in the peripheral blood may be associated with improved clinical response to methotrexate (MTX), according to a study published online July 25 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Total, Saturated Fat Linked to Increased Risk of Lung Cancer

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- High intake of total and saturated fat is associated with increased risk of lung cancer, according to research published online July 25 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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CRC Screen Up for Older Patients, Those Not in Labor Force

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Factors associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates at U.S. community health centers include age and insurance status, but not patient-provider communication, according to a study published online July 14 in Cancer.

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2016 Saw Increase in Number of Physicians Since 2010 Census

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Census reports have demonstrated an increase in the number of physicians and in the actively licensed U.S. physician-to-population ratio from 2010 to 2016, according to a study published in the Journal of Medical Regulation.

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CVD Risk Factors May Be Altered in Transgender Adults

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors may be altered among transgender adults receiving cross-sex hormone therapy (CSHT), according to a review published online July 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Mental Stress Tied to Abnormal Left Atrial Electrophysiology

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Acute mental stress is associated with abnormal left atrial electrophysiology, according to a study published online July 20 in the Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology.

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Tocilizumab Effective for Treatment of Giant-Cell Arteritis

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Tocilizumab (Actemra) combined with a 26-week prednisone taper is superior to either 26-week or 52-week prednisone tapering plus placebo with regard to sustained glucocorticoid-free remission in patients with giant-cell arteritis, according to a study published in the July 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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New, Noninvasive Method May Help Determine Dementia Type

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Distinguishing Alzheimer's disease (AD) from frontotemporal dementia (FTD) may get easier using a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) approach, according to a study published online July 26 in Neurology.

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ENRGISE Pilot Study Will Inform Larger Trial of IL-6 in Seniors

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Data obtained from a pilot study, published online July 22 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, will be used to plan a full-scale trial targeting interleukin (IL)-6 levels among older adults with low-to-moderate physical function.

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Morphine Effects Similar to Placebo in Rheumatoid Arthritis

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)/fibromyalgia (FM) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA), morphine has anti-hyperalgesic effects comparable to placebo, according to a study published online July 19 in PAIN Practice.

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Lack of Training Linked to Cancer Patient Caregiver Burden

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For caregivers providing care to cancer patients, lack of training is associated with increasing burden, according to a study published online July 20 in Cancer.

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Bariatric Surgery Delay Can Result in Worse Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Bariatric surgery at body mass index (BMI) less than 40 kg/m² tends to achieve better results, according to research published online July 26 in JAMA Surgery.

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New Alcohol Screening, Brief Intervention Manual Developed

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) has announced the development of a new alcohol screening and brief intervention manual for use in family medicine practices.

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SAMHSA: Opioid Abuse Up Among Older Adults

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- While opioid abuse has decreased among younger Americans, the same cannot be said for older adults, according to the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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AHA Hands-Only CPR Training Kiosks Available at More Airports

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training is now available at kiosks in three more major U.S. airports, bringing the total number to seven, according to a news release from the American Heart Association (AHA).

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Financial Incentives Found to Up Colonoscopy Participation

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a study published recently in Gastroenterology, a cash incentive of $100 was tied to increased colorectal screening rates in eligible adults.

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Penile Microbiome May Be Risk Factor for HIV in Men

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The microbiome of the area on the penis located under the foreskin in uncircumcised straight men has been linked to increased risk for contracting HIV, according to a study published in the July 25 issue of mBio.

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Many With Cancer Hospitalized, Undergo Imaging at End of Life

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- About half of cancer patients are hospitalized and undergo at least one imaging scan at the end of life, according to a study published online July 24 in the Journal of Oncology Practice.

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Case Highlights Polygenic Risk in Severe Hypertriglyceridemia

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Polygenic risk can mimic major monogenic mutation in severe hypertriglyceridemia, according to a case report published online July 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Left Ventricular Mass Index Predicts All-Cause Mortality

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Left ventricular (LV) mass index independently predicts all-cause mortality and the need for revascularization in patients undergoing invasive coronary angiography, according to a study published online July 19 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Memantine Linked to Lower Neuron-Specific Enolase in TBI

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI), memantine is associated with reduced neuronal damage, as assessed by serum levels of neuron-specific enolase (NSE), according to a study published online July 19 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Infection Is Most Common Complication of Prostate Biopsy

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The most common complication of prostate biopsy is infection, with mild bleeding also reported, according to an update of the American Urological Association White Paper published in the August issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Health Benefits of Healthy Lifestyle Quantified in U.S.

