July 2016 Briefing - Psychiatry

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for July 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

QOL Not Affected by Active Surveillance of Prostate Cancer

FRIDAY, July 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Men with low-risk prostate cancer report a good quality of life after choosing active surveillance as a treatment for their disease, according to research published in the August issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Online Communication Tied to Positive Appraisal of Tx Decisions

FRIDAY, July 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women with newly diagnosed breast cancer, frequent online communication users more positively appraise their decision making, according to a research letter published online July 28 in JAMA Oncology.

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Even Midrange Vision Impairment Can Negatively Affect QOL

THURSDAY, July 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with even moderately impaired vision may face a higher risk of unemployment, poverty, and mental health problems, according to research published online July 28 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Deep Brain Stimulation Appears Safe in Patients With Alzheimer's

THURSDAY, July 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Deep brain stimulation (DBS) appears safe for patients with early Alzheimer's disease (AD) -- and might even slow down memory loss in some, according to a preliminary study published online July 18 in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

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Study Supports Reclassification of Transgender 'Diagnoses'

WEDNESDAY, July 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Being transgender is currently classified as a mental health disorder in the World Health Organization International Classification of Diseases, but a new study, published online July 26 in The Lancet Psychiatry, suggests that should change.

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Binge-Eating Disorders May Be Linked to Suicidality

WEDNESDAY, July 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Adults and adolescents with binge-eating disorder (BED) may have increased risk of suicidality, according to research published online July 20 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Perceived Stigmatization Common for Patients With Psoriasis

WEDNESDAY, July 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Sociodemographic, disease-related, and personality variables can predict perceived stigmatization in psoriasis, which occurs in the majority of patients, according to a study published online July 20 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Review: Biofeedback Seems Effective for Pediatric Migraine

WEDNESDAY, July 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For pediatric patients with migraine, biofeedback seems to be an effective intervention, according to a review published online July 26 in Pediatrics.

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Six Years Average Time Between Onset and Diagnosis of Bipolar

WEDNESDAY, July 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The average delay to diagnosis of bipolar disorder is six years, according to a review published online July 26 in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry.

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American Red Cross Says Blood Donations Needed Urgently

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The American Red Cross says it has an urgent need for blood donations, with less than a five-day supply of blood on hand to help those who need it.

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Medical Students Often Track Progress of Former Patients

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many U.S. medical students use electronic health records to track the progress of their former patients and confirm the accuracy of their diagnoses, according to research letter published online July 25 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Delirium Often Seen in Cancer Patients in the ER

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Delirium is fairly common, yet often missed, in advanced cancer patients who visit emergency departments, according to a study published online July 25 in Cancer.

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Antimicrobial Rx Up With Hospitalization for Acute Mania

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals hospitalized with acute mania have an increased rate of bacterial infections, as evidenced by the recent prescription of antimicrobial agents, according to a study published online July 17 in Bipolar Disorders.

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Behavioral Activation Therapy Viable Option in Depression

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Behavioral activation therapy is as effective as cognitive behavioral therapy for treating depression in adults, according to a study published online July 22 in The Lancet.

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Meds Up Hospitalization for Dehydration, Heat-Linked Illness

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among veterans, initiation of many commonly-used medications is associated with increased risk of hospitalization for dehydration or heat-related illness, according to research published online July 4 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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'Walking Meetings' Feasible Strategy for Employee Wellness

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Converting a single weekly meeting to a walking meeting can help raise work-related physical activity levels of white-collar workers, according to a report published online June 23 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Antipsychotic Polypharmacy Has Prevalence of 12 Percent

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among adult patients discharged from state psychiatric inpatient hospitals, the prevalence of antipsychotic polypharmacy is 12 percent, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Psychiatric Practice.

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Rapid HIV Transmission Seen in Injection Drug Users in Rural U.S.

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. prescription drug abuse epidemic has increased the risk of HIV outbreaks in rural and suburban communities, where up to now the virus has posed little threat, according to a report published in the July 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Health Expenditures Rising for Middle Class, Wealthy

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- While overall U.S. medical spending growth slowed between 2004 and 2013, expenditures rose for middle- and high-income Americans, according to research published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Buprenorphine-Naloxone Use in Medicare Patients Low

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors aren't using one of the most effective weapons at their disposal in battling opioid addiction -- buprenorphine-naloxone (Suboxone), according to a research letter published online July 20 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Estradiol Doesn't Boost Cognitive Function After Menopause

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Improvement in cognitive ability is not associated with estrogen therapy among women who use it after menopause, no matter when they start taking it, according to a study published online July 15 in Neurology.

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Number of Practicing Psychiatrists Declining

WEDNESDAY, July 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of practicing psychiatrists declined from 2003 to 2013, while the number of physicians in other disciplines grew, according to a report published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Implant Non-Inferior to Daily Pill for Opioid Dependence

WEDNESDAY, July 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients addicted to opioids are more likely to overcome their dependence if they receive a new long-acting implant rather than a daily treatment pill, according to a study published in the July 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Medicare Spending Up for Decedents Versus Survivors

WEDNESDAY, July 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Medicare per capita spending was much higher for beneficiaries who died during 2014 than for those who survived the entire year, according to a report published by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

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AAP Urges Awareness of Female Athlete Triad

TUESDAY, July 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians should be aware of the "female athlete triad," which includes amenorrhea, osteoporosis, and disordered eating, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. The report was published online July 18 in Pediatrics.

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Labor Compensation, Purchased Goods, Service Biggest Spends

TUESDAY, July 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Labor compensation remains the single largest contributor to costs among physicians' offices, hospitals, and outpatient care centers, according to a report published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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AAP: Parents Need to Limit Kids' Exposure to Media Violence

MONDAY, July 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Media violence has become a routine part of the daily lives of American children, and parents, lawmakers, and the media should take steps to change that, according to a policy statement published online July 18 in Pediatrics.

