July 2016 Briefing - OBGYN & Women's Health

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for July 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Conception During Low Mosquito Activity May Lower Zika Odds

FRIDAY, July 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women in Zika-affected countries might reduce their risk of infection during pregnancy by timing conception with periods of low mosquito activity, according to a perspective piece published July 28 in PLOS Biology.

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Biological Changes Real for Non-Celiac Wheat Sensitivity

FRIDAY, July 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There are clear biological changes in patients presenting with non-celiac wheat sensitivity, according to research published online July 25 in Gut.

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Early Mortality for Most Infants With Trisomy 13, 18

FRIDAY, July 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Early mortality is the most common outcome among children born with trisomy 13 or 18, although one-year survival is high for those undergoing surgical procedures, according to a study published online July 26 in The Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Exercising One Hour/Day May Eliminate Sitting's Toll on Health

FRIDAY, July 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Just one hour of physical activity a day -- something as simple as a brisk walk or a bicycle ride -- may undo the increased mortality risk that comes with sitting eight hours or more on a daily basis, according to research published online July 27 in The Lancet.

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Online Communication Tied to Positive Appraisal of Tx Decisions

FRIDAY, July 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women with newly diagnosed breast cancer, frequent online communication users more positively appraise their decision making, according to a research letter published online July 28 in JAMA Oncology.

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Even Midrange Vision Impairment Can Negatively Affect QOL

THURSDAY, July 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with even moderately impaired vision may face a higher risk of unemployment, poverty, and mental health problems, according to research published online July 28 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Two More Possible Cases of Non-Travel-Related Zika in Florida

THURSDAY, July 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Florida health officials are investigating two more unexplained cases of Zika infection, bringing to four the number of cases that don't seem to be related to travel to countries where the virus is circulating.

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Even Moderate Exercise Can Reduce Risk of Gestational DM

THURSDAY, July 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Obese pregnant women can reduce their risk of gestational diabetes and lower their blood pressure by exercising as little as three times a week, according to a study published online July 26 in PLOS Medicine.

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Miscarriage Linked to Maternal Zika Infection

THURSDAY, July 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Dutch researchers are reporting a case of miscarriage tied to maternal infection with the Zika virus. The report was published online July 27 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Pancreaticoduodenectomy Costs High at Safety-Net Hospitals

THURSDAY, July 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is associated with high costs at safety-net hospitals, according to a study published online July 27 in JAMA Surgery.

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Late Preterm, Early Term Birth Rates Down in the United States

THURSDAY, July 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Late preterm and early term birth rates decreased from 2006 to 2014 in the United States and some other high-income countries, according to research published online July 26 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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FDA Strengthens Safety Warnings for Fluoroquinolones

WEDNESDAY, July 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Tuesday that it's strengthening label warnings on fluoroquinolones because the drugs can lead to disabling side effects, including long-term nerve damage and ruptured tendons.

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Binge-Eating Disorders May Be Linked to Suicidality

WEDNESDAY, July 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Adults and adolescents with binge-eating disorder (BED) may have increased risk of suicidality, according to research published online July 20 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Six Years Average Time Between Onset and Diagnosis of Bipolar

WEDNESDAY, July 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The average delay to diagnosis of bipolar disorder is six years, according to a review published online July 26 in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry.

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Even Low Levels of Exercise Can Lower CHD Risk in Young Women

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Younger women who exercise just 2.5 hours a week may cut their risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) by up to 25 percent, according to research published in the July 26 issue of Circulation.

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Ob-Gyns Should Counsel Patients on Immediate Postpartum LARC

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Obstetrician-gynecologists should counsel pregnant women about use of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), such as implants and intrauterine devices (IUDs), immediately after they give birth, according to an American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee Opinion published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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USPSTF: Evidence Lacking to Recommend Skin Cancer Screens

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There is insufficient evidence to recommend regular full-body exams for skin cancer as a means of preventing deaths from these cancers, according to a new review and recommendation statement published in the July 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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American Red Cross Says Blood Donations Needed Urgently

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The American Red Cross says it has an urgent need for blood donations, with less than a five-day supply of blood on hand to help those who need it.

