August 2016 Briefing - Nursing

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for August 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Ebola Virus Lingers in Semen Longer Than Expected

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Ebola virus stays present in semen longer than previously thought, and is more likely to be found in older men, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in The Lancet Global Health.

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Sexual Health Often Suffers in Younger Patients Post-MI

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- After an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), many younger adults experience sexual difficulties -- and women more so than men, according to research published online Aug. 31 in JAMA Cardiology.

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FDA Approves Biosimilar Drug Erelzi for Rheumatoid Arthritis

THURSDAY, Sept. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new biological drug to treat rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory diseases has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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TBC1D4 Mutation Common in North American Inuit

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-quarter of Canadian and Alaskan Inuit have the TBC1D4 mutation resulting in elevated postprandial glucose, and those with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes have increased risk of remaining undiagnosed, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Diabetes Care.

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Optimism, Cynical Hostility Influence Fall Risk in Women

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Optimism is associated with a decreased fall risk and cynical hostility with an increased fall risk for women, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Body Mass Index, Fat Percentage Predict Menses Resumption

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with a history of anorexia nervosa, both body mass index and fat percentage can predict resumption of the menstrual cycle, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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ACA Is Helping More Americans Afford Prescriptions

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Though a growing number of Americans are able to afford prescription medications, millions still have difficulty, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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9/11 Responders May Be at Higher Risk for Early Dementia

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) experienced by many rescuers and other first responders of 9/11 now appears linked to cognitive impairment and dementia, according to a report published online Aug. 18 in Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring.

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First Case of Zika-Associated Sensory Polyneuropathy Reported

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a case report published online Aug. 21 in the Journal of Neurological Sciences, researchers confirm the first case of Zika-associated sensory polyneuropathy in an adult male.

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Researchers Investigate Three Drugs That Might Fight Zika

TUESDAY, Aug. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Three already existing drugs may offer pregnant women and their developing fetuses protection against the damaging effects of Zika virus, according to a new multicenter study published online Aug. 29 in Nature Medicine.

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Many Cases of Depression in Adults Not Being Treated

TUESDAY, Aug. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many American adults who suffer from depression aren't getting treatment, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Older MI Survivors Have High Event Risk Over Long Term

TUESDAY, Aug. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Older myocardial infarction (MI) survivors have long-term elevated risks of mortality and cardiovascular events, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in Cardiovascular Therapeutics.

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Maintaining Body Weight Linked to Reduced Costs in T2DM

TUESDAY, Aug. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, maintaining body weight is associated with a reduction in medical care costs, while weight gain is associated with variable cost increases depending on the hemoglobin A1C level, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Diabetes Care.

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Review: PCPs Have Critical Role in ID of Pediatric Thyroid Disease

TUESDAY, Aug. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care physicians play an important role in identifying thyroid disease in children and adolescents, according to a review published online Aug. 29 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Caregiver Well-Being Linked to Quality of Cancer Patient Care

TUESDAY, Aug. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Informal caregiver well-being is associated with patient-perceived quality of care (QOC), according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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AAP Survey Finds More Parents Are Refusing Vaccines

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a survey conducted in 2013, 87.0 percent of pediatricians said they had encountered vaccine refusals, an increase from the 74.5 percent who reported refusals during the last survey in 2006. The new survey results were published online Aug. 29 in Pediatrics.

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Intranasal Steroids Underused in Chronic Rhinosinusitis

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For adult patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), topical intranasal steroid therapy is underused, with an overall rate of utilization of 20.1 per 100 patients, according to research published online Aug. 25 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Adults With CVD Have Gaps in Secondhand Smoke Knowledge

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Low-income adults with cardiovascular disease have considerable gaps in knowledge relating to secondhand smoke (SHS), according to a study published online Aug. 25 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Nighttime Sleep Disturbance Common in Chronic Pain

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals suffering from chronic pain frequently have nighttime sleep disturbance, and it might be exacerbated by opioid treatment, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Anaesthesia.

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Ezetimibe Plus Rosuvastatin Bests Rosuvastatin Alone

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with primary hypercholesterolemia, fixed-dose combination of ezetimibe plus rosuvastatin is more effective than rosuvastatin alone, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Cardiovascular Therapeutics.

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Best Practices Developed for Managing Peds Celiac Disease

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Best practices have been developed for managing children with celiac disease (CD), according to a special article published online Aug. 26 in Pediatrics.

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Delirium-Related Training Inadequate for ICU Staff

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Training related to delirium is inadequate for intensive care unit (ICU) health care professionals, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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No Impact of Medicaid Expansion on Hospital LOS, Mortality

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- State Medicaid expansion as part of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is not associated with length of stay (LOS) or in-hospital mortality among general medicine patients, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Heat Illness Risk Highest in Early Preseason College Football

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- College football players face greatest risk for exertional heat illness (EHI) during the start of preseason play, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in the Journal of Athletic Training.

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Patients Lacking Straight Answers on Safety of E-Cigarettes

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors disagree on the best way to answer patient questions about electronic cigarettes, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Bronchiolitis Plus Gene Variant Raises Asthma Risk in Children

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A common genetic variation significantly increases the odds of asthma in children who've had a severe respiratory illness at a young age, according to research published online Aug. 24 in PLOS ONE.

