February 2016 Briefing - Nursing

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for February 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Analysis Reveals 'Female Libido' Pill May Not Be Worth It

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Flibanserin (Addyi), the "female libido" pill, appears to cause many serious side effects while failing to increase the desire for sexual activity, according to a review published online Feb. 29 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Air Pollution Tied to Adverse Effect on Metabolic Parameters

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Short-term exposure to air pollutants adversely affects glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and blood lipid concentrations in Mexican-American populations, according to a study published online Feb. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Car Crash Risk May Nearly Double in Patients With Syncope

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with a history of syncope may be almost twice as likely as others to get into a car crash, according to a study published online Feb. 29 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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FDA Adds Boxed Warning Requirement to Essure Device

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new boxed warning is needed on the Essure implantable birth control device, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said in a guidance released Monday. The FDA also said Essure maker Bayer needs to conduct a study to assess the "risks of the device in a real-world environment."

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CDC Issues Advice for Travel to Rio 2016 Summer Olympics

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a media statement issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, advice relating to health and safety is offered for those planning to attend the 2016 Summer Olympic Games and the 2016 Paralympic Games, both of which are being held in Rio de Janeiro.

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FDA Approves Emergency Use of CDC Test for Zika Virus

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for a diagnostic tool for Zika virus that will be distributed to qualified laboratories, according to a media statement issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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ASPS: Gluteal Augmentation Rising in Popularity in U.S.

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Gluteal augmentation is now the fastest-growing type of plastic surgery in the United States, according to the latest data from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

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No Increase in Depression for Supported Transgender Children

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Transgender children who have socially transitioned and are supported to live openly as the gender "opposite" their natal sex do not have elevations in depression, and have only slightly elevated anxiety, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in Pediatrics.

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Risk Higher in Younger Children for Tonsillectomy Complications

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Although many pediatric patients undergo tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) in ambulatory settings, an inpatient setting may be safer for younger children who are at higher risk of complications, according to research published in online Feb. 25 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Drug-Induced Liver Injury From Chinese, Western Meds Varies

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) and Western medicine (WM) have different effects as causes of drug-induced liver injury (DILI), according to a study published online Feb. 20 in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Cardiovascular Disease Risk Algorithms Valid for Black Adults

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Current cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk algorithms are valid for black adults, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in JAMA Cardiology.

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PTSD, Depression Common After Stem Cell Transplant

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) meet the criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression at six months after the procedure, according to a study published in the March 1 issue of Cancer.

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CDC: Zika Found in Nine U.S. Pregnancies

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Five of nine pregnancies among U.S. women who were infected with the Zika virus have resulted in adverse outcomes, according to research published in the Feb. 26 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Irritable Bowel Self-Management Strategies Sustainable

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Comprehensive self-management (CSM) strategies are sustainable for patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), according to a study published in the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Drop-to-Drop Variation Seen With Fingerprick Blood

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There is drop-to-drop variation in blood component measures from fingerprick blood that is greater than variation in drops of venous blood, according to a study published recently in the American Journal of Clinical Pathology.

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Some Women Lack Interest in Sex With New Contraceptive

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Almost one-quarter of women report lacking interest in sex at six months after initiating a new contraceptive method, compared to over 40 percent of women using no contraceptive method, according to a study published in the March issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Anxiety Tied to Ischemia During Exercise Testing for Women

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women without history of coronary artery disease (CAD), those with anxiety are more likely to exhibit ischemia during exercise testing than those without anxiety, according to a study published in the February issue of Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Quality of In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Varies Among Hospitals

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital process composite performance measures of in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) care vary between U.S. hospitals and are associated with outcome, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in JAMA Cardiology.

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After-Hours CTs on the Rise in Some Emergency Departments

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of after-hours computed tomography (CT) scans referred by Australian emergency departments increased substantially from 2011 to 2013, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.

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Decreases in Readmission Rates From 2007 to 2015

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 2007 to 2015 there were decreases in readmission rates for targeted and nontargeted conditions, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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No Evidence for Benefits of 'Vaginal Seeding'

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The increasingly common practice of "vaginal seeding" in infants born by cesarean section is not without risks, according to an editorial published online Feb. 23 in The BMJ.

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Dispositional Mindfulness Tied to Improved Glucose Regulation

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Dispositional mindfulness seems to be associated with improved glucose regulation, according to a study published in the March issue of the American Journal of Health Behavior.

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Active Mind May Delay Alzheimer Symptoms, but Not Disease

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Intellectual enrichment (high education and high midlife cognitive activity) has effects on biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in older adults, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in Neurology.