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For people age 50 years and older, having a favorable behavioral profile is associated with increased life expectancy and delayed onset of disability compared with the whole U.S. population, according to a study published online July 19 in Health Affairs.

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Nearly All Donated Brains From NFL Players Show CTE

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Ninety-nine percent of former National Football League (NFL) players who donated their brain to science were found to have chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), according to a case series published in the July 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Survey Reveals Prediabetes Knowledge Gaps in Primary Care

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most primary care physicians (PCPs) can't identify all 11 risk factors for prediabetes, according to a study published online July 20 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Greater Engagement for Patients Who Read Visit Notes

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Greater engagement is reported by patients who read notes and submit feedback, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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Stress Echo Value Questioned for Asymptomatic Aortic Stenosis

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis (AS), neither increase in mean pressure gradient (MPG) nor systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) predicts outcome, according to a study published online July 19 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Obesity in Teens Ups Colon, Rectal Cancer Risk in Adulthood

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity even in adolescence may raise the odds for colon and rectal cancers in adulthood, according to research published online July 24 in Cancer.

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No Need for Obese Patients to Lose Weight Before THR, TKR

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Obese patients don't need to lose weight before undergoing knee or hip replacement surgery, according to a study published online July 19 in the The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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ADHD Rx Associated With a Lower Risk for Alcohol, Drug Abuse

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Teens and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have a lower risk of developing an alcohol or drug problem if they take medications to treat their ADHD, according to a study published online recently in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

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Noninvasive Oral Fluid-Based Immunoassay IDs Hepatitis E

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A noninvasive oral fluid-based immunoassay has high sensitivity and specificity for identifying recent and past hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection, according to a study published in the Journal of Immunological Methods.

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Continuing Statin After Adverse Rx Tied to Lower Cardiac Risk

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with an adverse reaction to a statin, continued statin prescriptions are associated with lower incidence of cardiovascular events and death, according to a study published online July 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Fasting Plasma Glucose, HbA1c Linked to Alzheimer's in T2DM

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), fasting plasma glucose (FPG) visit-to-visit variation, represented by the coefficient of variation (CV), and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) CV are independently associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD), according to a study published online July 13 in Diabetes Care.

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Many Americans Qualify As 'Overfat'

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Traditional measurements do not fully capture the high rates of "overfat" individuals in developed countries, according to a study published online July 24 in Frontiers in Public Health.

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Mortality, Second Stroke Risk Up for Initially Stable Survivors

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Risk of a second stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) remains considerable for at least five years after the first event, according to a study published online July 24 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Average Increase in Physician Compensation 2.9% in 2016

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The AMGA 2017 Medical Group Compensation and Productivity Survey reports that 77 percent of physician specialties experienced increases in compensation in 2016, with an overall weighted average increase of 2.9 percent.

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Provider-, Site-Level Factors Linked to Testosterone Receipt

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Provider- and site-level factors, including experience, specialty, and site location, are associated with testosterone prescribing, according to a study published online July 18 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

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More Than Half of Murdered U.S. Women Killed by Partners, Exes

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most women murdered in the United States die at the hands of a current or former intimate partner, according to research published in the July 21 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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High-Dose Flu Vaccine Cuts Admissions From Nursing Homes

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- High-dose influenza vaccination can reduce risk of respiratory-related hospitalization among nursing home residents aged 65 years and older, according to a study published online July 21 in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

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Prevalence of Vertebral Fracture Varies With Assessment Method

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of vertebral fracture varies for different methods of radiological assessment, according to a study published online July 18 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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AMA Module Offers Help for Adding Pharmacist to Practice

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new American Medical Association (AMA) education module has been developed to help embed clinical pharmacists within a medical practice.

