December 2016 Briefing - Psychiatry

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for December 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Fatigue Levels Vary for Patients With Psoriatic Disease

FRIDAY, Dec. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with psoriatic arthritis have higher levels of fatigue than patients with psoriasis treated with phototherapy or systemic treatment, according to a research letter published online Dec. 22 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Survey Shows Lower Rate of Impaired Driving in U.S. for 2014

THURSDAY, Dec. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of driving under the influence of alcohol and illicit drugs has been quantified in a report published Dec. 28 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

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Poor Sleep Common in Hemodialysis Patients

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Poor sleep quality is prevalent in patients on maintenance hemodialysis, according to a study published online Dec. 21 in the Journal of Renal Care.

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Legalization of Marijuana May Impact Teen Perception, Use

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Following legalization of marijuana use, perceived harmfulness of marijuana use decreased and marijuana use increased among eighth and 10th graders in Washington State, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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1996-2013 Saw Increase in U.S. Health Care Spending on Children

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Health care spending on children increased from 1996 to 2013 in the United States, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Personal Health Care Spending Continues to Soar in the U.S.

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2013 there were considerable increases in personal health care spending in the United States, with the highest amounts for diabetes, ischemic heart disease, and low back and neck pain, according to a study published in the Dec. 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Is Dementia in Older Women Tied to 20-Year Rate of Weight Loss?

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women surviving into late life, the rate of weight loss over 20 years is associated with development of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Two-Thirds With Anorexia, Bulimia Recover in Long-Term

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- About two-thirds of females with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa achieve recovery by the time of follow-up at 22 years, with earlier recovery for bulimia nervosa, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

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Police Referral Without Arrest Lets Opioid Abusers Seek Help

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A direct referral program and use of an interim buprenorphine regimen can be beneficial for encouraging individuals with an opioid-use disorder to seek help, and for reducing drug-related risks, according to two research letters published online Dec. 21 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Laughter Is Good Medicine for Nursing Home Residents

FRIDAY, Dec. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Laughter therapy improves the quality of life of nursing home residents, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Cognitive Therapy Alone Most Effective for Social Anxiety

FRIDAY, Dec. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive therapy (CT) is more effective treatment for social anxiety disorder (SAD), compared to paroxetine alone or in combination with CT, according to a study published recently in Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.

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VA ECHO Program Feasible for Management of Sleep Disorders

THURSDAY, Dec. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (VA-ECHO) program is feasible for increasing comfort in managing common sleep complaints, according to research published online Dec. 15 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Substance Use Higher Among Patients From LA Versus Tijuana

THURSDAY, Dec. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of substance use is higher among patients from community health centers in Los Angeles (LA) versus Tijuana, Mexico, according to a study published online Dec. 21 in Substance Use & Misuse.

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2002 to 2014 Saw Increase in Marijuana Use in Women

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of marijuana use increased among women from 2002 to 2014, and less than 10 percent of adult marijuana users report use for medical purposes, according to two research letters published online Dec. 19 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC: Fatal Drug Overdoses Up Significantly in the United States

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Drug overdose deaths increased 23 percent between 2010 and 2014, with 47,055 Americans dying in 2014, according to findings published in the Dec. 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Vital Statistics Reports.

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Health Care Provider Burnout Negatively Affects Quality, Safety

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Health care provider burnout is negatively associated with quality and safety of health care, according to a meta-analysis published recently in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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DEA Announces Critical Changes in Registration Renewal Process

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has announced critical changes in its registration renewal process, according to a report published by the American Academy of Family Physicians.

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Opioid-Related Hospitalizations Up Sharply in the United States

FRIDAY, Dec. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital admissions related to overdoses from heroin and other opioids rose 64 percent in the United States between 2005 and 2014, according to a report from the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

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Pilots Suffer Depression, Suicidal Thoughts at Fairly High Rates

THURSDAY, Dec. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-tenth of professional airline pilots may suffer from depression, according to research published online Dec. 15 in Environmental Health.

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'Zombie' Outbreak in NYC Caused by Synthetic Cannabinoid

THURSDAY, Dec. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Synthetic cannabis that triggered a "zombie" outbreak in a New York City neighborhood last summer was significantly more potent than real cannabis, according to a study published online Dec. 14 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Under-Reporting of Child Abuse Suspected Within U.S. Army

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Child abuse within U.S. Army families may be significantly under-reported, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in Child Abuse & Neglect.

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Self-Care Tools Cut Depression in AMD, Diabetic Retinopathy

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Self-care tools can reduce depressive symptoms in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or diabetic retinopathy (DR), according to a study published online Dec. 7 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.

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Addiction Consultation Valuable for Liver Transplant Patients

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Liver transplantation (LT) patients should undergo addiction consultation to accurately detect alcohol consumption, according to a study published online Dec. 9 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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NIH: Teen Drug Use Continuing to Decline

TUESDAY, Dec. 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Illicit drug use among U.S. teens is at an all-time low, with the exception of marijuana, according to a new survey by the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse.

