December 2016 Briefing - HIV & AIDS

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for December 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Personal Health Care Spending Continues to Soar in the U.S.

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2013 there were considerable increases in personal health care spending in the United States, with the highest amounts for diabetes, ischemic heart disease, and low back and neck pain, according to a study published in the Dec. 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Pooled Cohort Equations Predict Myocardial Infarction Risk in HIV

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with HIV, the Pooled Cohort Equations discriminate myocardial infarction (MI) risk, with no improvement in model performance with addition of HIV-specific factors, according to a study published online Dec. 21 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Health Care Provider Burnout Negatively Affects Quality, Safety

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Health care provider burnout is negatively associated with quality and safety of health care, according to a meta-analysis published recently in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Daily Text Messaging Ups ART Adherence in Youth

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A two-way, personalized daily text messaging intervention can improve antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence among HIV-positive adolescents and young adults, according to a study published in AIDS and Behavior.

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DEA Announces Critical Changes in Registration Renewal Process

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has announced critical changes in its registration renewal process, according to a report published by the American Academy of Family Physicians.

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Cervicovaginal Secretions Contain HIV-Linked Immune Mediators

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cervicovaginal secretions from pregnant and nonpregnant women contain HIV infectivity-linked immune mediators, although there is no difference in infectivity between pregnant and nonpregnant women, according to a study published in the December issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Kingella kingae Keratitis Described in HIV-Positive Adult

FRIDAY, Dec. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A case of Kingella kingae keratitis in an HIV-positive adult male is described in a letter to the editor published online Dec. 12 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.

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Cetuximab + Chemoradiation Can Cure HIV-Associated Anal Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Definitive chemoradiation (CRT) can potentially cure HIV-associated squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal (SCCAC), with the addition of cetuximab resulting in less locoregional failure (LRF), according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Learning Interventions Can Improve Med Student Well-Being

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Specific learning interventions may improve emotional well-being among medical students, according to a review published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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Prevalence of Disability 2.7 Percent at U.S. Medical Schools

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of disability is 2.7 percent among medical students at U.S. allopathic medical schools, according to a research letter published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue of medical education.

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Depression, Suicide Ideation Prevalent in Medical Students

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalences of depression or depressive symptoms and suicide ideation are 27.2 and 11.1 percent, respectively, among medical students, according to a review published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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More HIV Patients Exhibiting Multidrug Resistance

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A significant number of patients with HIV have strains of the virus that are resistant to both older and newer drugs, according to research published online Nov. 30 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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CDC: Fewer U.S. Families Struggling to Pay Medical Bills

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of people in families having problems paying medical bills fell by nearly 13 million from 2011 through the first six months of 2016, according to a report published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Dapivirine Vaginal Ring Can Help Prevent HIV-1 Infection

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of a vaginal ring containing dapivirine is efficacious for prevention of HIV-1 infection, according to a study published in the Dec. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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