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Perceived Physical Activity Level Predicts Mortality

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Perceived physical activity is associated with mortality, even after adjustment for actual physical activity, according to a study published online July 20 in Health Psychology.

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YAG Laser Vitreolysis Can Help Reduce Eye Floaters

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Laser treatment can effectively reduce symptomatic vitreous floaters, according to research published online July 20 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Educational Intervention Doesn't Up Hand, Stethoscope Hygiene

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An intervention including education is not associated with an increased rate of hand hygiene or stethoscope hygiene, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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'Expansion Pathology' Method Could Mean Earlier Intervention

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new method, called expansion pathology (ExPath), which is a clinically optimized form of expansion microscopy (ExM), can be used for pathology and clinical research, according to a report published online July 17 in Nature Biotechnology.

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Few Patients Receive Rx for Smoking Cessation Meds After MI

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among older patients in community practice, the use of smoking cessation medications (SCMs) is low after myocardial infarction (MI), according to a study published online July 19 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Visceral/Subcutaneous Fat Ratio Predicts CVD in T2DM

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, the ratio of visceral fat area (VFA) to subcutaneous fat area (SFA) (V/S ratio) is predictive of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online July 7 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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Worse Outcome for Discharge From ER With Acute Kidney Injury

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with an emergency department discharge with acute kidney injury have increased mortality compared to those with no acute kidney injury, according to a study published online July 20 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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NCI-Designated Care Often Excluded in Narrow Health Plans

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Narrow network health plans are less likely to cover treatment by doctors at centers affiliated with the U.S. National Cancer Institute, according to a study published online July 5 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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More Patients Enrolled in Cancer Trials Under ACA

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The Affordable Care Act may have enabled more privately insured patients to enroll in clinical trials for cancer treatments, according to a study published online July 20 in Clinical Cancer Research.

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Heart Failure Risk Rises As Weight Increases

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Even a little weight gain can increase risk of developing heart failure, according to a report published online July 19 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Improved Survival With Enhanced Prophylaxis Plus ART in HIV

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with advanced HIV who are initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART), enhanced antimicrobial prophylaxis is associated with reduced rates of death at 24 and 48 weeks, according to a study published in the July 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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68Ga-Somatostatin Analog PET-CT Linked to Reduced Costs

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For imaging neuroendocrine tumors, 68Ga-somatostatin analog positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) is associated with reduced costs compared with 111In-octreotide scintigraphy, according to a study published online July 17 in the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.

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Earlier Menopause Independently Tied to Higher Risk of T2DM

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The earlier a woman begins menopause, the greater her risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 18 in Diabetologia.

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'Life's Simple 7' Adherence in 20s Tied to Better Brain Health Later

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- People with heart-healthy habits in their 20s tend to have larger, healthier brains in their 40s, according to a study published online July 19 in Neurology.

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ASCO Addresses Cancer Drug Pricing

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Noting that new cancer drugs routinely cost more than $100,000 per year, and prices on many existing treatments continue to rise, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) has issued a position statement to address these financial concerns.

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EHR-Based Prompt Ups Hepatitis C Screening for Baby Boomers

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of an electronic health record (EHR)-based prompt can improve hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening rates among baby boomers, according to a study published online July 17 in Hepatology.

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Capsaicin Nasal Spray Effective for Mixed Rhinitis Patients

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Capsaicin nasal spray is effective for mixed rhinitis (MR) patients, who have more than one major etiologic factor involved in the mucosal pathology, according to a study published online July 16 in Allergy.

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Aspirin Responsiveness Can Change After Bariatric Surgery

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The effects of aspirin on platelet inhibition may be more potent after bariatric surgery, according to a study published online July 14 in Cardiovascular Therapeutics.

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Low Rate of Cancer Recurrence for Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nipple-sparing mastectomy doesn't raise a woman's risk for breast cancer recurrence, according to a study published online July 17 in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

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Chronic Disease Risk Rises With Even Slow, Steady Weight Gain

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Even a few extra pounds gained in early or middle adulthood can increase risk of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and hypertension, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC: >100 Million Americans Have Diabetes or Prediabetes

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- As of 2015, 9.4 percent of the population -- 30.3 million -- had diabetes, and another 84.1 million had prediabetes, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Tuesday.

