January 2017 Briefing - Nursing

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for January 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Review: Cardiopulmonary Event Rate Not Up With Propofol Use

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of cardiopulmonary adverse events is similar for propofol sedation and traditional sedation agents for gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures, according to a review published in the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Diabetes Mellitus Prevalence Higher in HIV-Infected Adults

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- HIV-infected adults have diabetes mellitus (DM) prevalence of 10.3 percent, which is higher than general population adults, according to a study published in the January issue of BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.

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Cardiovascular Event Risks May Be Affected by Timing of Meals

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new statement from the American Heart Association (AHA), published online Jan. 30 in Circulation, highlights what's known -- and what's not -- about meal timing and cardiovascular health.

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MRI May Help ID Suicide Risk in Young Bipolar Patients

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among adolescents and young adults with bipolar disorder, those who attempt suicide show reduced volume and activity in areas of the brain that regulate emotion and impulses, according to a study published online Jan. 31 in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

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Smoking Imposes Heavy Burden on Global Economy

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 6 percent of the world's health care spending is tied to smoking, according to research published online Jan. 30 in Tobacco Control.

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CVD-Related Hospital Admissions Up Second Day After Snowstorm

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is a sharp increase in hospital admissions for cardiovascular events two days after a major snowfall, according to research published online Jan. 30 in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

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Mentally Stimulating Tasks May Lower Risk of MCI in Older Adults

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Activities that keep the brain busy -- using a computer, crafting, playing games, and participating in social activities -- appear to lower the risk of age-related mental decline in individuals 70 and older, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in JAMA Neurology.

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Many VHA Patients Eligible for Lung Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients are eligible for lung cancer screening (LCS) with low-dose computed tomography (CT), and the use of LCS is increasing slowly among eligible patients, according to two studies published online Jan. 30 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Guidelines Developed for Use of Growth Hormone in Children

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of growth hormone (GH) in children and adolescents should be considered carefully, with assessment of the risks and benefits necessary for each patient, according to guidelines published in the January issue of Hormone Research in Paediatrics.

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Azithromycin Given in Labor Cuts Maternal, Neonatal Infections

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Administration of azithromycin during labor is associated with a reduction in maternal and neonatal clinical infections, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in Pediatrics.

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Therapeutic Family Presence Key in Tx of Acute Deterioration in ER

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For deteriorating adult patients in the emergency department, no family presence and physical family presence result in predominantly negative clinician-family-patient interactions, while therapeutic family presence results in positive clinician-family-patient interactions, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Insulin Glargine 300 U/mL Beats Glargine 100 U/mL in T1DM

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 1 diabetes, receipt of insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Gla-300) is associated with better glucose control than glargine 100 U/mL (Gla-100), regardless of injection time, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in Diabetes Care.

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Mediterranean Diet May Help Lower ADHD Risk

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Children who follow a Mediterranean diet may be less likely to have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study published online Jan. 30 in Pediatrics.

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Chronic Bullying Has Detrimental Effect on Academic Performance

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic bullying can have a negative impact on children's grades, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in the Journal of Educational Psychology.

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Musculoskeletal Low Back Pain Common in School-Aged Children

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Low back pain is common in school-age American children, and rates increase with age, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Quality Improvement Initiative Can Cut NTSV Cesarean Rate

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Quality improvement initiatives, including provider education and feedback, can reduce the nulliparous term singleton vertex (NTSV) cesarean delivery rate, according to a study published in the February issue of The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety.

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Inconsistency Noted in Ocular Symptom Reporting

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patient self-report of symptoms on an Eye Symptom Questionnaire (ESQ) is frequently inconsistent with documentation in the electronic medical record (EMR), according to a study published online Jan. 26 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Father Involvement Lacking in Pediatric Obesity Programs

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Fathers are not adequately engaged in pediatric obesity treatment or prevention programs with parent involvement, according to a review published online Jan. 27 in Pediatrics.

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NATA Issues Clinical Guidance on Acute Skin Trauma in Sports

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Clinical decisions and intervention protocols after acute skin trauma during participation in athletic and recreational activities vary among athletic trainers and are often based on ritualistic practices, according to a National Athletic Trainers' Association position statement published in the December issue of the Journal of Athletic Training.

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ACOG: Interventions Can Be Limited During Labor, Birth

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Women can meet their labor and birth goals with minimal intervention, according to an American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee Opinion published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Hypoglycemia Induces Pro-Inflammatory Functional Changes

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hypoglycemia can promote mobilization of specific subsets of leukocytes and induce pro-inflammatory functional changes in immune cells, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in Diabetes.

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Review: Intentional Weight Loss Improves Daytime Sleepiness

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For overweight or obese adults, intentional weight loss is associated with improvement in daytime sleepiness, according to a review published online Jan. 24 in Obesity Reviews.

