IgG-Degrading Enzyme Allows HLA-Incompatible Transplant

Share this content:
IgG-Degrading Enzyme Allows HLA-Incompatible Transplant
IgG-Degrading Enzyme Allows HLA-Incompatible Transplant

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The immunoglobulin G (IgG)-degrading enzyme derived from Streptococcus pyogenes (IdeS) reduces or eliminates donor-specific antibodies, allowing human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-incompatible kidney transplantation, according to the combined results of two phase 1-2 studies published in the Aug. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Stanley C. Jordan, M.D., from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, and colleagues administered IdeS to 25 highly HLA-sensitized patients (11 from Sweden and 14 from the United States) before kidney transplantation from an HLA-incompatible donor. The authors performed frequent monitoring for adverse events, outcomes, donor-specific antibodies, and renal function, as well as renal biopsies.

The researchers found that the cold ischemia time (time between procurement of organ and transplantation) was significantly longer for the recipients in the U.S. study, and they also had a significantly higher rate of delayed graft function and significantly higher levels of class I donor-specific antibodies compared to the recipients in the Swedish study. There were 38 serious adverse events in 15 patients. Total IgG and HLA antibodies were eliminated at transplantation; 24 patients had allograft perfusion after transplantation. At two weeks to five months after treatment, 10 patients had antibody-mediated rejection (seven in the U.S. study and three in the Swedish study); all had a response to treatment.

"IdeS reduced or eliminated donor-specific antibodies and permitted HLA-incompatible transplantation in 24 of 25 patients," the authors write.

The study was funded by a research grant from Hansa Medical.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Share this content:

is free, fast, and customized just for you!

Already a member?

Sign In Now »


Sign up for myCME e-newsletters


Drug Lookup

Browse drugs by: BrandGenericDisease

Trending Activities

All Professions

More in Home

Mortality Estimates Favor Annual Mammography From Age 40

Mortality Estimates Favor Annual Mammography From Age 40

Researchers estimate thousands of U.S. lives would be saved each year if mammograms started at age 40

Anti-Vaccine Info in Pregnancy May Delay Infant Immunization

Anti-Vaccine Info in Pregnancy May Delay Infant Immunization

Even if pregnant women later hear better info from doctors, they may still wait on vaccines

Hours Worked Impacted by Kids for Female, Not Male Doctors

Hours Worked Impacted by Kids for Female, Not ...

Findings from a national sample of dual-physician couples

is free, fast, and customized just for you!

Already a member?

Sign In Now »