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Reduction of Opioid Dose May Improve Pain, Quality of Life

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Reductions in opioid dosing might improve pain and function, as well as boost quality of life, according to a report published online July 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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USPSTF: Ovarian Cancer Screen to Be Avoided for Most Women

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The potential harms of ovarian cancer screening outweigh the benefits, so only very specific groups of women should be screened for the disease, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) says in a draft recommendation.

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Post-Op Pain May Often Be Underrated by Inpatient Staff

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Postoperative pain is frequently underrated when assessed by nursing staff on wards, according to a study published online July 14 in PAIN Practice.

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Survival Feasible Post Acute Liver Failure Secondary to Amiodarone

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a report published online July 16 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, a case of survival after acute liver failure secondary to amiodarone administration is described.

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Reducing Hospital Readmissions Doesn't Up Mortality Rates

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Reducing hospital readmission rates for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and pneumonia didn't increase mortality rates, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Rare Skin Manifestations Can Indicate Secondary Syphilis

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A rare case of secondary syphilis which primarily presented with multiple nodules on the scalp has been detailed in a case report published online July 17 in the Journal of Dermatology.

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Distress Screening Tied to Fewer ER Visits for Cancer Patients

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to distress screening protocols by cancer programs is associated with lower rates of medical service utilization, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Electronic Messaging Intervention Cuts Cardiovascular Risk in T2DM

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, a electronic messaging intervention is effective for reducing cardiovascular risk, according to a study published online July 12 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Guidelines Updated for Diagnosis, Management of NAFLD

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A practice guidance statement, published online July 17 in Hepatology, has been developed to augment the clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

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High Court Rules Against Interstate Medical Liability

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The Washington State high court has ruled against interstate medical liability, according to a report from the American Medical Association.

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NT-proBNP Improves Heart Failure Prediction in T2DM

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) improves prediction of heart failure, according to a study published online July 6 in Diabetes Care.

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Measles Outbreak Identified in Minnesota Is Ongoing

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An outbreak of measles has been identified in Minnesota, according to a report published in the July 14 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Sunscreen Application Doesn't Provide Complete Body Cover

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Routine sunscreen application does not provide complete body coverage, according to a study published online July 12 in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science.

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Hospitalists Have Role to Play in Mitigating Opioid Use Disorder

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalists have an important role to play in mitigating opioid use disorder (OUD), according to an article published online July 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Type of Plant-Based Diet Affects Risk of Coronary Heart Disease

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- While a plant-based diet can reduce risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), not all plant-based foods are equally healthy, and this distinction deserves more emphasis in dietary recommendations, according to a study published in the July 25 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Risk of Heart, Respiratory Disease Up in 9/11 Survivors

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Rescue workers and survivors of the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center seem to have an increased risk for heart and lung diseases years later, according to findings published online July 17 in Injury Epidemiology.

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Patient-Centered Communication Could Help Reduce Burnout

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Better patient-physician communication can improve care and reduce burnout, according to a report published by the American Medical Association.

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Few Americans Aware of Possible Increased Risk This Tick Season

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists have predicted an upswing in the tick population this summer, which could potentially mean more tick-borne infections, but few Americans are aware of this, a new HealthDay/Harris Poll shows.

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Stem Cell Educator Therapy May Help Fight Diabetes

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Stem cell educator therapy may provide long term benefits in type 1 and type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 7 in Stem Cells Translational Medicine.

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Opioids Often Overprescribed in Patients Undergoing Surgery

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing common elective procedures, opioids are often overprescribed, according to a study published online July 10 in the Annals of Surgery.

