August 2017 Briefing - Geriatrics

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for August 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

No Link for Cardiovascular Meds Use, Cognitive Impairment

THURSDAY, Aug. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults, there is no association between cardiovascular medication use and cognitive impairment, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Cardiovascular Therapeutics.

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Minimal Evidence for Electronic Communication Guidelines

THURSDAY, Aug. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Minimal evidence is available for guidelines for electronic communication between patients and providers, according to research published online Aug. 28 in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.

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Transvenous Pacemaker Complications Common, Costly

THURSDAY, Aug. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of complications for single- and dual-chamber transvenous pacemakers (TVPs) is considerable, reaching about 15 and 16 percent, respectively, by three years, with high associated costs, according to research published online Aug. 30 in JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology.

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Spousal Caregiver Well-Being Tied to Recipient Health Expenses

THURSDAY, Aug. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Poor spousal caregiver well-being is associated with increased care recipient expenditures and emergency department use, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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CPR Less Likely for Cardiac Arrests in Black Neighborhoods

THURSDAY, Aug. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In cases of cardiac arrest, the racial make-up of the neighborhood may determine the likelihood of receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) from a passer-by or having access to a public defibrillator, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in JAMA Cardiology.

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FDA Approves Vabomere for Complicated UTIs

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The intravenous antibiotic Vabomere (meropenem and vaborbactam) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat certain complicated urinary tract infections, including pyelonephritis.

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Sedentary Time a 'Potent Risk Factor' for Mobility Loss

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Excessive sitting, especially while watching television, poses a significant health hazard to older Americans, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in the Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences.

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Proactive Approach Encouraged for Online Patient Reviews

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients are using online reviews as a first step to finding a new doctor, with 65 percent forming an opinion from reading one to six reviews, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Review Links Sleep-Disordered Breathing, Cognitive Impairment

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with increased likelihood of cognitive impairment, according to a review published online Aug. 28 in JAMA Neurology.

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Most Melanomas Don't Start As Existing Moles

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of melanomas arise from new lesions rather than existing moles, according to a review published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Risk of Needing Nursing Home Care Is Rising

TUESDAY, Aug. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More than half of Americans will require nursing home care at some point in their lives, according to a report published online Aug. 28 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Gender-Specific High-Risk 'Window' Seen in Alzheimer's

TUESDAY, Aug. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Women with a genetic predisposition for Alzheimer's disease face a 10-year window -- between ages 65 and 75 -- when they have far greater chances of developing the disease than men with similar genetic risks, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in JAMA Neurology.

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Androgen-Deprivation Therapy May Carry Cardiovascular Risks

MONDAY, Aug. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) may increase the risk of certain cardiovascular conditions in men with prostate cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in the British Journal of Cancer.

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Less Than Half of Seniors With A-Fib Receive Anticoagulants

MONDAY, Aug. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Less than 45 percent of older adults with atrial fibrillation (AF) admitted to the hospital are prescribed an anticoagulant, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Thoracic Kyphosis Not Tied to Physical Function

FRIDAY, Aug. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In healthy, relatively high-functioning older adults, kyphosis severity is not associated with subsequent physical function, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Lithium in Drinking Water Linked to Dementia Incidence

FRIDAY, Aug. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Lithium in drinking water is associated with the incidence of dementia in a nonlinear pattern, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Only One-Third of Heart Attack Patients Enter Cardiac Rehab

FRIDAY, Aug. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Only one in three heart attack survivors in the United States attends outpatient cardiac rehabilitation, according to research published in the Aug. 25 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Hearing Loss Contributing to Patient-Doctor Miscommunication

THURSDAY, Aug. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many seniors may not hear everything their doctors tell them, and that could raise the risk of medical errors, according to a research letter published online Aug. 24 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Supplement Deemed Effective, Cost-Saving in Wet AMD

THURSDAY, Aug. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An inexpensive over-the-counter antioxidant/zinc supplement -- dubbed the "Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS)" supplement -- may help preserve vision in older people and is also cost-effective, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in the British Journal of Ophthalmology.

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Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing Prognostic in Aortic Stenosis

THURSDAY, Aug. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients judged as symptomatic or questionably symptomatic for aortic stenosis, an initially conservative management strategy results in good prognosis if cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) does not indicate significant hemodynamic compromise, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Increased Risk of MI, Stroke for Patients With Hip Fracture

THURSDAY, Aug. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with hip fracture have an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Google Search for 'Depression' Now to Provide Screening Test

THURSDAY, Aug. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Web search giant Google is partnering with the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) to make depression screening a part of a search for 'depression' on the site.

