August 2016 Briefing - Cardiology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for August 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Sexual Health Often Suffers in Younger Patients Post-MI

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- After an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), many younger adults experience sexual difficulties -- and women more so than men, according to research published online Aug. 31 in JAMA Cardiology.

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ACA Is Helping More Americans Afford Prescriptions

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Though a growing number of Americans are able to afford prescription medications, millions still have difficulty, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Older MI Survivors Have High Event Risk Over Long Term

TUESDAY, Aug. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Older myocardial infarction (MI) survivors have long-term elevated risks of mortality and cardiovascular events, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in Cardiovascular Therapeutics.

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CABG Plus Optimal Medical Therapy Best in T2DM and CAD

TUESDAY, Aug. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) plus optimal medical therapy (OMT) is superior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) plus OMT, according to a study published in the Sept. 6 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Sacubitril-Valsartan Reasonably Cost-Effective in Heart Failure

TUESDAY, Aug. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, sacubitril-valsartan is cost-effective for reducing cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Adults With CVD Have Gaps in Secondhand Smoke Knowledge

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Low-income adults with cardiovascular disease have considerable gaps in knowledge relating to secondhand smoke (SHS), according to a study published online Aug. 25 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Ezetimibe Plus Rosuvastatin Bests Rosuvastatin Alone

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with primary hypercholesterolemia, fixed-dose combination of ezetimibe plus rosuvastatin is more effective than rosuvastatin alone, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Cardiovascular Therapeutics.

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Echo-LVMI Ups Risk Prediction for Cardiovascular Disease

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Left ventricular mass indexed to body size (LV mass index [echo-LMVI]) can improve cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk prediction in older adults, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Coronary Artery Calcium Increased in Psoriasis Patients

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Increased coronary artery calcium, indicative of asymptomatic coronary atherosclerosis, is apparent in patients with psoriasis, and similar to that seen in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Major Depressive Disorder Ups Acute MI Risk in HIV-Infected

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For HIV-infected adults, major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), according to a study published online Aug. 24 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Endurance-Exercise-Induced Impairments in Atrial Function

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- During endurance exercise, there is exercise-dose-dependent impairment in atrial function, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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In-Hospital Mortality Up With Weekend Admission in NSTEMI

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), weekend admission is associated with increased in-hospital mortality, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Diabetes, Insulin Resistance Adversely Affect LV Function

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Early exposure to diabetes mellitus (DM) or higher insulin resistance (IR) has an adverse effect on left ventricular (LV) remodeling and function, according to research published online Aug. 17 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Cardiovascular Disease Risk Up in Late-Onset Asthma Patients

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Late-onset asthma may increase risk for incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Circulating Biomarkers May Be Indicative of Stroke Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In the future, a simple blood test might gauge a patient's odds of incident ischemic stroke (IIS), according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Neurology.

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Cancer Replaces CVD As Leading Cause of Death in 22 States

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The gap between heart disease and the second-leading cause of death, cancer, has been narrowing since 1968, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Steep Rise in U.S. Drug Prices Tied to Patent Monopolies

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Prescription drug prices are skyrocketing in the United States due in large part to government regulations, according to a study published in the Aug. 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC Urges Prevention, Early Recognition of Sepsis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many cases of life-threatening sepsis could be recognized and treated long before they cause severe illness or death, according to an Aug. 23 Vital Signs report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Two Variants ID Cardiovascular Effect of Intensive Glycemic Tx

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Two genetic variants predict the cardiovascular effect of intensive glycemic control in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial, according to research published online Aug. 15 in Diabetes Care.

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Review: Frailty Status May Predict Outcome After Cardiac Surgery

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Frailty status may be able to predict outcome in older adults undergoing cardiac surgical procedures, although the quality of evidence is variable, according to a review published online Aug. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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A-Fib Tied to Adverse Outcomes in Patients Undergoing PCI

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with in-hospital adverse outcomes, according to a study published in the Aug. 30 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Children Shouldn't Consume More Than 6 Tsp of Added Sugars a Day

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Children and teens should consume no more than 6 teaspoons of added sugars a day, a new American Heart Association (AHA) statement advises. The statement, published online Aug. 22 in Circulation, is based on a review of available scientific research on how sugar affects children's health.

