December 2016 Briefing - Orthopedics

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for December 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Chair Yoga Helps Older Adults Manage Osteoarthritis Pain

THURSDAY, Dec. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Chair yoga may produce sustained improvements in pain interference among older adults with lower extremity osteoarthritis (OA), according to a study published online Dec. 23 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Platelet-Rich Plasma Superior for Lumbar Facet Joint Syndrome

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For intra-articular injection autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and local anesthetic (LA)/corticosteroid are effective, easy, and safe in the treatment of lumbar facet joint syndrome, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in Pain Practice.

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Personal Health Care Spending Continues to Soar in the U.S.

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2013 there were considerable increases in personal health care spending in the United States, with the highest amounts for diabetes, ischemic heart disease, and low back and neck pain, according to a study published in the Dec. 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Mesenchymal Stem Cells Show Promise for Torn Meniscus

THURSDAY, Dec. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Undifferentiated autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) seeded onto a collagen scaffold (MSC/collagen-scaffold) shows promise for patients with torn meniscus, according to a study published online Dec. 15 in Stem Cells Translational Medicine.

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Risk of Postconcussive Symptoms Down With Early Exercise

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Participation in physical activity within seven days after injury is associated with reduced rates of persistent postconcussive symptoms (PPCS), according to a study published in the Dec. 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Health Care Provider Burnout Negatively Affects Quality, Safety

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Health care provider burnout is negatively associated with quality and safety of health care, according to a meta-analysis published recently in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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DEA Announces Critical Changes in Registration Renewal Process

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has announced critical changes in its registration renewal process, according to a report published by the American Academy of Family Physicians.

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Long-Term DPP4-Inhibitor Use Not Tied to Fracture Risk in T2DM

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), long-term use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP4-Is) is not associated with fracture risk, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Attrition Prevalence 18 Percent for General Surgery Residents

THURSDAY, Dec. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The estimated prevalence of attrition is 18 percent among general surgery residents, according to a review published online Dec. 14 in JAMA Surgery.

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FDA OKs Autologous Cellularized Scaffold for Knee Cartilage Repair

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Maci (autologous cultured chondrocytes on porcine collagen membrane) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to repair symptomatic, full-thickness cartilage defects of the knee in adult patients.

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Little Evidence Shock-Absorbing Insoles Prevent Injury, Fracture

TUESDAY, Dec. 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- While shock-absorbing insoles may not help prevent injury, there is some evidence that foot orthotics are effective for the prevention of some injuries like stress fractures and shin pain, according to a review published online Dec. 5 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

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Recommendations Developed for Sport-Related Dental Injuries

FRIDAY, Dec. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a position statement published online Dec. 5 in the Journal of Athletic Training, recommendations relating to planning considerations, education, and mouthguard efficacy are presented for athletic trainers and health care professionals for preventing and managing sport-related dental and oral injuries.

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Prevalence of Disability 2.7 Percent at U.S. Medical Schools

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of disability is 2.7 percent among medical students at U.S. allopathic medical schools, according to a research letter published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue of medical education.

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Learning Interventions Can Improve Med Student Well-Being

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Specific learning interventions may improve emotional well-being among medical students, according to a review published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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Depression, Suicide Ideation Prevalent in Medical Students

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalences of depression or depressive symptoms and suicide ideation are 27.2 and 11.1 percent, respectively, among medical students, according to a review published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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Post-Op Readmission Linked to Delays in Functional Recovery

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults, readmission after elective surgery is associated with delays in functional recovery, according to a study published online Nov. 29 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Thromboprophylaxis Not Effective After Knee Arthroplasty, Casting

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The use of thromboprophylaxis seems not to prevent venous thromboembolism after knee arthroplasty or casting of the lower leg, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in The New England Journal of Medicine.

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Many With Postconcussion Syndrome Don't Recover

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A minority of patients with postconcussion syndrome (PCS) recover, with two-thirds of those who recover doing so within one year, according to a study published online Nov. 29 in the Journal of Neurotrauma.

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CDC: Fewer U.S. Families Struggling to Pay Medical Bills

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of people in families having problems paying medical bills fell by nearly 13 million from 2011 through the first six months of 2016, according to a report published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Frailty Screening Initiative Cuts Mortality After Surgery

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing elective surgery, implementation of the Frailty Screening Initiative (FSI) is associated with a reduction in mortality, according to a study published online Nov. 30 in JAMA Surgery.

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