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Intensive BP Treatment Appears Safe, Well Tolerated

THURSDAY, Aug. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, intensive blood pressure control may be just as safe as standard treatment, and is likely cost-effective, according to research published in the Aug. 24 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Less REM May Indicate Higher Dementia Risk in Seniors

THURSDAY, Aug. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Seniors who spend less time each night in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep may be more likely to develop dementia as they age, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in Neurology.

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Patient Beliefs May Explain High Rate of Medicine Intake

THURSDAY, Aug. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Subjective norms and attitudes toward medicine consumption predict the intention and expectation to consume medicines, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Collaborative Communication Could Improve HTN Rx Adherence

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Health care providers can help boost patient adherence to antihypertensive medications by communicating more collaboratively with patients, and including discussion of socioeconomic challenges, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Vitamin B6, B12 Supplements May Up Risk of Lung Cancer in Men

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Men, and especially male smokers, appear to be more likely to develop lung cancer if they take high doses of vitamins B6 and B12, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Tablet Use Encourages Patients to Explore Diabetes Risk

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The multispecialty San Bernardino Medical Group has replaced magazines with digital devices in waiting rooms, which can help patients learn about their risk of diabetes and take preventive action, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Once-Yearly Counseling Tied to More Physical Activity in T2DM

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Theoretical and practical once-yearly counseling for three years is associated with increased physical activity (PA) and reduced sedentary (SED) time in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in Diabetes Care.

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Nurse-, System-Related Factors Analyzed in Wrong-Patient Events

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Greater focus is needed on correct identification processes in order to prevent wrong-patient medication administration incidents, and system supports for nurses are critical, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Even Overdose Doesn't Stop Opioid Prescribing

TUESDAY, Aug. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- After treatment for an opioid overdose, many Medicaid patients continue to receive prescriptions for them and few are prescribed anti-addiction medications after hospital discharge, according to a research letter published in the Aug. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Lower SBP Target for Blacks May Benefit Cognitive Function

TUESDAY, Aug. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For seniors and particularly blacks with hypertension, lowering systolic blood pressure to 120 mm Hg or lower may help prevent cognitive decline, according to a report published online Aug. 21 in JAMA Neurology.

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Few Smokers Hospitalized With CHD Get Smoking Cessation Meds

TUESDAY, Aug. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Few smokers hospitalized for coronary heart disease (CHD) receive smoking cessation pharmacotherapy (SCP), according to a research letter published online Aug. 21 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Hours Worked Impacted by Kids for Female, Not Male Doctors

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For women, but not men, in dual-physician couples, weekly hours worked are lower for those with versus those without children, according to a research letter published online Aug. 21 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Screening Reduces Mortality

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Screening with flexible sigmoidoscopy reduces all-cause mortality, according to a research letter published online Aug. 22 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Once-Daily Triple-Tx Improves Lung Function, HRQoL in COPD

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), once-daily single-inhaler triple therapy is better for lung function and health-related quality of life than inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/long-acting β2-agonist (LABA) therapy, according to a study published in the Aug. 15 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Link for Sedentary Time, Mortality Varies With Frailty Level

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The association between sedentary time and mortality varies with level of frailty among adults aged 50 years and older, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Geriatric Consults Remain Rare in Kidney Cancer Care

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of geriatric consultation remains sparse among older patients undergoing surgery for kidney cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Procalcitonin Testing Not Impacting Antibiotic Rx for COPD

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital adoption of procalcitonin (PCT) testing has had little impact on antibiotic prescribing for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Higher Odds of Infection With Reduced Kidney Function

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- As kidney function declines, infection risk rises, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Physical Activity Predicts Disability in Older Adults

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Accelerometer-measured physical activity (PA) levels are strongly associated with major mobility disability (MMD) and persistent MMD (PMMD) events in older adults with limited mobility, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Studies Often Fail to Include Info on T2DM Medication Adherence

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Studies often fail to include information on outcomes by medication adherence in type 2 diabetes, according to research published online Aug. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Psychosocial Intervention App Feasible in Serious Mental Illness

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A psychosocial self-management intervention can be adapted for smartphone application and used by adults with serious mental illness, according to a study published in the August issue of the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

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Moderate, Severe OSA Linked to Elevated Blood Coagulability

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are associated with elevated blood coagulability markers, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Visual Dysfunction Tied to Poor Cognitive Function in Seniors

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Visual dysfunction at baseline is associated with poor cognitive function among older U.S. adults, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Telehealth Feasible for Parkinson's Care

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Virtual house calls by neurologists may be of great interest to and provide substantial convenience for patients with Parkinson's disease, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in Neurology.

