August 2016 Briefing - OBGYN & Women's Health

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for August 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Sexual Health Often Suffers in Younger Patients Post-MI

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- After an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), many younger adults experience sexual difficulties -- and women more so than men, according to research published online Aug. 31 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Body Mass Index, Fat Percentage Predict Menses Resumption

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with a history of anorexia nervosa, both body mass index and fat percentage can predict resumption of the menstrual cycle, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Optimism, Cynical Hostility Influence Fall Risk in Women

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Optimism is associated with a decreased fall risk and cynical hostility with an increased fall risk for women, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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9/11 Responders May Be at Higher Risk for Early Dementia

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) experienced by many rescuers and other first responders of 9/11 now appears linked to cognitive impairment and dementia, according to a report published online Aug. 18 in Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring.

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ACA Is Helping More Americans Afford Prescriptions

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Though a growing number of Americans are able to afford prescription medications, millions still have difficulty, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Some Radiologists Can Detect Breast Cancer at First Glance

TUESDAY, Aug. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Trained radiologists can identify abnormal mammograms in a half-second, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Researchers Investigate Three Drugs That Might Fight Zika

TUESDAY, Aug. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Three already existing drugs may offer pregnant women and their developing fetuses protection against the damaging effects of Zika virus, according to a new multicenter study published online Aug. 29 in Nature Medicine.

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Many Cases of Depression in Adults Not Being Treated

TUESDAY, Aug. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many American adults who suffer from depression aren't getting treatment, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Maintaining Body Weight Linked to Reduced Costs in T2DM

TUESDAY, Aug. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, maintaining body weight is associated with a reduction in medical care costs, while weight gain is associated with variable cost increases depending on the hemoglobin A1C level, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Diabetes Care.

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Early Onset Preeclampsia May Be Linked to Hemangioma

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Preeclampsia before 34 weeks may be associated with increased risk of hemangioma, although the correlation is attenuated when longer hospital length of stay is accounted for, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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CDC: Zika Transmitted by Sex Partner With No Symptoms

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health officials report that the Zika virus can be spread sexually even when a partner shows no signs of infection. The research was published in the Aug. 26 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Bariatric Surgery May Increase Odds of Premature Birth

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women who've had bariatric surgery may have increased odds for premature delivery, according to a research letter published in the Aug. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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IARC: Absence of Excess Body Fat Lowers Risk of Many Cancers

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Excess weight is linked to risk of developing at least eight types of cancer, according to a report published in the Aug. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Cancer Replaces CVD As Leading Cause of Death in 22 States

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The gap between heart disease and the second-leading cause of death, cancer, has been narrowing since 1968, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Trans-Obturator Tape Cost-Effective for Urinary Incontinence

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women with stress urinary incontinence, use of trans-obturator tape (TOT) is cost-effective compared with tension-free vaginal tape (TVT), according to a study published online Aug. 10 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Obese Women Have Greater Adipose Stores of Vitamin D

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Obese women have significantly greater total vitamin D stores than normal-weight women, although the pattern of distribution of the stores is similar, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Steep Rise in U.S. Drug Prices Tied to Patent Monopolies

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Prescription drug prices are skyrocketing in the United States due in large part to government regulations, according to a study published in the Aug. 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC Urges Prevention, Early Recognition of Sepsis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many cases of life-threatening sepsis could be recognized and treated long before they cause severe illness or death, according to an Aug. 23 Vital Signs report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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ACOG Addresses Thrombocytopenia in Pregnancy

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Thrombocytopenia is common in pregnancy and can have causes that are serious medical disorders, with potential for maternal and fetal morbidity, according to a Practice Bulletin published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Electric Power Morcellation Use Down Following FDA Warning

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The use of power morcellators has dropped significantly for hysterectomies since the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned against their use two years ago, according to a research letter published in the Aug. 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Imaging Shows Zika-Linked Congenital Brain Abnormalities

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Imaging is revealing a wide variety of brain defects, eye defects, hearing issues, and stunted growth in newborns whose mothers were infected with the Zika virus, according to the special report published online Aug. 23 in Radiology.