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Drinking Coffee May Slow Progression of Liver Disease

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Regular coffee consumption seems to delay disease progression in alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) and increase long-term survival following liver transplantation, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Research Suggests Nurses May Be Unaware of VAP Guidelines

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive care unit nurses' may have inadequate knowledge of evidence-based guidelines for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) prevention, according to an Iranian study published online Feb. 4 in the Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine.

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Public Reporting of Hospital Readmissions Hasn't Cut Rates

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure, and pneumonia, the release of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) public reporting of hospital readmission rates has had no impact on 30-day readmission trends, according to a study published in the March 1 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Point-of-Sale Education Needed for Cannabis Tourists

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of emergency department visits possibly related to marijuana use have increased disproportionately for out-of-state visitors compared with Colorado residents, according to a research letter published in the Feb. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Early Weaning Linked to Reduced Risk of Atopic Dermatitis

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Early weaning at age 4 to 5 months is associated with reduced risk of atopic dermatitis, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Allergy.

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Suggestions for Optimizing Practice Feedback Effectiveness

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In an article published online Feb. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, 15 suggestions are presented to optimize the effectiveness of practice feedback.

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CDC: Flu Season Continues to Be Mild; Vaccine Is Effective

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- This flu season continues to be mild, while the flu vaccine is working better than the one used last season, with an overall efficacy of 59 percent, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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No Benefit From Aspirin Prior to Coronary Artery Surgery

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Preoperative aspirin does not lower risk of death or thrombotic complications among patients undergoing coronary artery surgery, according to research published in the Feb. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Women Have Lower Mortality Than Men at One Year After TAVR

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), women have lower mortality than men at one year, according to a study published online Feb. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Authors Urge Caution Before Adopting New Systolic BP Goals

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A small reduction as the primary composite outcome may not justify the increased adverse events and costs associated with an intervention targeting systolic blood pressure (BP) less than 120 mm Hg, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online Feb. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Macrolide Antibiotics Not Linked to Ventricular Arrhythmia

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults, macrolide antibiotics are not associated with a higher risk of ventricular arrhythmia within 30 days compared with nonmacrolide antibiotics, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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First Rapid Test for Zika Virus Detection Developed in Texas

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The first rapid detection test for the Zika virus has been developed by teams at two Texas hospitals.

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CDC: 14 Potential New Cases of Zika Sexually Transmitted

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Fourteen U.S. cases of possible sexual transmission of the Zika virus are now under investigation by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the agency announced on Tuesday.

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Benzodiazepine Prescriptions Rose From 1996 to 2013

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Benzodiazepine prescriptions and overdose deaths increased considerably from 1996 to 2013, according to a study published online Feb. 18 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Prednisolone Deemed Safe, Effective First-Line Acute Gout Rx

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute gout, prednisolone has similar analgesic effectiveness to indomethacin, according to a study published online Feb. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Recommendations Developed for CRC Screening in Primary Care

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations have been developed for colorectal cancer screening in primary care. The guidelines were published online Feb. 22 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Mind-Body Intervention Can Improve Function, Pain in LBP

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A mind-body intervention can improve short-term function and current and most severe pain for elderly patients with chronic low back pain (LBP), according to a study published online Feb. 22 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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ACOG: Vaginal Estrogen Can Be Used for Breast Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of vaginal estrogen should be carefully considered by women with a history of estrogen-dependent breast cancer, according to a Committee Opinion published in the March issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Bariatric Surgery Tied to Drop in Heart Failure Exacerbations

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Bariatric surgery to promote substantial weight loss is linked to reduced rates of emergency department visits and hospitalizations for heart failure exacerbations among obese patients with the condition, according to research published in the March 1 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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4vHPV Type Prevalence Down After Vaccine Introduction

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Introduction of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has correlated with a reduction in quadrivalent HPV (4vHPV) type prevalence among females aged 14 to 19 and 20 to 24 years, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Maternal Cardiac Dysfunction Precedes Recurrent Preeclampsia

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women with previous early preeclampsia have signs of diastolic dysfunction and different left ventricular characteristics in the nonpregnant state before a second pregnancy with recurrent preeclampsia, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in Hypertension.