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Prediabetes Linked to Sedentary Lifestyle, Even in Slim Adults

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Inactivity is associated with greater risk of prediabetes and diabetes, even for healthy-weight adults, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Microbiota Transfer Therapy Could Help Children With Autism

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new approach to alter the gut microbiome and virome may be an effective treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to research published online Jan. 23 in Microbiome.

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Nephrologists Often Don't Treat Depression in Dialysis Patients

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Depression is common among kidney failure patients undergoing dialysis, but efforts to get them on antidepressants often fail, according to research published online Jan. 26 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Unusual Amnestic Syndrome Seen With Opioid Abuse

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Short-term memory loss may be yet another price of America's opioid addiction epidemic, according to a report published in the Jan. 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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U.S. Children Make Over 6 Million Office Visits/Year for ADHD

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An average 6.1 million physician visits in 2012 to 2013 were made by children aged 4 to 17 with a primary diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a January data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Rates of Heart Failure Rising in the United States

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Heart failure rates are increasing in the United States, and cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death, even as the mortality rate from cardiovascular disease is falling, according to a new report from the American Heart Association (AHA).

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Antibiotics, Not Poor Hygiene, Main Cause of C. difficile Outbreak

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Reducing the use of fluoroquinolones has curbed an outbreak of Clostridium difficile that began in 2006 in England, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Risk of Diabetes Down With HCV SVR in HIV/HCV Coinfection

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In patients co-infected with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV), eradication of HCV is associated with a reduction in the risk of diabetes mellitus, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in Hepatology.

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Ketone Monitoring Infrequent in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), self-reported ketone monitoring is infrequent overall, according to research published online Jan. 18 in Diabetes Care.

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HT to Preserve Fertility Doesn't Appreciably Affect Survival

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For young patients with endometrial cancer, survival does not appear to be significantly impacted by hormone therapy (HT) before surgery to preserve fertility, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in Cancer.

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Most U.S. Children Consume at Least One Sugary Drink a Day

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly two-thirds of boys and girls ages 2 to 19 in the United States drink at least one sugar-sweetened beverage daily, according to a January data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Anxiety, Depression May Up Mortality Risk for Some Cancers

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Anxiety and depression may increase the risk of death from certain cancers, according to research published online Jan. 25 in The BMJ.

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28% of Adults, 9% of Teens Use Tobacco Products in U.S.

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Despite the dangers, many American adults and teens still use tobacco products, according to a report published in the Jan. 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Study Questions Tx of Subclinical Hypothyroidism in Pregnancy

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnancy may not always be the best option, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in The BMJ.

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Mindfulness-Based Class Aids Generalized Anxiety Disorder

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) class can reduce stress markers, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in Psychiatry Research.

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Verapamil Benefits Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), the first-generation inhibitor of epithelial P-glycoprotein (P-gp; an efflux pump that is overexpressed in CRSwNP), verapamil hydrochloride (HCl), is associated with improvement in outcome measures, according to a letter to the editor study published online Jan. 23 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Most PCPs Oppose Complete Repeal of the Affordable Care Act

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A majority of primary care doctors oppose full repeal of the Affordable Care Act, according to a perspective piece published online Jan. 25 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Satisfactory Overall Success Rate for Catheter Ablation in A-Fib

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The overall success rate of catheter ablation in atrial fibrillation is satisfactory, but the complication rate remains considerable and a significant portion of patients remain on antiarrhythmic drugs, according to a report published online Jan. 18 in the European Heart Journal.

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Chemo May Be Overused in Younger Patients With Colon CA

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Young and middle-aged colon cancer patients may be getting chemotherapy more often than is warranted, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in JAMA Surgery.

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Overall Cancer Mortality Rate Down in the United States

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- While cancer mortality rates have dropped 20 percent overall in the United States since 1980, high mortality rates persist in pockets throughout the country, according to a report published in the Jan. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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USPSTF: Not Enough Evidence to Screen for OSA in Asymptomatic

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults without any known signs or symptoms of the condition, according to a U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation published in the Jan. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Continuous Glucose Monitoring Ups Control in T1DM Patients

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A continuous glucose monitor (CGM) helps patients with type 1 diabetes better manage their blood glucose levels, according to two studies published in the Jan. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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'Opt Out' Doesn't Increase Access to Anesthesia Care

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The "opt out" rule, which allows U.S. states to opt out of the regulations requiring physician supervision of nurse anesthetists has not increased access to anesthesia care for certain common procedures, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in Anesthesiology.

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Severe Side Effects Common Among Breast Cancer Patients

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- About half of early-stage breast cancer patients experience severe side effects from their treatment, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in Cancer.