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Success, Safety Up for ART With Elective Single Embryo Transfer

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An updated Committee Opinion urges providers of assisted reproductive technology (ART) to do everything possible to reduce the likelihood of a multifetal pregnancy. The report is published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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CDC: Breastfeeding Rates on the Rise in the United States

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Even though most new mothers in the United States begin breastfeeding their infants at birth, many stop sooner than recommended, according to the 2016 Breastfeeding Report Card from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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In Utero Exposure to Banned PCB Chemicals Tied to Autism Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Children exposed to high levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in utero may have an increased risk of developing autism, according to research published online Aug. 23 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

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Benefits, Harms of Breast Cancer Screening Vary With Risk, Density

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women aged 50 years and older, benefits and harms of breast cancer screening vary with risk and breast density for all screening intervals, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Opt-Out Provisions Up Parent Support for HPV Requirement

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Opt-out provisions increase parental support for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine school-entry requirements, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in Cancer, Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Focusing on Health Helps Curb Obesity, Eating Disorders in Teens

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- When teenagers are overweight, parents and doctors should encourage a healthy lifestyle rather than focus on the number on the scale, according to new guidelines issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Not Enough Female Urologists to Meet Growing Patient Demand

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There are far too few female urologists to meet a growing demand, according to a report published online recently in The Journal of Urology.

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CDC Updates Guidance on Infants With Congenital Zika

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released updated interim clinical guidance for health care providers caring for infants born to mothers with possible Zika infection during pregnancy.

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Postpartum Depression Can Be ID'd During Infant Hospitalization

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Postpartum depression screening conducted during infant hospitalization can identify depression among previously unscreened women, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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ACA Has Increased Rx Drug Use, Cut Out-of-Pocket Spending

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has increased prescription use and reduced out-of-pocket spending, according to a report published online Aug. 17 in Health Affairs.

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Barrier-Specific Care Significantly Improves Glycemic Control

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, barrier categories to glycemic control include psychological/support, socioeconomic, and accessibility, and addressing these barriers improves glycemic control, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Inadequate Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Group B Strep Is Common

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Inadequate intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for group B streptococci (GBS) is common, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Five Local Zika Cases Now Confirmed in Miami Beach

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Florida Gov. Rick Scott confirmed on Friday that local transmission of the Zika virus has occurred in Miami Beach, with a total of five cases reported so far.

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Oily Fish Consumption May Ward Off Diabetic Retinopathy

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with diabetes, two servings of fatty fish a week may be enough to lower their risk of diabetic retinopathy, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Coronary Heart Disease Risk Up in Patients With Gallstones

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with history of gallstone disease may have a slightly increased risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD), according to research published online Aug. 18 in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology.

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Diet in Pregnancy Could Affect Odds of ADHD in Offspring

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An unhealthy diet during pregnancy could influence a child's risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study published online Aug. 18 in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

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Glycolic Peel Enhances Azelaic Acid in Melasma Treatment

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Glycolic acid (GA) peel enhances the therapeutic efficacy of topical azelaic acid (AA) cream for treatment of melasma, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

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Research Offers Insight Into Zika Virus Transmission to Placenta

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Primary human placental macrophages, known as Hofbauer cells, and placental villous fibroblasts are susceptible to infection by Zika virus, according to research published online Aug. 18 in JCI Insight.

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Better Overnight Glucose Levels With Closed-Loop Tx in T1DM

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For pregnant women with type 1 diabetes, closed-loop therapy is associated with a greater percentage of time that overnight glucose levels are in the target range, compared with sensor-augmented pump therapy, according to a study published in the Aug. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Patients Still Risking Eye Damage With Poor Contact Lens Care

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Unsafe use of contact lenses is triggering serious eye injuries for many Americans, according to research published in the Aug. 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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F12, STC2 Genes May Help Predict Breast Cancer Survival

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The activity of two genes may help predict certain breast cancer patients' odds of survival and guide their treatment, according to research published online Aug. 17 in Oncotarget.

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Calcium Supplements Tied to Dementia Risk in Older Women

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Taking calcium supplements to prevent osteoporosis may raise an older woman's risk of dementia, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in Neurology.

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Diabetes Linked to Increased CVD, Cancer, Other Mortality

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes is associated with increased mortality from cardiovascular disease, cancer, and noncardiovascular noncancer causes, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in Diabetes Care.

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Legal Issues Impact Delivery of Telehealth

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Telehealth technologies can allow delivery of high-quality care at a lower cost, especially in underserved areas, but there is currently no uniform legal approach to telehealth, hampering its provision, according to a Health Policy Brief published online Aug. 15 in Health Affairs.