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CDC: Synthetic Fentanyl a Major Factor in Opioid Overdose Deaths

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Deaths from overdoses of illicitly manufactured fentanyl have increased significantly in recent years, according to research published in the Aug. 26 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Coronary Artery Calcium Increased in Psoriasis Patients

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Increased coronary artery calcium, indicative of asymptomatic coronary atherosclerosis, is apparent in patients with psoriasis, and similar to that seen in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Gliclazide Has Lowest Risk of Hypoglycemia of Newer SUs

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Of the newer generation sulfonylureas (SUs), gliclazide is associated with the lowest risk of hypoglycemia when added to metformin, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis published online Aug. 3 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Major Depressive Disorder Ups Acute MI Risk in HIV-Infected

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For HIV-infected adults, major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), according to a study published online Aug. 24 in JAMA Cardiology.

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In-Hospital Mortality Up With Weekend Admission in NSTEMI

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), weekend admission is associated with increased in-hospital mortality, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Most Clinicians Report That Sleep Quality in ICU Is Poor

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Most clinicians believe that sleep in the intensive care unit (ICU) is poor and that poor sleep adversely affects patient outcomes, according to a study published in the August issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Plain Radiography Can ID Changes in Gouty Tophi Size

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with tophaceous gout, plain radiography can assess response to hypouricemic treatment, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Intussusception Hospitalization Rate Up at Age 8 to 11 Weeks

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Children aged 8 to 11 weeks have an increased rate of intussusception hospitalization after introduction of rotavirus vaccine, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Pediatrics.

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IARC: Absence of Excess Body Fat Lowers Risk of Many Cancers

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Excess weight is linked to risk of developing at least eight types of cancer, according to a report published in the Aug. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Bariatric Surgery May Increase Odds of Premature Birth

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women who've had bariatric surgery may have increased odds for premature delivery, according to a research letter published in the Aug. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Circulating Biomarkers May Be Indicative of Stroke Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In the future, a simple blood test might gauge a patient's odds of incident ischemic stroke (IIS), according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Neurology.

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Cardiovascular Disease Risk Up in Late-Onset Asthma Patients

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Late-onset asthma may increase risk for incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Cancer Replaces CVD As Leading Cause of Death in 22 States

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The gap between heart disease and the second-leading cause of death, cancer, has been narrowing since 1968, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Higher Incidence of Edema With Bacteriuria in C1-INH-HAE

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hereditary angioedema due to C1-inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH-HAE), those with bacteriuria have a higher number of edematous attacks, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Allergy.

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Trans-Obturator Tape Cost-Effective for Urinary Incontinence

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women with stress urinary incontinence, use of trans-obturator tape (TOT) is cost-effective compared with tension-free vaginal tape (TVT), according to a study published online Aug. 10 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Vonoprazan-Based Triple Tx Feasible for H. pylori

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The potassium-competitive acid blocker vonoprazan-based triple therapy seems safe and effective compared with conventional proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-based triple therapy as first-line treatment against Helicobacter pylori, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in the Journal of Digestive Diseases.

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Posttraumatic Growth for Parents Post-NICU 'Under-Evaluated'

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For parents of infants previously hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), posttraumatic growth (PTG) is related to factors such as posttraumatic stress symptoms, positive reinterpretation and growth, and infant survival, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Decision Support Tools Cut CT Use in Pediatric Appendicitis Workup

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For pediatric patients, passive and active decision support tools can reduce unnecessary computed tomography (CT) imaging among pediatric patients undergoing workup for appendicitis, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in Pediatrics.

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Steep Rise in U.S. Drug Prices Tied to Patent Monopolies

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Prescription drug prices are skyrocketing in the United States due in large part to government regulations, according to a study published in the Aug. 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Even Mild TBI in Childhood Can Have Long-Term Adverse Effects

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Children and adolescents who suffer even mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) are more likely to have serious issues later on, including psychiatric disorders and premature death, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in PLOS Medicine.

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Metformin May Help Treatment-Associated Weight Gain in ASD

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Metformin may be effective in decreasing weight gain associated with atypical antipsychotic use in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a study published online Aug. 24 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Genetics May Help Identify Infection in Febrile Infants

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A quick genetic test might one day help doctors determine within hours whether an infant's fever is from a virus or a serious bacterial infection, according to two studies published in the Aug. 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC Urges Prevention, Early Recognition of Sepsis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many cases of life-threatening sepsis could be recognized and treated long before they cause severe illness or death, according to an Aug. 23 Vital Signs report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Medication-Assisted Treatment Underused in Teen Opioid Addicts

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Resources should be increased to promote use of medication-assisted treatment of opioid addicted adolescents and young adults, according to a policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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ACOG Addresses Thrombocytopenia in Pregnancy

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Thrombocytopenia is common in pregnancy and can have causes that are serious medical disorders, with potential for maternal and fetal morbidity, according to a Practice Bulletin published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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A-Fib Tied to Adverse Outcomes in Patients Undergoing PCI

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with in-hospital adverse outcomes, according to a study published in the Aug. 30 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Review: Frailty Status May Predict Outcome After Cardiac Surgery

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Frailty status may be able to predict outcome in older adults undergoing cardiac surgical procedures, although the quality of evidence is variable, according to a review published online Aug. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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For Those With T1D, More Former Smokers in U.S. Than Europe

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), there are more former smokers in the United States than in Europe, according to research published online Aug. 16 in Diabetes Care.