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Safety Profile of Red Yeast Rice Found Similar to Statins

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The cholesterol-lowering supplement red yeast rice could pose the same health risks to users as statin drugs, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Diabetes Care Compromised for Hispanics With Limited English

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hispanic-American type 2 diabetes patients who lack proficiency in English are much less likely than non-Hispanic patients to take newly prescribed diabetes medications as directed, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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ACA Has Increased Coverage, Access for Chronically Ill Patients

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Millions of Americans with a chronic illness gained health insurance coverage after the Affordable Care Act went into effect in 2010, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Catheter Safeguards at Hospitals Cut Bloodstream Infection Rates

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Improved catheter safety measures in hospitals significantly reduce bloodstream infections and health care costs, according to a review published recently in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Step Count Prescription Strategy Can Up Steps/Day

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A physician-delivered step count prescription strategy with an individualized rate of increase can result in an increase in step count/day, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Report Urges Pediatric Practices to Consider Consent by Proxy

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Issues relating to consent by proxy for non-urgent pediatric care should be considered, according to a report published online Jan. 23 in Pediatrics.

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Many Advanced NSCLC Patients Not Getting Helpful Treatment

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many U.S. patients with late-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) do not receive treatments that could prolong their lives, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology.

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Cervical Cancer Mortality Higher Among Older, Black Women

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The number of women who die from cervical cancer in the United States may be higher than previously believed, and the risk is greatest among older and black women, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in Cancer.

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GDM Found to Increase Risk for Postpartum Depression

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may increase a first-time mother's risk of postpartum depression, and a history of maternal depression along with GDM further increases that risk, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Depression and Anxiety.

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Psoriasis Impacts QoL for Parents of Affected Children

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood psoriasis impacts parents' quality of life in multiple domains, especially their emotional well-being, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Age Modifies Impact of Resting Heart Rate on Death, CV Events

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The effect of resting heart rate (RHR) on all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events varies with age, according to a study published online Dec. 30 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Exenatide, Pioglitazone Effective for Poorly Controlled T2DM

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with long-standing poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on metformin plus a sulfonylurea, combination therapy with exenatide and pioglitazone is effective and safe, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in Diabetes Care.

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QI Initiative Cuts Health Care Use in Children With Epilepsy

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A quality improvement (QI) initiative can reduce emergency department and health care utilization for children with epilepsy, according to a report published online Jan. 20 in Pediatrics.

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Anti-Müllerian Hormone Predicts Menopause in Women With HIV

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For HIV-infected women, anti-müllerian hormone is associated with age of menopause onset, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Intervention Reduces Fear of Recurrence in Breast CA Survivors

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For breast cancer survivors, the Attention and Interpretation Modification for Fear of Breast Cancer Recurrence (AIM-FBCR) intervention shows promise for reducing fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), according to a study published online Jan. 5 in Cancer.

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Too Few Patients With Severe Mental Illness Get HIV Test

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with severe mental illness are only slightly more likely to be screened for HIV than those in the general population, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in Psychiatric Services.

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FDA Approves Trulance for Chronic Idiopathic Constipation

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Trulance (plecanatide) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat persistent idiopathic constipation in adults.

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Cognitive Training Can Positively Affect Perception of Tinnitus

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An internet-based program to improve mental acuity may help patients cope with tinnitus, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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High SPF Sunscreen Offers Better Protection Than Beach Umbrella

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Sunscreen with a high sun protection factor offers better protection than a standard beach umbrella, although neither completely prevents sunburn, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Hydrolyzed Cow's Milk Formula May Up Islet Autoimmunity

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of hydrolyzed cow's milk-based formula introduced during the first seven days is associated with increased risk of islet autoimmunity in infants at increased risk of type 1 diabetes (T1D), according to a study published online Jan. 17 in Diabetes Care.

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Report Highlights National Cardiovascular Trends in 2014

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiovascular trends have been reported using data from four American College of Cardiology National Cardiovascular Data Registries (NCDR). The report was published recently in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Iatrogenic Cushing's Syndrome Described in 9-Year-Old Girl

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a case report published online Jan. 19 in Pediatrics, iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome (CS) is described in a 9-year-old girl who received topical ocular glucocorticoid (GC) treatment for bilateral iridocyclitis.

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Increased Risk of Obesity for Children With Asthma

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of developing obesity during childhood and adolescence is increased for children with asthma, according to a study published online Jan. 20 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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17 Million U.S. Adults May Have Masked Hypertension

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Seventeen million American adults may have masked hypertension, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

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Genital HPV Prevalence Rate High Among Men in the United States

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of American men may be infected with human papillomavirus (HPV), and HPV vaccination coverage is low among vaccine-eligible men, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in JAMA Oncology.