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Worse Survival Seen for Alternative Vs Usual Cancer Rx

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who choose alternative medicine over traditional cancer treatments for curable cancers have a higher risk of dying early, according to research published online Aug. 10 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Online Nursing Education Can Up Patient Use of VTE Prophylaxis

THURSDAY, Aug. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Online training for nurses has been found to increase hospital patients' use of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in PLOS ONE.

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Increasing Physical Activity, Function Can Decrease Fall Fears

THURSDAY, Aug. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Enhancing physical activity level and function can decrease the fear of falling among elderly patients, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Study Highlights Readmit Factors Post Atrial Flutter Ablation

THURSDAY, Aug. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Recognition of factors associated with early readmission for patients after atrial flutter (AFL) ablation is necessary for reducing costs and improving quality of life, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in the Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology.

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Evolocumab Doesn't Affect Cognition When Added to Statins

THURSDAY, Aug. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is no significant difference in cognitive function for patients treated with evolocumab or placebo added to statin therapy, according to a study published in the Aug. 17 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Families Shoulder Majority of Costs Related to Dementia Care

THURSDAY, Aug. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Lifetime costs of care are substantially increased for individuals with dementia, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Opioid Rx Frequently Issued for Nonspecific, Spinal Conditions

THURSDAY, Aug. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Within a cohort of patients insured through TRICARE, the most common diagnosis associated with initial opioid prescription is other ill-defined conditions, according to a research letter published online Aug. 16 in JAMA Surgery.

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Dietary Energy Density May Up Risk of Obesity-Linked Cancers

THURSDAY, Aug. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Higher dietary energy density (DED; the ratio of energy intake to food weight) is associated with increased risk of obesity-related cancers among normal-weight women, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

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Electrotherapy, Acupuncture Ease Post Knee Arthroplasty Pain

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Electrotherapy and acupuncture seem to be beneficial for pain management after total knee arthroplasty, according to a meta-analysis published online Aug. 16 in JAMA Surgery.

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Risk Assessment Differs for Doctors, Heart Failure Patients

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians consider the majority of ambulatory patients with advanced heart failure on medical therapy to be at high risk for transplant, left ventricular assist device (LVAD) placement, and death, although patients rarely consider themselves at high risk, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in JACC: Heart Failure.

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FDA: Potential Contamination in Some Liquid Pharma Products

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has announced a recall of numerous liquid pharmaceutical products because of possible bacterial contamination that could cause severe infections in vulnerable patients.

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Geriatric Trauma Outcome Score Estimates Unfavorable Discharge

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The geriatric trauma outcome score II (GTOS II) prognostic calculator can estimate the probability of unfavorable discharge in injured elders, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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'07 to '14 Saw Drop in Proportion Needing Dialysis After TAVI

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- From 2007 to 2014 there was a decrease in the proportion of patients needing dialysis after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), according to a study published online Aug. 2 in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

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Perceived Social Support Lower for Cancer Caregivers Vs Patients

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A sense of coherence (SOC) is associated with cancer patients' acceptance of their illness, according to a study published Aug. 9 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Studies Used for FDA Approval of Device Changes Often Low Quality

TUESDAY, Aug. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many studies used to support U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval of high-risk medical device modifications are not controlled; and efficacy of drugs granted accelerated approval is often confirmed three years after approval, according to two studies published in the Aug. 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Specialist Access No Better With Adoption of Access Standards

TUESDAY, Aug. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Adoption of specialty access standards does not improve access to specialists, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Most Patients With Care Plan Die in Chosen Location

TUESDAY, Aug. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most individuals with a Coordinate My Care (CMC) plan die in their chosen location, according to a research letter published online Aug. 15 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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'On the Move' Group Exercise Program Aids Walking in Elderly

TUESDAY, Aug. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The "On the Move" group exercise program is more effective at improving mobility in the elderly, compared to seated, usual-care exercise programs, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Caregivers Have a Worse View of Cancer Patients' Functional Status

TUESDAY, Aug. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to patients themselves, caregivers rate older cancer patients as having poorer physical function, poorer mental health, and more social support, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in The Oncologist.