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Prenatal Exposure to Maternal Stress May Raise Psoriasis Risk

TUESDAY, Dec. 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal exposure to maternal bereavement is associated with psoriasis only for children born to a mother who lost a partner/spouse or an older child, according to a study published online Dec. 7 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Rate of Psychiatric Drug Use About 16 Percent in U.S. Adults

MONDAY, Dec. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- One in six U.S. adults take a psychiatric medication to treat conditions such as depression, anxiety, and insomnia, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Social Isolation Can Adversely Affect Breast Cancer Survival

MONDAY, Dec. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Social isolation may impede long-term breast cancer survival, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in Cancer.

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Effect of Statins on Alzheimer's May Depend on Gender, Race

MONDAY, Dec. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Effectiveness of statin use in Alzheimer's prevention may depend on the specific statin, and the gender and race or ethnicity of the patient, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in JAMA Neurology.

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Clinical Antecedents of Adolescent-Onset MDD Identified

MONDAY, Dec. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Irritability and fear and/or anxiety are significant clinical antecedents of new adolescent-onset major depressive disorder (MDD) in individuals at familial risk, according to a study published online Dec. 7 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Age-Related Cataract Linked to Depressive Symptoms

FRIDAY, Dec. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Age-related cataract is associated with increased odds of depressive symptoms, according to a study published in the December issue of Optometry and Vision Science.

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Tai Chi Found to Be Beneficial for Veterans With PTSD

FRIDAY, Dec. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The practice of Tai Chi shows promise in treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in veterans, according to a study published online Nov. 29 in BMJ Open.

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Suicide Risk Up for Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome

THURSDAY, Dec. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) may face a higher-than-normal risk of suicide, according to a study published online Dec. 7 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Naloxone Price Hikes Could Affect Rates of Opioid-Related Deaths

THURSDAY, Dec. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Escalating prices of the drug naloxone may threaten efforts to reduce opioid-related deaths across America, according to a perspective piece published in the Dec. 8 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Fewer School Shootings in States With Tighter Gun Laws

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There are fewer school shootings in states that have tighter gun control laws and spend more on mental health care and public education, according to a report published online Dec. 6 in Injury Prevention.

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Cannabis Use Up in Americans Aged 50 and Up

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More older Americans are using cannabis, according to a study published online Dec. 5 in Addiction.

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Prevalence of Disability 2.7 Percent at U.S. Medical Schools

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of disability is 2.7 percent among medical students at U.S. allopathic medical schools, according to a research letter published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue of medical education.

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Learning Interventions Can Improve Med Student Well-Being

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Specific learning interventions may improve emotional well-being among medical students, according to a review published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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Depression, Suicide Ideation Prevalent in Medical Students

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalences of depression or depressive symptoms and suicide ideation are 27.2 and 11.1 percent, respectively, among medical students, according to a review published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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Potentially Unsafe Med Scripts Up for Dual Users With Dementia

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For veterans with dementia, Veterans Affairs (VA)-Medicare Part D (dual-system) users have increased rates of potentially unsafe medication (PUM) prescribing, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Resistance Band Exercise Aids Nursing Home Residents

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A resistance band exercise program lessens depression and behavioral problems among older, wheelchair-bound nursing home residents with dementia, according to a study published Nov. 23 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Colonic Diverticular Disease May Increase Dementia Risk

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with colonic diverticular disease may be at an increased risk for dementia, according to a study published Nov. 23 in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Attempted Suicide Rates, Risk Groups Mostly Unchanged

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of Americans who attempted suicide and ended up in the emergency department has remained steady in the past decade, according to research published online Nov. 17 in Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences.

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Many With Postconcussion Syndrome Don't Recover

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A minority of patients with postconcussion syndrome (PCS) recover, with two-thirds of those who recover doing so within one year, according to a study published online Nov. 29 in the Journal of Neurotrauma.

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Augmented Reality, Gaming May Help Relieve Phantom Limb Pain

FRIDAY, Dec. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Amputees who experience phantom limb pain may benefit from playing a virtual reality game that simulates the movement of missing limbs, according to a study published online Dec. 1 in The Lancet.

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Psychotherapy for Depression Offers Teens Long-Term Benefits

FRIDAY, Dec. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For teens with depression, many could reap long-term benefits from psychological counseling, according to a study published online Nov. 30 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Psilocybin Can Pull Cancer Patients Quickly Out of Despair

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A single dose of psilocybin can quickly lifts the spirits of cancer patients, and the effect can last as long as six months, according to two studies published online Dec. 1 in the Journal of Psychopharmacology.

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Web-Based Cognitive Therapy Program Effective for Insomnia

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A web-based interactive program can help chronically sleepless individuals get the sleep they need without taking medication or spending time in therapy, according to research published online Nov. 30 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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CDC: Fewer U.S. Families Struggling to Pay Medical Bills

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of people in families having problems paying medical bills fell by nearly 13 million from 2011 through the first six months of 2016, according to a report published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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