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Disease-Guided Approach Ups Specificity of Statin Treatment

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A disease-guided approach to statin eligibility can improve treatment specificity, according to a study published in the Aug. 30 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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ACA Has Increased Rx Drug Use, Cut Out-of-Pocket Spending

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has increased prescription use and reduced out-of-pocket spending, according to a report published online Aug. 17 in Health Affairs.

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Drug-Coated Balloon Cuts TLR in Femoropopliteal Artery Disease

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For femoropopliteal artery disease, use of drug-coated balloon (DCB) is associated with reduced risk of target lesion revascularization (TLR) compared with conventional plain balloon (PB), with no effect of all-cause mortality, according to a review published in the August 22 issue of JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

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Albuminuria Linked to Higher Nighttime SBP in Hypertension

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hypertension, albuminuria is associated with higher nighttime systolic blood pressure (SBP), according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Right Ventricular Remodeling Seen in Olympic Athletes

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Right ventricular (RV) remodeling occurs in Olympic athletes, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Cardiac Arrest In-Hospital Death Down in Teaching Hospitals

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with cardiac arrest (CA), teaching hospital status is associated with decreased in-hospital mortality, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Coronary Heart Disease Risk Up in Patients With Gallstones

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with history of gallstone disease may have a slightly increased risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD), according to research published online Aug. 18 in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology.

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Full Med Adherence Reduces Costs for Patients With CVD

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Full adherence to guideline-recommended therapies is associated with a reduced rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and cost savings, according to a study published in the Aug. 23 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Misclassification of Variants As Pathogenic in Black Americans

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Variants that have previously been considered causal in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are often misclassified as pathogenic in patients with African or unspecified ancestry, according to a study published in the Aug. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Diabetes Linked to Increased CVD, Cancer, Other Mortality

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes is associated with increased mortality from cardiovascular disease, cancer, and noncardiovascular noncancer causes, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in Diabetes Care.

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Revascularization Tops Medical Rx for Intermittent Claudication

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with intermittent claudication (IC), revascularization interventions are more effective than medical interventions, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Surgery.

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Legal Issues Impact Delivery of Telehealth

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Telehealth technologies can allow delivery of high-quality care at a lower cost, especially in underserved areas, but there is currently no uniform legal approach to telehealth, hampering its provision, according to a Health Policy Brief published online Aug. 15 in Health Affairs.

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Anemia Tied to Increased Mortality Risk Following Stroke

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Anemia may increase mortality risk for older stroke patients, according to research published online Aug. 17 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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β-Blockers Not Always Indicated for PCI Patients

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians might be overprescribing β-blocker medications to heart patients, according to research published in the Aug. 22 issue of JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

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Residents Often Order Perceived Unnecessary Lab Tests

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Residents frequently order perceived unnecessary inpatient laboratory tests, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Physician Under-Recognition of Angina Often Occurs

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians frequently under-recognize angina in their patients with coronary artery disease, with under-recognition more likely for patients with heart failure and less-frequent angina, according to research published online Aug. 16 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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PCSK9 Inhibitor Use Not Found to Be Cost-Effective

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) or atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor use is not cost-effective, according to a study published in the Aug. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Physician-Perceived Frailty Tied to Warfarin Discontinuation

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physician-perceived frailty and low life expectancy are the main reasons for warfarin discontinuation in elderly patients, according to a study published online July 29 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Large Trial Proposed to Compare HCTZ, Chlorthalidone

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A large randomized trial is being developed to compare the effectiveness of hydrochlorothiazide with chlorthalidone in Veterans Affairs (VA) patients, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online Aug. 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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U.S. Female Doctors Reimbursed Significantly Less Than Males

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Female doctors in the United States make much less than their male colleagues, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Postgraduate Medical Journal.

