April 2016 Briefing - Ophthalmology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for April 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Wide Variation in Health Care Costs Across the U.S.

FRIDAY, April 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Health care prices vary widely across the United States, even within the same state, according to a study published in the April issue of Health Affairs.

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Article Discusses Workplace Violence in Health Care

THURSDAY, April 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There is a lack of data relating to the prevalence of workplace violence in health care and how to address it, according to a review article published in the April 28 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Multiple Techniques Available for Sunken Superior Sulcus

THURSDAY, April 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Depending on clinical features, multiple techniques exist for correcting sunken superior sulcus, according to a review published online April 20 in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

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Doctors Have a Only a Few Weeks Left to Review Financial Data

WEDNESDAY, April 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Under the Physician Payments Sunshine Act, physicians have only a few weeks left to review and report disputes relating to their financial ties to drug and medical device manufacturers, according to the American Medical Association.

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U.S. Health Report Card Finds Racial, Ethnic Disparities Persist

WEDNESDAY, April 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An update on Americans' health finds that racial and ethnic disparities persist, with significant gaps in obesity, cesarean births, and dental care. But advances have been made in some important areas, including infant mortality rates, women smokers, and numbers of uninsured, according to the new report from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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A Doctor's View: EHRs Impair Physician-Patient Relationship

MONDAY, April 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic health records (EHRs) may be impairing the physician-patient relationship, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Femtosecond Laser Capsulotomy Limited in Mature Cataracts

MONDAY, April 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Femtosecond (FS) laser capsulotomy efficacy is decreased in mature cataracts, with higher occurrence rates of tags, according to a study published online April 22 in Lasers in Surgery and Medicine.

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Alkali Eye Injuries Secondary to Airbag Deployment Reported

MONDAY, April 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a report published online April 15 in Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, two cases are presented of alkali eye injuries secondary to airbag deployment.

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Physicians Can Get Involved in Developing Payment Models

FRIDAY, April 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors can be involved in developing new payment models for their practices, according to the American Medical Association.

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Relative Lens Vault Predicts Post-Op Refractory Error

THURSDAY, April 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with primary angle-closure (PAC) and primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG), relative lens vault (rLV; the ratio of lens vault [LV] to anterior vault [AV]) predicts postoperative refractive error, according to a study published online April 15 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.

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Network Meta-Analysis Recommends Prostaglandins for Glaucoma

TUESDAY, April 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Network meta-analysis, which compares multiple treatment options, suggests that prostaglandins are best for decreasing intraocular pressure at three months in primary open angle-glaucoma (POAG), according to research published online April 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Article Offers Ways to Address Overlooked Details in Practice

MONDAY, April 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Looking at a family medicine practice with fresh eyes can help address unsightly issues that patients notice, according to an article published in Family Practice Management.

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2016 Match Marks Record Highs for Registrants, Matching

FRIDAY, April 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The 2016 Match was the largest ever recorded by the National Resident Matching Program, with a higher match rate that 2015, according to a report from the American Medical Association.

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Decrease in Medicare Spending for 2012 ACO Entrants

FRIDAY, April 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Early reductions in Medicare spending were seen for the first full year of Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) contracts for 2012 Accountable Care Organization (ACO) entrants, according to a study published online April 13 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Health Care Workers Skip Hand Washing One-Third of the Time

THURSDAY, April 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Staff at many outpatient health care facilities in New Mexico failed to follow recommendations for hand hygiene more than one-third of the time, according to findings published in the April 1 issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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Doctors Can Be Misled About FDA 'Breakthrough' Drug Designation

TUESDAY, April 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of the word "breakthrough" in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's expedited approval process could mislead doctors about the new drugs' actual benefits, according to a research letter published in the April 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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VA Commission on Care: Eliminate VA Medical Centers

MONDAY, April 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A radical proposal has been suggested for eliminating all Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers and outpatient facilities in the next 20 years, floated by seven of 15 members of the VA Commission on Care, according to an article published in the Military Times.

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Cushing's Sx Described in Infant Treated With Ophthalmic Steroid

FRIDAY, April 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a case report published online April 7 in Pediatrics, iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome (ICS) is described in an infant following intranasal usage of dexamethasone ophthalmic solution.

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Are Guidelines Needed to Assess Competence of Aging Physicians?

FRIDAY, April 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The question of whether national guidelines need to be developed for assessing the competence of aging physicians was discussed during a recent meeting of key stakeholders, according to a news release from the American Medical Association (AMA).

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