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~10 Percent Present to ER After Hysterectomy for Benign Disease

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 9.1 percent of women who undergo hysterectomy for benign disease present to the emergency department and are not readmitted to the hospital, according to research published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Female Physicians Found More Likely to Leave Rural Practice

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Factors associated with physician mobility include smaller population size and lower primary care physician supply, according to a study published online in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Organizational Changes Encouraged for Safer Prescribing

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Organizational changes are recommended by primary care physicians to support safer prescribing, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Worse Outcomes for HIV Kidney Recipients on PI-Based ART

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For HIV-positive kidney transplantation (KT) recipients, outcomes are worse for those on a protease inhibitor (PI)-based versus non-PI-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen, according to a study published online July 11 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

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Higher Inpatient Spending Tied to Better Outcomes

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Investing more in inpatient care relative to longer-term nursing facilities may help reduce mortality rates, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Health Economics.

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Long Working Hours May Increase Risk of Developing A-Fib

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Working long hours could increase risk of atrial fibrillation, according to a study published online July 13 in the European Heart Journal.

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Lifestyle Factors Predict Independent Aging in Older Men

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Lifestyle factors are associated with independent aging for men aged 85 years and older, according to a study published online July 7 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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ALS, Parkinson's Mortality Up for White-Collar Workers

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- White collar workers have a higher risk of death from Parkinson's disease or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), according to research published in the July 14 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Sinus Symptoms Improve 10 Years After Quitting Smoking

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) can be reversed within 10 years after quitting smoking, according to a study published online July 12 in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

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Bismuth-Based Quad Tx Doesn't Top Levofloxacin Triple Tx

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with Helicobacter pylori infection, the addition of bismuth subcitrate to levofloxacin-based triple therapy is not associated with increased effectiveness, although there are no more side effects, according to a study published online June 23 in the Journal of Digestive Diseases.

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Thyroid Status Linked to Impaired HRQoL in Dialysis Patients

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For hemodialysis patients, thyroid status is associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL), according to a study published online July 13 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Meds + Risk Factors Contribute to QTc Interval Lengthening

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In combination with risk factors, QTc interval-prolonging medications (QTPMs) are associated with greater QTc lengthening than QTPMs alone, according to a study published online July 10 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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Change to Cervical Screening Guidelines Impacted Chlamydia

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Changes to cervical cancer screening guidelines in Canada in 2012 correlated with reductions in chlamydia testing and decreases in reported incidence of chlamydia in females, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Resistance Training Improves Microvascular Blood Flow in T2DM

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Resistance training is associated with improvement in oral glucose challenge (OGC)-stimulated muscle microvascular blood flow (MBF) and glycemic control, according to a study published online July 7 in Diabetes Care.

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Early Career Burnout Can Be Contagious Via Social Networks

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For early career teachers (ECTs), social network members' burnout levels are associated with increased burnout levels, according to a study published in the August issue of Teaching and Teacher Education.

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Tall, Obese Men at Higher Risk of Aggressive Prostate Cancer

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The larger a man, the greater his risk of developing and dying from aggressive prostate cancer, according to a study published online July 13 in BMC Medicine.

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Opioids Second Only to Marijuana in Illicit Drug Abuse Rates

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Abuse of prescription opioids is second only to marijuana abuse as the most common illegal drug problem in the United States, according to a report from the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Study Supports Observation Only for Most Low-Risk Prostate CA

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Men with early-stage prostate cancer who have surgery to remove their tumor do not live longer than those who receive no treatment at all, according a study published in the July 13 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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New Vaccines Show Promise in Protecting Fetus From Zika

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Two experimental vaccines might help protect human fetuses against the Zika virus, according to a study published in the July 13 issue of Cell.

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Errors in Opioid Prescribing for Adult Outpatients Common

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For adults receiving opioid medication prescriptions, errors are common, and most often occur on handwritten prescriptions, according to research published recently in the Journal of Opioid Management.

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Large Study Shows Eating Better at Any Age Can Prolong Life

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Sustained diet changes -- even later in life -- can extend people's lives, according to research published in the July 13 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Blood Test for Early Detection of Pancreatic Cancer Feasible

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new, low-cost blood test may be an effective way to detect pancreatic cancer early, according to a study published in the July 12 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Western Diet Associated With Chronic Hepatic Inflammation

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In farnesoid X receptor (FXR) knockout (KO) mice, Proteobacteria and bacteroides persist in those fed a western diet (WD), even after antibiotic (Abx) treatment, according to a study published online July 12 in The American Journal of Pathology.