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Full Med Adherence Reduces Costs for Patients With CVD

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Full adherence to guideline-recommended therapies is associated with a reduced rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and cost savings, according to a study published in the Aug. 23 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Antipsychotic Use Doesn't Up Congenital Malformations

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of antipsychotics (APs) in pregnancy does not appear to increase the risk for congenital malformations, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Minority of Surgical Studies Include Men, Women Equally

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Few surgical studies include men and women equally, and only about one-third perform data analysis by sex, according to research published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Surgery.

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Women Abused As Children Appear to Have Shorter Lifespans

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women who suffered physical or emotional abuse as children often die at a younger age than other women, according to research published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Season, Region of Birth May Influence Celiac Disease Risk

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Where and when children are born may affect their risk for celiac disease, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

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Duration of Adult Obesity Affects Cancer Risk in Women

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The longer a woman is overweight, the higher her risk of several cancers, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in PLOS Medicine.

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Abaloparatide Reduces Fracture Risk in Women With Osteoporosis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, an experimental drug appears to reduce the risk of bone fractures better than teriparatide or a placebo, according to a study published in the Aug. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Residents Often Order Perceived Unnecessary Lab Tests

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Residents frequently order perceived unnecessary inpatient laboratory tests, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Physician Under-Recognition of Angina Often Occurs

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians frequently under-recognize angina in their patients with coronary artery disease, with under-recognition more likely for patients with heart failure and less-frequent angina, according to research published online Aug. 16 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Antenatal Steroids Don't Cut Morbidity in Preterm Twins

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Antenatal administration of corticosteroids is not associated with a reduction in the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm twins, according to research published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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OnabotulinumtoxinA Effect Lasts in Overactive Bladder

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- OnabotulinumtoxinA treatment is safe and effective for long-term treatment of overactive bladder syndrome, according to a study published in the September issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Expanded Carrier Screening May Up Detection of Genetic Disorders

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with current recommendations from professional societies, expanded carrier screening may increase the detection of carrier status for potentially serious genetic conditions, according to a study published in the Aug. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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U.S. Female Doctors Reimbursed Significantly Less Than Males

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Female doctors in the United States make much less than their male colleagues, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Postgraduate Medical Journal.

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New Guidelines Set Safe Surgery Margins for DCIS

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- New surgery guidelines for treatment of women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) who undergo breast-conserving surgery with whole breast radiation could reduce both unnecessary surgeries and recurrence rates, three U.S. cancer groups say. The consensus guideline was published in the three groups' journals, the Annals of Surgical Oncology, Practical Radiation Oncology, and the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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More Evidence Paying Smokers to Quit May Work

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Financial incentives may boost smoking cessation rates, according to a study published in the Aug. 23 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Up in U.S. Since 1979

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has increased considerably over time in the United States, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

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Taking Acetaminophen While Pregnant May Raise Risk of ADHD

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women who take acetaminophen might raise the risk that their child will develop behavioral problems such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to research published online Aug. 15 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Female Oncologists Report More Grief Responses, Burnout

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Female oncologists report more grief responses to patient death, more emotional distress, and more burnout than male oncologists, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Cancer.

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Vaginal Brachytherapy Cuts Mortality in Early Uterine Cancer

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women with surgically staged IA or IB endometrial adenocarcinoma, use of vaginal brachytherapy (VB) is associated with a reduction in mortality, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Cancer.

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Unstable Vital Signs for About One in Five Hospital Discharges

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among adults with a hospitalization, vital sign instability on discharge is associated with increased risk of 30-day mortality and readmission, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Similar Outcomes for Group, Traditional Prenatal Care

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to traditional prenatal care, group prenatal care is associated with similar rates of preterm birth, neonatal intensive care unit admission, and breastfeeding, according to a review published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Onsite Tests Have High Specificity for Bacteriuria

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Onsite tests have high specificity for detecting asymptomatic bacteriuria among pregnant women, but sensitivity is lower, according to a review published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Review Links Anxiety Disorders to Risk of Cardiovascular Events

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Anxiety disorders are associated with a range of cardiovascular events, according to a meta-analysis published in the Aug. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Zika Virus Proteins NS4A, NS4B Associated With Microcephaly

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Zika virus contains 10 proteins, but only two -- NS4A and NS4B -- are linked to microcephaly, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Cell Stem Cell.

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Topical Iodine Can Cause Overestimation of Blood Glucose

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of topical iodine can cause overestimation of blood glucose (BG) readings, according to a case report published online Aug. 8 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Grapefruit-Midazolam Interaction Varies With Juice Characteristics

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The interaction between grapefruit juice and midazolam varies based on grapefruit juice-related characteristics such as the amount of furanocoumarin, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Rosacea Tied to Higher Risk of GI Diseases

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Rosacea is associated with increased risk of some gastrointestinal diseases, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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ESR1 Mutations Tied to Worse Survival in Metastatic Breast CA

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC), estrogen receptor α (ESR1) mutations are prevalent and associated with shorter overall survival, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in JAMA Oncology.

