Cognitive Training Can Positively Affect Perception of Tinnitus

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Cognitive Training Can Positively Affect Perception of Tinnitus
Cognitive Training Can Positively Affect Perception of Tinnitus

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An internet-based program to improve mental acuity may help patients cope with tinnitus, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Jay Piccirillo, M.D., professor of otolaryngology at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, and colleagues randomly assigned 40 adults who had bothersome tinnitus for more than six months to the online Brain Fitness Program-Tinnitus program, or a non-tinnitus program. In addition, 20 healthy patients took part in the study for comparison purposes. Those using the online program spent an hour a day on it, five days a week for eight weeks. The researchers assessed the benefit of the program using neuroimaging and cognitive tests. These were done at the start of the study, and again eight weeks later.

Neuroimaging of those who underwent the treatment showed changes in the areas responsible for attention and mental control, the researchers found. On specific tests of memory, attention, and behavioral measures, the researchers didn't note any differences. However, study participants felt there were improvements. Half of those who completed the online program said they felt there were improvements in their tinnitus as well as improvements in memory, attention, and concentration, compared with patients who didn't use the program.

"These findings suggest that the computer-based cognitive training program is associated with self-reported changes in attention, memory, and perception of tinnitus," the authors write. "A possible mechanistic explanation for these changes could be neuroplastic changes in key brain systems involved in cognitive control."

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