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Alendronate Cuts Hip Fx Risk in Seniors Taking Prednisolone

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For older patients receiving prednisolone, alendronate is associated with reduced risk of hip fracture, according to a study published in the July 11 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Booster Allergen Immunotx Cuts Symptoms in Allergic Rhinitis

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with grass pollen-induced allergic rhinitis (AR), booster allergen immunotherapy (AIT) using tyrosine-absorbed grass pollen allergoids containing the adjuvant monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL) prevents symptom recurrence, according to a study published online July 4 in Allergy.

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Mortality Up With Impaired LV Global Longitudinal Strain in CKD

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Severely impaired left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) is associated with worse prognosis in predialysis and dialysis patients, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Chest CT Is Increasingly Being Used in COPD Assessment

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Chest computed tomography (CT) is increasingly being used, and can provide additional insight, in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to research published online June 29 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Rivaroxaban OK for Stroke Prevention in Cancer Patients

WEDNESDAY, June 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The safety and efficacy of rivaroxaban treatment for nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with active cancer is similar to the general population, according to a study published in the July 15 issue of the American Journal of Cardiology.

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Doctors Should Also Advise Healthy People on Diet, Exercise

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Lifestyle counseling could help protect the long-term heart health of adults who aren't yet at high risk for heart attack and stroke, according to a final recommendation statement from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) published in the July 11 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report
Recommendation Statement
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No Evidence CPAP Reduces Risks of CV Events, Mortality

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) doesn't appear to reduce risk of adverse cardiovascular-related outcomes or mortality, according to a meta-analysis published in the July 11 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Medicaid Enrollees Are Satisfied With Their Health Care

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Medicaid enrollees are largely satisfied with their health care, and most are able to access the care they need when they need it, according to a research letter published online July 10 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Addition of Aripiprazole Ups Major Depressive Disorder Remission

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), augmentation with aripiprazole is associated with an increased likelihood of remission, according to a study published in the July 11 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Clinical Decision Rules Accurately ID Rhinosinusitis

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Clinical decision rules can be used to diagnose acute rhinosinusitis and acute bacterial rhinosinusitis, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Meningitis After Vaccination in Eculizumab Recipients

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Meningococcal disease can occur in eculizumab recipients who have been vaccinated, according to research published in the July 7 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Screening Up When Insurance Covers CT Colonography

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with insurance that covers computed tomographic (CT) colonography are nearly 50 percent more likely to get screened for colorectal cancer, according to a study published online July 11 in Radiology.

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Most Caregivers of Older Adults at End of Life Are Unpaid

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most caregivers who provide care to older adults in the 12 months before death are unpaid, and end-of-life caregivers report more care-related challenges, according to research published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Visual System Changes Could Indicate Parkinson's Disease

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Changes in vision may be an early sign of Parkinson's disease, according to research published online July 11 in Radiology.

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Reduced Rates of Gonorrhea Seen With Meningococcal B Vaccine

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A vaccine for gonorrhea may be one step closer to reality, according to a report published online July 10 in The Lancet.

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Regular Coffee Consumption May Help Extend Lifespan

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Drinking coffee is linked to longevity, according to two studies published online July 11 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Cognitive Screening Tools Can Be Used in Home Medication Review

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Suitable cognitive screening tools can be used by pharmacists during home medication review, according to research published online July 5 in the Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research.

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Intensive Lifestyle Changes May Up Frailty Fracture Risk in DM

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For overweight or obese individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM), intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) does not increase overall fracture risk but correlates with increased risk of frailty fracture, according to a study published online July 5 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Health Service Use Unchanged From 1996-1997 to 2011-2012

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Utilization of health services was largely unchanged from 1996-1997 to 2011-2012, but expenditures increased, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Patients Are Often Recording Doctor's Visits

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients may be recording office visits, with or without permission, according to an opinion piece published online July 10 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Decisional Regret Doesn't Differ by Treatment in Prostate Cancer

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients newly diagnosed with prostate cancer who attend a multidisciplinary clinic, decisional regret does not differ significantly between treatment groups, according to a study published online July 5 in Cancer.