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Two Variants ID Cardiovascular Effect of Intensive Glycemic Tx

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Two genetic variants predict the cardiovascular effect of intensive glycemic control in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial, according to research published online Aug. 15 in Diabetes Care.

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Donor Fecal Microbiota Transplant Effective for C. difficile Infection

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), donor fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is safe and more efficacious than autologous FMT, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Success, Safety Up for ART With Elective Single Embryo Transfer

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An updated Committee Opinion urges providers of assisted reproductive technology (ART) to do everything possible to reduce the likelihood of a multifetal pregnancy. The report is published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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CDC: Breastfeeding Rates on the Rise in the United States

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Even though most new mothers in the United States begin breastfeeding their infants at birth, many stop sooner than recommended, according to the 2016 Breastfeeding Report Card from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Imaging Shows Zika-Linked Congenital Brain Abnormalities

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Imaging is revealing a wide variety of brain defects, eye defects, hearing issues, and stunted growth in newborns whose mothers were infected with the Zika virus, according to the special report published online Aug. 23 in Radiology.

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Children Shouldn't Consume More Than 6 Tsp of Added Sugars a Day

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Children and teens should consume no more than 6 teaspoons of added sugars a day, a new American Heart Association (AHA) statement advises. The statement, published online Aug. 22 in Circulation, is based on a review of available scientific research on how sugar affects children's health.

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Pudendal Nerve Entrapment Can Lead to Eating Disorder

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pudendal nerve entrapment (PNE) leading to avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) has been described in a case report published online Aug. 19 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Disease-Guided Approach Ups Specificity of Statin Treatment

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A disease-guided approach to statin eligibility can improve treatment specificity, according to a study published in the Aug. 30 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Metformin Linked to Increased Risk of Acute Dialysis in T2DM

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, metformin is associated with about a 50 percent increase in the risk of acute dialysis compared to sulfonylureas, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Benefits, Harms of Breast Cancer Screening Vary With Risk, Density

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women aged 50 years and older, benefits and harms of breast cancer screening vary with risk and breast density for all screening intervals, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Obesity Rates Higher Than Expected in Teen Athletes

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Student-athletes have similar rates of obesity and high blood pressure as non-athletes, according to research published online Aug. 17 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Repeated Antibiotic Use in Children May Contribute to T1DM

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Repeated treatments with antibiotics have been linked to the development of type 1 diabetes in mice, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Nature Microbiology.

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Focusing on Health Helps Curb Obesity, Eating Disorders in Teens

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- When teenagers are overweight, parents and doctors should encourage a healthy lifestyle rather than focus on the number on the scale, according to new guidelines issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Postnatal Steroids Tied to Higher Ocular Risk for Premature Infants

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Postnatal corticosteroid use may increase premature infants' risk of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), according to research published recently in the Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus.

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Opt-Out Provisions Up Parent Support for HPV Requirement

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Opt-out provisions increase parental support for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine school-entry requirements, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in Cancer, Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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CDC Updates Guidance on Infants With Congenital Zika

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released updated interim clinical guidance for health care providers caring for infants born to mothers with possible Zika infection during pregnancy.

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Slight Decline in U.S. Prevalence of Latent TB From 2000 to 2011

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2011 there was a slight decline in the prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in the United States, according to a study published in the Aug. 15 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Testosterone Solution Found Safe, Effective for Hypogonadal Men

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Once-daily 2 percent testosterone solution (T-sol) is safe and effective for sex drive and energy in hypogonadal men, according to a study published online in The Journal of Urology.

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Postpartum Depression Can Be ID'd During Infant Hospitalization

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Postpartum depression screening conducted during infant hospitalization can identify depression among previously unscreened women, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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ACA Has Increased Rx Drug Use, Cut Out-of-Pocket Spending

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has increased prescription use and reduced out-of-pocket spending, according to a report published online Aug. 17 in Health Affairs.

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Albuminuria Linked to Higher Nighttime SBP in Hypertension

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hypertension, albuminuria is associated with higher nighttime systolic blood pressure (SBP), according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Barrier-Specific Care Significantly Improves Glycemic Control

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, barrier categories to glycemic control include psychological/support, socioeconomic, and accessibility, and addressing these barriers improves glycemic control, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Modified Checklist With Follow-Up Valid for Autism in Toddlers

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) with Follow-up Interview (M-CHAT/F), which can be administered by minimally trained primary care physicians (PCPs) is valid and reliable, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in Pediatrics.

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Novel Technique Feasible for Clean-Catch Urine in Infants

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new noninvasive bladder stimulation technique can obtain clean-catch urine (CCU) in infants aged younger than 90 days, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in Pediatrics.

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Post-Op Doctor Shopping for One in Four With Nephrolithiasis

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Postoperative doctor shopping occurs in about one-quarter of patients with nephrolithiasis undergoing ureteroscopy, according to research published in the September issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Inadequate Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Group B Strep Is Common

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Inadequate intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for group B streptococci (GBS) is common, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Five Local Zika Cases Now Confirmed in Miami Beach

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Florida Gov. Rick Scott confirmed on Friday that local transmission of the Zika virus has occurred in Miami Beach, with a total of five cases reported so far.