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MRI Helpful in Identifying White Matter Injury in Preemies

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) shortly after birth might help determine which premature babies have sustained a brain injury that will affect their development, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Neurology.

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Sedentary Behavior May Lead to Shorter Telomeres in Women

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A sedentary lifestyle may accelerate biological aging, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

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Grilled, Smoked Meats May Up Mortality Risk After Breast Cancer

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Research has suggested that diets high in barbecued, grilled, and smoked meats could increase the risk of breast cancer. Now, a new study finds these cooking methods may also lower survival after a breast cancer diagnosis. The findings have been published online Jan. 4 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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FDA, EPA Issue Guidance on Fish Consumption

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new U.S. government guideline classifies fish into three categories of safety to help pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers, and parents of young children make healthy choices.

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Effectiveness of One-Dose MenACWY-D Drops Over Time

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents, the effectiveness of the one-dose meningococcal (groups A, C, W, and Y) polysaccharide diphtheria toxoid conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-D) decreases at three to less than eight years post-vaccination, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Pediatrics.

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Sepsis Guidelines Improve Patient Care in ER

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of sepsis guidelines improves early assessment, recognition, and management of patients presenting to an emergency department with sepsis, according to a study published online Jan. 10 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Less Sitting Time Can Be Initial Step in Total Fitness Plan

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The reduction and interruption of sitting time can be an initial step in the development of a total physical activity plan for male patients, according to the conclusions of a report published in the December issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Survival Rates High for Older Patients With ICDs

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Seniors who receive an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) have high survival rates, according to a study published in the Jan. 24 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Dementia May Be Exacerbated by Hospital-Related Delirium

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalization-related delirium may speed mental decline in patients with dementia, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Brief Bouts of Exercise Can Reduce Inflammation

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Just 20 minutes of moderate exercise may reduce inflammation in the body, according to research published online recently in Brain, Behavior, and Immunity.

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Body Dysmorphic Disorder Often Missed by Plastic Surgeons

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly one in 10 patients seeking facial plastic surgery suffers from body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), but doctors often don't spot the problem, according to research published online recently in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

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Number of Infants Born to Women Using Opioids Up Sharply

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Over a decade, there was a nearly five-fold increase in the number of infants born each year to American women who used opioids during the pregnancy, according to a new report prepared for the U.S. Congress by the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). There was also a dramatic rise in the number of infants born with a dependency on opioids.

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Neurodevelopment at Age 2 Not Worse After ART Conception

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive, motor, and language development at age 2 years is similar for children born after assisted reproductive technologies (ART) conception and natural conception, according to a study published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Delayed Clamping Reduces Anemia at 8, 12 Months of Age

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For infants at high risk of iron deficiency anemia, delayed umbilical cord clamping reduces anemia at 8 and 12 months of age, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Breastfeeding Mothers Prefer to Supplement Their Own Vitamin D

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Breastfeeding mothers prefer supplementing themselves with vitamin D rather than supplementing their infants, according to research published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Hypertension Onset After Age 80 May Protect Against Dementia

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Developing hypertension in very old age may provide some protection from dementia, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in Alzheimer's & Dementia.

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Bariatric Sx May Help Prevent Incident Diabetic Retinopathy

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There are fewer cases of incident diabetic retinopathy among obese patients with type 2 diabetes undergoing bariatric surgery compared with medical treatment, according to a review and meta-analysis published online Jan. 13 in Obesity Reviews.

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Current Guidelines for Pediatric Tonsillectomies Questioned

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers evaluating evidence for tonsillectomy found that more children would receive significant short-term improvement in their daily life if the current guidelines were relaxed. The two reviews were published online Jan. 17 in Pediatrics.

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Current Asthma Ruled Out for One-in-Three Diagnosed Adults

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- About one-third of adults with a history of physician-diagnosed asthma within the past five years have no evidence of asthma, according to a study published in the Jan. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Syphilis Risk May Be Higher in HIV Patients on Antiretrovirals

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Men who have sex with men (MSM) receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) to treat HIV infection may be at increased risk for syphilis, according to research published online Jan. 16 in Sexually Transmitted Infections.

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Acupuncture Reduces Crying in Infants With Colic

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Acupuncture may be an effective treatment option for infantile colic, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in Acupuncture in Medicine.

