January 2016 Briefing - Neurology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for January 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Demand for Medical Office Space High and Increasing

FRIDAY, Jan. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Demand for medical office space for ambulatory care is at a high point and looks likely to continue increasing, according to an article published in Forbes.

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AMA Highlights Top Four Issues to Promote in State Legislation

THURSDAY, Jan. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The top four issues that will be promoted in state legislation in 2016 were discussed at the 2016 American Medical Association (AMA) State Legislative Strategy Conference, according to a report published by the AMA.

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Carbamazepine Affects Warfarin Anticoagulation

THURSDAY, Jan. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For warfarin-treated patients, carbamazepine co-treatment is associated with subtherapeutic anticoagulative effect and increased warfarin dose requirements, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Rosacea Linked to Increased Risk of Glioma

THURSDAY, Jan. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Rosacea is associated with a significantly increased risk of developing glioma, according to research published online Jan. 27 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Tysabri Impacts Seroconversion in John Cunningham Virus

THURSDAY, Jan. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with John Cunningham virus (JCV), natalizumab (Tysabri) treatment affects seroconversion and JCV index values, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in Neurology: Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation.

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~1% of Physicians Account for One-Third of Malpractice Claims

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A small number of physicians account for a considerable proportion of all paid malpractice claims, according to a study published in the Jan. 28 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Alternative Payment Models Can Help Improve Patient Care

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Alternative payment models (APMs) have been and are being developed that can allow physicians to offer new and improved services to their patients, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Review: Dabigatran Comparable to Warfarin for Nonvalvular A-Fib

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, dabigatran 150 mg is comparable to warfarin for preventing ischemic stroke, and correlates with lower risk of intracranial bleeding but higher risk of gastrointestinal bleeding, according to a review published online Jan. 26 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Possibility for Health Care Legislation Changes in 2016

TUESDAY, Jan. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Given the current political climate and issues of bipartisan concern, 2016 could see certain changes to health care legislation, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Pulse Pressure Linked to Multiple Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes

TUESDAY, Jan. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pulse pressure (PP) is associated with multiple adverse cardiovascular outcomes, according to a study published in the Feb. 2 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Dysgraphia Described After Sertraline Intake

MONDAY, Jan. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Dysgraphia after sertraline intake has been documented in a case report published online Jan. 21 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Estrogen Metabolism May Have an Impact on Stroke Recovery

MONDAY, Jan. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME), an endogenous metabolite of estradiol, inhibits proliferation, pro-inflammatory responses, and phagocytosis in microglia, according to a study published online Jan. 5 in the American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism.

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Algorithm Using Routine Data Aims to Predict Dementia Risk

FRIDAY, Jan. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers from University College London have developed an algorithm that uses medical data to predict a five-year risk of dementia, according to a report published online Jan. 21 in BMC Medical.

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Patient Satisfaction With Doctors May Be on the Rise

FRIDAY, Jan. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More Americans than ever are satisfied with their visits to the doctor, according to a new survey conducted by The Harris Poll in September.

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IV Thrombolysis Aids Patients Dependent Before Their Stroke

FRIDAY, Jan. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) treatment might benefit stroke patients who needed help with daily living before their stroke, according to research published online Jan. 21 in Stroke.

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Anesthesia After 40 Not Linked to Mild Cognitive Impairment

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Receiving general anesthesia for surgery after age 40 doesn't appear to raise the risk for mild cognitive impairment later in life, according to a study published online Jan. 20 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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A-Fib May Pose Bigger Threat to Women

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Atrial fibrillation is a stronger risk factor for stroke, cardiac events, heart failure, and death in women than it is in men, according to an analysis published online Jan. 19 in The BMJ.

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Study Questions Use of Physical Therapy for Early Parkinson's

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physical therapy might not benefit people with mild-to-moderate Parkinson's disease, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in JAMA Neurology.

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Physicians Choose Less Aggressive Care at End of Life

TUESDAY, Jan. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians facing death are less likely to demand aggressive care, according to two research letters published in the Jan. 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on death, dying, and end of life.

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CDC: Distribution of Lyme Disease Vectors Has Expanded

TUESDAY, Jan. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Ticks that transmit Lyme disease are now found in nearly half of all counties in the United States, a much broader swath than was seen in the late 1990s, according to research published online Jan. 18 in the Journal of Medical Entomology.

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Greater Transparency Being Promoted in Research

MONDAY, Jan. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Greater transparency is being promoted in clinical research, according to a health policy brief published online Jan. 14 in Health Affairs.

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Bioresorbable Silicon Electronic Sensor May Monitor Brain

MONDAY, Jan. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An novel implant utilizing a dissolvable sensor may be able to transmit information wirelessly to physicians during surgery or after a brain injury, according to an experimental study published online Jan. 18 in Nature.

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Medical Marijuana May Help Treat, Prevent Migraines

MONDAY, Jan. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Marijuana may give relief to migraine sufferers, according to research published online Jan. 9 in Pharmacotherapy.

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Design of Physician Satisfaction Surveys Affects Results

MONDAY, Jan. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patient satisfaction scores are influenced by the design and implementation of patient surveys, according to an article published in the January-February issue of Family Practice Management.

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Pre-Stroke Aspirin Use May Reduce Stroke Severity

MONDAY, Jan. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with atherothrombotic stroke, pre-stroke aspirin use may reduce initial stroke severity, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Traditional Foods Can Bring Joy to Dementia Patients

MONDAY, Jan. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with dementia, traditional dishes can create joy and boost patients' sense of well-being, according to research published online Jan. 11 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Nonverbal Cues May Reveal a Physician's Racial Bias

FRIDAY, Jan. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A physician's body language may reveal racial bias against seriously ill black patients, according to research published in the January issue of the Journal of Pain and Symptom Management.

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Compassion Fatigue May Be Underestimated by Trauma Teams

FRIDAY, Jan. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The challenges facing trauma care providers can put them at risk for compassion fatigue and burnout, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Journal of Trauma Nursing.

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Diagnostic Imaging Down With High Deductible Health Plans

FRIDAY, Jan. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. patients whose health insurance plans have high deductibles undergo fewer diagnostic imaging tests, according to a study published in the February issue of Medical Care.

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Dementia Rx May Lower Risk of Falls Among Parkinson's Patients

THURSDAY, Jan. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Rivastigmine shows potential in reducing the risk of falls among patients with Parkinson's disease, according to new research published online Jan. 12 in The Lancet Neurology.

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Lower Risk of Parkinson's With Higher Urate Concentration

THURSDAY, Jan. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For men, but not women, the risk of developing Parkinson's disease (PD) is lower with higher plasma urate concentrations, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in Neurology.

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Early-Life Exercise May Promote Lifelong Brain Function

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Early-life exercise-induced alterations in gut microbiota may promote brain function and emotional well-being, according to a study published online Dec. 9 in Immunology & Cell Biology.

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Pesticide in Milk Years Ago May Be Linked to Signs of Parkinson's

TUESDAY, Jan. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Men who drank milk that may have been tainted with a pesticide when they were young might be more likely to develop signs of Parkinson's disease, according to a study published online Dec. 9 in Neurology.

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Many Patients Using E-Mail As First Method of Provider Contact

TUESDAY, Jan. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic conditions, the ability to communicate with their doctor via e-mail may help improve their health, according to a study published online Dec. 21 in the American Journal of Managed Care.

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Signs of CTE in Brain of Deceased 25-Year-Old Football Player

TUESDAY, Jan. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A case report published online Jan. 4 in JAMA Neurology highlights a neuropsychological test profile conducted on a patient with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).

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