February 2016 Briefing - Diabetes & Endocrinology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for February 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Air Pollution Tied to Adverse Effect on Metabolic Parameters

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Short-term exposure to air pollutants adversely affects glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and blood lipid concentrations in Mexican-American populations, according to a study published online Feb. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Drop-to-Drop Variation Seen With Fingerprick Blood

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There is drop-to-drop variation in blood component measures from fingerprick blood that is greater than variation in drops of venous blood, according to a study published recently in the American Journal of Clinical Pathology.

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Dispositional Mindfulness Tied to Improved Glucose Regulation

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Dispositional mindfulness seems to be associated with improved glucose regulation, according to a study published in the March issue of the American Journal of Health Behavior.

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Suggestions for Optimizing Practice Feedback Effectiveness

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In an article published online Feb. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, 15 suggestions are presented to optimize the effectiveness of practice feedback.

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Plasma Branched-Chain Amino Acids Linked to Insulin Sensitivity

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Plasma branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are associated with insulin sensitivity (SI) and metabolic clearance rate of insulin (MCRI), according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Diabetes Care.

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G-Pen May Aid Hypoglycemia With Type 1 Diabetes

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mini-dose glucagon administered using a stable, ready-to-use G-Pen Mini glucagon may be an effective option for mild to moderate hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Calcium Channel Blockers Lower Fasting Glucose in Diabetes

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with diabetes, calcium channel blocker (CCB) use is associated with lower fasting serum glucose levels, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.

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T2DM-Related Genetic Variants Predict All-Cause Mortality

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Type 2 diabetes (T2D)-related genetic variants predict all-cause mortality, even after adjustment for body mass index (BMI), according to a study published online Feb. 16 in Diabetes Care.

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Intensive Diabetes Therapy Cuts CVD Incidence by 30 Percent

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Participants who were taught intensive therapy for type 1 diabetes during the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) experienced clinically beneficial effects on cardiovascular outcomes at 30 years of follow-up, according to research published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Testosterone Therapy Offers Modest Benefits for Older Men

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Testosterone treatment may offer moderate benefit in improving sexual function in older men, but further research is needed to establish possible risks, according to research published in the Feb. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Black Women Have Worse IVF Outcomes Versus White Women

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Black women have worse in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes than white women, according to a review published in the February issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Review: Higher Concentration of PUFAs in Organic Meat

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Organic meat and milk have higher concentrations of total and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), according to two meta-analyses published online Feb. 16 in the British Journal of Nutrition.

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Many Med Schools Appear Unwelcoming Regarding Disability

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Most medical schools need to post, update, or clarify technical standards (TSs), required under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), that detail what a school will do to accommodate a student with a disability, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in Academic Medicine.

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Ferritin, Transferrin Positively Linked to Type 2 Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Higher levels of ferritin and transferrin correlate with increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) among men and women, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Thyroid Function Level Linked to Breast Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women with hyperthyroidism have increased breast cancer risk, while hypothyroidism is associated with decreased risk, according to a study published in the April 1 issue of the European Journal of Endocrinology.

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NAFLD Linked to Unfavorable Metabolic Profile in T2DM

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with an unfavorable metabolic profile, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Financial Loss Incentives Most Effective for Exercise

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A loss incentive is most effective for increasing physical activity among overweight and obese adults, according to a study published online Feb. 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Texting Intervention Promotes Weight Loss in Prediabetes

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with prediabetes offered Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) classes, text message support can enhance weight loss, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Fat, Carbohydrate Quality Impact Postprandial Blood Glucose

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 1 diabetes, fat quality influences postprandial blood glucose (PPG) response in the context of meals with high-glycemic index (HGI), according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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CDC: Number of Uninsured Persons in U.S. Down Since 2013

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of uninsured persons is decreasing in the United States, according to a report published by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Physicians Concerned By Increasing Cost of Generics

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pennsylvania physicians have called for state- and national-level medical associations to take an active role in addressing the issue of increasing generic drug prices, according to an article published by the Pennsylvania Medical Society.

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Durable Response With Insulin Pump Therapy in T2DM

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Insulin pump therapy is more effective than multiple daily injections (MDI) for glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Feb. 8 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Maternal B12 Levels Impact Children's Cardiometabolic Health

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mothers' vitamin B12 levels in early pregnancy may impact children's cardiometabolic risk factors at age 5 years, according to a study published in the February issue of BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

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Gastric Bypass Tied to Reduced Mortality for Obese >35 Years

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Gastric bypass surgery is associated with improved long-term survival for patients at all ages above 35 years, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in JAMA Surgery.