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ACP, AAFP Raise BP Rx Threshold for Healthy Adults Over 60

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Two leading medical organizations are recommending a less aggressive target for the treatment of hypertension in adults 60 and older who are otherwise healthy. The new clinical practice guideline was published online Jan. 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Carbapenem-Resistant Bacteria More Problematic Than Thought

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is more widespread in U.S. hospitals than previously thought and needs to be more closely monitored, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Lower Inpatient Costs for Dabigatran, Rivaroxaban in A-Fib

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF), inpatient costs are lower with dabigatran and rivaroxaban than with warfarin, according to a letter published online in the Jan. 24 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Normal Vitamin D Intake Not Linked to Kidney Stone Risk

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is no statistically significant correlation between typical vitamin D intake and incident kidney stones, according to a study published in the February issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Interventions Don't Improve Osteoarthritis Outcomes

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patient- and provider-based interventions do not improve osteoarthritis outcomes, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Antiplatelets Cut Preterm Birth in Those at Risk for Preeclampsia

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among women at risk for preeclampsia, antiplatelet agents reduce the risk of spontaneous preterm birth at less than 37 and less than 34 weeks of gestation, according to a meta-analysis published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Glyburide, Metformin Have Similar Effect in Gestational DM

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), glyburide and metformin are comparable in terms of glucose control and safety, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Health, Economic Impact of CVD Preventive Services Varies

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The health and economic impact of three cardiovascular disease (CVD) preventive services varies with demographic characteristics and clinical objectives, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Caffeine Found to Reduce Age-Related Inflammation

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Caffeine may help reduce the type of inflammation that's linked to cardiovascular disease risk factors, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in Nature Medicine.

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Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Tied to Poor School Performance

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Children with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) may be more likely to perform poorly in school, according to a new study published online Jan. 16 in Pediatrics.

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Rate of Genitourinary Injuries Up Among U.S. Service Men

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A total of 1,367 male U.S. service members deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom sustained genitourinary injury, according to a study published in the February issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Patient Perception of Provider Concern Impacts Satisfaction

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic pain receiving opioids, provider satisfaction is not associated with functional outcomes; however, patient perception of provider concern impacts perceived satisfaction, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in Pain Practice.

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Educational Methods Have Improved Bowel Prep Compliance

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Recently developed educational methods have improved patient compliance with bowel preparation for colonoscopy, according to a review published online Jan. 5 in the Journal of Digestive Diseases.

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Risk of Post-Op Infections Up in Overweight, Obese Children

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight and obese children seem to be more likely than others to develop postoperative surgical site infections, according to a study published recently in Surgical Infections.

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Video Intervention Persuasive for Screening Recommendations

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A novel video intervention can alter the screening intentions of a target audience, in line with evidence-based recommendations, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Short Interval After Pregnancy Termination Ups Preterm Risk

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A short interpregnancy interval after termination of pregnancy is associated with increased risk of preterm birth in subsequent birth, according to a study published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Mortality Risk in T2DM Increased With Depression and/or Anxiety

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with type 2 diabetes, anxiety symptoms affect mortality risk, independently of depression symptoms, and attenuate the excess mortality associated with depression, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Procalcitonin Testing on ICU Admission Linked to Lower LOS

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), procalcitonin (PCT) testing on the first day of admission is associated with significantly lower length stay in the hospital and ICU, according to a study published in the January issue of CHEST.

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Concussions May Accelerate Alzheimer's Disease Progression

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Concussions may be associated with accelerated cortical thickness and memory decline in Alzheimer's disease-relevant areas, according to a study published online Jan. 12 in Brain.

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Pace of Influenza Activity Picking Up Across the United States

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The pace of flu activity continues to quicken across the United States, and probably hasn't peaked yet, according to an assessment by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Guidance Provided for Introduction of Foods to Infants

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a position paper published in the January issue of the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, guidance is presented in relation to complementary foods and their introduction into an infant's diet.

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Artificial Sweetener Use Up in U.S. Children in Recent Years

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of foods and beverages with low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) such as aspartame, sucralose, and saccharin rose 200 percent among children between 1999 and 2012, while their use rose 54 percent among adults, according to a study published online Jan. 10 in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

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Use of Ethanol Cookstoves Can Lower BP, Reduce HTN

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of ethanol cookstoves is associated with a reduction in diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and hypertension for pregnant women in Nigeria, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Tapeworm From Asian Waters Identified in Alaskan Salmon

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A tapeworm known to infect salmon from the Asian Pacific is also present in fish from U.S. waters, according to research published in the February issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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Tobacco Counseling for Youth, Adults Cuts Smoking Prevalence

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Tobacco counseling for youth or adults can reduce the prevalence of smoking cigarettes during adult years, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Modest Links for Systemic Medication Use, IOP in Glaucoma

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Some systemic medication has a modest effect on intraocular pressure (IOP) among Asian patients with glaucoma, according to research published online Jan. 12 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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More Education Needed for Clinicians on Transgender Health

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More education relating to transgender health is needed for endocrinologists, according to research published online Jan. 10 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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First U.S. Case of Locally Acquired Zika Described

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a case study from the University of Miami, and published online Jan. 11 in the New England Journal of Medicine, doctors provide new insight into the Zika virus, showing fetal exposure doesn't necessarily mean infection.