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Delaying Pregnancy Could Reduce Risk of Zika Infection

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For the population of Colombia, pregnancy delays of sufficient duration can reduce the risk of prenatal Zika virus infections, according to research published online July 26 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Induced Labor Not Associated With Autism Risk

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Inducing labor won't raise a pregnant woman's risk of having a child with autism, according to a study published online July 25 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Medical Students Often Track Progress of Former Patients

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many U.S. medical students use electronic health records to track the progress of their former patients and confirm the accuracy of their diagnoses, according to research letter published online July 25 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Guidelines Developed for Pain Management in Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines have been developed for chronic pain management in adult cancer survivors. The American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline was published online July 25 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Recent Increases in Rate of Hep C Detection in Young Women

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 2011 to 2014 there were increases in the rate of hepatitis C virus (HCV) detection among women of childbearing age, according to research published in the July 25 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Risk of Contracting Zika at Rio Olympics Small

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Travelers and competitors at the 2016 Olympic Games in Brazil are not likely to contract the Zika virus during their stay or bring it back to their home countries, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online July 26 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Up to 1.6 Million Childbearing Women Possibly at Risk for Zika

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Up to 1.6 million childbearing women in Central and South America may be at risk for infection with the Zika virus by the end of the first phase of the epidemic, according to a letter published online July 25 in Nature Microbiology.

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CDC Updates Guidelines on Sexual Transmission of Zika

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health officials on Monday updated their Zika virus guidelines, saying that pregnant women could contract Zika from a sex partner of either gender.

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Total Drug Expenditures Projected to Increase in 2016

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Total drug expenditures are expected to increase by 11 to 13 percent in 2016, according to a study published online in the American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy.

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Gut Microbiome Diversity Lower in Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Gut microbiome diversity is significantly lower in patients with chronic pelvic pain syndrome, with wider clustering, according to a study published in the August issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Antimicrobial Rx Up With Hospitalization for Acute Mania

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals hospitalized with acute mania have an increased rate of bacterial infections, as evidenced by the recent prescription of antimicrobial agents, according to a study published online July 17 in Bipolar Disorders.

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Meds Up Hospitalization for Dehydration, Heat-Linked Illness

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among veterans, initiation of many commonly-used medications is associated with increased risk of hospitalization for dehydration or heat-related illness, according to research published online July 4 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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'Walking Meetings' Feasible Strategy for Employee Wellness

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Converting a single weekly meeting to a walking meeting can help raise work-related physical activity levels of white-collar workers, according to a report published online June 23 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Another Non-Travel Related Case of Zika in Florida

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Florida health officials say they're investigating a second possible case of locally transmitted Zika infection.

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Low-FODMAP Bread May Reduce Symptoms of IBS

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Rye bread low in fermentable oligo-, di-, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) can help control symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), according to a study published online July 15 in Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

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Program Can Help Patient-Centered Practice Transition

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new study describes a scalable solution for transforming health care delivery in primary care into the patient-centered medical home model. The report was published online July 15 in the Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making.

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Shared Drug Snorting Straws May Transmit Hepatitis C Virus

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Sharing snorting straws for noninjection drug use may be a source for hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission, according to research published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Radiotherapy Use for DCIS Tied to Subsequent Mastectomy Risk

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), being in an area with more radiotherapy use is associated with increased likelihood of mastectomy at the time of a second breast event, according to research published online July 21 in JAMA Oncology.

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Intake of Marine ω-3 PUFAs Tied to Colorectal Cancer Survival

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who consume higher amounts of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), mainly from oily fish, may have better odds of survival, according to a study published online July 19 in Gut.

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Widely Protective Vaccine Against Chlamydia Appears Promising

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A vaccine to help protect against chlamydia is proving to be effective, according to an experimental study published in the July 25 issue of Vaccine.

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Health Expenditures Rising for Middle Class, Wealthy

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- While overall U.S. medical spending growth slowed between 2004 and 2013, expenditures rose for middle- and high-income Americans, according to research published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Walking Briskly May Outperform Jogging in Prediabetes

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Brisk walking may be more effective than jogging in controlling blood glucose levels in patients with prediabetes, according to a study published online July 15 in Diabetologia.

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Disclosure of Adverse Events May Impact Surgeon Well-Being

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Surgeons who are less likely to discuss the preventability of an adverse event are more likely to be negatively affected by disclosure of these events, according to a study published online July 20 in JAMA Surgery.

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Estradiol Doesn't Boost Cognitive Function After Menopause

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Improvement in cognitive ability is not associated with estrogen therapy among women who use it after menopause, no matter when they start taking it, according to a study published online July 15 in Neurology.

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Structured Pretravel Advice Should Be Provided to Patients

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Structured advice should be provided to individuals planning to travel internationally, according to a review article published in the July 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Higher Education Linked to Reduced Post-MI Heart Failure

WEDNESDAY, July 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) survivors with higher levels of education are less likely to develop heart failure, according to a study published online July 20 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

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Possible Local Transmission of Zika Virus in Florida

WEDNESDAY, July 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Florida health officials are investigating what could be the first case of locally transmitted Zika virus infection in the continental United States.