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Increase in Availability of Donor Human Milk Over Time in NICUs

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- During recent years there has been an increase in the availability of donor human milk (DHM) in hospitals, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Guidelines Developed for Suspected Zika in Children

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- New guidelines have been developed for evaluation and testing of infants and children with possible Zika virus infection. The interim guidelines were published in the Feb. 19 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Early Administration of β-Blockers Ups Survival in ACS

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), early administration of β-blockers is associated with increased short-term survival and improved left ventricular function, according to a study published in the March 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Combination Treatment for Acne May Be Best in Most Cases

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An evidence-based guideline for the management of acne vulgaris has been published online Feb. 17 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Chewing Gum Improves Colonoscopy Preparation

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Chewing gum relieves discomfort associated with ingestion of the polyethylene glycol solution for colonoscopy preparation, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Birth Defects Not Up Significantly With Anti-TNFs in Pregnancy

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Birth defects are not significantly more prevalent among women receiving anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents during pregnancy, according to a study published in the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Fever Not Associated With Primary Tooth Eruption

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Gum irritation, irritability, and drooling, but not fever, are the most frequent signs of primary tooth eruption, according to a meta-analysis published online Feb. 18 in Pediatrics.

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G-Pen May Aid Hypoglycemia With Type 1 Diabetes

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mini-dose glucagon administered using a stable, ready-to-use G-Pen Mini glucagon may be an effective option for mild to moderate hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Topical Rx Restores Testosterone Levels to Normal in Men

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Application of once-daily topical testosterone effectively restores normal testosterone levels in men, according to a study published in the March issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Quality of Life After DCIS Diagnosis Doesn't Decline

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Quality of life (QoL) after a ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) diagnosis is generally comparable to that of similarly aged women without the diagnosis, according to a study published online Feb. 16 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Exercise No Aid to Functioning With Advanced Breast Cancer

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Exercise does not appear to result in significant improvements in physical functioning in women living with advanced breast cancer, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in Cancer.

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Exercise May Offer Benefit in Adult, Juvenile Myositis

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Exercise may benefit patients with adult and juvenile myositis, according to research published online Feb. 8 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Feedback From High-Profile Messenger Can Cut Antibiotic Rx

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Feedback from a high-profile messenger can reduce antibiotic prescribing on a national scale, according to a study published online Feb. 18 in The Lancet.

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Calcium Channel Blockers Lower Fasting Glucose in Diabetes

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with diabetes, calcium channel blocker (CCB) use is associated with lower fasting serum glucose levels, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.

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Botulinum Toxin Ups Physical, Mental Health in Hyperhidrosis

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hyperhidrosis, botulinum toxin treatment is associated with significant improvements in mental and physical health, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in the Journal of Dermatology.

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Masked HTN Common in CKD, Linked to Target Organ Damage

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), masked hypertension is common and is associated with reduced kidney function and cardiovascular target organ damage, according to a study published online Feb. 18 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Mortality 18.5 Percent for Ebola Management in U.S., Europe

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with Ebola virus disease (EVD) who received care in the United States and Europe show mortality of 18.5 percent, according to a study published in the Feb. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Breast CA Surgery Reoperation Rates Vary by Surgeon

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The 90-day rate of reoperation following breast conservation surgery (BCS) for early-stage breast cancer has decreased overall and varies widely by surgeon, according to research published online Feb. 17 in JAMA Surgery.

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Geriatric Events in Cancer Surgery Common in Elderly

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Geriatric events are common among elderly patients who undergo major surgery for cancer, according to research published online Feb. 16 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Testosterone Therapy Offers Modest Benefits for Older Men

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Testosterone treatment may offer moderate benefit in improving sexual function in older men, but further research is needed to establish possible risks, according to research published in the Feb. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Intensive Diabetes Therapy Cuts CVD Incidence by 30 Percent

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Participants who were taught intensive therapy for type 1 diabetes during the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) experienced clinically beneficial effects on cardiovascular outcomes at 30 years of follow-up, according to research published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Letrozole Tied to Ovarian Function Recovery in Chemo

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Some women aged 40 to 49 years with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer who undergo chemotherapy-induced amenorrhea regain ovarian function with letrozole, according to a study published online Feb. 16 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Black Women Have Worse IVF Outcomes Versus White Women

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Black women have worse in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes than white women, according to a review published in the February issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Cannabis Use Not Linked to Risk of Mood, Anxiety Disorders

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cannabis use is not associated with increased risk of mood or anxiety disorders, but is associated with increased risk of several substance use disorders within the general population, according to research published online Feb. 17 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Hidradenitis Suppurativa Tied to Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is independently associated with increased risk of adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, according to a study published online Feb. 17 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Review: Higher Concentration of PUFAs in Organic Meat

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Organic meat and milk have higher concentrations of total and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), according to two meta-analyses published online Feb. 16 in the British Journal of Nutrition.

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Outcomes Explored for ER Return Visit Hospital Admissions

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with emergency department visits who are initially discharged and are then admitted at a return visit have better clinical outcomes that those hospitalized at the index emergency department visit without a return visit, according to a study published in the Feb. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Delivery of Preventive Services to Infants Can Be Improved

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The reliability of delivering a bundle of preventive services to patients aged 0 to 14 months can be improved with innovative redesign, according to a study published online Feb. 17 in Pediatrics.