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Burnout Can Have Acute Personal, Professional Consequences

MONDAY, July 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Stress and burnout are increasingly prevalent among physicians, with serious personal and professional consequences, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Baseline Depression Symptoms Tied to Low Med Adherence

MONDAY, July 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among clinical and sociodemographic characteristics, only baseline depressive symptoms are tied to low medication adherence in teen patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online June 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Growth in U.S. Health Spending Set to Average 5.8 Percent

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Growth in U.S. health spending is expected to average 5.8 percent for 2015 to 2025, according to a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Increase in Acute Synthetic Cannabinoid Poisonings

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Synthetic cannabinoids are sending increasing numbers of U.S. users to hospitals, according to research published in the July 15 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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PMS, PMDD Linked to Increased Odds of Bulimia Nervosa

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) are associated with increased odds of bulimia nervosa (BN), but not with binge-eating disorder (BED), according to a study published in the July issue of the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Supreme Court Ruling Could Impact Med School Admissions

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Supreme Court's ruling upholding the University of Texas at Austin's consideration of race and ethnicity in college admissions has implications for medical schools, according to the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Effects of APOE Gene May Be Apparent in Childhood

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Variations in the APOE gene may start to show effects on brain structure and mental acuity as early as preschool, according to a study published online July 13 in Neurology.

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Differences in Salary for Male, Female Faculty Physicians

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For physicians with faculty appointments at 24 U.S. public medical schools there are significant salary differences between men and women, even after adjustment for confounding variables, according to a study published online July 11 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Depression Linked to CKD in Patients With Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with diabetes, the presence of depression is associated with increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online June 16 in Diabetes Care.

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Burst of Moderate Exercise May Reduce Adult ADHD Symptoms

TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A burst of moderate exercise may improve motivation and energy in adults with symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study published in the June issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

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Rates of ASD Diagnosis Up With New Insurance Mandates

TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More U.S. children are getting diagnosed and treated for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in states that require commercial health insurers to cover these services, according to research published online July 11 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Exercise Can Improve Memory in Breast Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Excessive stress can lead to memory problems among breast cancer survivors, but exercise can help, according to a study published online July 8 in Psycho-Oncology.

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Medication Organization Devices Tied to Adverse Effects

MONDAY, July 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Medication organization devices (MODs) may cause medication-related adverse events in unintentionally nonadherent older people, according to a study published online July 5 in Health Technology Assessment.

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VA Appealing to Physicians to Join Agency

FRIDAY, July 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is appealing to physicians to join the agency as part of its recovery from a 2014 scandal linked to excessive wait times, according to a report published by the American Medical Association.

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Psychosocial Factors Predict Functional Disability in RA

FRIDAY, July 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Psychosocial factors may be more important than traditional clinical measures in predicting functional disability in the first year after a rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosis, according to a study published online June 24 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Medical Marijuana Laws Affect Medicare Part D Spending

FRIDAY, July 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Legalization of medical marijuana and its associated availability have affected prescribing patterns and spending in Medicare Part D, according to a study published online July 6 in Health Affairs.

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Postpartum Readmission Within Six Weeks of Delivery on the Rise

FRIDAY, July 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Postpartum readmission rates rose from 2004 to 2011, according to a study published in the July issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Diabetic Retinopathy Independently Tied to Depression

THURSDAY, July 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Severe nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) or PDR, but not diabetic macular edema (DME), is associated with depressive symptoms, according to a study published online July 7 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Risk Score Could Help ID Alzheimer's Risk in Young Adults

THURSDAY, July 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A genetic test may one day be able to predict the risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD) in young adults, according to a study published online July 6 in Neurology.

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Diabetes Impacts QOL Outcome After Lumbar Decompression

WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes predicts diminished quality of life (QOL) improvements after lumbar decompression surgery, according to a study published in the June issue of The Spine Journal.

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Many Clinical Trials Are Not Listed in Data-Sharing Repository

WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Only about half of trials registered at ClinicalTrials.gov are listed in the largest data-sharing repository, according to a research letter published online June 28 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Mindful Self-Compassion Program Beneficial in Diabetes

TUESDAY, July 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A mindful self-compassion (MSC) program can reduce depression, diabetes-specific distress, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels in patients with diabetes, according to a study published online June 22 in Diabetes Care.

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Few Elderly Patients Discuss Driving With Primary Physicians

TUESDAY, July 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A minority of older adults who visit primary care providers have documented discussions about driving, according to research published in the June issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Anti-Anxiety Medication May Limit Empathetic Behavior

TUESDAY, July 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In an experimental study, rats given midazolam were less likely to free trapped companions, presumably due to decreased empathy. The study findings were published online June 8 in Frontiers in Psychology.

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Several Treatments Efficacious for Binge-Eating Disorder

FRIDAY, July 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients struggling with binge-eating disorder have several efficacious treatment options available, according to a review published online June 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Transgender Ban Lifted by U.S Military

FRIDAY, July 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Transgender people will be allowed to serve openly in the U.S. military, Defense Secretary Ashton Carter said Thursday.

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U.S. Cancer Survivors Aging, Battling Other Chronic Disease

FRIDAY, July 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In 2016, nearly 62 percent of almost 16 million cancer survivors are aged 65 or older; and, by 2040, an estimated 73 percent of 26 million cancer survivors will be 65 or older, according to a report published in the July 1 issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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CDC Reports Jobs With the Highest Suicide Rates

FRIDAY, July 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The odds of suicide are significantly higher among certain occupations, according to research published in the July 1 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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