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Many Women Not Seeking Care for Dysmenorrhea

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Health care providers should offer routine screening for dysmenorrhea, and initiate discussions and provide education about dysmenorrhea and treatment options, according to a study published online July 5 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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American Adults Without Health Insurance Rises by Two Million

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The number of American adults without health insurance has increased by about two million so far this year, according to a new Gallup-Sharecare Well-Being Index poll.

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Rate of Non-Health Care Facility Medication Errors on the Rise

MONDAY, July 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of serious medication errors has doubled since 2000, according to a study published online July 10 in Clinical Toxicology.

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Parkinson's Patients Deemed at Higher Risk of Melanoma

MONDAY, July 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with Parkinson's disease are about four times more likely to develop melanoma, and conversely, patients with melanoma have a four-fold higher risk of developing Parkinson's, according to a study published in the July issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Cognitive Function Up With Adherence to Mediterranean Diet

MONDAY, July 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults, greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and the Mediterranean-DASH diet Intervention for Neurodegeneration Delay (MIND) is associated with improved cognitive function, according to a study published online recently in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Increasing BMI Causally Linked to Asthma, Not Hay Fever

MONDAY, July 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is a causal relationship between increasing body mass index (BMI) and asthma and decreased lung function, according to a study published online July 4 in Allergy.

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2011 Tsunami in Japan Had Lasting Impact on Fatal MI

MONDAY, July 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The 2011 tsunami in Japan was associated with an increase in fatal myocardial infarction (MI) in the high-impact zone, which was sustained through 2014, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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No Signs of Abuse Potential for Eluxadoline in IBS With Diarrhea

MONDAY, July 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D), there are no signs of abuse potential for eluxadoline, according to a study published in the July issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Most Firearm Suicides Not Tied to Mental Illness, Substance Use

MONDAY, July 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Few individuals with history of a mental health or substance use condition, or those who have a previous suicide attempt, commit firearm suicide, according to a research letter published online July 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Coronary CT Angiography Ups Prediction of MACE in T2DM

MONDAY, July 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes, the addition of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA)-detected obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) improves prediction of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), according to a study published online June 29 in Diabetes Care.

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Subcirrhotic Liver Stiffness Cuts HCC Risk in Hepatitis B

MONDAY, July 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), achievement of subcirrhotic range of liver stiffness (sc-LS) with antiviral therapy (AVT) is associated with reduced risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), according to a study published online June 30 in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Low Platelet Count Linked to Thrombosis in aPL Carriers

MONDAY, July 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For antiphospholipid antibody (aPL) carriers, low platelet count is associated with increased risk of developing thrombosis, according to a study published online June 29 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Doctors May Be Discarding Viable Donor Kidneys

FRIDAY, July 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Suboptimal kidneys from older donors with health problems perform much better than expected, and would preserve a patient's life much longer than dialysis, according to research published online July 6 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Allergists Concerned About Bee, Wasp Venom Extract Shortage

FRIDAY, July 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A shortage of honeybee, wasp, and hornet venom extract has allergists concerned.

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No Advance Directives for Almost Two-Thirds of U.S. Population

FRIDAY, July 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An estimated two of three people in the United States have not completed an advanced directive, according to a review published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Over Half of Opioids Prescribed to Adults With Mental Illness

FRIDAY, July 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Of the 115 million prescriptions written for opioids each year in the United States, 60 million are for adults with mental illness, according to a study published online July 6 in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine.

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New Opioid Use in Older Adults With COPD May Up Cardiac Events

FRIDAY, July 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Adverse cardiac events may need to be considered with new opioid use in older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study published online June 29 in the European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Improved Glycemic Control With Eradication of Hepatitis C

FRIDAY, July 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is associated with improved glycemic control and reduced antidiabetic medication use, according to a study published online June 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Market Competition Linked to Change in Generic Drug Prices

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Market competition levels are associated with changes in the price of generic drugs, according to a study published online July 4 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Risk of Sudden Death Declining in Heart Failure Patients

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Rates of sudden death from heart failure have declined by nearly half over the past two decades, according to research published in the July 6 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Poor Sleep Could Be Modifiable Risk Factor for Alzheimer's

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep quality is associated with risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), according to research published online July 5 in Neurology.