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CDC: Higher Risk of Death From Leading Causes in Rural America

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Americans who live in rural areas have a higher risk of death from five leading causes than people who live in urban locations, according to research published in the Jan. 13 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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New Comprehensive Report Looks at Benefits, Harms of Cannabis

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Current medical science has proven there are legitimate medical uses for marijuana and cannabis-derived drugs, according to a new report -- The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids -- published Jan. 12 by the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

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β-Blockers Linked to Reduced Mortality in HFrEF, A-Fib

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- β-blockers are associated with significantly reduced mortality, but not hospitalizations, in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and atrial fibrillation (AF), according to a study published online Jan. 11 in JACC: Heart Failure.

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No Cognitive Benefit for Long-Term Lifestyle Intervention

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For overweight and obese adults with diabetes mellitus, a long-term intensive lifestyle intervention does not offer cognitive benefits, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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TENS Relieves Pain During Office Hysterectomy Without Sedation

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) can reduce pain during office hysterectomy without sedation, according to a study published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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PCP Involvement Tied to End-of-Life Care Patterns

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Higher primary care physician involvement in end-of-life care is associated with less intensive and lower cost end-of-life care, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Increase Noted in Mindfulness Practices From 2002 to 2012

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of specific mindfulness practices has increased in recent years, with variation in rates of engagement among worker groups, according to a report published in the Jan. 5 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Low Serum Vitamin D Linked to Frequent Headache in Men

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) is associated with frequent headache in middle-aged and older men, according to a study published online Jan. 3 in Scientific Reports.

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Worsening QoL Linked to Early Tx Discontinuation in Breast Cancer

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For women with breast cancer, experiencing a worsening in menopause-specific quality of life (QoL) is associated with early treatment discontinuation, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Sitagliptin Has Neutral CV Risk Effect in Elderly With T2DM, CVD

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Sitagliptin has a neutral effect on cardiovascular risk among older patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Jan. 5 in Diabetes Care.

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Quality Improvement Initiative Cuts Milk Administration Errors

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A quality improvement initiative can reduce the number of human milk administration errors in the neonatal intensive care unit, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in Pediatrics.

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Migraineurs May Face Higher Risk of Stroke After Surgery

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Migraine sufferers may face a slightly higher risk of stroke after an operation, according to research published online Jan. 10 in The BMJ.

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Post-Op Incentive Spirometry Not Beneficial After Bariatric Surgery

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing bariatric surgery, postoperative incentive spirometry (IS) does not affect postoperative hypoxemia, arterial oxygen saturation, or postoperative pulmonary complications, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in JAMA Surgery.

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Yoga Intervention Feasible for Improving QoL in Pediatric Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A pilot yoga intervention is feasible for improving pediatric cancer patients' and parents' quality of life, according to research published in the January issue of Rehabilitation Oncology.

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Many Families Find High Health Care Deductibles Burdensome

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- High-deductible health plans have multiplied in recent years, and they may pose a significant financial burden on Americans with chronic conditions, according to two studies published online Jan. 9 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Tobacco Control Plays Key Role in Saving Both Lives and Dollars

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking kills about six million people a year, and costs the world more than $1 trillion a year in health care expenses and lost productivity, but billions of dollars and millions of lives could be saved through higher tobacco prices and taxes, according to a report from the World Health Organization and the U.S. National Cancer Institute.

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Global Rates of Hypertension on the Rise

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The global rate of hypertension and prehypertension rose significantly between 1990 and 2015, according to a report published in the Jan. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC: Renal Failure From Diabetes Declining in Native Americans

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes-related end-stage renal disease among Native American adults fell by more than half over almost 20 years, according to research published in the Jan. 10 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Excessive FDA Regulation Driving High Drug Prices

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The excessive regulatory regime at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is an important driver of high drug prices, and should be curbed to introduce more competition and lower prices, according to a report published online Jan. 5 by the National Center for Policy Analysis.

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Care Can Be Compromised When Parents Offend Pediatric Staff

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Rude parents can rattle medical staff enough to compromise the quality of care their critically ill child receives, according to a study published online Jan. 10 in Pediatrics.

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USPSTF Reaffirms Endorsement of Prenatal Folic Acid Supplements

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a recommendation statement published in the Jan. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) reaffirms that folic acid supplements reduce the risk of neural tube defects.

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Novel Diet Can Help Children With Crohn's, Colitis Find Relief

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Children with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis may be able to achieve relief without medications by eating a special diet, according to a study published recently in the Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology.