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Psychological Toll of Infertility Often Ignored

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients undergoing fertility treatment often suffer symptoms of depression or anxiety, but few get any formal help, according to research published in the July issue of Fertility and Sterility.

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Stepwise Program Can Reduce Diabetes Incidence

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A culturally-tailored stepwise diabetes prevention program can reduce incidence of diabetes among overweight/obese Asian Indian adults, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in Diabetes Care.

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Polyethylene Glycol 3350 Doesn't Cut Time to Bowel Movement

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women undergoing urogynecologic surgery, addition of polyethylene glycol 3350 (PEG3350) to docusate sodium does not reduce the time to first bowel movement, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Tx Response No Different for Migalastat, Placebo in Fabry's

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with Fabry's disease, the percentage of patients with response at six months does not differ for those treated with the oral pharmacologic chaperone migalastat or with placebo, according to a study published in the Aug. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Frozen Embryos May Outperform Fresh for Women With PCOS

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women with polycystic ovary syndrome seeking infertility treatment, the use of frozen embryos rather than fresh appears to improve the chances for a successful pregnancy, according to a study published in the Aug. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Risk of Post-Op Opioid Abuse Deemed Low for Elderly Patients

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Opioid abuse arises in only a very small fraction -- less than half of 1 percent -- of cases involving surgical patients aged 65 or older, according to a research letter published online Aug. 10 in JAMA Surgery.

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Florida Reports Four More Cases of Local Zika Infection in Miami

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Four more cases of Zika infection that were likely spread through mosquito bites have been reported in the Miami area, bringing the total count of cases to 21, Florida Gov. Rick Scott said Tuesday.

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Zika May Be Responsible for Arthrogryposis in Newborns

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Zika virus may be the cause of joint deformities in the arms and legs of newborns (arthrogryposis), according to a report published online Aug. 9 in The BMJ.

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Many U.S. Hospitals Offer Language Services

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 68.8 percent of hospitals offer language services, with the proportion increasing with level of need, according to research published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Counterfeit Alprazolam Cut With Fentanyl Can Be Fatal

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- At least one San Francisco-area individual died and eight more were treated in the emergency department in late 2015 after taking counterfeit alprazolam (Xanax) tablets that had been cut with fentanyl, according to a case report published online Aug. 8 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Dermatopathology More Common in Crohn's Than Ulcerative Colitis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cutaneous manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) should be considered when reviewing unexplained skin lesions, particularly in patients with Crohn's disease (CD), according to research published online Aug. 6 in the Journal of Cutaneous Pathology.

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Review IDs Determinants of Physical Activity in Women

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women, positive and consistent determinants of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) include higher self-efficacy, self-rated health and intentions, and perceived behavioral control, according to a review published online July 28 in Obesity Reviews.

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Water-Based Ai Chi Program Beneficial in Fibromyalgia

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A water-based Ai Chi program is associated with improvements in quality of life for women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), according to a study published online July 26 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Western Diet May Contribute to Dense Breasts

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight and obese women who eat a Western diet may develop more dense breast tissue, possibly increasing their risk for breast cancer, according to research published in the September issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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Many Americans Exposed to Toxic Chemicals in Drinking Water

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The levels of polyfluoroalkyl and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in drinking water exceed government-recommended safety levels for at least six million people in the United States, according to a report published online Aug. 9 in Environmental Science & Technology Letters.

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Low Initial Dose, No Refills Can Help Prevent Opioid Dependency

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who are first-time users of opioids should be prescribed a small dose without refills to reduce the risk of long-term use and possible addiction, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Need for Medical Care Offers Chance to Aid Trafficking Victims

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Injuries and illness requiring medical care present an opportunity for health care professionals to provide assistance to trafficked persons, according to an article published online Aug. 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Recs Developed for Neoadjuvant Chemo in Ovarian Cancer

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines have been developed for neoadjuvant chemotherapy use for newly diagnosed, advanced ovarian cancer. The clinical practice guideline was published online Aug. 8 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Soy Isoflavones Beneficial in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), soy isoflavones improve metabolic status, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Estrogen-Containing Contraception May Up Vit D Level

MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Current use of an estrogen-containing contraceptive is associated with an increase in 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D), according to a study published online Aug. 4 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Distress Over False-Positive Cystic Fibrosis Screen Not Lasting

MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mothers of infants with false-positive (FP) newborn bloodspot screening (NBS) results for cystic fibrosis (CF) report immediate distress, although these concerns are not reflected in psychosocial response measures, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in Pediatrics.