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Obesity Ups Mortality Risk in Critically Ill Children

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Being overweight or obese is linked to increased mortality in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs), according to research published online Feb. 16 in Pediatrics.

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Ferritin, Transferrin Positively Linked to Type 2 Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Higher levels of ferritin and transferrin correlate with increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) among men and women, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Thyroid Function Level Linked to Breast Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women with hyperthyroidism have increased breast cancer risk, while hypothyroidism is associated with decreased risk, according to a study published in the April 1 issue of the European Journal of Endocrinology.

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CPX Testing Predicts Mortality in Heart Failure With Reduced EF

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Variables measured during a cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) test can predict and discriminate mortality in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), according to a study published in the Feb. 23 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Routine Use of ASD Screening

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the evidence is currently insufficient to weigh the balance of benefits and harms of screening for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in young children for whom no concerns of ASD have been raised. These findings form the basis of a recommendation statement published in the Feb. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Nonmedical Stimulant Use Up Among Adults, Not Teens

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nonmedical stimulant use has increased among adults in recent years, according to a study published online Feb. 16 in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

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HIV Antigen/Antibody Combo Assay Can Detect Acute Infection

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- HIV screening using an antigen/antibody (Ag/Ab) combination assay can detect 82 percent of the acute HIV infections detectable by pooled RNA testing, according to a study published in the Feb. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Computer-Assisted Stethoscope Can ID Respiratory Sounds

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A computer-assisted stethoscope can quickly and accurately identify respiratory sounds, according to a research letter published online Feb. 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Pain Relief With Individualized Acupuncture in Fibromyalgia

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An individualized acupuncture protocol provides lasting pain relief for patients with fibromyalgia, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in Acupuncture in Medicine.

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ESAs Don't Improve Quality of Life in Anemia of CKD

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs) do not improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a review published online Feb. 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Continuous Oral Contraceptives Better After Endometriosis Sx

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients after surgery for endometriosis, a continuous oral contraceptive schedule seems better than a cyclic schedule, according to a review published in the February issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Proton Pump Inhibitors Linked to Increased Dementia Risk

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may be tied to the development of dementia in the elderly, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in JAMA Neurology.

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Fish Intake During Pregnancy Tied to Offspring Growth

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- High maternal fish intake during pregnancy is associated with elevated risk of rapid growth in infancy, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Zika Infection Confirmed in U.S. Resident Back From Costa Rica

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A case of Zika virus infection has been confirmed in a traveler who returned to the United States from Costa Rica, according to a research letter published online Feb. 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Hypoxia Challenge Test Can ID Fitness to Fly in Neonates

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) fail hypoxia challenge testing (HCT) and cannot be deemed fit to fly, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Financial Loss Incentives Most Effective for Exercise

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A loss incentive is most effective for increasing physical activity among overweight and obese adults, according to a study published online Feb. 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Lower Oxygen Saturation Target Linked to Risks for Preemies

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of a lower oxygen saturation target in preterm infants is associated with increased risks, according to research published online Feb. 10 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Net Returns Projected to Top Investment in Vaccines

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Projected immunizations are estimated to yield returns that are greater than costs in low- and middle-income countries during 2011 to 2020, according to a study published in the February issue of Health Affairs.

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Unexpected Decline in TB Among Foreign-Born in the U.S.

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An abrupt decline in the number of reported tuberculosis (TB) cases among foreign-born persons in the United States began in 2007, according to research published online Feb. 10 in PLOS ONE.

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Most HPV+ OPSCC Recurrence, Toxicity Events Occur Early

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with human papillomavirus-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPV+ OPSCC), most of the disease recurrence and late toxicity events after treatment occur within six months, according to research published in the Feb. 15 issue of Cancer.

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Texting Intervention Promotes Weight Loss in Prediabetes

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with prediabetes offered Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) classes, text message support can enhance weight loss, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Lean Six Sigma Practices Speed Medical Report Dispatches

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Lean Six Sigma practices can improve the dispatch time of medical reports sent from a hospital to a primary care provider, according to research published online Feb. 8 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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Beet Juice Aids BP, Aerobic Endurance With Heart Failure

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Beetroot juice (BRJ) improves submaximal aerobic endurance and blood pressure in elderly patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF), according to a small study published online Feb. 10 in JACC: Heart Failure.

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Few Want to Receive Skin Cancer Biopsy Results Face-to-Face

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with suspected malignant melanoma or squamous cell carcinoma, most patients are happy to receive biopsy results by letter or telephone, according to a research letter published online Feb. 8 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Use of Digoxin Down Among Patients With Heart Failure

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Only one-in-five patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) receive digoxin at discharge, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in JACC: Heart Failure.