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Oily Fish Consumption May Ward Off Diabetic Retinopathy

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with diabetes, two servings of fatty fish a week may be enough to lower their risk of diabetic retinopathy, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Coronary Heart Disease Risk Up in Patients With Gallstones

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with history of gallstone disease may have a slightly increased risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD), according to research published online Aug. 18 in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology.

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Diet in Pregnancy Could Affect Odds of ADHD in Offspring

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An unhealthy diet during pregnancy could influence a child's risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study published online Aug. 18 in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

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USPSTF Ruling Followed by Fall in Early Prostate Cancer Diagnoses

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Diagnoses of early prostate cancer continue to decline in the United States, following the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation against routine screening, according to a research letter published online Aug. 18 in JAMA Oncology.

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Glycolic Peel Enhances Azelaic Acid in Melasma Treatment

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Glycolic acid (GA) peel enhances the therapeutic efficacy of topical azelaic acid (AA) cream for treatment of melasma, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

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Both Concomitant, Sequential Treatment Effective for H. pylori

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Both concomitant therapy and sequential therapy achieve high eradication rates as the first-line therapy for Helicobacter pylori in areas with high rates of clarithromycin resistance, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Cardiac Arrest In-Hospital Death Down in Teaching Hospitals

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with cardiac arrest (CA), teaching hospital status is associated with decreased in-hospital mortality, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Research Offers Insight Into Zika Virus Transmission to Placenta

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Primary human placental macrophages, known as Hofbauer cells, and placental villous fibroblasts are susceptible to infection by Zika virus, according to research published online Aug. 18 in JCI Insight.

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Antimicrobial Tx Duration Often Exceeds Recommendations

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Antimicrobials are often prescribed for a longer duration than recommended in guidelines, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Better Overnight Glucose Levels With Closed-Loop Tx in T1DM

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For pregnant women with type 1 diabetes, closed-loop therapy is associated with a greater percentage of time that overnight glucose levels are in the target range, compared with sensor-augmented pump therapy, according to a study published in the Aug. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Monogenic Forms of Diabetes Can Occur in Preterm Infants

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Monogenic forms of diabetes can occur in preterm infants, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in Pediatrics.

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Patients Still Risking Eye Damage With Poor Contact Lens Care

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Unsafe use of contact lenses is triggering serious eye injuries for many Americans, according to research published in the Aug. 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Treating Peanut Allergy Early in Childhood Yields Best Results

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Oral immunotherapy for peanut allergies may work better if it's given to children earlier, even as young as 9 months, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Calcium Supplements Tied to Dementia Risk in Older Women

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Taking calcium supplements to prevent osteoporosis may raise an older woman's risk of dementia, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in Neurology.

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Depression Often Seen in Patients Discharged From ICU

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A significant number of former intensive care unit (ICU) patients experience depression, according to a review published in the September issue of Critical Care Medicine.

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Anemia Tied to Increased Mortality Risk Following Stroke

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Anemia may increase mortality risk for older stroke patients, according to research published online Aug. 17 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Diabetes Linked to Increased CVD, Cancer, Other Mortality

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes is associated with increased mortality from cardiovascular disease, cancer, and noncardiovascular noncancer causes, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in Diabetes Care.

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Legal Issues Impact Delivery of Telehealth

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Telehealth technologies can allow delivery of high-quality care at a lower cost, especially in underserved areas, but there is currently no uniform legal approach to telehealth, hampering its provision, according to a Health Policy Brief published online Aug. 15 in Health Affairs.

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Full Med Adherence Reduces Costs for Patients With CVD

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Full adherence to guideline-recommended therapies is associated with a reduced rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and cost savings, according to a study published in the Aug. 23 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Sociodemographic Factors Affect Prostate CA Treatment Initiation

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For men with low-risk prostate cancer undergoing active surveillance, sociodemographic factors are associated with initiation of active treatment, according to a study published in the September issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Antipsychotic Use Doesn't Up Congenital Malformations

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of antipsychotics (APs) in pregnancy does not appear to increase the risk for congenital malformations, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Women Abused As Children Appear to Have Shorter Lifespans

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women who suffered physical or emotional abuse as children often die at a younger age than other women, according to research published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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β-Blockers Not Always Indicated for PCI Patients

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians might be overprescribing β-blocker medications to heart patients, according to research published in the Aug. 22 issue of JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

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Acetaminophen Appears Safe for Children With Mild Asthma

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Acetaminophen does not worsen asthma symptoms in young children, according to a study published in the Aug. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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PCSK9 Inhibitor Use Not Found to Be Cost-Effective

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) or atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor use is not cost-effective, according to a study published in the Aug. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Early Intensification of Tx Speeds Attainment of A1C Goals

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, early intensification of therapy after metformin failure is associated with more rapid attainment of hemoglobin A1c (A1C) goals, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in Diabetes Care.

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Antenatal Steroids Don't Cut Morbidity in Preterm Twins

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Antenatal administration of corticosteroids is not associated with a reduction in the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm twins, according to research published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Physician Under-Recognition of Angina Often Occurs

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians frequently under-recognize angina in their patients with coronary artery disease, with under-recognition more likely for patients with heart failure and less-frequent angina, according to research published online Aug. 16 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Season, Region of Birth May Influence Celiac Disease Risk

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Where and when children are born may affect their risk for celiac disease, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

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Duration of Adult Obesity Affects Cancer Risk in Women

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The longer a woman is overweight, the higher her risk of several cancers, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in PLOS Medicine.