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Communication Challenges ID'd in Neonatal Encephalopathy

MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Three themes have been identified as communication challenges in neonatal encephalopathy and therapeutic hypothermia, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in Pediatrics.

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Braided Suture Linked to Adverse Outcomes in Cervical Cerclage

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women with short cervical length undergoing cervical cerclage, braided suture induces a persistent shift toward vaginal microbiome dysbiosis, and is associated with increased intrauterine death and preterm birth compared with monofilament suture, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in Science Translational Medicine.

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Animal Studies Show Path for Zika Virus Vaccine in Humans

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Three vaccine platforms have demonstrated protective efficacy against Zika virus (ZIKV) challenge in rhesus monkeys, according to research published online Aug. 4 in Science.

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Soy Isoflavone May Improve Bone Health Post Menopause

THURSDAY, Aug. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women, soy isoflavone supplementation is associated with improvement in bone health, according to a study published online July 28 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Prolonged Detection of Zika RNA Reported in Pregnant Women

THURSDAY, Aug. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Prolonged detection of Zika virus RNA has been documented in five pregnant women, according to research published online July 29 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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'Microhospitals' Can Provide Quicker Access to Care

THURSDAY, Aug. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Some health care systems are opening tiny hospitals which provide comprehensive emergency services but may have fewer than a dozen inpatient beds, according to a report published by Kaiser Health News.

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Proinflammatory Response in Women With Vaginal Mesh

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women with vaginal mesh with complications have a significantly increased proinflammatory response, according to a study published in the August issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Opioid-Related Insurance Claims Rise 3,000 Percent

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of private health insurance claims for Americans addicted to opioids and heroin rose 3,203 percent from 2007 to 2014, according to a Fair Health report.

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Overweight/Obesity Up Incidence of Hand, Hip, Knee Osteoarthritis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of hand, hip, and knee osteoarthritis (OA) increases with overweight and obesity, particularly in the knee, according to a study published in the August issue of Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Mortality Up With Impaired Glucose Tolerance

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) face an increased risk of mortality, with much of the increased risk of mortality associated with progression to type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 13 in Diabetes Care.

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USPSTF Recommends Against Screening for Genital Herpes

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against routine serologic screening for genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection in adolescents and adults who are asymptomatic, including pregnant women. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Aug. 2 by the USPSTF.

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High Doses of Omega-3s May Help Healing After Acute MI

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients who take high doses of omega-3 fatty acids for six months show improved heart function and less scarring, according to a study published in the Aug. 2 issue of Circulation.

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Bleeding Risk Up With Aspirin After Lower GI Bleeding

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with a history of lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, continuation of aspirin is associated with increased risk of recurrent bleeding, but reduced risk of cardiovascular events and death, according to a study published in the August issue of Gastroenterology.

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Surgical Trainee Involvement Tied to Peri-Op Complications

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The correlation between trainee participation in benign hysterectomy and perioperative complications is influenced by surgical approach, according to a study published in the August issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Locally-Transmitted Zika Infection Count in Miami Up to 14

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of local transmissions of the Zika virus in South Florida has apparently increased to 14, Gov. Rick Scott said Monday.

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High Animal Protein Intake Tied to Higher Risk of Early Mortality

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People who get more of their protein from plant sources have an overall lower mortality risk than those who consume more animal protein, according to research published online Aug. 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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August Designated National Immunization Awareness Month

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In order to remind adults of the importance of immunizations throughout life, August is being recognized as National Immunization Awareness Month, according to a report from the American College of Physicians (ACP).

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ASBS: Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomy Discouraged

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy should generally be discouraged in average-risk women, whose chances of developing breast cancer in the healthy breast are only 0.1 to 0.6 percent a year, according to a new American Society of Breast Surgeons position statement published online July 28 in the Annals of Surgical Oncology.

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European Countries Implementing Cost-Sharing

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- European health systems are requiring an increase in cost-sharing measures for patients 50 years of age and older, according to research published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Increasing Prevalence of Obesity in Cancer Survivors

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 1997 to 2014 the estimated rate of annual increase in obesity prevalence was higher for adults with a history of cancer, according to a study published online July 25 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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