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Postpartum Women Prefer Delayed Physician Rounding

WEDNESDAY, July 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Delayed physician rounding increases postpartum women's satisfaction with their hospital experience and patient-physician communication, according to a study published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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ACS Endorses CDC's HPV Vaccine Guidelines

WEDNESDAY, July 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The American Cancer Society has endorsed the U.S. government's HPV vaccination recommendations, which include immunizing all preteens against human papillomavirus (HPV). The report was published online July 19 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Diabetes Meds Deemed Equal, but Metformin Still First-Line

WEDNESDAY, July 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There are no significant differences in the associations between available glucose-lowering drugs (alone or in combination) and the risk of cardiovascular or all-cause mortality, according to a review published in the July 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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IVF Treatment Does Not Appear to Increase Breast Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women who undergo in vitro fertilization (IVF) are not at increased risk of breast cancer, according to a study published in the July 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Osteoporosis Treatment-Linked Changes in BMD ID Fracture Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women initiating osteoporosis treatment, treatment-related changes in total hip bone mineral density (BMD) are associated with fracture risk, according to a study published online July 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Medicare Spending Up for Decedents Versus Survivors

WEDNESDAY, July 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Medicare per capita spending was much higher for beneficiaries who died during 2014 than for those who survived the entire year, according to a report published by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

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High-Fat Mediterranean Diet Can Still Be Healthy

TUESDAY, July 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Even a high-fat Mediterranean diet may protect against breast cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, according to a review published online July 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Global Fight Against HIV Remains Challenging

TUESDAY, July 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of HIV/AIDS deaths worldwide each year has fallen since peaking in 2005, but the number of new HIV infections is up in 74 countries, according to a study published online July 19 in The Lancet HIV to coincide with the 21st International AIDS Conference, held from July 18 to 22 in Durban, South Africa.

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ACOG Addresses Obstetrical Services and Zika Transmission

TUESDAY, July 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new case of Zika virus infection associated with a very high Zika viral load has renewed attention to Zika transmission, according to the American College of Obstetrics & Gynecology (ACOG).

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AAP Urges Awareness of Female Athlete Triad

TUESDAY, July 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians should be aware of the "female athlete triad," which includes amenorrhea, osteoporosis, and disordered eating, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. The report was published online July 18 in Pediatrics.

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Radiologists Vary Widely on How They Define Dense Breasts

TUESDAY, July 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Radiologists vary widely on how often they define mammography patients' breasts as dense, according to research published online July 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Can Signal Hematologic Cancer

TUESDAY, July 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among women presenting with a chief complaint of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB), there is an estimated incidence of hematologic cancer of 3.6 cases per 1,000 women, according to research published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Labor Compensation, Purchased Goods, Service Biggest Spends

TUESDAY, July 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Labor compensation remains the single largest contributor to costs among physicians' offices, hospitals, and outpatient care centers, according to a report published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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U.S. Zika Patient in Utah Apparently Infected Caregiver

MONDAY, July 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- On Monday, U.S. health officials said they were trying to determine how a now-deceased elderly Utah man who had Zika managed to infect a family caregiver.

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Burnout Can Have Acute Personal, Professional Consequences

MONDAY, July 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Stress and burnout are increasingly prevalent among physicians, with serious personal and professional consequences, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Facial Fracture Risk Up for Older Women With Facial Injury

MONDAY, July 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of facial fracture varies with age, sex, and race, with increased risk among white and Asian older women, according to research published online July 14 in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

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CDC Reports First Female-to-Male Sexual Transmission of Zika

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A New York City woman who became infected with the Zika virus on a trip outside the United States passed the infection to her boyfriend during sex, according to research published in the July 15 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CMS Proposes Changes to Physician Fee Schedule

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Changes have been proposed to the Physician Fee Schedule to transform how Medicare pays for primary care, focusing on improvements in pay for care coordination and planning, according to a new payment rule published by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS).

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Cancer Patients, Oncologists Have Discordant Opinions on Prognosis

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer patients and their oncologists often hold different opinions about the patient's chances for survival and how long they might live, according to a study published online July 14 in JAMA Oncology.

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Growth in U.S. Health Spending Set to Average 5.8 Percent

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Growth in U.S. health spending is expected to average 5.8 percent for 2015 to 2025, according to a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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PMS, PMDD Linked to Increased Odds of Bulimia Nervosa

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) are associated with increased odds of bulimia nervosa (BN), but not with binge-eating disorder (BED), according to a study published in the July issue of the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Antibiotic-Resistant Gonorrhea on the Rise in the United States

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Antibiotic-resistant cases of gonorrhea have more than quadrupled in the United States, according to research published in the July 15 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Review: Plant-Based Diets Tied to Improved Inflammatory Profiles

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Plant-based diets are associated with improvement in obesity-related inflammatory biomarker profiles, including decreases in C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 levels, according to a review published online July 13 in Obesity Reviews.