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Residents Often Order Perceived Unnecessary Lab Tests

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Residents frequently order perceived unnecessary inpatient laboratory tests, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Physician-Perceived Frailty Tied to Warfarin Discontinuation

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physician-perceived frailty and low life expectancy are the main reasons for warfarin discontinuation in elderly patients, according to a study published online July 29 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Large Trial Proposed to Compare HCTZ, Chlorthalidone

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A large randomized trial is being developed to compare the effectiveness of hydrochlorothiazide with chlorthalidone in Veterans Affairs (VA) patients, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online Aug. 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Feeding Tube Use Down in Patients With Advanced Dementia

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The use of feeding tubes for nursing home patients with advanced dementia is declining, according to a research letter published in the Aug. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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More Evidence Paying Smokers to Quit May Work

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Financial incentives may boost smoking cessation rates, according to a study published in the Aug. 23 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Thrombocytopenia Up With Use of Phosphate-Buffered Tirofiban

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute coronary syndrome, phosphate-buffered tirofiban, but not citrate-buffered tirofiban, is associated with an increased risk of thrombocytopenia, according to a study published in the Aug. 22 issue of JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

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Antimicrobial Resistance to Carbapenems Increasing

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Antimicrobial resistance to carbapenems has increased, and consumption of antibiotics, especially carbapenems, is associated with antimicrobial resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Up in U.S. Since 1979

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has increased considerably over time in the United States, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

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Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine No Better Than Inactivated

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Immunizing children with intranasal live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) does not appear to provide better protection against influenza than inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV), according to a study published online Aug. 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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DASH Diet May Be Beneficial for Gout Patients

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet may offer a non-drug treatment for gout, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Refugees Have Different Perceptions of Child Development

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Refugees have different perceptions regarding child development, which may influence recognition of developmental concerns, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Cancer Now Leading Cause of Death in Some European Nations

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer has overtaken cardiovascular disease (CVD) as the leading cause of death in 12 European countries, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in the European Heart Journal.

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Taking Acetaminophen While Pregnant May Raise Risk of ADHD

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women who take acetaminophen might raise the risk that their child will develop behavioral problems such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to research published online Aug. 15 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Too Many Infants Still Sleeping in Unsafe Positions

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Despite decades of warnings from the "Back to Sleep" campaign, many parents are still putting their infants to sleep in ways that raise the risk of sudden infant death syndrome, according to research published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Topical Timolol Effective, Safe for Infantile Hemangioma

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with infantile hemangioma (IH), topical timolol maleate is effective and safe, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Physical Function Tied to Clinical, Subclinical Neurological Disease

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physical function is associated with clinical and subclinical brain disease, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

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Unstable Vital Signs for About One in Five Hospital Discharges

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among adults with a hospitalization, vital sign instability on discharge is associated with increased risk of 30-day mortality and readmission, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Female Oncologists Report More Grief Responses, Burnout

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Female oncologists report more grief responses to patient death, more emotional distress, and more burnout than male oncologists, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Cancer.

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Liraglutide Added to Capped Insulin Reduces Hemoglobin A1c

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Liraglutide added to capped insulin is associated with reductions in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), body weight, and insulin requirements, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in Diabetes Care.

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Similar Outcomes for Group, Traditional Prenatal Care

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to traditional prenatal care, group prenatal care is associated with similar rates of preterm birth, neonatal intensive care unit admission, and breastfeeding, according to a review published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Onsite Tests Have High Specificity for Bacteriuria

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Onsite tests have high specificity for detecting asymptomatic bacteriuria among pregnant women, but sensitivity is lower, according to a review published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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RSV Found in Aerosol Particles Surrounding Infants With RSV

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Infants with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-positive bronchiolitis produce large numbers of aerosol particles containing RSV that remain infectious for a significant length of time, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Review Links Anxiety Disorders to Risk of Cardiovascular Events

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Anxiety disorders are associated with a range of cardiovascular events, according to a meta-analysis published in the Aug. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Zika Virus Proteins NS4A, NS4B Associated With Microcephaly

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Zika virus contains 10 proteins, but only two -- NS4A and NS4B -- are linked to microcephaly, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Cell Stem Cell.

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Hand Hygiene Program Improves Hygiene Compliance

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a hand hygiene program can improve compliance with hand hygiene and reduce health-care-associated infections (HAIs), according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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Grapefruit-Midazolam Interaction Varies With Juice Characteristics

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The interaction between grapefruit juice and midazolam varies based on grapefruit juice-related characteristics such as the amount of furanocoumarin, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Topical Iodine Can Cause Overestimation of Blood Glucose

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of topical iodine can cause overestimation of blood glucose (BG) readings, according to a case report published online Aug. 8 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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One-Third of Patients Don't Retain Important Warfarin Info

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Just over two-thirds of patients retain an "acceptable" amount of key information following warfarin counseling, according to a small study published online Aug. 6 in the Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research.