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Mammography Found to Result in Substantial Overdiagnosis

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Mammograms frequently detect small breast tumors that might never become life-threatening, causing women to receive treatment they likely don't need, according to a new study published online Jan. 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Acid Suppression in Pregnancy Linked to Childhood Asthma

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Women who take acid-suppressing medications during pregnancy may have a child at increased risk of developing asthma, according to a review published online Jan. 9 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Many Ischemic Stroke Survivors Not Prescribed Anticoagulants

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients surviving ischemic stroke are not discharged with an oral anticoagulant (OAC), according to a study published online Dec. 30 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Mathematical Model Can Simulate HbA1c Progression in T2DM

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A mathematical model (MM) can simulate hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) trajectories in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) models, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Decline in MRSA Infection Rates in Veterans Affairs Facilities

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) rates decreased through September 2015 in Veterans Affairs facilities, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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Physical Activity Predicts Depression in Middle Childhood

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Higher moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) at age 6 and 8 years predicts fewer symptoms of major depression two years later, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in Pediatrics.

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Reduced Mortality Seen for 'Weekend Warriors'

MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Weekend warriors may add almost as many years to their life span as those who work out all week long, according to research published online Jan. 9 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Improved Breast Cancer Screening Rates With ACA

MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Americans with lower levels of income are less likely to get recommended cancer screenings, but legislation waiving out-of-pocket costs appears to narrow the prevention gap -- for mammograms, at least, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in Cancer.

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Intense Aerobic Exercise Can Cut Behavioral Issues in School

MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Children with behavioral disorders might fare better at school if they get some exercise during the day, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in Pediatrics.

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Panic Disorder May Up Odds of Depression Rx Side Effects

MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic depression, comorbid panic disorder is associated with increased likelihood of side effects during treatment, according to a study published online Jan. 3 in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

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Higher Odds of Trial of Labor With Night Float Call System

MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians working on a night float call system are more likely to have patients with a prior cesarean delivery undergo trial of labor and achieve vaginal birth, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Process-of-Care Failures Common in Adults With Rectal Bleeding

MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among adult primary care patients with rectal bleeding, process-of-care failures are frequent and are associated with poor or fair quality care, according to a study published in the January issue of The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety.

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Valerian Root Supplement Use Linked to Severe Hyponatremia

MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A case of acute severe hyponatremia secondary to polydipsia in association with increased use of herbal remedies has been presented in BMJ Case Reports.

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Long-Term Disability Risk Up for Seniors Who Visit ER

FRIDAY, Jan. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Seniors treated in an emergency department for illness or injury are more likely to become disabled and less physically agile over the next six months, according to a study published online Jan. 6 in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

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Data on Effectiveness of Morning Sickness Drug May Be Flawed

FRIDAY, Jan. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Pyridoxine-doxylamine (Diclectin), used to manage the nausea and vomiting associated with morning sickness, may not be as effective as once believed, according to a new analysis published online Jan. 4 in PLOS One.

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Acid Suppression Rx Linked to Risk of C. difficile, Campylobacter

FRIDAY, Jan. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and H2 receptor antagonist (H2RA) users may be at higher risk of infection with Clostridium difficile and Campylobacter bacteria, according to a study published online Jan. 5 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Exercise + Weight Loss Improves Asthma Control in Obese

FRIDAY, Jan. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For obese patients with asthma, adding exercise to a weight-loss program results in improved clinical control, according to a study published in the Jan. 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Diabetes Linked to Increased Incidence of Conjunctivitis

FRIDAY, Jan. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes is associated with increased incidence of conjunctivitis, according to a study published online Dec. 29 in Diabetes Care.

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Dementia Risk Up for Those Living Near Major Roads

THURSDAY, Jan. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- People who live relatively close to busy traffic have a slightly higher risk for dementia, according to research published online Jan. 4 in The Lancet.

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Cancer Mortality Rates Continue to Decline in the United States

THURSDAY, Jan. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer mortality rates in the United States have dropped 25 percent since the early 1990s, according to a new report published online Jan. 5 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Reduction in Psoriasis Symptoms With Long-Term Weight Loss

THURSDAY, Jan. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Obese patients with psoriasis who lose 10 to 15 percent of their weight may see significant and lasting improvement in their symptoms, according to a report published recently in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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Further Evidence Mediterranean Diet Ups Brain Health in Seniors

THURSDAY, Jan. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The heart-healthy Mediterranean diet may also help preserve brain health in older adults, according to research published online Jan. 4 in Neurology.

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Guidelines Urge Earlier Peanut Intro for High-Risk Infants

THURSDAY, Jan. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Infants at increased risk for peanut allergy should have peanut-containing foods added to their diets as early as 4 months of age, according to new U.S. clinical guidelines published in the January issue of the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Vitamin D Insufficiency in Infancy Not Linked to Food Allergy

THURSDAY, Jan. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin D insufficiency (VDI) at birth or age 6 months is not associated with food allergy at 1 year, according to a study published online Jan. 2 in Allergy.