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Intraindividual Variability in Reaction Time Tied to Mortality

TUESDAY, Aug. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Intraindividual variability of reaction time (IIVRT) is independently associated with mortality, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in PLOS ONE.

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Apathy Tied to Mortality in Nursing Home Patients

MONDAY, Aug. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Apathy is associated with mortality in nursing home patients, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Statin Use Among Nursing Home Residents Varies Significantly

MONDAY, Aug. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Statin prescribing is considerable among nursing home residents, with significant variation in prescribing seen across physicians, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Midlife Vascular Risk Factors Tied to Increased Risk of Dementia

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Risk factors for dementia include black race, older age, and lower educational attainment, as well as midlife vascular risk factors such as smoking, diabetes, and hypertension, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in JAMA Neurology.

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Blood Pressure Variability Linked to Risk of Dementia in Elderly

TUESDAY, Aug. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Increased blood pressure variability is associated with a higher risk of all-cause dementia, vascular dementia (VaD), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the elderly, according to a study published in the Aug. 8 issue of Circulation.

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Guidance Provided for Preventing Practice Billing Errors

MONDAY, Aug. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Strategies can help to prevent medical practice billing errors, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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No Effect of B Vitamin on Fracture Risk in Women at High CV Risk

MONDAY, Aug. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For women with preexisting cardiovascular (CV) disease or three or more coronary risk factors, daily supplementation with B vitamins and folic acid does not affect fracture risk or bone turnover, according to a study published online July 29 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Not All 80-, 90-Year-Olds With Rectal Cancer Are Treated

FRIDAY, Aug. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- About 15 percent of octogenarians and nonagenarians with stage II/III rectal adenocarcinoma do not receive treatment, according to a study published online July 31 in Cancer.

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Moderate, Vigorous Activity Not Tied to More Elderly Falls

THURSDAY, Aug. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Falls are not more common or injurious in older women who engage in higher levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), according to a study published online July 29 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Are Clinicians Overprescribing Gabapentinoids for Pain?

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians may be overprescribing gabapentinoids, in part as a response to the opioid epidemic, according to a perspective piece published in the Aug. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Less Than Half of Stroke Discharges Prescribed a Statin

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Less than half of ischemic stroke patients discharged from the hospital receive a prescription for statins, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Review: Levetiracetam Best Monotherapy for Partial Seizures

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Levetiracetam performs better than carbamazepine and lamotrigine for individuals with partial seizures, according to a review and meta-analysis published online June 29 in the Cochrane Library.

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Revenue Exceeds Expenditures for Many ABMS Member Boards

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Overall revenue exceeds expenditures for many American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) member boards, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Inappropriate Med Use High in Cognitively Impaired Seniors

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many nursing home residents with cognitive impairment or dementia have potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use, with PIM use more likely among frail individuals, according to a study published online July 28 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Periodontal Disease History Linked to Increased Cancer Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among older women, periodontal disease history is associated with increased total cancer risk, and with increased risk of several specific types of cancer, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of Cancer, Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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U.S. Doctors Still Writing Too Many Opioid Prescriptions

TUESDAY, Aug. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More than one out of three average Americans used a prescription opioid in 2015, despite growing concerns these medicines are promoting widespread addiction and overdose deaths, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Climate Change Expected to Up Premature Deaths From Pollution

TUESDAY, Aug. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Increases in air pollution caused by rising temperatures will trigger an additional 60,000 premature deaths each year around the globe by 2030, and as many as 260,000 more premature deaths annually by 2100, according to findings from a new study published online July 31 in Nature Climate Change.

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New Research Supports Safety of Aspirin in Heart Failure

TUESDAY, Aug. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Some research has raised concerns about the safety of aspirin for heart failure patients, but a new study, published in the Aug. 1 issue of JACC: Heart Failure, appears to offer some reassurance.

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Comprehensive Initiative Has Positive Impact on Opioid Rx

TUESDAY, Aug. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A comprehensive initiative, including creation of prescribing and dispensing policies, monitoring and follow-up processes, and clinical coordination through electronic health record integration, can have a positive impact on opioid prescribing, according to research published online July 14 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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Higher Risk of Dementia Seen in Those Hailing From 'Stroke Belt'

TUESDAY, Aug. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Health issues for people born in high stroke mortality states (HSMSs) include a higher risk of developing dementia -- even if they move elsewhere, according to research published online July 31 in JAMA Neurology.

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