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Low Vitamin D Linked to Dry Eye Syndromes

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin D deficiency is associated with dry eye and impaired tear function, according to a study published in the January issue of the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Higher Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease in 'Healthy' Obese

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight and obesity are associated with increased risk of development of chronic kidney disease (CKD), even in patients who are metabolically healthy, according to research published online Feb. 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Decline in Severity of Metabolic Syndrome for U.S. Teens

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For U.S. adolescents, metabolic syndrome (MetS) severity decreased from 1999 to 2012, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Pediatrics.

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Folic Acid Consumption in First Trimester Linked to GDM Risk

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Folic acid (FA) consumption in the first trimester is associated with increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to research published online Jan. 28 in Diabetes Care.

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AMA Highlights Issues Relating to Medical Liability Reform

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Medical liability reforms are likely to be advanced and challenged in 2016, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Subclinical Hypothyroidism May Not Up VTE Recurrence Risk

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In the elderly, subclinical hypothyroidism is not associated with significantly increased risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (rVTE), according to research published online Jan. 27 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Thyroid Cancer Risk Up Following Breast Cancer and Vice Versa

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The likelihood of developing breast or thyroid cancer as a secondary malignancy is increased following diagnosis of the other cancer, according to a review published in the February issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Doctors Offer Suggestions for Electronic Health Records

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians recently met in Seattle to discuss the difficulties and benefits associated with electronic health records (EHRs) in a third town hall meeting on the subject, according to a report published by the American Medical Association.

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App Can Up Adherence to Exercise in Diabetes

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A mobile phone application that provides personalized feedback to patients with type 2 diabetes can increase adherence to physical activity and improve glycemic control, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Seven Tips Provided for Optimizing Practice Revenue

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Business operations data represent a relatively untapped resource for optimizing practice revenue, and can indicate areas of strength and opportunities for improvement, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Patient-Centered System Recommended for Medical Billing

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Simplification, consolidation, and real time point-of-care information could address the inefficiencies in the medical billing system, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online Feb. 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Video Games Offer Educational Methods for Med Students

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Video games can play a role in medical education, offering new methods for teaching medical students, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroscopy Feasible in Obesity

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For selected patients with obesity, minimally invasive endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) delays gastric emptying, induces early satiation, and reduces body weight, according to a study published online in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Antenatal Metformin Cuts Maternal Weight Gain in Obese

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For obese women, metformin administration during pregnancy is associated with reduced maternal weight gain, without reducing median neonatal birth weight, according to a study published in the Feb. 4 issue the New England Journal of Medicine.

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ACIP Approves 2016 Adult Immunization Schedule

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has approved the recommended adult immunization schedule for 2016. The recommendations are published as a clinical guideline in the Feb. 2 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Neutral Long-Term Effect for Intensive Glycemic Control

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- During long-term follow-up, the impact of a four-year period of intensive glycemic control has a neutral effect on death and nonfatal cardiovascular events, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Protein Preload Boosts Vildagliptin's Effects in Diabetes

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A protein preload enhances the glucose-lowering efficacy of vildagliptin in type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in Diabetes Care.

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Tips Presented for Encouraging Treatment Adherence

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Tips for increasing patient adherence to treatment plans include patient engagement and addressing barriers to adherence, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Mobile Texts May Up Adherence to Meds for Chronic Illness

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mobile telephone text messaging may be a promising new way to improve adherence to medications for chronic diseases, according to research published online Feb. 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Opioids Don't Ease Disability in Neuropathic Pain

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Taking prescription opioids doesn't improve movement or reduce disability for patients with neuropathic pain, according to a study published recently in Pain Medicine.

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Higher Fiber Intake in Youth Tied to Lower Breast Cancer Risk

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Higher fiber intake during adolescence and early adulthood correlates with reduced breast cancer risk, according to a study published online Feb. 1 in Pediatrics.

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Patients and Families Highlight Value of Nurse Practitioners

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients and their families believe that teams in acute and primary care are more effective when they include nurse practitioners, according to research published online Jan. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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No Benefit From Aliskiren-Tied Drops in Albuminuria

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Reduction in albuminuria with the renin inhibitor aliskiren may be too small to confer clinical benefit in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Fasting Glycemia Screening Is Alternative to 75-g GTT for GDM

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Screening for gestational diabetes with fasting glycemia seems to be an acceptable alternative to universal screening with the complete 75-gram glucose tolerance test, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

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Many Physicians Show Tendency to Undertreat With Statins

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Some clinical departments tend to undertreat when prescribing statins, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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