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Blacks, Hispanics Appear to Get Lower-Quality Hospice Care

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hospice quality varies, with blacks and Hispanics often getting less desirable end-of-life care, according to research published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Traumatic Brain Injury May Up Later Risk of Dementia

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A severe head injury, especially during middle age, could dramatically increase the risk for developing dementia later in life, according to research published online July 5 in PLOS Medicine.

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IgE Allergy Testing Improves Atopic Dermatitis Outcomes

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Identification of allergens by immunoglobulin E (IgE) testing improves outcomes in atopic dermatitis, according to a study published online June 20 in the International Journal of Dermatology.

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AMA: Doctors Should Make Sure Their Online Info Is Accurate

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a technologically advanced society, physicians need to take advantage of the internet to reach patients and exercise caution in their online presence, according to a report published by the American Medical Association.

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Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Increasingly Being Used

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is increasingly being used, especially for those with diabetes, although the American Diabetes Association does not recommend the treatment, according to a report published by Kaiser Health News.

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Insulin Degludec Linked to Reduced Rate of Hypoglycemia

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, insulin degludec is associated with a reduced rate of hypoglycemic episodes compared with insulin glargine, according to two studies published in the July 4 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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From 2001 to 2012, Incidence of CDI, Multiply Recurrent CDI Up

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The annual incidence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and multiply recurrent CDI (mrCDI) increased from 2001 to 2012, according to a study published online July 4 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Radiofrequency Denervation Unlikely to Ease Low Back Pain

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Radiofrequency denervation does no more than strength and mobility exercises for low back pain, according to a study published in the July 4 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Herpes Zoster May Increase Risk of Myocardial Infarction, Stroke

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Herpes zoster (HZ) may be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events, according to a research letter published in the July 11 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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At-Risk Pain Patients Can Cut Opioid Use With Psychology Tools

WEDNESDAY, July 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Teaching coping skills may help reduce the risk that patients with chronic pain will become addicted to opioids, according to research published online June 28 in the Canadian Journal of Pain.

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Proton Pump Inhibitors Linked to Higher Mortality Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may increase risk of premature mortality when taken for extended periods, according to research published online July 4 in BMJ Open.

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Concussion Can Increase Risk of Abnormal Menstrual Patterns

WEDNESDAY, July 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescent and young women have significantly increased odds of multiple, abnormal menstrual patterns following concussion, according to a study published online July 3 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text
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Pre-, Post-Op C-Reactive Protein Levels Tied to Delirium

WEDNESDAY, July 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults undergoing major noncardiac surgery, preoperative and postoperative day 2 (POD2) C-reactive protein (CRP) levels are associated with the incidence, duration, and severity of delirium, according to a study published online May 26 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Educational Level, Age Linked to Eye Health Knowledge

WEDNESDAY, July 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Education level, income, and mental health are among factors associated with eye disease knowledge and eye health information exposure among Hispanics/Latinos, according to a study published online June 29 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Therapeutic Inertia in 19 Percent With T2DM, HbA1c ≥8 Percent

WEDNESDAY, July 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Therapeutic inertia occurs in 19.1 percent of patients with type 2 diabetes with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) ≥8 percent on two or more non-insulin antidiabetic drugs (NIADs), according to a study published online June 28 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Comparable Metabolic Effects for E-Cigarettes, Smoking

WEDNESDAY, July 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic cigarette smoking has the same deleterious effect on weight and metabolic parameters as traditional cigarettes, according to research published online June 29 in Obesity Reviews.

Abstract
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Use of Palliative Care Up for End-Stage Liver Disease

WEDNESDAY, July 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD), the use of palliative care (PC) increased from 2006 to 2012, according to research published online June 29 in Hepatology.

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