February 2016 Briefing - Otolaryngology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for February 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Risk Higher in Younger Children for Tonsillectomy Complications

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Although many pediatric patients undergo tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) in ambulatory settings, an inpatient setting may be safer for younger children who are at higher risk of complications, according to research published in online Feb. 25 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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ASPS: Gluteal Augmentation Rising in Popularity in U.S.

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Gluteal augmentation is now the fastest-growing type of plastic surgery in the United States, according to the latest data from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

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Post-Rhinoplasty Taping Beneficial for Skin Envelope

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Post-rhinoplasty taping (PRT) can help the skin envelope to compress and is particularly useful in thick-skinned patients, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

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Research Assesses Nontechnical Skills Gained in ENT Residency

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nontechnical diagnostic and management capabilities improve during otolaryngology training, as demonstrated by higher Clinical Practice Instrument (CPI) scores in the fourth and fifth years as compared to year two, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Suggestions for Optimizing Practice Feedback Effectiveness

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In an article published online Feb. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, 15 suggestions are presented to optimize the effectiveness of practice feedback.

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Periodontitis Linked to Higher Mortality in Kidney Disease

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Periodontitis is associated with increased mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to research published online Feb. 18 in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology.

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Feedback From High-Profile Messenger Can Cut Antibiotic Rx

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Feedback from a high-profile messenger can reduce antibiotic prescribing on a national scale, according to a study published online Feb. 18 in The Lancet.

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Endoscopic Management Viable for Sinonasal Schwannomas

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Endoscopic management is feasible for sinonasal schwannomas, according to research published online Feb. 15 in Head & Neck.

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Many Med Schools Appear Unwelcoming Regarding Disability

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Most medical schools need to post, update, or clarify technical standards (TSs), required under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), that detail what a school will do to accommodate a student with a disability, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in Academic Medicine.

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Vitamin E Neuroprotective Against Cisplatin Ototoxicity

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin E supplementation can reduce cisplatin (CDDP)-induced ototoxicity, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in Head & Neck.

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Most HPV+ OPSCC Recurrence, Toxicity Events Occur Early

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with human papillomavirus-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPV+ OPSCC), most of the disease recurrence and late toxicity events after treatment occur within six months, according to research published in the Feb. 15 issue of Cancer.

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CDC: Number of Uninsured Persons in U.S. Down Since 2013

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of uninsured persons is decreasing in the United States, according to a report published by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Physicians Concerned By Increasing Cost of Generics

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pennsylvania physicians have called for state- and national-level medical associations to take an active role in addressing the issue of increasing generic drug prices, according to an article published by the Pennsylvania Medical Society.

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Behavioral Interventions Can Cut Inappropriate Antibiotic Use

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of certain behavioral interventions can reduce the rates of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing during ambulatory visits for acute respiratory tract infections, according to a study published in the Feb. 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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AMA Highlights Issues Relating to Medical Liability Reform

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Medical liability reforms are likely to be advanced and challenged in 2016, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Doctors Offer Suggestions for Electronic Health Records

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians recently met in Seattle to discuss the difficulties and benefits associated with electronic health records (EHRs) in a third town hall meeting on the subject, according to a report published by the American Medical Association.

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Vagal Nerve Stimulation Can Lead to Cardiac Complications

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Stimulation of the vagus nerve as part of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) during thyroid surgery can result in severe cardiac complications, according to a case report published online Feb. 1 in Head & Neck.

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Seven Tips Provided for Optimizing Practice Revenue

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Business operations data represent a relatively untapped resource for optimizing practice revenue, and can indicate areas of strength and opportunities for improvement, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Video Games Offer Educational Methods for Med Students

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Video games can play a role in medical education, offering new methods for teaching medical students, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Patient-Centered System Recommended for Medical Billing

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Simplification, consolidation, and real time point-of-care information could address the inefficiencies in the medical billing system, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online Feb. 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Surgical Safety Checklist Linked to Drop in 90-Day Mortality

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a surgical safety checklist (SSC) correlated with a reduction in 90-day, but not 30-day, mortality among patients undergoing surgery, according to a study published online Feb. 3 in JAMA Surgery.

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Subcutaneous Dupilumab Reduces Nasal Polyp Burden

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with symptomatic chronic sinusitis and nasal polyposis refractory to intranasal corticosteroids, subcutaneous dupilumab added to mometasone furoate nasal spray is associated with reduced nasal polyp score, according to a study published in the Feb. 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Tips Presented for Encouraging Treatment Adherence

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Tips for increasing patient adherence to treatment plans include patient engagement and addressing barriers to adherence, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Proton Radiotherapy May Be New Option for Peds Brain Tumor

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An open-label, phase 2 trial showed acceptable toxicity and survival rates for the use of proton radiotherapy in children with medulloblastoma. The findings were published online Jan. 29 in The Lancet Oncology.

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Patients and Families Highlight Value of Nurse Practitioners

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients and their families believe that teams in acute and primary care are more effective when they include nurse practitioners, according to research published online Jan. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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