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Dexamethasone No Help in HIV-Linked Cryptococcal Meningitis

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis, dexamethasone does not reduce mortality compared with placebo, according to a study published in the Feb. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Fat, Carbohydrate Quality Impact Postprandial Blood Glucose

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 1 diabetes, fat quality influences postprandial blood glucose (PPG) response in the context of meals with high-glycemic index (HGI), according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Vignette Highlights Management of Recurrent UTI in Older Men

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a case vignette published in the Feb. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, recommendations are presented for management of recurrent acute febrile urinary tract infections in older men.

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CDC: Number of Uninsured Persons in U.S. Down Since 2013

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of uninsured persons is decreasing in the United States, according to a report published by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Sedatives Appear to Be Safe in Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with alcohol withdrawal syndrome, treatment with high-dose intravenous sedatives is not associated with excess morbidity or mortality, according to a study published in the February issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Active Asthma Ups Risk of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Asthma is associated with increased risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and rupture, according to research published online Feb. 11 in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology.

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Physicians Concerned By Increasing Cost of Generics

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pennsylvania physicians have called for state- and national-level medical associations to take an active role in addressing the issue of increasing generic drug prices, according to an article published by the Pennsylvania Medical Society.

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Rates of BRCA Mutation Testing Increasing in Young Women

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among young women with breast cancer, the rates of BRCA mutation testing are increasing, according to research published online Feb. 11 in JAMA Oncology.

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CDC: Rate of Smoking 8.4 Percent at Any Time During Pregnancy

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of smoking during pregnancy is about 8.4 percent, with greater prevalence among women aged 20 to 24 years, according to a Feb. 10 report published by the National Center for Health Statistics.

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Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide for Psychiatric Disorders Examined

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients receiving euthanasia or assisted suicide (EAS) for psychiatric disorders are mainly women and most have chronic, severe conditions, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Durable Response With Insulin Pump Therapy in T2DM

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Insulin pump therapy is more effective than multiple daily injections (MDI) for glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Feb. 8 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Cardiovascular Fitness, Exercise BP Linked to Brain Volume

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Poor cardiovascular (CV) fitness and greater exercise blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) responses in middle age correlate with smaller brain volume later in life, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in Neurology.

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Early Surgery Common for Uncomplicated Diverticulitis

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Elective colon resection is often performed after fewer than three previous episodes of uncomplicated diverticulitis, according to research published online Feb. 10 in JAMA Surgery.

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Medical Homes Contributing to Decreasing Cost of Care

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model of care seems to be contributing to decreases in costs and improvement in patient care, according to a report from the American Academy of Family Physicians.

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ASCO Updates Biomarkers for Breast Cancer Tx Guidance

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The American Society of Clinical Oncology has updated recommendations on the use of biomarkers to guide decisions on adjuvant systemic therapy for women with early-stage invasive breast cancer. The clinical practice guideline was published online Feb. 8 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Multifaceted QI Intervention Cuts Lab Costs

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A multifaceted quality improvement initiative can cut laboratory costs in the hospitalist service of an academic medical center, according to a study published in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Maternal B12 Levels Impact Children's Cardiometabolic Health

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mothers' vitamin B12 levels in early pregnancy may impact children's cardiometabolic risk factors at age 5 years, according to a study published in the February issue of BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

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CDC Reports Increasing Influenza Activity, Severe Illness

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Following reports of severe influenza illness, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is encouraging rapid antiviral treatment for very ill and high-risk patients with suspected influenza.

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Hospital Cluster of H7N9 Influenza Infections Identified

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A hospital cluster of avian influenza A (H7N9) infection has been identified, according to a letter to the editor published in the Feb. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Incidence of Dementia Down in Framingham Heart Study

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of dementia decreased over three decades among participants in the Framingham Heart Study, according to research published in the Feb. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Gastric Bypass Tied to Reduced Mortality for Obese >35 Years

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Gastric bypass surgery is associated with improved long-term survival for patients at all ages above 35 years, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in JAMA Surgery.

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Decrease in Number of New HIV Diagnoses Among Black Women

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of new HIV diagnoses among black women decreased from 2012 to 2014, and there was an increase in the percentage with early linkage to medical care, according to research published in the Feb. 5 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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No Need to Avoid Statins in Hep C Compensated Cirrhosis

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Statin use is associated with decreased risk of cirrhosis decompensation and death in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related compensated cirrhosis, according to research published in the February issue of Gastroenterology.