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Rosacea Tied to Higher Risk of GI Diseases

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Rosacea is associated with increased risk of some gastrointestinal diseases, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Considerable Health Care System Burden for Undiagnosed COPD

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The overall health system burden of exacerbations in patients with undiagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is considerable, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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2013 Saw 1.7 Million Home Visits From Primary Care Doctors

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In 2013, about 5,000 primary care providers made about 1.7 million home-based medical visits, according to research published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Psychological Toll of Infertility Often Ignored

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients undergoing fertility treatment often suffer symptoms of depression or anxiety, but few get any formal help, according to research published in the July issue of Fertility and Sterility.

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Frozen Embryos May Outperform Fresh for Women With PCOS

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women with polycystic ovary syndrome seeking infertility treatment, the use of frozen embryos rather than fresh appears to improve the chances for a successful pregnancy, according to a study published in the Aug. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Tx Response No Different for Migalastat, Placebo in Fabry's

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with Fabry's disease, the percentage of patients with response at six months does not differ for those treated with the oral pharmacologic chaperone migalastat or with placebo, according to a study published in the Aug. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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CA-125 Strategy Cuts Death, Readmission in Heart Failure

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients discharged with acute heart failure (AHF), antigen carbohydrate 125-guided therapy (CA125-strategy) is associated with a significant reduction in the risk of one-year death or readmission for AHF, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in JACC: Heart Failure.

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Polyethylene Glycol 3350 Doesn't Cut Time to Bowel Movement

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women undergoing urogynecologic surgery, addition of polyethylene glycol 3350 (PEG3350) to docusate sodium does not reduce the time to first bowel movement, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Stepwise Program Can Reduce Diabetes Incidence

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A culturally-tailored stepwise diabetes prevention program can reduce incidence of diabetes among overweight/obese Asian Indian adults, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in Diabetes Care.

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About Half of Older ICU Survivors Have Functional Recovery

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- About half of older intensive care unit (ICU) survivors have functional recovery within six months, with higher body mass index and functional self-efficacy associated with recovery, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Resistant Hypertension Linked to Increased Risk of Sleep Apnea

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among adults with hypertension, resistant hypertension (RH) is associated with increased risk of sleep apnea, according to a study published online July 18 in Respirology.

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Alitretinoin Cuts Chronic Hand Eczema Severity

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Alitretinoin treatment aids in normalizing expression of barrier genes and proteins in patients with chronic hand eczema (CHE), according to a study published online Aug. 2 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Florida Reports Four More Cases of Local Zika Infection in Miami

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Four more cases of Zika infection that were likely spread through mosquito bites have been reported in the Miami area, bringing the total count of cases to 21, Florida Gov. Rick Scott said Tuesday.

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Suicide Rate Increased in Patients With Serious Infections

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients hospitalized for serious infections may face an increased risk of suicide, according to research published online Aug. 10 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Risk of Post-Op Opioid Abuse Deemed Low for Elderly Patients

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Opioid abuse arises in only a very small fraction -- less than half of 1 percent -- of cases involving surgical patients aged 65 or older, according to a research letter published online Aug. 10 in JAMA Surgery.

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Many U.S. Hospitals Offer Language Services

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 68.8 percent of hospitals offer language services, with the proportion increasing with level of need, according to research published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Zika May Be Responsible for Arthrogryposis in Newborns

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Zika virus may be the cause of joint deformities in the arms and legs of newborns (arthrogryposis), according to a report published online Aug. 9 in The BMJ.

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Counterfeit Alprazolam Cut With Fentanyl Can Be Fatal

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- At least one San Francisco-area individual died and eight more were treated in the emergency department in late 2015 after taking counterfeit alprazolam (Xanax) tablets that had been cut with fentanyl, according to a case report published online Aug. 8 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Water-Based Ai Chi Program Beneficial in Fibromyalgia

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A water-based Ai Chi program is associated with improvements in quality of life for women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), according to a study published online July 26 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Modest Changes in Practice for High-Sensitivity TnT Reporting

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain, high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) reporting is associated with modest changes in practice, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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No Recent Change in Prevalence of Diabetic Kidney Disease

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 1988 to 2014 there was no change in the overall prevalence of diabetic kidney disease, according to a study published in the Aug. 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Many Patients Don't Reach Target Dose of Atomoxetine

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of patients receiving atomoxetine (ATX), especially those receiving ATX monotherapy, do not reach the recommended dose of 80 mg/day (ATX ≥80), according to a study published online July 31 in CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics.

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Review IDs Determinants of Physical Activity in Women

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women, positive and consistent determinants of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) include higher self-efficacy, self-rated health and intentions, and perceived behavioral control, according to a review published online July 28 in Obesity Reviews.

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Dermatopathology More Common in Crohn's Than Ulcerative Colitis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cutaneous manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) should be considered when reviewing unexplained skin lesions, particularly in patients with Crohn's disease (CD), according to research published online Aug. 6 in the Journal of Cutaneous Pathology.

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USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Lipid Screening in Children, Teens

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has concluded that the evidence is currently insufficient to weigh the balance of benefits and harms of screening for lipid disorders in children and adolescents (aged 20 years or younger). These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the Aug. 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Addition of Dapagliflozin Improves Glycemia in T1DM

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), the addition of dapagliflozin to insulin and liraglutide is associated with significant improvement in glycemia and weight loss, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism .