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Meta-Analysis Links Omega-3 Fatty Acid Consumption to T2DM

THURSDAY, Jan. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of single omega-3 is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), with dosage, ethnicity, trial duration, and recruited age influencing the effect, according to a meta-analysis published online Dec. 29 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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Consultations Rarely Address Psoriasis Patients' Concerns

THURSDAY, Jan. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with psoriasis report wanting to be treated as individuals and preferring individualized health education, although clinical consultations rarely address their concerns, according to research published online Dec. 29 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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SBP <135 mm Hg Tied to Greater Mortality in Elderly With HTN

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For adults aged 80 years and older without comorbidity, systolic blood pressure (SBP) <135 mm Hg is associated with greater mortality, according to a study published online Dec. 30 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Too Few U.S. Young Adults Being Prescribed Needed Statins

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Too few American young adults are receiving needed statin medications, according to findings published online Jan. 4 in JAMA Cardiology.

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DASH Tops the 2017 Rankings for Best Diets

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For the seventh year in a row, U.S. News & World Report has named the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary plan as the best choice of diet overall, followed by the Mediterranean diet, up from fourth place last year.

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Anterior T-Wave Inversion in 2.3 Percent of Healthy Young Adults

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Anterior T-wave inversion (ATWI) occurs in 2.3 percent of young asymptomatic adults, usually in leads V1 and V2, according to a study published in the Jan. 3/10 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Skin Diseases Have Large Impact on Patients' Well-Being

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Skin diseases affect quality of life differently across distinct aspects of the EuroQoL five dimension questionnaire (EQ5D), according to a study published online Dec. 29 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Metformin Tied to Better Clinical Outcomes in CKD, CHF, CLD

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), congestive heart failure (CHF), or chronic liver disease (CLD) with hepatic impairment, metformin use is associated with improvements in clinical outcomes, according to a review published online Jan. 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Participation in Meaningful Use Doesn't Up Quality of Care

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Physician participation in meaningful use is associated with improvement in colorectal cancer screening, but is not associated with improvement in other quality measures, according to a study published online Dec. 23 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Sequential Empagliflozin, Linagliptin Diabetes Tx Effective

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- After metformin failure, sequential treatment escalation with empagliflozin and linagliptin is an effective diabetes treatment option due to additive effects on postprandial glucose control, according to a study published online Dec. 23 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Major Zika Outbreak Considered Unlikely in the United States

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The Zika virus is not likely to gain a foothold in the United States as it did in Brazil and other Latin American countries, according to a report published in the Jan. 3 issue of the Journal of Medical Entomology.

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Gunshot Violence Transmitted Through Social Networks

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Social contagion accounts for a considerable proportion of gunshot violence episodes, according to a study published online Jan. 3 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Zoledronic Acid Every 12 Weeks Noninferior in Bone Metastases

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of zoledronic acid every 12 weeks does not result in increased risk of skeletal events compared with use every four weeks among patients with bone metastases due to breast cancer, prostate cancer, or multiple myeloma, according to a study published in the Jan. 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Conventional Trials Can't Detect Heterogeneity in BP Tx Effects

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Conventional clinical trials are unable to detect clinically important heterogeneity in intensive blood pressure (BP) treatment effects, according to a modeling study published online Jan. 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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ACP Updates Recommendations for Oral Medications in T2DM

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The American College of Physicians (ACP) has updated recommendations on the oral pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes in adults. The clinical practice guideline update was published online Jan. 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Maternal, Paternal Obesity Tied to Childhood Development Delays

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal and paternal obesity are associated with delays in early childhood development, according to a study published online Jan. 2 in Pediatrics.

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Retailers Often Recommend Age-Restricted Supplements to Teens

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Health food store employees frequently recommend creatine and testosterone boosters to under-age, male high school athletes, according to a study published online Jan. 2 in Pediatrics.

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Greater Drop in Readmissions With ACA Program Penalties

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There is a greater reduction in readmission rates at hospitals subject to penalties under the Affordable Care Act's Hospital Readmission Reduction Program (HRRP), according to a study published online Dec. 27 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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More Cognitive Difficulties for Patients After Chemotherapy

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with non-cancer controls, patients with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy have more cognitive difficulties up to six months after treatment, according to a study published online Dec. 28 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Arm Circumference May Be Useful Predictor of CVD Survival

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mid upper arm circumference (AC) is an independent predictor of survival in older adults with cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published in the Jan. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Alcohol Abuse Ups Risk of Several Heart Conditions

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol abuse increases the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), myocardial infarction (MI), and congestive heart failure (CHF) as much as other well-established risk factors, according to a study published in the Jan. 3/10 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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