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Registered Nurse Staffing Linked to Mortality in NHS Trusts

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Registered nurse (RN) staffing is associated with reduced mortality in acute hospital National Health Service (NHS) trusts in England, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in BMJ Open.

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Task-Oriented Rehab Not Superior for Motor Stroke

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with motor stroke and primarily moderate upper extremity impairment, a structured, task-oriented rehabilitation program is not superior to occupational therapy, according to a study published in the Feb. 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Recurrent Erythema Seen With H. cinaedi Bacteremia

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Recurrent superficial cellulitis-like erythema is associated with Helicobacter cinaedi (H. cinaedi) bacteremia, according to a case report published online Jan. 30 in The Journal of Dermatology.

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Higher Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease in 'Healthy' Obese

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight and obesity are associated with increased risk of development of chronic kidney disease (CKD), even in patients who are metabolically healthy, according to research published online Feb. 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Behavioral Interventions Can Cut Inappropriate Antibiotic Use

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of certain behavioral interventions can reduce the rates of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing during ambulatory visits for acute respiratory tract infections, according to a study published in the Feb. 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Tasering Found to Cause Short-Term Cognitive Impairment

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Being shocked by a Taser stun gun can cause short-term cognitive impairment similar to dementia, according to a new study.

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Hawaii County Declares State of Emergency Over Dengue Fever

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A spreading dengue fever outbreak led Hawaii County Mayor Billy Kenoi to declare a state of emergency on Monday. He said the move was needed to reduce mosquito populations and protect people from mosquito bites, CBS News reported.

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Admission to VA or Non-VA Hospitals Impacts Outcome

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For older men, mortality and readmission for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), heart failure, and pneumonia vary with admission to Veterans Affairs (VA) and non-VA hospitals, according to a study published in the Feb. 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CBT May Work As Well As Meds in Major Depressive Disorder

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with major depressive disorder, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and antidepressants have similar efficacy, according to a clinical guideline published online Feb. 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Decline in Severity of Metabolic Syndrome for U.S. Teens

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For U.S. adolescents, metabolic syndrome (MetS) severity decreased from 1999 to 2012, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Pediatrics.

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Variation in Hospice Visits in Last Two Days of Life

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable variation in hospice visits by professional staff in the last two days of life, according to a study published online Feb. 8 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Postpartum Hemorrhage Up With Specific Antidepressants

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors in late pregnancy is associated with increased risk of postpartum hemorrhage, according to a study published in the March issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Auricular Acupressure Helps With Postpartum Insomnia

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Auricular acupressure is an effective alternative complementary therapy for postpartum women with insomnia, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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CDC Emergency Operations Ctr Moving to Level 1 Activation

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emergency Operations Center (EOC) is moving to Level 1 activation to enhance its response to the Zika virus outbreak.

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Sepsis Tied to Higher Post-Discharge Mortality Risk

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Sepsis survivors have a substantially increased risk of all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events after discharge, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Chemodermabrasion Better Than Chemical Peels Alone

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Chemodermabrasion is more effective than chemical peels alone in enhancing the skin barrier function, according to a study published online Feb. 1 in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science.

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AMA Highlights Issues Relating to Medical Liability Reform

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Medical liability reforms are likely to be advanced and challenged in 2016, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Three-Fold Increased Suicide Risk After Concussion

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of suicide is increased after concussion, particularly after concussions on weekends, according to a study published online Feb. 8 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Variable Impact of USPSTF Guidance Against PSA Screen

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The effect of the 2012 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations against prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening for all men had a differential effect on urologists and primary care providers (PCPs), according to a research letter published online Feb. 8 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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USPSTF Issues Final Recs on Youth Depression Screening

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for major depressive disorder (MDD) in children aged 12 to 18 years, but the evidence is currently inadequate to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for younger children. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published online Feb. 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Folic Acid Consumption in First Trimester Linked to GDM Risk

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Folic acid (FA) consumption in the first trimester is associated with increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to research published online Jan. 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Central Retinal Vein Occlusion ID'd After Phendimetrazine Use

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A case of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) two days after phendimetrazine use has been documented and published online Feb. 4 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Patients More Satisfied With Care From Hospitalists

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More patients report satisfaction with overall care in a nonteaching hospitalist service than in a general medicine teaching service, according to research published in the February issue of the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Childhood ADHD Linked to Increased Obesity in Females

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with increased obesity in females, according to a study published online Feb. 4 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Influenza Infection Tied to Increased Risk of A-Fib

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza infection is associated with increased odds of atrial fibrillation (AF), which can be reduced through vaccination, according to a study published online Feb. 1 in Heart Rhythm.