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Thrombocytopenia Up With Use of Phosphate-Buffered Tirofiban

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute coronary syndrome, phosphate-buffered tirofiban, but not citrate-buffered tirofiban, is associated with an increased risk of thrombocytopenia, according to a study published in the Aug. 22 issue of JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

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More Evidence Paying Smokers to Quit May Work

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Financial incentives may boost smoking cessation rates, according to a study published in the Aug. 23 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Antimicrobial Resistance to Carbapenems Increasing

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Antimicrobial resistance to carbapenems has increased, and consumption of antibiotics, especially carbapenems, is associated with antimicrobial resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Low Evidence for PTRAS Versus Meds in Renal Artery Stenosis

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS), the strength of evidence for the relative benefits and harms of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty with stent placement (PTRAS) versus medical therapy alone is low, according to a review published online Aug. 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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DASH Diet May Be Beneficial for Gout Patients

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet may offer a non-drug treatment for gout, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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DAPT Use Variable in Patients With A-Fib at Risk of Stroke

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with atrial fibrillation at moderate to high risk of stroke, dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) use is variable among those undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to a study published in the Aug. 22 issue of JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

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Cancer Now Leading Cause of Death in Some European Nations

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer has overtaken cardiovascular disease (CVD) as the leading cause of death in 12 European countries, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in the European Heart Journal.

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Unstable Vital Signs for About One in Five Hospital Discharges

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among adults with a hospitalization, vital sign instability on discharge is associated with increased risk of 30-day mortality and readmission, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Review Links Anxiety Disorders to Risk of Cardiovascular Events

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Anxiety disorders are associated with a range of cardiovascular events, according to a meta-analysis published in the Aug. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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One-Third of Patients Don't Retain Important Warfarin Info

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Just over two-thirds of patients retain an "acceptable" amount of key information following warfarin counseling, according to a small study published online Aug. 6 in the Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research.

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Grapefruit-Midazolam Interaction Varies With Juice Characteristics

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The interaction between grapefruit juice and midazolam varies based on grapefruit juice-related characteristics such as the amount of furanocoumarin, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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CA-125 Strategy Cuts Death, Readmission in Heart Failure

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients discharged with acute heart failure (AHF), antigen carbohydrate 125-guided therapy (CA125-strategy) is associated with a significant reduction in the risk of one-year death or readmission for AHF, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in JACC: Heart Failure.

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Tx Response No Different for Migalastat, Placebo in Fabry's

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with Fabry's disease, the percentage of patients with response at six months does not differ for those treated with the oral pharmacologic chaperone migalastat or with placebo, according to a study published in the Aug. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Resistant Hypertension Linked to Increased Risk of Sleep Apnea

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among adults with hypertension, resistant hypertension (RH) is associated with increased risk of sleep apnea, according to a study published online July 18 in Respirology.

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Many U.S. Hospitals Offer Language Services

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 68.8 percent of hospitals offer language services, with the proportion increasing with level of need, according to research published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Cerebral Protection Device Aids Patients Undergoing TAVI

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), use of a cerebral protection device is associated with a reduction in the frequency of ischemic cerebral lesions, according to a study published in the Aug. 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Modest Changes in Practice for High-Sensitivity TnT Reporting

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain, high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) reporting is associated with modest changes in practice, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Review IDs Determinants of Physical Activity in Women

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women, positive and consistent determinants of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) include higher self-efficacy, self-rated health and intentions, and perceived behavioral control, according to a review published online July 28 in Obesity Reviews.

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USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Lipid Screening in Children, Teens

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has concluded that the evidence is currently insufficient to weigh the balance of benefits and harms of screening for lipid disorders in children and adolescents (aged 20 years or younger). These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the Aug. 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Radiation Measures Similar for Left, Right Transradial Approach

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with predictors of failure of the transradial approach (TRA) for coronary angiography, radiation measures do not differ with left or right approach, according to a study published in the Aug. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Contemporary ECG Criteria Cuts Costs of Screening Athletes

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Contemporary electrocardiographic (ECG) screening criteria can reduce the costs of screening of athletes, according to a study published in the Aug. 16 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Review IDs Predictors of Post-TAVR Cerebrovascular Events