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Prediabetes for One in Five Healthy-Weight Americans

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly one in five healthy-weight Americans have prediabetes, with numbers rising with increasing age, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Diet-Induced Weight Loss May Help Prevent CA in Obese Women

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight and obese women who lose weight via calorie restriction, with or without exercise, may lower their odds of developing cancer as their levels of proteins tied to angiogenesis drop, according to a study published online July 15 in Cancer Research.

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Supreme Court Ruling Could Impact Med School Admissions

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Supreme Court's ruling upholding the University of Texas at Austin's consideration of race and ethnicity in college admissions has implications for medical schools, according to the American Medical Association (AMA).

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CV Autonomic Neuropathy Tied to Sexual Dysfunction, Incontinence

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) there are increased odds of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) and urinary incontinence (UI) associated with specific measures of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN), according to a study published online June 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Opportunistic Salpingectomy Doesn't Impact Ovarian Reserve

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Opportunistic salpingectomy conducted at the time of laparoscopic hysterectomy does not appear to negatively affect ovarian reserve or increase surgical risk, according to a study published online June 24 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

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Dysglycemia on the Rise in Obese American Adults

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among obese American adults, dysglycemia is worsening, leading to more diabetes and cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online July 13 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Recommendations Updated for Use of Antiretroviral Tx in HIV

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations for the use of antiretroviral therapy in HIV infection have been updated for adults, and published in the July 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on HIV/AIDS.

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Differences in Salary for Male, Female Faculty Physicians

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For physicians with faculty appointments at 24 U.S. public medical schools there are significant salary differences between men and women, even after adjustment for confounding variables, according to a study published online July 11 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Follow-Up of Colorectal CA Screens Lacking in Older Patients

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of older patients are not up-to-date with colorectal cancer screening and do not receive timely follow-up of abnormal fecal blood tests, according to a study published online June 22 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Small HIV Infection Risk in Condomless Sex With Use of ART

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- HIV transmission is highly unlikely among heterosexual couples who have sex without condoms when one partner carries the virus but takes antiretroviral therapy, according to a study published in the July 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on HIV/AIDS.

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Inadequate Hydration Linked to Higher Odds of Obesity

TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Staying adequately hydrated may be associated with a lower risk of obesity, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Physicians Need to Be Prepared to Talk Zika

TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians need to be prepared to speak to patients about Zika virus, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Exercise Can Improve Memory in Breast Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Excessive stress can lead to memory problems among breast cancer survivors, but exercise can help, according to a study published online July 8 in Psycho-Oncology.

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Many Adults 'Hoarding,' Self-Prescribing Antibiotics

TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- One in every 20 adults have used antibiotics without a doctor's guidance, according to a study published online July 11 in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.

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Review: Yoga Benefits Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Yoga benefits adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), according to a review published online July 1 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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Utah Resident Is First Zika-Linked Death in Continental U.S.

MONDAY, July 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An elderly resident of Utah who died at the end of June is the first fatality in the continental United States linked to infection with the Zika virus, local health officials said Friday.

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FDA Approves Differin Gel for Over-the-Counter Use

MONDAY, July 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The once-daily acne treatment Differin Gel 0.1% (adapalene) has been approved for over-the-counter use among patients 12 and older, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said.

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Approval of First HPV Test for Use With SurePath Preservative Fluid

MONDAY, July 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Roche's cobas HPV Test as the first diagnostic to be used with cervical cells obtained for a Pap test and collected in SurePath Preservative Fluid.

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Medication Organization Devices Tied to Adverse Effects

MONDAY, July 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Medication organization devices (MODs) may cause medication-related adverse events in unintentionally nonadherent older people, according to a study published online July 5 in Health Technology Assessment.

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Emetine Shows Promise for Human Cytomegalovirus Infection

MONDAY, July 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Emetine may represent a therapeutic option for human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection, according to a study published in the June issue of PLOS Pathogens.

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Second, Unrelated Malignancies Strike 1 in 12 Cancer Patients

FRIDAY, July 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new study indicates that 8 percent of patients -- or one in 12 -- already diagnosed with one form of cancer will develop a second unrelated malignancy. The findings were published online July 5 in Cancer.

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VA Appealing to Physicians to Join Agency

FRIDAY, July 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is appealing to physicians to join the agency as part of its recovery from a 2014 scandal linked to excessive wait times, according to a report published by the American Medical Association.

