August 2016 Briefing - Otolaryngology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for August 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

ACA Is Helping More Americans Afford Prescriptions

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Though a growing number of Americans are able to afford prescription medications, millions still have difficulty, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Intranasal Steroids Underused in Chronic Rhinosinusitis

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For adult patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), topical intranasal steroid therapy is underused, with an overall rate of utilization of 20.1 per 100 patients, according to research published online Aug. 25 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Steep Rise in U.S. Drug Prices Tied to Patent Monopolies

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Prescription drug prices are skyrocketing in the United States due in large part to government regulations, according to a study published in the Aug. 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC Urges Prevention, Early Recognition of Sepsis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many cases of life-threatening sepsis could be recognized and treated long before they cause severe illness or death, according to an Aug. 23 Vital Signs report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Elective Neck Dissection Cost-Effective in Oral Cavity Cancer

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with clinically node-negative oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma, the addition of elective neck dissection to primary surgery is associated with a reduction in overall costs, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Laryngoscopy Skills Worsen After Month Without Practice

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Laryngoscopy skill performance levels change after one month without practice, with worse consistency for C-MAC and A.P. Advance, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in Anaesthesia.

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ACA Has Increased Rx Drug Use, Cut Out-of-Pocket Spending

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has increased prescription use and reduced out-of-pocket spending, according to a report published online Aug. 17 in Health Affairs.

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Glycolic Peel Enhances Azelaic Acid in Melasma Treatment

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Glycolic acid (GA) peel enhances the therapeutic efficacy of topical azelaic acid (AA) cream for treatment of melasma, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

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Legal Issues Impact Delivery of Telehealth

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Telehealth technologies can allow delivery of high-quality care at a lower cost, especially in underserved areas, but there is currently no uniform legal approach to telehealth, hampering its provision, according to a Health Policy Brief published online Aug. 15 in Health Affairs.

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Minority of Surgical Studies Include Men, Women Equally

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Few surgical studies include men and women equally, and only about one-third perform data analysis by sex, according to research published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Surgery.

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Residents Often Order Perceived Unnecessary Lab Tests

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Residents frequently order perceived unnecessary inpatient laboratory tests, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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U.S. Female Doctors Reimbursed Significantly Less Than Males

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Female doctors in the United States make much less than their male colleagues, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Postgraduate Medical Journal.

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Many U.S. Hospitals Offer Language Services

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 68.8 percent of hospitals offer language services, with the proportion increasing with level of need, according to research published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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House Dust Mite Immunotherapy Effective for Allergic Rhinitis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with allergic rhinitis (AR), house dust mite (HDM) sublingual immunotherapy is effective and seems safe, according to a study published online July 29 in Allergy.

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Hearing Impairment May Be an Early Indicator of Autism

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A simple hearing test may help identify young children at risk for autism before they're old enough to speak, according to a study published online July 12 in Autism Research.

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European Countries Implementing Cost-Sharing

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- European health systems are requiring an increase in cost-sharing measures for patients 50 years of age and older, according to research published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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