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), predictors of cerebrovascular events (CVEs) include female sex, chronic kidney disease, new-onset atrial fibrillation, and enrollment date, according to a review published in the Aug. 16 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Soy Isoflavones Beneficial in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), soy isoflavones improve metabolic status, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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ICU May Up Invasive Procedures, Costs, Without Mortality Benefit

MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitals with higher intensive care unit (ICU) utilization for four common conditions have greater use of invasive procedures and costs of hospitalization, but do not have improved hospital mortality, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Many Still Prescribe Concomitant (Es)omeprazole, Clopidogrel

MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Advice of regulatory authorities released in 2009 and 2010 regarding safety concerns for concomitant use of clopidogrel and certain proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) was partially followed, according to a study published in the August issue of Pharmacology Research & Perspectives.

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Hospital Study Adds to Evidence of CVR Risk Tied to Periodontitis

MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Periodontitis is associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality, according to a study published in the Aug. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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No Recent Increase in Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in U.S.

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Since the early 2000s there has been little increase in the prevalence of stage 3 and 4 chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the United States, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Pioglitazone Cuts Diabetes Risk After Ischemic Stroke, TIA

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For insulin-resistant patients with recent ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, pioglitazone is associated with reduced risk of diabetes, according to a study published online July 27 in Diabetes Care.

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Lipid Fractions May Be Linked to Risk of CAD, Diabetes

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Routinely measured lipid fractions may be associated with the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Statin Use Tied to Reduced Risk of Parkinson's in Diabetes

THURSDAY, Aug. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with diabetes, statin use is associated with reduced incidence of Parkinson's disease (PD), according to a study published online July 29 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Increased Risk of Diabetes With Nonfunctional Adrenal Tumors

THURSDAY, Aug. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with nonfunctional adrenal tumors (NFATs) have increased risk of diabetes compared to those without adrenal tumors, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Patient-Level Model Predicts In-Hospital Mortality in Acute MI

THURSDAY, Aug. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A parsimonious patient-level clinical risk model can predict in-hospital mortality for patients with acute myocardial infarction, according to a study published in the Aug. 9 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Standardized Cardiac Telemetry IDs Cardiac Rhythm Change

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An off-site central monitoring unit (CMU) applying standardized cardiac telemetry is associated with detection and notification of cardiac rhythm and rate changes before emergency response team (ERT) activation, according to a study published in the Aug. 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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High Doses of Omega-3s May Help Healing After Acute MI

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients who take high doses of omega-3 fatty acids for six months show improved heart function and less scarring, according to a study published in the Aug. 2 issue of Circulation.

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Liraglutide Not Beneficial in Advanced Heart Failure

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Liraglutide (Victoza) doesn't appear to improve heart function in patients with advanced heart failure, according to a study published in the Aug. 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Twin Study Questions Link Between Obesity, Heart Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A study of identical twins, published online Aug. 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine, suggests that obesity may not increase the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) or premature death.

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Good 20-Year Patency for Radial Artery Grafts in CABG

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The 20-year patency rate is good for patients who use the radial artery (RA) as a coronary bypass conduit, according to research published in the Aug. 9 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Bleeding Risk Up With Aspirin After Lower GI Bleeding

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with a history of lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, continuation of aspirin is associated with increased risk of recurrent bleeding, but reduced risk of cardiovascular events and death, according to a study published in the August issue of Gastroenterology.

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High Animal Protein Intake Tied to Higher Risk of Early Mortality

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People who get more of their protein from plant sources have an overall lower mortality risk than those who consume more animal protein, according to research published online Aug. 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Hospitalizations for Heart Failure With Preserved EF Common

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is common among patients hospitalized with acute heart failure, and patients with HFpEF are older, more often female, and frequently have comorbidities, according to a study published in the June issue of The American Journal of Medicine.

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European Countries Implementing Cost-Sharing

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- European health systems are requiring an increase in cost-sharing measures for patients 50 years of age and older, according to research published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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