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Psychosocial Factors Predict Functional Disability in RA

FRIDAY, July 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Psychosocial factors may be more important than traditional clinical measures in predicting functional disability in the first year after a rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosis, according to a study published online June 24 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Postpartum Readmission Within Six Weeks of Delivery on the Rise

FRIDAY, July 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Postpartum readmission rates rose from 2004 to 2011, according to a study published in the July issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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CDC: Majority of HPV-Linked Cancers Are Preventable

FRIDAY, July 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of cancers linked to human papillomavirus (HPV) are preventable, according to a report published in the July 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Metabolomics Signature Can Predict GDM to T2DM Transition

THURSDAY, June 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A metabolomics signature can predict the transition from gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) to type 2 diabetes (T2D), according to a study published online June 23 in Diabetes.

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Case Vignette Addresses Diagnosis, Management of PCOS

THURSDAY, July 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The diagnosis and management of polycystic ovary syndrome is discussed in a case vignette published online July 6 in The New England Journal of Medicine.

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Neratinib Active in HER2-Positive, HR-Negative Breast Cancer

THURSDAY, July 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Neratinib and veliparib-carboplatin appear to be effective in women with specific subtypes of breast cancer, according to two studies published online July 6 in The New England Journal of Medicine.

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Risk of Noncervical Anogenital Cancer Up With History of CIN2/3

WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women with a history of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)2 or CIN3 have increased risks of subsequent development of anal, vulvar, and vaginal cancers, according to a study published online June 29 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Many Clinical Trials Are Not Listed in Data-Sharing Repository

WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Only about half of trials registered at ClinicalTrials.gov are listed in the largest data-sharing repository, according to a research letter published online June 28 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Genetic Risk Score Impact on BMI Varies Across Birth Cohorts

WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The magnitude of the association between a multilocus genetic risk score for body mass index (GRS-BMI) and BMI is larger for individuals born in later birth cohorts, according to a study published online July 5 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Two-Stage Screening Could Be Cost-Effective for Trisomy

TUESDAY, July 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Limiting first trimester screening (FTS) by cell-free fetal (cff) DNA to only patients in certain risk categories may be a feasible cost-containing strategy, according to a study published online June 27 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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CVD Risks Way Up in Familial Hypercholesterolemia

TUESDAY, July 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) have a significantly increased risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), according to research published online June 29 in Circulation.

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Mindful Self-Compassion Program Beneficial in Diabetes

TUESDAY, July 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A mindful self-compassion (MSC) program can reduce depression, diabetes-specific distress, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels in patients with diabetes, according to a study published online June 22 in Diabetes Care.

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Anti-Anxiety Medication May Limit Empathetic Behavior

TUESDAY, July 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In an experimental study, rats given midazolam were less likely to free trapped companions, presumably due to decreased empathy. The study findings were published online June 8 in Frontiers in Psychology.

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Several Treatments Efficacious for Binge-Eating Disorder

FRIDAY, July 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients struggling with binge-eating disorder have several efficacious treatment options available, according to a review published online June 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Transgender Ban Lifted by U.S Military

FRIDAY, July 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Transgender people will be allowed to serve openly in the U.S. military, Defense Secretary Ashton Carter said Thursday.

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Electronic Cigarettes May Damage Oral Epithelial Cells

FRIDAY, July 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Aerosols from electronic cigarettes appear cytotoxic to oral epithelial cells in vitro, according to research published online May 25 in PLOS ONE.

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U.S. Cancer Survivors Aging, Battling Other Chronic Disease

FRIDAY, July 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In 2016, nearly 62 percent of almost 16 million cancer survivors are aged 65 or older; and, by 2040, an estimated 73 percent of 26 million cancer survivors will be 65 or older, according to a report published in the July 1 issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Knowledge of CT Risks Varies Among Health Care Providers

FRIDAY, July 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Radiologists and technologists have better knowledge about the risks associated with medical imaging examinations than referring physicians, according to a study published online June 22 in the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences.

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Hundreds of U.S. Clinics Sell Unapproved Stem Cell 'Therapies'

FRIDAY, July 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hundreds of clinics across the United States are marketing unapproved stem cell treatments for conditions ranging from aging skin to spinal cord injuries, according to a study published online June 30 in Cell Stem Cell.

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CDC Reports Jobs With the Highest Suicide Rates

FRIDAY, July 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The odds of suicide are significantly higher among certain occupations, according to research published in the July 1 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Invasive Prenatal Testing Doesn't Up HIV Transmission Risk

FRIDAY, July 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For pregnant women with HIV infection, invasive prenatal testing does not increase the risk of vertical transmission, according to a study published online June 20 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

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