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CDC: Fewer Blacks Consistently Retained in HIV Care

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Fewer blacks are consistently retained in HIV care compared with other racial/ethnic groups, according to research published in the Feb. 5 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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PCPs Have Important Role to Play in Senior Visual Health

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care physicians (PCPs) can play an important role in preserving visual health and maximizing quality of life (QOL) for elderly patients with visual loss, according to a review published online Jan. 30 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Knee Instability Increases Risk of Falls in Older Adults

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Symptoms of knee instability, such as knee buckling, are associated with increased risk of falls in older adults, according to research published online Feb. 8 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Microneedling Appears Promising in Darker Skin Types

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Microneedling represents a promising treatment modality for dermatologic conditions in darker skin, according to a review published in the February issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Doctors Offer Suggestions for Electronic Health Records

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians recently met in Seattle to discuss the difficulties and benefits associated with electronic health records (EHRs) in a third town hall meeting on the subject, according to a report published by the American Medical Association.

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Planned Parenthood Exclusion Cuts Contraceptive Provision

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Exclusion of the Planned Parenthood affiliates in Texas is associated with a reduction in the provision of contraception, according to a study published online Feb. 3 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Guided Meditation, Music Cuts Anxiety During Breast Biopsy

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Listening to guided meditation or music significantly lowers patient anxiety and fatigue during imaging-guided breast biopsy, according to a study published online Feb. 4 in the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

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Vagal Nerve Stimulation Can Lead to Cardiac Complications

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Stimulation of the vagus nerve as part of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) during thyroid surgery can result in severe cardiac complications, according to a case report published online Feb. 1 in Head & Neck.

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Five-Year Mortality, Costs Up for ICU Survivors

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive care unit (ICU) patients surviving to hospital discharge have higher five-year mortality and hospital resource use than hospital controls, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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New System Can Assess Severity of Von Willebrand Disease

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new microchip-flow chamber system (T-TAS) can be used to discriminate and predict bleeding score (BS) in type 1 von Willebrand disease (VWD), according to a study published online Jan. 27 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Routine Amoxicillin Use of No Benefit in Acute Malnutrition

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Routine use of amoxicillin does not improve nutritional recovery from uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition in children, according to research published in the Feb. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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App Can Up Adherence to Exercise in Diabetes

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A mobile phone application that provides personalized feedback to patients with type 2 diabetes can increase adherence to physical activity and improve glycemic control, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Therapist-Guided, Internet-Based CBT Superior for BDD

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Therapist-guided, Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD-NET) is superior to online supportive therapy, according to a study published online Feb. 2 in The BMJ.

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Blood Donors at Risk for Zika Infection Asked to Hold Off

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The American Red Cross on Wednesday asked potential blood donors who have traveled to areas where Zika infection is active to wait 28 days before giving blood.

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Minimal Benzodiazepine Exposure May Up Dementia Risk

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with minimal exposure to benzodiazepine have a slightly increased risk of dementia, according to a study published online Feb. 2 in The BMJ.

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Axonal Injury in Brain Trauma Tied to β-Amyloid Burden

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Imaging studies suggest that the development of β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) may be related to the presence of axonal damage, according to research published online Feb. 3 in Neurology.

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Better Follow-Up Needed After Positive Fecal Blood Tests

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Characteristics of individuals and health care systems may contribute to the differences in follow-up after a positive fecal blood test, according to research published online Feb. 3 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Patient-Centered System Recommended for Medical Billing

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Simplification, consolidation, and real time point-of-care information could address the inefficiencies in the medical billing system, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online Feb. 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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High Rate of Clopidogrel Non-Adherence After DES Placement

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing drug-eluting stent placement, there is a high rate of clopidogrel nonadherence, according to a study published in the Feb. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Benefits for Women With Women-Only Cardiac Rehab

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women-only cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs may confer behavioral and psychosocial advantages for women, according to a study published online Feb. 2 in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology.

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Self-Reported Penicillin Allergy May Actually Be Chronic Urticaria

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who self-report penicillin allergy might actually have chronic urticaria, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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Surgical Safety Checklist Linked to Drop in 90-Day Mortality

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a surgical safety checklist (SSC) correlated with a reduction in 90-day, but not 30-day, mortality among patients undergoing surgery, according to a study published online Feb. 3 in JAMA Surgery.

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Physicians Should Actively Address Tackling in Football

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians should take a more active stand against tackle football, according to a perspective piece published in the Feb. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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ACIP Approves 2016 Adult Immunization Schedule

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has approved the recommended adult immunization schedule for 2016. The recommendations are published as a clinical guideline in the Feb. 2 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Less Than Half of U.S. Infants Fully Vaccinated for Influenza

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Although full influenza vaccination coverage is increasing among children aged 6 to 23 months, less than half of children in the United States were fully vaccinated in the 2011 to 2012 influenza season, according to a study published online Feb. 2 in Pediatrics.