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Western Diet May Contribute to Dense Breasts

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight and obese women who eat a Western diet may develop more dense breast tissue, possibly increasing their risk for breast cancer, according to research published in the September issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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Low Initial Dose, No Refills Can Help Prevent Opioid Dependency

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who are first-time users of opioids should be prescribed a small dose without refills to reduce the risk of long-term use and possible addiction, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Many Americans Exposed to Toxic Chemicals in Drinking Water

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The levels of polyfluoroalkyl and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in drinking water exceed government-recommended safety levels for at least six million people in the United States, according to a report published online Aug. 9 in Environmental Science & Technology Letters.

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Need for Medical Care Offers Chance to Aid Trafficking Victims

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Injuries and illness requiring medical care present an opportunity for health care professionals to provide assistance to trafficked persons, according to an article published online Aug. 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Active Life Expectancy Varies for Older Blacks, Whites

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Life expectancy has increased for older whites and blacks, but blacks, especially women, have a smaller percentage of remaining life spent active, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Contemporary ECG Criteria Cuts Costs of Screening Athletes

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Contemporary electrocardiographic (ECG) screening criteria can reduce the costs of screening of athletes, according to a study published in the Aug. 16 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Soy Isoflavones Beneficial in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), soy isoflavones improve metabolic status, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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hs-CRP Predicts Depression Treatment Response in T1DM

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Higher baseline high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is associated with less treatment-linked improvement in depression in patients with type 1 diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in Diabetes Care.

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Many Still Prescribe Concomitant (Es)omeprazole, Clopidogrel

MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Advice of regulatory authorities released in 2009 and 2010 regarding safety concerns for concomitant use of clopidogrel and certain proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) was partially followed, according to a study published in the August issue of Pharmacology Research & Perspectives.

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FDA Approves First Generic Version of Tamiflu

MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The first generic version of the flu medication Tamiflu has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Communication Challenges ID'd in Neonatal Encephalopathy

MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Three themes have been identified as communication challenges in neonatal encephalopathy and therapeutic hypothermia, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in Pediatrics.

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Distress Over False-Positive Cystic Fibrosis Screen Not Lasting

MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mothers of infants with false-positive (FP) newborn bloodspot screening (NBS) results for cystic fibrosis (CF) report immediate distress, although these concerns are not reflected in psychosocial response measures, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in Pediatrics.

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Couple Phone Intervention Ups Glycemic Control for High A1C

MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A collaborative couples telephonic intervention is associated with significant improvement in hemoglobin A1c (A1C) levels, according to a study published online July in Diabetes Care.

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Better Visuo-Motor Skills for Children Playing Video Games

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Children who play video games have significantly better visuo-motor skills, while frequent weekly use is associated with conduct problems, according to a study published online July 27 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Acupuncture May Be Useful in Treatment of Amnestic MCI

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Acupuncture seems to be effective for amnestic mild cognitive impairment (AMCI), according to a meta-analysis published online Aug. 4 in Acupuncture in Medicine.

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ATS Issues Conditional Guidance for Persistent Infantile Wheezing

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A committee sanctioned by the American Thoracic Society has developed conditional guidelines for the diagnostic evaluation of infants with recurrent or persistent wheezing, but more research is needed. The guidelines were published in the Aug. 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Nonsterile Gloves Don't Up Risk of Infection in Minor Skin Sx

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing outpatient cutaneous surgical procedures, use of nonsterile gloves is not associated with increased risk for surgical site infection (SSI), according to a review and meta-analysis published online Aug. 3 in JAMA Dermatology.

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About One-Third Have Symptom Spikes After Peds Concussion

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- About one-third of pediatric patients with concussion experience symptom spikes over the consecutive days, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Animal Studies Show Path for Zika Virus Vaccine in Humans

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Three vaccine platforms have demonstrated protective efficacy against Zika virus (ZIKV) challenge in rhesus monkeys, according to research published online Aug. 4 in Science.

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'Microhospitals' Can Provide Quicker Access to Care

THURSDAY, Aug. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Some health care systems are opening tiny hospitals which provide comprehensive emergency services but may have fewer than a dozen inpatient beds, according to a report published by Kaiser Health News.

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Increase in Evidence-Based Practice for Children With ADHD

THURSDAY, Aug. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More Medicaid-covered children are receiving treatments that conform to practice standards for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), including the use of combined medication and psychotherapy, according to a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Proinflammatory Response in Women With Vaginal Mesh

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women with vaginal mesh with complications have a significantly increased proinflammatory response, according to a study published in the August issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Spending on Compounded Drugs Skyrocketing

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Government spending on compounded drugs has skyrocketed, raising concerns of fraud and overbilling, according to a report published by Kaiser Health News.

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Opioid-Related Insurance Claims Rise 3,000 Percent

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of private health insurance claims for Americans addicted to opioids and heroin rose 3,203 percent from 2007 to 2014, according to a Fair Health report.

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Sickle Cell Trait Doesn't Up Mortality Risk in U.S. Soldiers

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Sickle cell trait is not associated with a higher risk of death than absence of the trait, but it is associated with a significantly increased risk of exertional rhabdomyolysis, according to a study published in the Aug. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Third Dose of MMR Vaccine Can Help Control Mumps Outbreaks

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A third dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine is recommended in cases of mumps outbreak in which transmission is sustained despite high two-dose MMR coverage, according to research published in the July 29 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Standardized Cardiac Telemetry IDs Cardiac Rhythm Change

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An off-site central monitoring unit (CMU) applying standardized cardiac telemetry is associated with detection and notification of cardiac rhythm and rate changes before emergency response team (ERT) activation, according to a study published in the Aug. 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Vasopressin Doesn't Cut Kidney Failure-Free Days in Septic Shock

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among adults with septic shock, early use of vasopressin does not improve the number of kidney failure-free days versus norepinephrine, according to a study published in the Aug. 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Mortality Up With Impaired Glucose Tolerance

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) face an increased risk of mortality, with much of the increased risk of mortality associated with progression to type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 13 in Diabetes Care.

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House Dust Mite Immunotherapy Effective for Allergic Rhinitis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with allergic rhinitis (AR), house dust mite (HDM) sublingual immunotherapy is effective and seems safe, according to a study published online July 29 in Allergy.

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Overweight/Obesity Up Incidence of Hand, Hip, Knee Osteoarthritis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of hand, hip, and knee osteoarthritis (OA) increases with overweight and obesity, particularly in the knee, according to a study published in the August issue of Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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USPSTF Recommends Against Screening for Genital Herpes

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against routine serologic screening for genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection in adolescents and adults who are asymptomatic, including pregnant women. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Aug. 2 by the USPSTF.

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Physician Reviews Approaches to Treating Opioid-Use Disorders

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Different approaches to the treatment of opioid-use disorders are addressed in an article published in the July 28 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Hearing Impairment May Be an Early Indicator of Autism

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A simple hearing test may help identify young children at risk for autism before they're old enough to speak, according to a study published online July 12 in Autism Research.

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High Doses of Omega-3s May Help Healing After Acute MI

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients who take high doses of omega-3 fatty acids for six months show improved heart function and less scarring, according to a study published in the Aug. 2 issue of Circulation.

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Liraglutide Not Beneficial in Advanced Heart Failure

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Liraglutide (Victoza) doesn't appear to improve heart function in patients with advanced heart failure, according to a study published in the Aug. 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Twin Study Questions Link Between Obesity, Heart Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A study of identical twins, published online Aug. 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine, suggests that obesity may not increase the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) or premature death.

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Memories of Delusions in ICU Include Fact, Fiction

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Memories of delusions in the intensive care unit are composed of a mixture of fact and fiction, and are not dependent on the presence of delirium, according to a study published online July 26 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Active Music Therapy Beneficial in Parkinson's Disease

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Active music therapy has beneficial effects in Parkinson's disease (PD), according to a study published online July 26 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Surgical Trainee Involvement Tied to Peri-Op Complications

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The correlation between trainee participation in benign hysterectomy and perioperative complications is influenced by surgical approach, according to a study published in the August issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Bleeding Risk Up With Aspirin After Lower GI Bleeding

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with a history of lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, continuation of aspirin is associated with increased risk of recurrent bleeding, but reduced risk of cardiovascular events and death, according to a study published in the August issue of Gastroenterology.

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Urinary Biomarkers Can Predict Response in Lupus Nephritis

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Low abundance biomarker panels can predict lupus nephritis outcomes, according to research published online July 27 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Predictors ID'd for Switching to Active Tx in Prostate Cancer

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For men with low-risk prostate cancer, factors such as ethnicity influence patient decision to pursue active treatment during active surveillance, according to a study published online in The Journal of Urology.

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Injuries Up As Trampoline Parks Become More Popular

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- As trampoline parks spring up across the United States, injuries to children have also increased, according to research published online Aug. 1 in Pediatrics.

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Most Children With Epilepsy Have Other Health Issues

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 80 percent of children with epilepsy also have other health conditions, such as gastrointestinal disorders and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in Pediatrics.

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High Animal Protein Intake Tied to Higher Risk of Early Mortality

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People who get more of their protein from plant sources have an overall lower mortality risk than those who consume more animal protein, according to research published online Aug. 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Locally-Transmitted Zika Infection Count in Miami Up to 14

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of local transmissions of the Zika virus in South Florida has apparently increased to 14, Gov. Rick Scott said Monday.

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ASBS: Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomy Discouraged

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy should generally be discouraged in average-risk women, whose chances of developing breast cancer in the healthy breast are only 0.1 to 0.6 percent a year, according to a new American Society of Breast Surgeons position statement published online July 28 in the Annals of Surgical Oncology.

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August Designated National Immunization Awareness Month

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In order to remind adults of the importance of immunizations throughout life, August is being recognized as National Immunization Awareness Month, according to a report from the American College of Physicians (ACP).

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Locked Doors May Not Prevent Inpatient Suicide, Absconding

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients in psychiatric wards, treatment on locked wards seems not to prevent suicide, suicide attempts, or absconding, according to a study published online July 28 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Hospitalizations for Heart Failure With Preserved EF Common

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is common among patients hospitalized with acute heart failure, and patients with HFpEF are older, more often female, and frequently have comorbidities, according to a study published in the June issue of The American Journal of Medicine.

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European Countries Implementing Cost-Sharing

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- European health systems are requiring an increase in cost-sharing measures for patients 50 years of age and older, according to research published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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