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Neutral Long-Term Effect for Intensive Glycemic Control

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- During long-term follow-up, the impact of a four-year period of intensive glycemic control has a neutral effect on death and nonfatal cardiovascular events, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Mercury From Seafood Not Tied to Brain Neuropathology

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Seafood consumption is associated with increased brain levels of mercury, but these levels are not associated with brain neuropathology, according to a study published in the Feb. 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Tips Presented for Encouraging Treatment Adherence

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Tips for increasing patient adherence to treatment plans include patient engagement and addressing barriers to adherence, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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2016 Childhood Immunization Schedule Released

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The 2016 recommended immunization schedule for children and adolescents has been approved, according to a policy statement published online Feb. 1 in Pediatrics.

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Echo Underused During Critical Cardiovascular Hospitalizations

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Despite increasing rates of use, echocardiography (echo) may be underused during critical cardiovascular hospitalizations, according to a study published in the Feb. 9 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Pelvic Exams Common Among Healthy Older Women

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Obstetrician-gynecologists report commonly performing external and speculum examinations in asymptomatic older women, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Researchers Say JNC8 Recs May Put Some Patients at Risk

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For people 60 and older, the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC8) in 2014 recommended raising the blood pressure level at which doctors prescribe treatment from 140 to 150 systolic blood pressure. But individuals with systolic blood pressure of 140 to 149 have a 70 percent increased risk of stroke compared to people with lower blood pressure, according to research published online Feb. 1 in Hypertension.

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Lower Risk of Contrast-Induced Nephropathy With Iodixanol

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Iodixanol is associated with lower risk for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) versus low-osmolar contrast media (LOCM); and among those receiving LOCM, the greatest risk reduction is seen for N-acetylcysteine and statins plus N-acetylcysteine, according to two reviews published online Feb. 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Few Adults Discuss Subjective Memory Complaints With Doctors

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Few adults aged 45 years or older with subjective memory complaints (SMCs) report discussing these with a health care professional, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Novel Vaccine Platform Shows Promise for HIV-1

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Two HIV-1 vaccines, which include adenovirus and an HIV-1 envelope A insert, elicit significant immune responses in healthy adults without HIV infection, according to a study published online Feb. 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Errors During Delivery Rarely Cause Newborn Brain Damage

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Few cases of severe brain damage in newborns are due to errors made during delivery, according to a new, small study published online Jan. 21 in the Journal of Perinatology.

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Opioids Don't Ease Disability in Neuropathic Pain

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Taking prescription opioids doesn't improve movement or reduce disability for patients with neuropathic pain, according to a study published recently in Pain Medicine.

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Partial Restoration of Microbiomes for C-Section Infants

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to maternal vaginal fluids at birth can partially restore vaginal microbiomes for cesarean section-born infants, according to a study published online Feb. 1 in Nature Medicine.

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Mobile Texts May Up Adherence to Meds for Chronic Illness

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mobile telephone text messaging may be a promising new way to improve adherence to medications for chronic diseases, according to research published online Feb. 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Increasing Weight Loss From Mid- to Late-Life May Identify MCI Risk

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Increasing weight loss from midlife to late life may be a marker for mild cognitive impairment (MCI), according to a study published online Feb. 1 in JAMA Neurology.

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CDC Issues Guidance to Stop HCV Transmission in Hemodialysis

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In order to prevent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among patients undergoing hemodialysis, current infection control practices should be assessed and any gaps addressed, according to a health advisory published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Higher Fiber Intake in Youth Tied to Lower Breast Cancer Risk

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Higher fiber intake during adolescence and early adulthood correlates with reduced breast cancer risk, according to a study published online Feb. 1 in Pediatrics.

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Patients and Families Highlight Value of Nurse Practitioners

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients and their families believe that teams in acute and primary care are more effective when they include nurse practitioners, according to research published online Jan. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Many Physicians Show Tendency to Undertreat With Statins

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Some clinical departments tend to undertreat when prescribing statins, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Palliative Care Lacking for Chronic Lung Disease Patients

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients who die in the intensive care unit (ICU), patients with chronic lung diseases receive fewer elements of palliative care than cancer patients, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Fasting Glycemia Screening Is Alternative to 75-g GTT for GDM

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Screening for gestational diabetes with fasting glycemia seems to be an acceptable alternative to universal screening with the complete 75-gram glucose tolerance test, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

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Comorbidity Affects Fitness-to-Drive Recs in Parkinson's Disease

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Comorbidities in Parkinson's disease patients impact physicians' fitness-to-drive recommendations, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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